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the rules of physicians persuade, do become the | As for my own part, being hindered partly by true causes of health and strength: But when the charge, partly by impatience, and partly by . they are made use of by any man without regard the rumours of the vulgar, I was not willing to had to quality and quantity, they cause sickness, make experiments of all things, which may easily as may be gathered from Galen's regiment with be tried by others; but have resolved to express Huly's Exposition, where it treats Of the Regi those things in obscure and difficult terms, which men of Health.
I judge requisite to the conservation of heal:h, But exactly to find out the true proportion of lest they should fall into the hands of the un. these causes, and the true degree of that propor faithful. tion, is very hardly, or not at all to be done, but One of which things lies hid in the bowels of that there will be some defect or excess therein. the earth ; another in the sea; the third creeps Thus the sages have prescribed more to be done upon the earth; the fourth lives in the air ; the than can be well put in practice. For the un. fifth is likened to the medicine which comes out. derstanding is more subtle in operation, so that of the mine of the noble animal; the sixth comes the true proportioning of these causes seems | out of the long lived animal; the seventh is that impossible, unless in bodies of a better nature; whose mine is the plant of India. such as now are rarely found.
I have resolved to tnention these things obBut medicines obscurely laid down by the an. scurely, imitating the precept of the prince of cients, and as it were concealed, whereof Dios. philosophers to Alexander, who said that he is a corides speaks, do make up these defects and pro- transgressor of the divine law, who discovers the portions. For who can avoid the air infected with hidden secrets of nature and the properties of putrid va pours carried about with the force of the things; because some men desire as much as in winds? Who will measure our meat and drink? || them lies to overthrow the divine law by those Who can weigh in a sure scale or degree sleep properties that God has placed in animals, plants, and watching, motion and rest, and things that and stones.
anish in a moment, and the accidents of the Bui some of these things stand in need of premind, so that they shall neither exceed nor fall | paration; others of a careful choice. Of preshort? There
latt paration, lest with the healthful part poison be cients should make use of medicines, which might | swallowed down. Of choice, lest among ihe best in some measure preserve the body from altera. those thiogs that are woise are given, and those tion, and defend the health of man oft times hurt that are more hurtful be taken. For in whatsoand afflicted with these things and causes, lest ever thing the most high God hath put an adthe body utterly eaten up of diseases should fall mirable virtue and property, therein he hath also to ruin.
placed an hurt, to be as it were the guard of the Now for the benefit of mankind I have || thing itself. For as he would not have his secrets gathered some things out of the books of the known to all lest men should contemp them ; so ancients, whose virtue and use may avert those he would not have all men be adepti, lest they inconveniences, this defect and weakness; may should abuse their power. As is manifest in the defend the temper of the innate moisture; may l) serpent, hellebore and gold; from which no man hinder the increase and flux of extraneous mois can fetch any noble or sublime operation, unless ture; and may bring to pass (which usually other. || he be wise, skilful, and have for a long time exwise happeneth) that the heat of man be not so perienced them. soon debilitated.
