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ness in the world; but to reflect upon the con- | ments would become so exalted and stupendous fusion and destruction which always results from as to fill with amazement and wonder even its this preservation of appearance, is painful indeed; own directors. when external circumstances represent a faithless If a man is born lame or deformed, we do not picture of the mind, we hazard very much in ridicule him for attempts to conquer a language every dealing and concern. The insincerity of or a science; but should he labour to become an the world indeed, in some cases, oblige us to expert actor, or dancing inaster, he fairly claims conceal our ultimate intentions from men; but the laugh of derision and insult. this is a mask which honour and honesty bid us Far from me be insinuations which might be wear no longer than we acquire the security of deemed prejudicial to politeness; when the man an inflexible vigilance. Dr. Tillotson's advice, ll of taste, refinement, and address, unites in the at the long run, excels all substitute, -"The man of sound extensive knowledge, together they best way in the world for a man to seem to be form a most elegantly polished and accomplished any thing, is really to be what he would seem to character. My meaning is simply, that when a
man is neither formed by nature, nor led by it. Had Dr. Johnson studied the doctrine of Loraclination, to shine in a drawing room, or an Chesterfield, most probably the world would have assembly, let him content himself by prudently lost some part of his best writings, which were relinquishing the pursuit; and sit down to the his real excellencies; and had he been the most acquisition of such things as accord with his comagreeable of men in his manner and address, he prehension, lie in the reach of his understanding, would have known no more of mankind and of and for which nature intended him. Be what we books than he did. Would every person pursue are, is the best maxim; inattention to which may the natural bias of his own genius, to its utmost lead us miserably to experience the folly of being extent, in useful and commendable acquisitions, what we are not. Once stripped of borrowed every occupation and profession, every art and plumes we justly excite contempt, are the oba science, would gradually arrive at perfection; the jects of insignificance, and fall to rise no more. glorious and systematical fabric of human attain.'
THE ANTIQUARIAN OLIO.
[Continued from Page 98.]
PALACE OF WESTMINSTER.
cularly and emphatically directs that the stalls and TROM the present appearance of some of the rood-loft of the choir of Eton College, shall “ be buildings, and the known age of others, it would made in manner and form like the stalls and roode seem that originally the palace of Westminster
nally the palace of Westminster | loft in the Chappell of St. Stephen, at Westformed two sides of a square, and was all con-minster." From Stow's Remarks on London, prehended within Old Palace yard, of which it St. Stephen's Chapel was built by King Stephen constituted the east and south sides. Its east side about 1141. consisted of the Court of Requests, the Painted From Sandford's Genealogy, we are informed Chamber, the old House of Lords, the Prince's that Edward IV. died at his palace of WestChamber, and several other nameless old rooms minster, April 9, 1483, and after his body had adjoining them; those on the south cannot now been inclosed in his coffin it was brought into De ascertained, as none of them are at present St. Stephen's Chapel, where three masses were existing. Stow says the antiquity is uncertain, sung. It remained there eight days, and was but that Edward the Confessor resided and died then conveyed to Westminster Abbey, and finally
Il to Windsor. King Stephen is said to have built the chapel. After the various changes the old palace of of St. Stephen, where the House of Commons, Westminster had undergone from accident by now sit, probably intending it as a chapel for the fires and the ruinous state it remained in for years, palace, in the room of one which existed before. it is reported to have been afterwards inhabited That the structure of St. Stephen's Chapel had by Queen Elizabeth; and the inner room, in obtained at least the highest and most decided which the Court of Exchequer frequently sit, approbation, in an age distinguished for archi- has been traditionally affirmed to have been her tectural refinements and magnificence, is apparent bed-chamber. The outer room at the top of from the will of King Henry VI. which parti-| the steps from Westminster-ball, where on other No. XXIII. Vol. IU.
occasions the same court now continues to sit, ll the place retained its original name. Formerly has also been said to have been used by her as a lhe only coach road to the Houses of Parliament concert, or breakfast room.
