Page images

tention without fasiguing it. A leveret was given || I always admitted them into the parlour after him, and in the management of such an animal, | supper, where they would frisk and bound about and in the atiempt to lame it, he thought to find on the carpet. One evening the cat had the an agreeable employment. Many others were | hardiness to pat C. on the cheek, which he reoffered to him, but he accepted only two mora, sented by drumming on her back so violently as and undertook the care of all three, which hap- to make her glad to escape. pened to be all males. Each had a separate Each of these animals had a character of its apartment, socor trived, that the dirt made fell own, and I knew them all by their face only; through in'v an earthen pan, which was daily like a shepherd who soon becomes familiar tu bis emptied and washed. 1. the day-time they had flock, however numerous, as to know them every the range of a hall, and at night retired each one individually by their looks. to his own bed, never inusuding into that of || These creatures immediately discovered and another.

examined the minutest alteration in the apartWe shall distinguish them l'iy the letters A. B. men's they were accustomed to play in, just as C. and continue in the words of the author. cats do.

A. grew presently familias; he would leap || C. died young. B. lived to be nine years old, mito my lap, would let me take hind in my arins, || and died by a fall. A. has just completed his and has frequen:ly fallen fast asleep on my knee. Il tenth year. I lately introduced a dog to his deHe was once ill for three days, during which time quaintance; a spaniel that had never seen a bare, I nursed hin; after his recovery he showed his Il to a hare that had never sean a spaniel. The gratitude by licking my hand and fingers all over, || hare discovered no token of fear, nor the dog the which he never did but once again on a similar Ileast symptom of hostility: they eat bread at the occasion. Sometimes I carried him into the gar- same time out of the same hand, and are very den after breikfast, where he hid himself gene- || sociable and friendly. rally under the leaves of a cucumber vine, sleep. ll Hares have no ill scent belonging to them, and ing and chewing the cud till evening; in the are indefatigably nice in keeping themselves leaves also of that vine he found a favourite re. clean.

The foregoing is an abridgment of an account The kindness shown to B. had not the least of hares, inserted by Mr. Cowper in one of the effect. He too was sick, and I artended him ; but Gentleman's Magazines for the year 1784. It has if, after his recovery, I took the liberty to stroke I likewise been published at the end of only the him, he would grunt, strike, and bite. He was, Il common editions of his works, to which we refer. however, very entertaining.

By a inemorandum found among Mr. C.'s paC. who died soon after he was full grown, from pers, it appears that A. died aged twelve years a cold caught by sleeping in a danıp box, was a wanting a month, of mere old age. A short hare of great humour and drollery. A. was tamed || Latin epitaph in prose on A. and another of? by gentle usage; B. was not to be tamed at all; || eleven stanzas in English verse on B. accompany but C. was laine from the beginning.

the account.



Somebndy. Why, 'tis as hard to get a sight || late have affected a great deal of consequence, of you, Mr. Nobody, as it is of the invisible girl. ll when it is well known, that the Nobody family I have called twenty times a day at your house. are the more ancient of the two. The Nobodies, Nobody at home, is the constant answer. If 11 I assure you, Sir, are the true Pre-adamites. The should go to church, however, I am sure to meet name is on record long before Adam. with Nobody there, especially when Dr. Triplc. Somebody. So is the family of Blank. chin preaches.

Nobody. A very old race. Nobody. And you're sure to meet with Some- || Sumebody. If we may credit the Spectator, body in all places of public resort, ihe opera, play, ll they once filled all places of public trust in this pic-nic, card-parties, &c.

kingdom. Somebody. Yes: and you will often meet with || Nobody. In trust for others, particularly the Nobody in those places, that would wish to pass || family of the Blocks. for Somebody.

| Somebody. The Blocks one day or other will be Nobody. 'Tis true, the Somebody family of || the ruin of this nation.

Nobody. For myself, I have more distrust of many faults laid to your account: thus wlien the talents

| a favourite article of furniture is spoiled or Somebody. But what does genealogy, in these | broken, Nobody did it. Thus also when a degenerate days? Get your nativity cast in the lady affects indisposition, she sees Nobody, mint: a thousand guineas in your purse is worth speaks to Nobody, writes to Nobody, crears of all the Aps, Macs, and O's in the united king Nohody. dom. If there's a stain in your character, a | Nobody. But her waiting woman knows that fittle gold dust will take it out the best fuller's || she sees Somebody, speaks to Somebody, writes earth in the nation. What does it avail, that to Somebody, and dreams of Somebody. Whón your ancestors bled in the front of batile, piled | a fine lady shines forth in all the glory of the up thunder for the insulting foe, or diffused the Persian loom, showered with diamonds, and stream of science through a thousand channels! | perfumed with all the sweets of Arabis, if the don't you see the upstart hung round with tiles, I spouse should collect courage enough to ask and the obscurity of his birth lost in the glare of wlio paid for all those fine things, the answer is, his sideboard?