But we must observe, that in seme of the But the use of these things and medicines is of aforesaid things and medicines the virtue may be no use, nor any thing avails them that neglect the separated from its body; as in all medicines doctrine of the regimen of life. For how can it made of plants and animals. be, that he who either is ignorant or negligent of From some it cannot be separated, as from all diet, should ever be cured by any pains of the those things that are of a thick substance, as physician, or by any virtue in physic? Where metals; and what things soever are of the kind fore the physicians and wise men of old time of stones, as coral, jacin:hs, and the like. But were of opinion, that diet without physic some some men have given rules how to dissolve me. times did good, but that physic without due or- dicine of thick substance, as Aristotle saith, acder of diet never made a man one jot the better. cording to Isaac in his degrees, in his canon Of
Thence it is reckoned more necessary that those Pearl, speaking thus: “I have seen certain men rather should be treated of, which cannot be dissolve pearl, with the juice and liquor whereof known unless of the wise, and those too of a morphews being washed, were fully cured and quick understanding, and such as study hard, and made whole.” take a great deal of pains; than those things I But in medicines which are mixed of these which are easily known, even as a man reals them. plants and animals, a separation of the virtue from
the body itself may be made; and their virtue and || stroyed in its journey, as it were, while it is carried matter will operate stronger and better alone than to the similar parts and the instruments of the joined with their body. Because the natural heal senses; so the virtue of the thing will complete is tired, whilst it separates and severs the virtue of its operation, while it does not tire the natural heat. the thing from the body which is hard and earthy; | And Galen agrees with this, as Isaac testifies and it being tired, the virtue will with greater | in his canon of the Leprasie, saying “I never difficulty be carried to the instruments of the | saw a man so infected cured, but one that drank seuses, so as it may be able to refresh them, and ll of wine, wherein a viper had fallen.” destroy the superfluous moisture, and penetrate | And Johannes Damascenus in his aphorismis : to the members of the fourth concoction, that it “ Therefore it was necessary for the purging of may strengthen the digestive power of the flesh | the humours driven down, that the medicine, and skin. From the weakness whereof certain according to the skill and pleasure of the physiaccidents of old age do proceed, as is manifest in || cian, should be turned into the likeness of meat." the morphew ; because that the natural heat of | Another hith said, “That that physic which our body is not always so sufficiently powerful in || should pass to the third digestion, should be all medicines, as to separate the virtue from its greedily received, according to some, with a thing terrestrial body.
of easy assimilation, such as milk and the broth But when the virtue alone is given without the of a puller." body, the natural heat is not tired, nor is the vir
[To be continued.] tue of the medicine by frequent digestion de."
11 more his wounded pride, spurred him on to make A YOUNG man of a rich family was study, every effort for a farther acquaintance with her. ing many years ago in a German university. He | By his modest and cautious deportment towards had a good form, and one of the most beautiful her, he removed the unfavourable impression countenances. The structure of his forehead and from her mind, which paved the way for obtainnose gave him an indescribable air of nobility and ing her confidence, and afterwards the perimission greatness. His acquaintances discovered in his to pay her a few visits when opportunities should looks a complacency mingled with condescen- offer. sion); but women were so captivated with his ap- He came very often, and Julia, for so the girl pearance, as not to lose his image from their I was named, began to inquire, upon his departure, minds asleep or awake. He was called the *** on what day she might expect him again. He Apollo; except by those, who knowing no bet- ll gained sufficient courage to ask a single kiss, ter, gave bim the name of the beautiful X. Hell which was not refused. Upon the next visit he was said, in a short time, to have raised the flame || asked kisses, which were likewise granted. At of jealousy in the breasts of many ladies, who | last he presumed to make another request, to were equally ambitious of receiving his attention which he received a positive refusal. She was
In the house where this youth resided, lived | deaf to his entreaties and supplications. He fall a young female, whose time and thoughts were || upon his kness, but still her principles remained much occupied in adorning her person. She had unshaken. an artic story, where she subsisted by her own | One day he came and found her bathed in industry, and bore an irreproachable character. | tears. He eagerly besought her to tell him the She was about twenty years of age, and possessed cause of her grief, which, after a length of time, some charms, which she could set off to the she made known to him. She had had some greatest advantage. The young man met her ruffles by her, which were the bridal ornament of sometimes on the stairs, and was pleased with her ll a noble lady. These ruffies had been missing appearance. He made inquiries respecting her, || since yesterday evening, and cost nearly fifty and upon their next meeting spoke to her, and crowns. Julia sobbed, wrung her hands, and re. attempted to snatch a kiss, for which he received fused any consolation, The young man kissed a violent blow in the face; a circumstance as un- her, and went away. expected as it was extraordinary.