was through King-street and Union-street, which At the upper end of Westminster-Hall is a were in so miserable a state that faggots were marble stone (perhaps table or bench) of nineteen thrown into the ruts on the days on which the feet in length and three feet in breadth, and a king went to parliament, to render the passage of marble chair, where the kings of England formerly the state-coach more easy. sat at their coronation dinners, and at other The Clock-tower, which stood on the north solemn times the Lord Chancellor, but now not side of New Palace-yard, was taken down in 1715, to be seen, being built over by the Courts of and the noble hell which it contained, called King's Bench and Chancery. Search has lately | Great Tom of Westminster, was purchased for been made close to the southern wall, but without St. Paul's Cathedral; but on its way through success. It is highly probable that the chair and || Temple-bar it rolled off the carriage, whereby it table were placed at a Jistance from the wall, to was cracked, and rendered useless until it was reallow of a space for the attendants on the royal cast. On the rim of the newly-cast bell an inperson; so that had the examinations been at || scription intimates that it was brought from the about the distance of fifteen feet from the wall ruins of Westin inster. these relics might have been discovered. Is not The present St. Margaret's-street is formed out the ritle of “ Court of King's Bench” probably ll of St. Margaret's-lane, and a portion of the derived from this identical marble bench? It is ground on which part of the palace originally well known that our early kings sat in parlia- stood. So extremely narrow was the old lane, ment in Westminster-Hall.
that pales were obliged to be placed four feet Leaving the ancient palace of Westminster, || high, between the foot-path and coach-road, to we shall again return to our remarks on the preserve the passengers from injury, and from alterations and iinprovements in the streets, being covered with the mud which was splashed lanes, &c. in the vicinity of the Hall. The city on all sides in abundance. At the end of this of Westminster was so difficult of access previ- || lane, in Old Palace-gard, stood the ancient brick ously to the erection of the present commodious || buildings called Heaven and Purgatory; within bridge, and the streets were so narrow and dirty, the premises of Purgatory was preserved the and lived with so many wretched dwellings, as to Ducking-stonl, which was employed by the burcause the parliament to pass an act, in the reign | gesses of Westmioster for the punishment of of George II. for the purchase of all such tene- || scolds. The lady was strapped within a chait ments and places as stood in the way of improve. fastened by an iron pin, or pivot, at one end of ment. For instance, they bought the ancient a long pole, suspended on its mildle by a lofiy market place called the Round Wool-staple, trestle, which having been previously placed on which stood at the east end of the spot now called the shore of the river, allowed the body of the Bridge-street, on which the western abutment of culprit to be plunged the bridge was built, for which it appears they || “Hissing hot into the Thames." gave the sum of eight hundrel and forty pounds. || When the fervor of her passion was supposed to Some remains of the place where this staple was have subsided by a few admonitory duckings, kept, and particularly an old stone gate fronting the lever was balanced by pulling a cord at the the Thames, were in being till the year 1741, ll other end, and the dripping Xantippe was exwhen they were pulled down; and until this date posed to the ridicule of her neighbouis.
CONTINUATION OF VOLTAIRE'S ZADIG.
In the Eleventh Number of our Magazine | voice, his blood re-Nowed to his heart, his eyes we inserted a chapter which had never been waxed dim, his soul was ready to quit his brdy. translated, from Voltaire's “ Zadig, or Destiny," || The courier departed, Zadig saw him embark; being the fourteenth chapter, entitled The Dance. he returned to the palace, seeing nobody, think
The following chapter has likewise hitherto re. lling he was in his own apartment, and pro mained untranslated, it completes the work.-- ||nouncing the word LOVE." Ah! love," said The story continues as follows :
the king, “ that is precisely the matter in quesZadig made use of part of it to send expressestion, you have guessed what troubles me. What to Babylon, who were to acquaint him with the a great man you are! I hope you will teach me fate of Astarte. He gave this order in a trembling how to find a woman proof against every temptafion, as you have taught me to procure a disin- render them better made. The two handsomest terested treasurer." Zadig, who had recovered | Pages were sent to her; she said she found the kis senses, promised to serve him in love as he king handsomer. Then the most eloquent of had done in finances, although it appeared still the Bonżes was let loose on her, and after that more difficult.