Nobody; but when the account comes to be Noboc!y. True: and yet Bonaparte would give | seuled at Doctors' Commons, then it is found that a good deal for a genealogy.

Somebody paid for them, or is to pay for them, Somebody. Yes: the French, who seem to be with a vengeance too. One thing I reinark, proud of the chains he has imposed on them, that, previous to the nuptial tie, the dear youth have really turned his head; they have fed him || is always considered as Somebody, but whilst the with the soft pap of flattery, they have inAated | honey moon is yet in its wane he is looked upon him with the gas of vanity to the size of an air as Nobody. balloon, and yet withal they cannot manufacture | Somebody. Very true. After all I have said, I a genealogy so as to please him: his father was | must acknowledge, in the words of Goldsmith, Nobody.

“ that even your failings lean to virtue's side." Nobody. And happy would it be for the repose | For instance: if a play should be got up, puffed, of mankind, if he had been content to tread in and d-d, it is applauded by Nobody. If a book the steps of his father.

printed on wire-wove pažcr, hot-pressed, Somebody. Happy indeed. Now, my good l bound in morocco, and elegantly gilt, is found friend, I wish you well, but am often surprised to be wretched stuff, it is read by Nobody. If that you swallow things without the least exami- || a book should be written in favour of religion nation-things that would stick in the wide and morality, though neglected by ali, it is throat of credulity. For instance, when the read by Nobody. If a wretch should be coneditor of a newspaper ells you that his print ex- || signed to the gallows for robbing a man of sixe clusively contains the earliest and most authen- ll pence on the highway, he is pilied by Nolic articles of information, Nobody believes him body, he is owned by Nobody, he is comforted When Bonaparte says, that he'll invade this by Nobody; whilst on the other hand, if a country, Nobody believes him. When a pen- | villain in high life should rob an unsuspectșioner or placeman declares that he has nothing | ing virgin of her heart, or triunsph over her inso much at heart as the good of his country, || nocence Nobody believes him. When a quack doctor | Nobody. He is noticed by Somebody, caressed tells you that his nostrum cures all diseases, ll by Somebody, applauded by Somebody, in vited Nobody believes him. When a boarding school to dine by Somebody, and held out by SomeMiss, in the bud of beauty, declares that she body as the honestest and worthiest fellow in the would not for the world take a flight to Gretna- | universe. Green, Nobody believes her. I know there are | Somebody. Too true,



“I LOVE society,” said one of the French A French player, performing at Turin, thus Princesses of the blood royal: “ every body l addressed the pit: “ Illustrious strangers." listens to me, and I listen to nobody."

Locke says, wit consists in distinguishing Great memories, which retain every thing is wherein different objects resemble each other; discriminately, are like masters of inns, and not || and judgment consists in distinguishing, wherein wasters of houses.

objects which resemble each other differ.

It was said of two particular persons with which causes us to feel pleasure in the perfections whoni Madame du Deffant (the blind lady com ) of what we love. memorated by Horace Walpole) was acquainted, “ They are two good hcads.” “ Pins heads," Projectors are too much listened to, and too said she.

much decried. The first, because three-fourths

of them are wrong in their calculations, or else A person was telling an extraordinary story to || want to deceive others; they are fools or knaves. a Gascon; he smiled. “What, Sir! do not you The last, because the welfare of an empire somebelieve me?" asked the story-teller.-“ Pardon times depends upon a project. me, but I cannot repeat your story because of my Projectors are the physicians of states. They accent."

conjecture, affirm, and tell falsities equally.

Their reputation depends on chance and preju. Montaigne never knew what he was going to | dice. Both profit by bu.nan folly, and are en. say, but he always knew what he was saying riched by the same means as have ruined thou

sands of others. Both live in hope and dread: A person who wishes to receive instruction by they are both laughed at, and, nevertheless, we reading, ough: to ruake it an inviolable rule to cannot do without them. understand all he reads.

Upon the whole, are they more noxious than

useful? This appears an embarrassing ques. Chance is the concitenation of effects of which tion. It may be said, that it might perhaps we do not perceive the causes.

have been better had there never been projectors

nor physicians; but since they have existed, and At twen'y we kill pleasure, at thirty taste it, I still exist, it is proper that some should always at forty we are sparing of it, at fifty we seek it, remain, were it only to remedy the evils occaand at sixty regret it.

sioned by their predecessors.