He had an acquaintance in the city, who had The charms of the maid, and, perhaps, still" passed his minority a short time since, and re
ceived a paternal inheritance of several thousand as he surveyed her. After some questions, he clowns. He knew his obliging disposition, and learned, that she would soon become a mother. therefore applied to him upon the present oc He staid a few moments, threw a ducat on the casion,
table, and went away. “ Friend Z," said he, “ if you do not lend Julia wrote a note to him, thanked him in a me fifty crowns this moment, I shall not be able | sorrowful manner for his benefaction, and into exist. You know the meanness of my father, quired of him what he proposed to do for her, and my own narrow income; as soon as I take and her child. She received no answer;--she possession of my father's property, I will pay you wrote more notes, which were likewise unanwith interest and a thousand thanks ; I am al swered. She sent a friend to him. X. replice, most mad with grief, and shall never survive your|| that he wished not to be interrupted. At the refusal.”
persuasion of this friend, Julia lodged her com“I have a good opinion of you," said Z plaint against him, and this paragon of excel“ your countenance indicates no bad intention, lence was compelled to take oaih before the cour', I will lend you the money." Upon these words that he had never had any connection with the he went and counted out the sum, gave it to the maid. The child died before it was 'hree monthis former, and accepted his buad, X. embraced his old, and was soon followed by its wounded mo. benefactor, as he called him, hastily put the mo ther. X. concluded his studies, went home to ney into his pocket, and hurried away to Julia, Residenz, undertook the management of his own whom he found in great distress on account of his property, which consisted of three Estates, acabrupt departure.
cepted of an office, and married a fortune of Gity “ Here Julia,” said he to her, “ here are the thousand crowns. fifty crowns; purchase the ruffles with this, and ll His friend Z. who had before lent him the consider me your friend."
fifty crowns, was reduced to difficulties by the Struck with astonishment, the girl was unable bankruptcy of a merchant to whom he had ento utier a syllable; she sat for some time motion- li trusted his property. Once when he was very much Jesi upon her chair, with her eyes on the ground. ll embarrassed, he wrote to X, and reminded hiin Al length she sprang up, and fell upon his neck. in a very gentle manner of the fifty crowns, 10
-“Well,” said she, “ ) am poor, and you are which he received no reply. rich ; I lake the money ; but I take it only upon The various mortifications which the honest Z. the condition of repaying it in the same manner, || had met with for inany years threw him into an and not as a present."
illness, which terminated in his death. He left It was twilight, and Julia was going to light a behind a widow and three helpless children, candle, but lie prevenied her; she suffered her. | Among the papers of the deceased wis found self to be detained; anxiety and grief had ex- || the bond of the wealthy X. upon which he was hausted her spirits, which an excess of gratitude written to, but returned for answer, that he wishcontributed to destroy. The innocent and beau- | ed they would spare themselves the trouble of tiful girl supplicated ;-she could do no more; writing, as the debt was none of his. A friend she had lost all power of resistance. Nothing less was appointed to speak with him, to whom he than a miracle could have protected her from the declared that he would not pay a furthing. He rude embraces of a villain-Julia fell.
was prosecuted, and appeared before the court in The ruffles had slipped behind the drawers, ll person, which was always acknowledged to be which she found the next morning. She wrote the most beautiful in Residenz. He did not dea few lines, enclosed the fifty crowns, and waited | ny having received the money, and having writan opportunity to give the note into the hands of || ten the bond, but he added, that, as the judges x. He took them, and purchased some trifles themselves knew, the laws of the land declared for new year's gifis.--He visited Julia a few all debts null and void, which were contracted evenings afterwards, but did not find her in the il during a person's minority without the consent of weak state in which he bad left her. Upon his | the parents. The whole court were struck with return to his chamber he found a letter, the con- astonishment at the art and villainy of the man. tents of which informed hiin of his father's ill- || They appealed to his feelings, and represented ness, and his particular wish to see him. Hell the helpless state of the mother and children. made no delay, but travelled post to Residenz, | But they found his heart callous to the emotions buried his father, and returned in six months af- ll of humanity; they therefore acquitted him from terwards.
the obligation to pay the debt, and agreed to reHe went immediately to Julia, and instead of lieve the poor family with the same sum at their a blooming maid which he had left, he found a lown expence. death-like form with dull and hollow eyes, and sunk cheeks. Her figure startled him, at first,
fered my host some recompence for his hospi.