the most intrepid; she looked on the first as a “My body and my heart," said the king to hosting babbler, and she would not even con. Zadig. At these words the Babylonian could not descend to suspect the merit of the second. help interrupting his majesty. “How kindly 1 “The heart does all," said she; “I shall never take it," said he, “thut you did not say my l) yield to the gold of a Humpback, the graces of a mind and my heart, for we hear nothing else in || young man, or the seductions of a Bunze. I the conversations in Babylon; we see nothing: shall love only Nabussan, son of Nussanab, and I but books which treat of mind and heart, by will wait till he deigns to love me.” people who have neither; but, Sire, have the 1 The king was transported with joy, wonder, goodness to proceed. Nabussan continued thus: and tenderness. He took back all the money “ My body and heart are destined to love,--the which had caused the Humpbacks to succeed, first of these two powers has reason to be satisfied. | and made a present of the whole to the beautiful I have here a hundred women at my service, all | Falide, that was the name of the young lady. beautiful, complaisant, anticipating, even volup- || He gave her his heart, she richly deserved it; tuous, or at least feigning to be so with me. My never was there a more brilliant flower of you'h, heart is not nearly so happy, I have had more || never were the charins of beauty so enchanting. than sufficient proofs that many caresses have The truth of history permits us not to conceal been bestowed on the king of Serendib, and that that she made but an indifferent courtesy; but she Nabussan was very little minded. Not that I danced like a Fairy, sung like a Siren, and talked believe my women are unfaithful, but I wish to like the Graces; she was full of talents and had a soul devoted to me; for such a treasure 1 virtues. would willingly give the hundred beauties whose Nabussan beloved and adored her ; bul her eyes charms I possess. See whether among these were blue, which became the source of the hundred Sultanas you can find one who really greatest misfortunes. There was an ancient law loves me."
which forbale kings to love any of those women Zadig answered as he had done about the whom the Greeks have since called boopies. The financiers :-“ Sire, let me have my own way; l chief of the Bonzes had established that law above bat, in the first place, permit me to dispose of five thousand years ago; it was in order to ap. treasures to the amount of those which were dis- ll propriate unto himself the favourite inistress of played in the corridor of temptation; I will give the first king of Sert ndib, that this chief Bonze a good account of them, and you shall lose had made the anathema on blue eyes pass as a nothing." The king left him absolute master. fundamental constitution of the state. All the He selected thirty-three little Humpbacks, the orders of the kingdom came to make remonstrances filthiest and most disgusting he could find; thirty- to Nabussan. It was publicly said that the last three of the most beautiful young Pages; and | days of the empire were come, that the abominathirty-three of the most robust and eloquent tion was at its height, that all nature was threatBonzes. They were all permitted to enter into ened with some sinister event; that, in a word, the private cells of the Sultanas. Every one of Nabussan, son of Nassunab, loved two large blue the little Humpbacks had five thousand pieces eyes. The Humpbacks, the Financiers, the of gold to give; and on the very first day all the Bonzes, and the Brunettes, filled the kingdom Humpbacks were happy. The Pages, who had || with their complaints. nothing to bestow but themselves, only triumph- || The savage people who inhabit the northern ed at the end of two or three days. The Bonzes parts of Serendib took advantage of this general were put to a little niore trouble, but at last thirty discontent, and made an irruption into the states three devout ladies surrendered themselves. The of the good Nabussan. He demanded subsidies king, who had beheld all these proofs withou: from his subjects. The Bonzes, who possessed being seen, was astonished; of his hundred wives half the revenues of the state, were contented ninety-nine yielded before his face.
with raising their hands to heaven, and refused There remained one quite young and innocent, to put them in their coffers to assist the king. and whom the king had never approached. They sung prayers to beautiful music, and left Three different Humpbacks were detached to her, || the state a prey to the barbarians. who offered her as far as twenty-five thousand “O my dear Zadig, wilt thou deliver me from pieces of gold; she was incorruptible, and could || this terrible perplexity ?" dolefully cried Nabusnot help laughing at the idea those Humpbacks san. “Most willingly," answered Zadig; “ you must have had, of believing that money would || shall have as much money from the Bonzes as you may require. Leave those lands on which || antechamber, and suspicions enter into the catheir' castles are situated to their fate, and only Il binet, according to the saying of Zoroaster ; every defend your own." Nabussan did so. The day brought fresh accusations; the first is reBonzes came and cast themselves at the king's pelled, the second only grazes, the third wounds, feet, and implored his assistance. The king an- || and the fourth kills. swered them by a charming piece of music, of Zadig intimidated, who had successfully con. which the words were prayers to heaven for the Icluded the affairs of Setoc, and remitted his preservation of their lands. The Bonzes at last
inoney, resolved to leave the island, and to go parted with their money, and the king happily || himself in search of Astarte; “ for," said he, put an end to the war.