Let us enjoy to the last moment the benefit of An old French nobleman told a lady, that for. the present hour. Above all, let us take care | merly his polite attentions were taken for denot lo anticipate our troubles : we only dependclarations of love, but that now his declarations on the future when we suffer the present to of love, were only taken for polite attentions. escape us. Moreover, it is enjoyment, says Montaigne, and not possession, which makes us

A French gentleman had courted a young lady happy.

some months, at last the mother asked him wheOn this subject Pascal says, “ If we are so

ther, by thus continuing his courtship to her slightly attached to the present, it is because the daughter, he meant to marry her, or otherwise, present is generally disagreeable; we endeavour

To tell you the truth, madam, replied he, it is for 10 avoid seeing it if it afilicts us; and if it pleases

oherwise. us, we regret its escape. We then attempt to continue this pleasure by endeavouring to dis

Men love goodness because they stand in need pose things, which are not in our power, against

of it: they hate those virtues which are in opa future time !o which we have no certainty of

position in their vices; and they admire those la. attaining.

lents to which they cannot attain. An expression of Wieland, in his Agathon. “ I cnjoyed that felicity which gives to days the

A seal for love letters inight be engraven with rapidity of moments, and to moments the value

this device, a boy's head with wings representing

the wind, blowing on a weathercock: its motto, of ages."

if thou changest no!, 1 turn not. Voltaire says, labour delivers us from three

|| Balnea, vina, Venus, corrumpunt corpora nostra, great eviis, weariness, war!, and vice. .

Al faciunt vitam balnea, vina, Venus ! Ninon de l'Enclos defined Inve as a sensation | Wjne, women, warmıh, against our lives combine; rather than a sentiment; a blind taste, purely | But what is life without warmth, women, wine!, sensual; a transient illusion, to which pleasure gives birth, which converse destroys, and which! Christina, Queen of Sweden, (who died 15 suppo e no merit, ueither in the lover nor in the 1654), left as a maxin, “ A wise and good man belved object: she said it was the intoxication will forget the past, either enjoy or support the of reason. Leibnitz defined it to be an affection prosent, and resign himself to the future."

Fallopius's opinion of mineral waters drunk on is certainly the happier of the two, when they the spot was, they were empirical remedies, and are each alone. made more children than they cured diseases.

ll! Drink never changes, buí only shows our na. He that questioneth much shall learn much, Il tures. A sober man, when drunk, has the same and content much ; but especially if he apply l kind of stupidity about him that a drunken man his questions to the skill of the persons whom | has when he is sober. he asketh : for he shall give them occasion to please themselves in speaking, and himself con- | All young animals are merry, and all old ones tinually gather knowledge. Lord Verulam. grave. An old woman is the only ancient ani

! mal that ever is frisky. I thought, said Pascal, to find many companions in the study of mankind, since it is the proper Madness is consistent which is more than can study for man I have been disappointed; fewerbe said for poor reason. Whatever may be the persons apply to this study than to that of geo ruling passion at the time, it continues equally metry.

so throughout the whole delirium--though it

should last for life. Madmen are always constant The different judgments we are apt to form in love; which no man in his senses ever was. upon the deaf and the blind, with regard to their || Our passions and principles are steady in frenzy, respective misfortunes, are uwing to our seeing the but begin to shift and waver as we return to blind generally in his best situation, and the deaf reason. * in his worst-namely, in company. The deafil



Which weakness and intemperature of heat,

is caused two ways: by the decay of natural As the world waxeth old, men grow old moisture, and by the increase of extraneous with it: not by reason of the age of the world, moisture. but because of the great increase of living crea For the heat exists in the native moisture, and tures, which infect the very air, that every is extinguished by external and strange nioistway encompasseth us : and through our || ness, which flows from weakness of digestion, as negligence in ordering our lives, and that great Avicenna in his first book, in his chapter of ignorance of the properties which are in things | Complexions, affirms. conducing to health, which might help a disor. Il Now the causes of the dissolution of the interdered way of living, and night supply the de. || nal moisture, and of the external's abounding, fect of due government.

whence the innate heat grows cool, are many, as From these three things, namely, infection, || 1 shall here show. negligence, and ignorance, the natural heat, after First of all, the dissolution of the natural hapthe time of manhood is past, begins to diminish, ll pens from two causes :and its diminution and intemperature doth more One whereof is the circumambient air, which and more hasten on. Whence, the heat by little dries up the matter : and the innate heat, which and little decreasing, the accidents of old age is inward, very much helps towards the same : come on, which accidents in the flower of age for it is the cause of extinguishing itself, by reamay be taken away; and after that time may be son it consumes the matter wherein it subsists; retarded; as also may that swift course, which as the flame of a lamp is extinguished when the barries a man from manhood to age, from age to oil, exhausted by the heat, is spent. old age, from old age to the broken strength of decrepid age, be restrained.

