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CULINARY RESEARCHES.
[Continued from Vol. II. Page 151.]

. . ON PASTRY.

ings presented under a variety of interesting PASTRY is to cookery, what rhetorical figures shapes, will make your delicious productions be are to speech ; its life and ornament. An sought for with avidity, and they will prove inharangue without metaphors, and a dinner with valuable, when created by those who are so out pastry, would be equally insipid; but as every dear to us !" body is not possessed of eloquence, so few people

ON COOKS, know the art of scientifically handling paste. In cookery, as well as almost every other art, Good pastrycuuks are almost as scarce as great theory is nothing unless it be accompanied with orators; and if in the records of speech, five or practice ; and a man who possesses all the ele. six great men have been justly celebrated, wements of cookery, and who has all the treatises should find some trouble in the history of the that have been written on this art engraven on his oven, to quite as inany famous artists. The memory, will be incapable of making a good bar of Greece h's been immortalized by a De fricassee of chickens, if he has never worn an mosthenes and an Eschines; and that of Rome apron. A blind routine, void of study and knowby a Cicero and an Hortensius; and in France ledge, does not indeed constitute an artist; but a the rolling-pin has only been scientifically wield- | theory without practice, will never afford the ed by a Rouget, a Lesage, a Leblanc and Gen- means of composing a faultless ragout. The lowest drons, and very few others, who follow their steps. I scullion will succeed better in this, than the As to the pastrycooks of other countries, they are most learned philosopher, never even mentioned. Those of France alone. But the practice of cookery is accompanied have distinguished themselves. Toulou. and with so many disagreeables, and even dangers, Strasburgh have acquired a great name by their that those who devote themselves to it ought to Jizer pies, and Perigueux by its partridge ones; meet with our respect, our esteem, and attenbut how far are these preparations from those tions; for money alone is not an adequate re productions at the same ime ingenious and deep || compence for a scientific cook. which daily issue from the first ovens of Paris. | We will not speak of the unwholesome vi

Pastry is an are both agreeable and useful; which pours exhaled by the coals, which soon under. young ladies would do well lo practice; it would mine the most robust health; of the intense give them a pleasing occupation, and sure means heat of the fire, so pernicious to the lungs and of recoveriog or preserving their health and sight; of the smoke so inimical to the eyes and beauty. May I be allowed to quote on this sul complexion, &c. These are dangers which in. ject, a few lines from a celebrated writer on cessantly arise, and which nothing can ward off. cookery and pas ry, to whom the world has been A cook must live in the midst of them, as the indebted for the best works that have ever been soldier in the midst of bullets and bombs; with composed on the aliinentary art:

this difference, however, that for the first, every " Cookery has the power of banishing ennui day is a day of battle, and the combat is almost from all ranks; of offering a variety of amuse- | always unattended with renown, and the name ments; of giving a gentle and salutary exercise even of the most skilful cook is, alas! generally to the human frame; of promoting a free circula- | unknown to the guests who frequent an opu. tion of the blood, from which we acquire ap. || lent table. petite, strength and gaiety; of reuniting our It belongs to the Amphitryon, who wishes that friends; and tends to the perfection of that art, || his table should retain its pre-eminence, tu remedy known and revered ever since the darkest ages this injustice. If he wishes to be uniformly well of antiquity, and which on hat account dels served, his cook ought to be his best friend. He serves some attention from all those who compose | must tenderly watch over his health; he must society.

beslow on bim those little attentions, which an “ Amiable fair ones, who are suffering under honest and grateful heart knows so well how to the affliction of ill health or ennui, quit the appreciate, and above all things he must often destructive couch, which consumes the spring of make him take physic! your days; and let those moulds, destined for At this word, we anticipate that many of our the purpose of forming innumerable delicacies, readers will start with astonishment, and deny be no longer grasped by hands that are often that any connexion can possibly exist between disgusting ; but let sugai, jessa mine and roses be an artist in cookery and an apothecary's shop, united by hands of the graces, and your offer- and refuse to credit how the delicacies of a table

can depend on the care a master of a house takes on the person's labour, his constitution, and a to make his cook often take physic. A few ex thousand other circumstances. But in general planatory words will demonstrate that nothing when you observe that your cook appears neglican be more simple.