“ if I remain in Serendib, the Bonzes will have Thus Zadig by his sage and fortunate counsels, ll me empaled; but whither shall I go? In Egypt and by the greatest services, had drawn on him- | I shall be a slave, in Arabia I shall probably be self the irreconcileable enmity of the most power burnt, in Babylon strangled. However, I must ful men in the empire. The Bonzes and the
know what is become of Astarte; I will set out Brunettes swore to ruin him ; the Financiers and
and see for what my sad destiny has reserved the Humpbacks did not spare him, they rendered him suspected by the good Nabussan. Services which have been performed often remain in the
A TOUR IN ZEALAND IN THE YEAR 1802.
BY A NATIVE OF DENMARK.
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The next morning we left Elsinore, taking Danish troops were taken into the pay of Eng'the road which runs along the coast. On either land and Holland, and 8000 into that of the side we beheld fishing towns, gentlemen's seats, Emperor. These men, animated by the glorious farms, woods, grouping indiscriminately, and example of their sovereign, fought bravely, and presenting a most beautiful contrast to the naked gained the admiration not only of their allies, shores of Schonen. Having set out early, we but of the world, to the immortal honour of enjoyed the pleasure of our walk with every ad-their country. ditional satisfaction a fine morning could give it. We left Hirschholm for Dronninggaard, a villa By noon we reached Hirschliolm, an insignifi. I belonging to the Counsellor of state, Mr. de Con. cant hamlet, which derives its name from the inck. This gentleman gives tickets of admission adjacent palace, built by Christian VI. on the for Wednesdays and Sundays, to any who wish spot where his valiant Queen, by personal prowess, to see his estate, which on various accounts de. overcame a stag. The situation of this decaying I serves notice. We first visited the farm and palace is so low, that the roof is on a level with inspected the cattle; a most excellent stock, the high road. It affords a striking example of constantly improving by his intercourse with the singularity of that monarch, who impatient-England. In the park we found a purling brook, ly sought the gratification of every trilling whim, which we traced through a beautiful clump of or capricious humour. When I reflect on his trees into a valley, where an artificial hermitage reign, I cannot avoid smiling at the manner in stood, enconi passed by a garden. We reclined, to which German travellers speak of his public enjoy the beauty of the retired scene. On a large works. By comparing the present state of Den | oak were hung such implements of husbandry as mark with the days of Christian VI. who might be necessary to the secluded life of the erected the Palace of Christiansborg without bur-tenant of this interesting spot. Entering the cell, dening his people with the expence, they studi- we observed every thing peculiar to the habitation. ously infer the inequality of our means, and on the roof doves were perched, billing and cooJoudly tell the world our state is on the decline. ing, which, contrasted with the notes of inultiNothing, however, but German sagacity could farious birds, aided our fancy, and, as it were, indevise so empty a conjecture; and to their solici- stantly transferred us to an impenetrable recess of tude our country is indebted for many an asser- unconstrained nature. At a little distance we tion equally vague and unfounded.