* The last five paragraphs were wriven by For the circle of a man's age grows more in

|| Richard Griffiths, an Irish author, who died about one day after age to old age, than in three days

five-and twenty years ago. They were taken after youth to age; and is sooner turned from

from a small book written by him, entitled The old age to decrepid age, than from age to old

Koran, which appeared anonymously, and some

booksellers have erroneously published it as a age.

volume of Sterne's works. No. XXIV. Vol. III.


The second cause is the toil proceeding from 1 But it may be queried, what this moisture is, the motions of the body and mivd, which other and in what place it is seated, whereby the natural wise are necessary in life. To these accrue weak- heat is nourished, and which is its fuel? Some ness and defect of nature, which easily sinks un say, that it is in the hellow of the heart, and in · der so great evils (as Avicenna witnesseth in his the veins and arteries thereof, as Isaac in his book

first book of Coinplexions of Ages), not resist of fevers, in the chapter of the hectick. But ing those in perfections that invade it.

there are moistures of divers kinds in the memNow the motions of the mind are called ani- ' bers which are prepared for nourisbing, and to mal, when the soul especially is exercised: moisten the joints. Of which humours may be

The motions of the body are, when our bodies that is one which is in the vein, and that another are tossed and stirred of necessary causes, ill pro- which like dew is reposed on the members, as portioned.

Avicenna saith in his fourth book in the chapter External moisture increaseth two ways: either of the Heclick. Whence perhaps the wise do from the use of meat and other things that breed | understand, that all these moistures are fuel to an unnatural and strange moisture, especially the native heat; but especially that which is in phlegmatic, whereof I shall discourse hereafter; the heart and its veins and arteries, which is reor from bad concoction, whence a feculent and stored, when from meats and drinks good juices putrid bumour, differing from the nature of the are supplied ; and is made more excellent by body, is propagated.

outward medicines, such as anointings and ball• For digestion is the root of the generation of

ings: unnatural and natural moisture, which when it OF REMEDIES AGAINST THE CAUSES OF OLD AGE. is good, breeds good moisture, when bad a bad

Hitherto we have discoursed of the causes of one, as Avicenna saith in his fourth cannon of his

old age: now we must speak of the remedies chapter of things which hinder grey hairs. For

which hinder them, and after what manner they from wholesome food, ill digested, an evil hu.

may be hindered. mour doth flow; and of poisonous meats, and

Wise physicians have laid down two ways of such as naturally breed a bad humour, if well

opposing these causes : digested, sometime comes a good one.

One is the ordering of a man's way of living; But it is to be observed, that not only phlegm I the other is the knowledge of those properties, is called an extraneous humour, but whatever

that are in certain things, which the ancients have other humour is putrid. Yet phlegm is worse

kept secrel. than the other external humour; in that it helps

Avicenna teacheth' the ordering of life, who to extinguish the innate heat two ways, either

laying down, as it were, the art of guarding old by choaking it; or by cold resisting its power and

age, ordereth that all putrefaction be carefully quality; so Rasy in his chapter of the Benefits

kept off, and that the native moisture be diliof Purging

gently preserved from dissolution and change, Which phlegm proceeds from faults in meats,

namely, that as great a share of moisture may be negligence of diet, and intemperature of body; || arded by nutrition, as is spent by the flame of so that ihis sort of external moisture increasing, heat and otherwise. Now this care ought to be and the native moisture being either changed in used in the time of manhood, that is, about the qualities, or decayed in quantity, man grows old, | fortieth year of a man's age, when the beauty of either in the accustomed course of nature, by | a man is at the height. litile and little successively; when after the time. These ways of repelling the causes of old age of manhood, that is, after forty, or at most fifty do something differ one from another. years, the natural heat begins to diininish: or | For one is the beginning, the other the end : through evil thoughts and anxious care of one begins, the other makes up the defect there. mind, wherewith sometimes men are hurt. For

of; but each brings great assistance to the turnsickness and such like evil accidents, dissolve and

ing away of these evils. By one way alone the dry up the natural moisture, which is the fuel ||

doctrine of the ancients will not be compleated : of heal; and that being hurt, the force and edge by the knowledge of each, both our endeavours of the heat is made dull. The heat being cooled,

and theirs may be perfected. the digestive virtue is weakened ; and this not

The doctrine of soberly ordering one's life performing its office, the crude and incocted meat

teacheth us how to oppose, drive away, and reputrifies on the stomach. Whereupon the ex.

strain the causes of old age. ternal and remote parts of the body being de

And this it doth by proportioning the six prived of their nourishment, do languish, wither

causes, distinct in kind, which are reckoned ne. and die, because they are not nourished. So

cessary to fence, preserve, and keep the body; Isaac in his book of Fevers in the chapter of the

| which things, when they are observed and taken Consumption doth teach.

II in quantity and quality, as they ought, and as

« PreviousContinue »