tality, but he rejected every offir, and only reThe Earl of S- , one of the richest Peers
Il quested me to visit hi:n sometimes. I went soon of Great Britain, had been in London, and on after, and found him extremely dejected. The his return, intended to call on one of his tenants. disturbances had broken out in America, and He had rv other attendants than a coachman and
he had sent to Boston goods to the amount of one servant. He had not travelled six miles from
eight thousand pounds, which the merchants re. the metropolis, when he was obliged to pass fused to pay. He contessed to me, that a bill through a wood, where his carriage was surround would become due upon him in the course of a ed by six highway men. Two bound the coach
1 month, which he could not honour; that, conman, (wo the servint, and two applied a pistol to
sequen:ly, his credi: would be destroyed, and his the breast of the nobleman.
ruin completed I would have willingly given " Your pockel-book !” said one of the rob
him assistance, had it been in my power. I bers, with a horrid countenance. Instead of
considered myself indebted to him for my life, which, the Earl pulled out a heavy purse, which
which I ought not to regard as tuo great a sacrihe presented to him.
fice in serving my benefactor. I went to my com. “ Have the goodness, my lord, to produce panions, anil represented to them the state of the your pocket-book," said the robber, who with case. They were all bound to me by the tender. his left lanıl weighed the purse, and with the l est ties of friendship, and willing to aid me in right continued to present the pistól.
the execution of any plan I should suggest. We The Earl drew out his pocket-book, and de agreed, therefore, to take the desperate and unlivereil it up, which the robber examined. Whilst warraniable measures of highway robbery, to prohe was thus eng ged, his countenance excited the cure the necessary sum. Accident made us ac. attention of the former. His full eyes, curved quainted with your intended rout, and i he money nose, distorted cheeks, wide mouth, and project which you had in your possession. We laid our ing chin, presented an object more disgusting plan accordingly, and succeeded in a manner althan he had ever before witnessed. The robber, ready known to you. I enclosed the two thouafter jaking some papers out of the book, re. sand pounds which I took from your pocket. turned it to the gentleman.
book, in a letter to my benefactor, saying, that I “ A prosperous journey, my Lord,” he cried, would suit the payment of it to his circumstances. and rodeoff with his companions towards London. The money was of temporary service to him, but
The Earl, upon his return home, examined as he lost all his American property, he died soon his book, which had contained iwo thousand five after, insolvent. Fortune, however, was more hundred pounds in notes, and to his great asto favourable to me; I obtained a prize of fire nishment, found five hundred pounds remaining. thousand pounds in the lettery. I have, there, He rejoiced at the discovery, and related the ad fore, sent you the enclosed, which is the sum, venture to his friends, at the saine time adding, with the interest, that I took from you. You that the countenance of the man was so extraor will find another thousand pounds, which I should dinary, that it would never be absent from his re bc obliged to you to send to the family in collection. Two years had already elapsed since F . Upon the receipt of this letter, my the affair had happened, and the particulars of it companions and myself will be on our way to had passed from his mind, when one morning he Germany, where we wish, if possible, to take received a penny post let!cr, while in London, up our residence. I protest to you, that none the contents of which were as follow :
of our pistols were loaded when we assaulted you, " My Lord,-am a poor German Jew. The and none of our hangers were unsheather. What Prince whose subject I was, oppressed my sect in | I have done and said, will shield me, I hope, so cruel a manner, as to oblige me, with five from being considered so obnoxious a inember of others, to seek an asylum in Great Britain. I fell society as my conduct at first might lead you to ill during the voyage, and the bark which was to suppose. Accept ihe good wishes of an indivihave conveyed us from the vessel to the shore, dual whose intentions were pure, though his Wis overuned by the storm. A man, whose conduct might be criminal." face I had never before seen, sprang into the l The Earl had no sooner read the letter than sei, and saved me, at the risk of his own life. ll he made inquiries for the clothier's family, and
" He carried me into his house, procured me il gave them the two thousand pounds which the a nurse and a physician. He was a clothier, and Jew had sent. had twelve children alive. I recovered, and of 11
THE VICAR'S TALE.