perceived the source of ihe brook, covered by a When the question of Spanish succession agi- | grotto, in which a stone had an inscription from tated the various cabinets of Europe, in the life |Ovid, alluding to the clearness of the stream time of his father, Frederick the Fourth, 12000 In our ramble about these gardens we came to
a summer-house, built on a projecting point; it || From this height we saw Copenhagen for the first had this inscription, Amicis Quieti. The pros | time since we left it. At some distance, in the pect hence, delighied us in the extreme. valley below, is the country seat of the immortal
We returned to our inn, and betook ourselves || Count Bernstorff. to rest. At eight we departed for Lynghye, a In a valley at the extremity of an extensive cheerful village, indeed the first in the island. || plain, Raadvadsmoellen, a manufactory belonging Its short distance of six miles from the metropolis to the company of hardwaremen, is established. has induced many persons of opulence 10 build The articles are scarely inferior to British; and country seats there and in the neighbourhood. | manufactured in great abundance; importations But its pre-eminence as a village is not confined from Birmingham, Sheffield, &c. are, however. to this accidental circumstance, for its manu essential to the demands of the country. This factures tend considerably to enhance its cele undertaking being carried on with considerable
spirit, it cannot fail in time to prove highly beneBefore you enter this village from Fredericks ficial. It already forms the inost important of dal, you pass a wood, with a glade of some ex- || the British settlements in Denniark. tent. Here we observed a number of people On our return from the manufactory, we s'oplolling at their ease upon the grass, and partak- | ped at the Hermitage, formerly a hunting palace, ing of various refreshments. It is usual with the in ihe neighbourhood of which the deer are seen middling classes who visit Jaegersborg Park in the grazing in herds of from five to six hundred. holiday season, to go thither by way of Lyngbye, | The eminence on which the palace is built comand, as every thing is very dear in the park, to mands a fine view, of which the sea constitutes a take provisions for the day's consuinption, and considerable por:ion. make their first meal on this glade.
As we penetrated the forest an increasing noise On hearing inusic, which seemed to proceed | and bustle gave us assurance that we approached froin a hillock overgrown with trees, we ascended, || the scene of general festivity and mirin. and discovered an old man singing some German Time has sanctioned the custom of visiting this airs, which were accompanied with his guilar, wond every year, from St. John's day to the Vi. and the voices of five ragged children. His face sitation of the Virgin. Tents for the accommowas deeply furrowed by woe, yet there appeared Jation of all classes are pitched on a longitudinal cheerfulness and resignation in his countenance, grass-plat, where every sort of refreshmeat may The object was too interesting not to excite curio. be had. A spring, discovered some centuries sity. My friend kindly asked him the cause of ago by a girl named Christina Piil, runs close by, his distress, when the poor man frankly told us, and on an adjoining eminence a number of booths “ That he formerly had been an opulent merchant are erected. Here are a variety of amuseinents. at Amsterdam, where he was ruined by the Wild beasts from all parts of the globe, horseFrench. That he came to Denmark with a wife manship, rope-dancing, sleight-of hand, waxand eight children, the elder of whom worked at work, and ever. German dramas are exhibited. a trade, by which bimself and his little ones were Kotzebue's play of “Misanthrope and Repenpreserved from starving. Their mother,” he said, tance," or, as it is called in England, “The “ died with grief.” He paused, then feelingly Stranger," was announced by the bills. The closed his little narrative, not by venting curses celebrity of this piece, which is frequently acted on the authors of his ruin, but by a look and at Copenhagen, induced us to visit the theatre, sigh that touched the heart, and called up every where we found an assemblage of persons who generous sentiment. Every one who listened would have graced a better cause. The miserfelt for him, and each added a mite to alleviate able appearance of the house was perfectly dehis miseries.
scriptive of the scene which followed, at once Opposite the wond is a Royal seat called Sor too despicable to merit or provoke criticism. genfrie, belonging to Prince Frederick. It is ex Hence we repaired to the equestrian booth. This tremely small, but presents itself with advantage species of exhibition being unusual in Denmark, from an avenue leading up to the rising ground
afforded me infinite amusement. on which it stands.
The next object that struck us was a diminuIn the gardens, which are neatly laid out, a || tive French juggler, clad in a suit of crimson silk, monument is erected to the memory of Princess his hair frizzed out in a full extravagance of Sophia Fredericka, the wife of the Prince. She
edericka, the wife of the Prince. Shell ancient French fashion, and an enormous bag died in the year 1794.
dangled half way down his back; with many From Lyngbye we crossed the fields to Jae- \ polite shrug he requested the passengers to walk gersborg Park. At the entrance, on an eminence, in, and see his wonderful performances just about is an ian, called the Fortune. A telegraph | to begin. We obeyed his invitation, and took has also been erected there since the year 1801. Your seats. Shortly after, Monsieur made his