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illuminated the statuary and the painter, is nothing | vicissitude of furtune, would all diffuse over the but moral beauty, intellectual beauty, applied to features of the aged monarch a particular grace, the arts of imitation 'Tis there that Phidias the expression of wlich it belongs to genius to found the head of his Olympian Jupiter; thence | divine; for every air, the accent, and gesture, all Raphael borrowed the sublime traits of his trans- | the tones and inflections are in nature. The soul figuration, and Michael Angelo the sombre il placed in a proper situation seems to create them; touches of his last judgment. The terrible, the || it is only necessary to feel them, and the artist graceful and sublime, issue alike from this com- who attempts to reproduce the scene, must try mon source.
all the tones of nature, and select that which is In society, where to please is every thing ; 1) in unison with his own heart. This can only be gracefulness is the subline in mavners; but it the effect of delicate sensibility. can only be acquired by not being sought after; l La Fontaine says: it is the natural fruit of a mind happily formed, “Et la grace plus belle encore que la beauté." or so improved by cultivation and experience of This expression is most strictly true; for if I the world, that amiable habits have become per 1 may venture to say so, beauty is always but fectly natural.'
imaginary. A certain arrangement of features, In fact, grace is the unstudied expression of an a certain aspect of the physiognoiny indicate a amiable sentiment left totally uncontroled; it certain disposition of the soul. I anticipate good. has its source in truth, its form in negligence, || | humour, intelligence, sensibility. . 'Tis moral which betrays the truth; it shews it, because it | beauty that we love, to this the heart flies with does not think any one is looking on: it is the ardor; but yet it may all be feigned : Medea chaste Diana surprized by Endymion. Grace knew how to render herself beautiful. In grace shines in a word, in a gesture, in a look, in a it is impossible to be mistaken; it fulfils all the smile, in an attitude, in every thing that strikes promises of beauty; I cannot be deceived, for I without intending to be remarked; the smallest | have beheld the soul. degree of pr .para ion destroys it ; 'tis like the | Taste is the delicate sentiment of what pleases powder on Aowers, which is removed by the | the heart, and grace is the true and unstudied ex. most delicate touch, by the slightest breath of pression of an amiable sentiment. · We have air. Such is grace in manners; such also is shewn the application of these principles to the grace in style and in works of art. In all, it is
fine arts : let us now endeavour to apply them to a tender and easy sentiment, which is when un the analysis of manners. It would be very diffi. adorned the most adorned; 'tis that delicate art
cult to define politeness considered as an art; or that happy nature which have so eminently
for the rapidity and multiplicity of circumstances distinguished Virgil and Racine among the
afford no time for the calculations of reflections; poets, and Raphael and Corregio among the
there a wrong stroke of the crayon cannot be printers. As to manners, they are fugitive like
effaced ; the effi ct is already produced. But, it their objects; it is impossible to fix mudels for
is not nature that we have to imitate; 'tis our them; a delicate and practised taste alone can own impressions which it is our business to seize them in society.
render; 'tis nature herself that we must carefully These observations give us occasion to correct cultivate before hand. a vulgar error which seems to attach the graces Quintilian defined an orator to be a good exclusively to voluptuousness. Wherever a
man, skilful in speaking.” Thus, according to tender and amiable sentiment is expressed with that gr at master, eloquence is only the exprestruth and negligence, there is also grace. A pic
sion of a noble and upright mind, which moves ture of Henry IV. besieging Paris, and represent and captivates the hearts of the auditors by the ing that excellent Prince sending bread to his re
beauty of its sentiments. We shall, in like man. bellious subjects, reduced to such extremities as
ner, assert, that pr litenesst is only the expression to eat the bones from charnel-houses, might be
of a good disposition, which, by its very good. made a subject replete with grace. The painter
llness, pleases and attracts. would have only to infuse into that august head the
| A delicale sentiment of what is due to one's celestial expression of supernatural benevolence, I self and to others, and ap acule judgment, which and as Raphael has done in the Transfiguration,
at one view comprehends circumstances and their to place a divine head upon a human body. I varieties, these are the basis of that art of
The aged Priam, demanding of Achilles the body of Hector, would likewise be a graceful sub. I + " Politeness does not always produce beneject. That dignity of a grear mind, which reigns volence, equity, complaisance, gratitude; it gives over its misfortunes; that paternal tenderness at least the appearance of them, and makes the which covers and absords the huiniliation of the man'appear without what he ought to be within." conquered; that resignation which has known every | La Bruyere,
living, the Lappy application of which depends constitute the basis of politeness, when he said, 90 habit, exercise, and practice; these it lis“ Politeness of mind consists in thinking things that make sen polite and amiable. The gift of honourable and decent; and gallantry of mind, pleasing is superadded, and hence all the magic in saying flattering things in an agreeable, manof the an deired.