. MR, EDITOR,
your service.” After expressing the sense I enIp you should esteem this little tale worth | Il tertained of his goodness, I joyfully accepted su a place in your amusing publication, you will desiralle an offer. As we entered the hamlet, probably confer a favour on your readers and he sun was gilling with his deyirting beams the oblige your constant admirer. It was originally village spire, wh:Ist a gentle breeze refreshed the written by George Monk Berkeley, Esq. deceased; weary hinds, who, seated beneatli the venerable and published at Oxford in the year 1783. It
oaks that overshaduwd th-ir cottages, were reis now wholly out of print, and I send it you in posing themselves after the labours of he day, order to preserve it from oblivion.
W. and listening attentively to the tale of an old sol
dier, who, like myself, bud wandered thus far,
and was now distressed for a lodging. He had Being on a tour to the north, I was one
been in several actions, in one of which he had
been in several actions ; evening arrested in my progress at the entrance || lost a leg; and was now, like many uther brave of a small hamle', by breaking the fore wheel of I fellows, my phaeton. This accident rendering it im- ||
M " Doom'd to beg practicable for me to proceed to the next town,
" His bitter bread thro' realms his valor sav'd.” from which I was now sixteen miles distant, 1! directed my steps to a small coltage, at the door My kind host invited me to join the crowd, of which, in a woodbine arbor, sat a man of about l and listen to his tale. With this request I readily sixty, who was solacing himself with a pipe. In complied. No sooner did we make our appearthe front of his house was affixed a small board, ance, than I attracted the attention of every one. which I conceived to contain an intimation, that The appearance of a stranger in a hamlet, two travellers might there be accommodated. Ad hundred miles from the capital, is generally prodressing myself therefore to the old man, I re. ductive of surprise; and every one examines the quested his assistance, which he readily granted; 'new comer with the most attentive observation. but on my mentioning an intention of remain-i So wholly did my arrival engross the villagers, ing at his house all night, he regretted that it that the veteran was obliged to defer the continuawas not in his power to receive me, and the more ' tion of his narrative till their curiosity should be so as there was no inn in the village. It was not gratified. Every one there took an opportunity till now that I discovered iny error concerning of testifying the good will they bore my venerable the board over the door, which contained a notic host, by offering hin a seat on the grass. The fication, that there was taught that useful art, good man and myself were soon seated, and the of which, if we credit Mrs. Baddeley's Memoirs, brave veteran resumed his narrative in the followa certain noble Lord was so grossly ignorant. In ing words:-"After,"continued he, “ I had been short, my friend proved to be the Schoolmaster, intoxicated, I was carried before a justice, who and probably secretary to the hainlet. Affairs was intimate with the captain, at whose request were in this situation when the Vicar made his lie attested ine before I had sufficiently recovered appearance. He was one of the most venerable my senses to see the danger I was encountering. figures I had ever seen; his time-silvered locks | In the morning, when I came to myself, I found shaded his ternples, wbilst the lines of misfortune I was in custody of three or four soldiers, who, were, alas! but too visible in his countenance; after telling me what had happened, in spite of time had softened but could not efface them. On all I could say, carried me to the next town, seeing my broken equipage, he addressed me, without permitting me to take leave of one of and when he began to speak, his countenance my neighbours. When they reachel the town was illumined by a smile.-“1 presume, Sir," it was market-day, and I saw several of the people said he, “ that the accident you have just ex from our village, who were all sorry to liear what perienced will render it impossible for you to had happened, and endeavoured to procure my proceed. Should that be the case, you will be release, but in vain. After taking an affecting much distressed for lodgings, the place affording leave of my neighbours, I was marched to Porta no accommodations for travellers, as my parishi mouth, and there, together with an hundred oners are neither willing nor able to support an more, emb \rked for the coast of Africa. During alehouse; and as we have few travellers, we have the voyage most of our number died, or became little need of one; but if you will accept the best so enfeebled by sickness as to make them unfit accommodation my cottage affords, it is much at || for servire. This was owing partly to the cliniata,