i ner," The Date de la Rochefoucault was likewise a opiane, that good manners and judgment "
(To be continued.)
A TALE OF FORMER TIMES..
The morning began to dawn when the old | the only object that could secure him the posses 210 concluded his relation: he then sought on sion of the daughter of the fairies, he was satis. his couch the repose which age and fatigue re- | fied with that treasure, and fled exuliing to his Qaired. Friedbert followed his example, but a habitation, where he concealed it in an iron thousad confused ideas agitated his brain; he box, and waited impatiently for the prize of his was still awake when the sun arose, and took || temerity. for a swan every bird he perceived flying near As soon as the evening star shed its rays in the
sky, two swans alone cleaved the air with hurried A few booths after this, father Bruno was laid | Aight, as though full of terror, and conscious of in the silent grave by his adopted son. All the the danger which had threatened them Friedbert inhabitants of the neighbouring mountains deeply followed them with his eyes, and, certain that his kmenied his loss, and performed frequent pil plan had succeeded, determined to assume the grimages to the spot where he was interred. appearance of sanctity; and lighting his lamp, Tine, boxever, diminished the crowds that re in order to attract the beautiful nightly wanderer, sorted to this holy sepulchre; but solitude suited I knelt in his grotto and seemed to count his beads Friedbert's romantic disposition, and be rejoiced with religious attention. at the liberty he enjoyed.
He presently heard a slight noise, like that of At length the summer solstice appeared, and || a timid footstep, which feared to betray itself the young hermit never failed to repair every | while treading on the yielding sand. - The wily morning and evening to the cabin of reeds, and hermit appeared still more wrapped in prayer; attentively contemplated the smooth surface of but, at length, perceiving he was observed, he the lake. Long did he wait in vain, but at last slowly arose, and cast his eyes towa:ds the door. he perceived, about noon, three handsome swans, He then beheld his lovely prisoner, decked in that wheeled their majestic flight at an uncom. || all the charms of her age and sex; with a counmon elevation above the glassy waters, as though || tenance that expressed the liveliest sorrow, and desirous to ascertain wliether any mortal were the pangs of alarmed modesty. . lorking in ambush. The reeds effectually | The first glance ca plivaled the affections of the screened Friedbert from their glances, and they tender Friedbert; and when her delicate lips descended slowly in to the bosum of the lake. opened to address hini, he listened enraptured to When, in a few minutes, three young virgins, her melodious voice, but could not understand holding each other by the hand, appeared sport- | the words she spoke, her language being quite ing amidst the cooling waves, and presented the unknown to him. ; i loveliest group which ever greeted the sight of He, however, guessed that she was en treating man.
| him to return her the plumage which he had After liaving displayed the beauty and ele- stolen, but feigned not to comprehend her, and gance of their shape in a thousand playful atti- , only sought to make her sensible that her virtue tudes, the ravishing strangers, began to sing.-had nothing to fear while under his protection. But though filled with the liveliest sensations of He shewed her a neat and comfortable bed in delight, Friedbert did not yield to the pleasing la separate part of the grotto, presented her some intoxication; and recollecting Bruno's advice, excellent fruits and preserves, and attempted softly quilted his shelter, and stealing unper- by every means in his, power, to win her conceived to the shore, snatched the dazzling plu- | fidence. mage, which the agitation of the water had rolled | But the afflicted maiden seemed unconscious at his feet Near it he perceived habits, of sea- l of all around her, and abandoning herself to grief green and Aesh-colours; but as the pluinage was ll sobbed aloud. The good-natured hernit was so affected at witnessing the sorrow which he had || but my mother never accompanied us; for my occasioned, ihat he could not refrain from tears; father, tormented by jealousy, strictly confined and played his part so well, that the lovely her, preferring the loss of her charms to the pose stranger seemed to feel some consolation from 1 sibility of her preserving them for any one but the sympathy which he expressed.
himself. This prohibition has entirely deprived She no longer suspected him of having taken | her of her youth and beauty. My father is now her plumage, but mentally entreated his forgive dead, and my mother spends her widowhood in ness for having accused him. She now wished cheerless solitude; we lived with her, far reto discover some means by which she might make | moved from my uncle's court, who has succeeded her benevolent host comprehend the cause of her our father in the government of the Cyclades, grief.
and never quitted her but during our journies 10 The first night was spent in sadness; but at the fairy baths. the first dawning of the morning Friedbert per My eldest sisters took, a few years ago, the formed his usual devotions, which the young imprudent determination of steering their Night stranger was not displeased to observe. She even towards the west, against my mother's advice, partook of some breakfast with him, and then During this journey, which we carefully conhastened to seek, on the banks of the lake, for cealed from her, we met with no accident; and her lost plumage, which she at last fancied had || | as we were less incommoded by the heat of the been carried away by the light breath of the sun than when we crossed the Desarts of Egypt, evening gale. The officious hermit seemed as we continued to repair to this lake until I beactive as herself in searching for her treasure, I came the victim of my sisters' fully. which he knew very well was not in her power " Where does that wicked magician conceal to discover. This employment renewed in some himself,” continued the maid, “who watched degree the grief of the beautiful descendant of the nymphs in the bath, to steal a plumage which the fairy race; but the blood which warms their can prove of no utility to him: Conjure him, veins flows more cheerfully than that of mortals; || holy man, to descend from the regions of the sorrow is soon effaced from their hearts, like the I sky, if they be his dwelling, or rise from the shades of night from the surface of the earth. || bosom of the earth, and command him to restore By degrees she became accustomed to her situ me that invaluable treasure which distinguishes ation, and her countenance brightened like the my race from the rest of mortals.” sky after a summer's shower. She likewise felt || Pleased with Calista's error, for such was the reconciled to the companion of her solitude, and name of the fair Grecian, Friedbert related to her eyes sometimes rested with pleasure on the her the wild frolics of the Prince of the Genii, animated and pleasing countenance of the young who, he affirmed, took a malicious delight in hermit. He observed this with internal joy; tormenting the bathers. He told her also that and, by every attention that love could suggest, || he had no power over spirits; but he had heard sought to deserve and increase the favourable of a certain sylph, who had likewise lost her sentiments she already evinced for him. Love feathers, but found a faithful lover, who dispelled had metamorphosed the common good sense of every feeling of regret. the soldier into a refined understanding, and had | Comfort seemed to drop from the lips of the given him the faculty of fathomiug all the hidden A youth; yet, notwithstanding the beauties which recesses of the female heart; it also inspired nature had strewed around, their solitude appeared them with the means of comprehending each tiresome; but no sooner had the complaisant other. It was, however, long before Friedbert's hermit been made acquainted with the wishes of curiosity could be gratified respecting the young her heart, than he declared his readiness to for. stranger's country, name, and condition in life; sake the lonely groito; but at the same time in. but by the assistance of their new language, he || formed her that nothing could indemnify him learned at length that the fair maid was a for this sacrifice, but domestic happiness in the Grecian, but his pleasure and surprise greatly en- arms of a virtuous wife. While ntering these creased when he discovered that she owed her Jast words, be fixed his eyes on her with such birth to Prince Zeus and the lovely Zoe, of
expressive tenderness, that his meaning was no Naxos, so long the object of Bruno's attach longer doubtful. She blushed and looked down, ment.
but Friedbert understood her answer. From « And now, my good father," continued she, that moment he exerted himself in making the " tell me how you came acquainted with the necessary preparations for their departure; and virtue of the lake; and why my mother warned after having resumed his military garb, set off me and my sisters to avoid the western bath? with his lovely companion for Suabia. Had she met with a similar misfortune? We In this province there is a small town called were sent every year to the sources of the Nile, || Eglis.u, there Friedbert's mother resided. Not
having heard from her son for so long a time, li now to much advantage since he had changed she concluded that he had been killed in battle; the hermit's cloak for the dress of a knight -and never faid to bestow a trifle on every l. She, therefore, overlooked the difference of maimed soldier who stopperl before her door on their rank, and consented to bestow her hand his retorn from the army. Shea-ked a thousand li upon him. questions about her dear Friedbart; and often
II The wedding clothes were purchased, the hour in an atal invalid impose on her some story fixed, aod the good mother had superintended respecting ber son,-told her how bravely he had all the preparations for the festival, when the day fought and honourably fallen, and how many previous to the ceremony the bridegroom went besos he had sent her with his dying breath. on horseboek, according to the custom of the Sterben never failed to set before him a bot:le of country, to give invitations to his friends. Calista, ber bet wine, while tears fell from her eyes, and meanwhile tried on her splendid dress, but pere her heart throbbed with grief.
ceiving something which required to be altered, A messenger on horseback at last announced sent for her mother-in-law to ask her advice. one day that the brave Friedbert had not perished When the old woman approached, she burst in the pars, but was returning to his native land
|| forih into exclamations of praise upon the beauty, ennel with riches which he had won in the elegance and grace of her darıghter, and at last east, from wbich place he had brought back a bride on the habit itself, but when she perceived that ci exquisite beauty, the Sultan of Egypt's | Calista's opinion differed from hers, she imme. daughter, with immense treasures for her por. liately changed her tone, les! she should betray
| her ignorance of the prevailing fashions The Such were the modest reports of fame, yet young Grecian's chief objection rested on the they were not without some foundation ; he had aukward form of her head-dress. “Why," said found in Bruno's grotto a sum large enough to she, sighing, “ have I not on my wedding day Support the rank of a knight, and augmented his ll my beautiful feathers, as light and dazzling as faite as he approached the place of his nativity. | fakes of descending snow. I should have proved He had purchased horses superbly caparisoned, an object of envy to all the young maidens of · and fore, as well as the lovely Calista, the most the city, and then indeed you might have praised splendid apparel.
my beauty. This ornament of my country When the inhabitants of Augsburg saw the women is no longer mine, and I have lost the caralcade passing through their streets, they ll jewel which spreads resistless charms over its kailed their brother citizen with shouts of joy. I possessor, and captivates the heart of every His relations, even to his tenth cousins, as well || beholder.” as a large party of his townsmen, headed by the A tear, the child of painful recollection, stole magistrates, advanced to meet him, with the down Calista's cheek as she spoke these words, city flag unfurled, while bagpipes and hautboys and the kind heart of her mother-in-law was proclaimed his arrival. Joy and pride sparkled | melted, and slie could no longer refrain from bein the eyes of Friedbert's mother as she em- traying a secret, which had been entrusted to her, braced her son. She gave a great entertaininent, ll and which she had long wished to reveal. Her to which all her friends were invited, and distri son had related to her how he had acquired the buted among the poor the whole contents of her | plumage without telling her its properties, and parse. The town resounded with the praises of | had consigned it to her care as a pledge of affecthe beautiful Grecian; and many knights, who || tion, enjoining her to conceal it from every cye. were great admirers of beauty, eagerly sought Pleased with this opportunity of communicating Friedbert's acquaintance. One called him his her secret; “ weep not, my dear child,” she exfellow-soldier, another his old friend, a third his claimed, "the brightness of your eyes must not cousin, and all were profuse in his protestations | be dimmed with tears, and regret spoil the joys of friendship
of your wedding day. Your feathers are perThe object of his former passion had been for ) fectly safe, they are in my possession, and since some time married, and therefore her family was you long so much for them, I will instantly no longer exasperated against our young sul restore them to you, provided you promise dier; and since he had acquired riches, he also not to betray me to your husband." Calista found means of palliating his conduct towards remained mute with astonishment; she felt bis captain. The fair stranger alone occupied the most lively joy at finding her lost plumage, all his thoughts; and as she saw so prospect of and the bitterest resentment at the deception ever returning to her own country, she felt no which Friedbert had practised upon her. She reluctance is becoming the bride of a young had, however, recovered in some degree from her Dian in the bloom of youth, and who appeare surprize, when the old woman returned, and hastily snatching the snowy feathers from her (panding her silver wings, took her fight and hands, she opened the window and fixed thein | bade adieu to Friedbert's abode. on. No suoner bad they touched her shoulders than she resumed the form of a swan, and ex
(To be concluded in our next.].
FAMILIAR LECTURES ON USEFUL SCIENCES.
ON THE POWER OF MUSIC UPON ANIMALS; With an Account of the Concert given to two Elephants at the Botanic Garden in
Paris, on the 29th May, 1798. In a Letter to a Friend, dated the 7th of August following.
“ Natura ducimur ad modos."
You wish to be informed particularly what i motions of Hans and Margaret, for so they are effects music produced on the Elephants, those called, the enjoyment of both the apartments animals whose social instinct and habitudes are which compose their habitation was left to them, at all times very apt to pique our curiosity. You so that they being ready, and the instruments in think that the experiment of giving pleasure to tune, all was silent, and the trap-door was lifted a sensible being is certainly better than that of up without noise, whilst to improve the effect giving it pain: I am of your opinion; and, ll of the surprise, their cornac or keeper gave them under favour of the learned Haller, and all those || cakes and other dainties, to prevent their attendphysiologists who have worked like him, I ing much to what was doing. believe it is more rational, and above all more | The concert began with a trio for two violins bumane, to study the springs and functions of land a bass, in B major, consisting of short airs life, in life itself, than to seek them in death, or || with variations of a moderate character. in the convulsions of an expiring animal.
No sooner were the first sounds heard than Be this as it may, I thank those artists, who, || Hans and Peggy, lending an ear, left off eating; armed, not with scalpels and instruments of they soon ran towards the place from whence torture, but with hautboys, flutes, and fiddles, the sounds proceeded. The opening over their came to exercise the charm of their art, on two heads, the instruments of a strange farm, of which beings endowed with sentiment; to loosen their they only perceived the extremities, the men natural faculties which slavery holds in chains ; || Aoating as it were in the air, the invisible har. to excite and calm them alternately; to revive in | mony, for which they attempted to feel, with their wild mind the instinct of their native coun their trunks, the silence of the spectators, theim. try; and at last to conduct them, by means of movable attitude of their cornac, all at first apthe accents of joy and tenderness to the illusions peared to them subjects of curiosity, wonder and of that love, which to be fully satisfied will bear || apprehension. no witnesses; in truth a deceitful enjoyment, I They went round the trap-door, directing their but which, at least give a glimpse of the man
trunks towards the opening, rising from time to ner in which those animals fulfil the functions to time on their hind legs; approached their cornac, which nature calls thein for the multiplication of sought his caresses, returned with more uneasi. their species,
ness, gazed at the assistants, and seemed to For this lively demonstration, such as can never Il examine whether there was not a snare laid fur be seen on analomical theatres, we are indebted them. But those first emotions of fear were soon to the talents of thirteen of the most distinguished li appeased, when they found every thing remained musicians in Paris, chiefly attached to the con peaceable round them : then giving way without servatory of music,
any mixture of dread to the impulse of sound, The orchestra was placed out of sight of the ihey seemed to feel no other sensations but what Elephants, in a gallery above the place they were i proceeded from the music. kept in, and round a large circular trap door, This alteration in their temper was parti which was not opened till the moment the con- cularly remarkable at the end of the trio, which cert began. In order to give more liberty to the the performers terminated with the famous