geot, when his ragouts are too salt, or too highly We have said at the commencement of this seasoned, you may be assured that his palate has article, that practice was absolutely necessary to lost its faculty of tastivg, and that it is time to obtain perfection in this art. Tasting continually call in the apothecary to your assistance. He the various dishes forms a very prominent feature must first be well prepared by two days. regimen, in this practice. A good cook should be almost and then a potion composed of manna, senpa, incessantly thus employed, or he will never be and salts must be administered to him, he dose able to season his ragouts with a masterly hand. of which must be regulated according to the more His palate must then be extremely delicate, that or less insensibility of his palate, you must after a nere nothing may stiinulate it and inform himwards allow him one day of complete rest; renew of bis fauli.

the potion to free him of all humours, let two But the continual fumes arising from the stoves, days of perfect rest again follow this last niedicine, the necessity of drinking often, 1o. cool their and you may after this Alatter yourself to have at parehed throats, the vapours arising from the the head of your kitchen a quite regenerated walls, the bile and humours that when in motion man. enersate their faculties, in short all conspire to This recipe, to insure a good cheer is not a soon alter a cook's taste, unless he be carefully joke. It is practised in all families where the attended to. The palate becomes in some measure Amphitryon is desirous of carefully preserving the iacrusted, and no longer retains that tact, that honour of his cable. All eininent cooks submit quickness, that exquisite sensibility, on which to it without a murmur; and to prevent any depends the organ of taste; it finishes by being opposition on their part, it ought to be menexcoriated, and becomes as callous as the con tioned to them as the first article of their engage. science of an old judge.

ment. He who would make any objection would The only means of making him recover his | prove that he is not born to soar above the vulgar, pristine purity, delicacy and vigour, is to make and this indifference to glory would immediately him take physic, whatever resistance he may be make him be ranged in that class of simple inclined to oppose; for there are some who, deaf | artisans, who all their lives are destined to remain to the voice of glory, do not perceive the necessity | low born scullions. of taking medicine when they do not feel ill. () you, who wish to enjoy the pleasures of the

But how is the precise time when the above table in its highest perfection, make your cooks semedy should be put in practice to be ascertain often take physic, for this precaution is indispened? There can be no fixed period : it depends l sably necessary to its attainment.

FAMILIAR LETTERS ON PHYSIOGNOMY.

[Continued from Page 313, Vol. II.]

LETTER V.

1 superficial knowledge only, but it ought never to

I be chosen for the basis of a setiled opinion.Permit me, before I enter upon this im- || Sunken eyes always indicate some degree of wit, portant subject, to recall to your mind a rule or at least of fire, which might have been imwritten by Aristotle, and which I have already proved into wit; and you will find that a forid mentioned to you.' It is, that we ought not to complexion expresses a better temper than a form a decided opinion apon any point from the pale and lived hue. Cæsar gave a strong instance authority of one single sign, but the union ofl of his knowledge in physiognomy, when he an. Several. Thus, should the complexion and the swered his friend, who advised him to mistrust conformation of the face not agree together, to|| Anthony and Dolabella, “ I do not fear Those give any judgment would be a rash and impro- | fair and florid complexioned men, but those per act. There are, however, some peculiar meagre and pale visages," pointing at Brutus and cases which, even according to Aristotle's doc- | Cassius. trine, are not subjected to the same general rule, The next important rule, is that which teaches thus one sign may sometimes be so expressive as you to distinguish the accidental physiognomy to equal the value of two or three; it may also | of a man from that with which nature has en. prove sufficient to those who wish to obtain all dowed him; for a visible difference exists be. tween them. That usual state of the features, ll end. When I have been told that such a person which I call permanent physiognomy, is often || was of a very lively and excellent temper, easily altered by an unforeseen accident, which pro bursting into a passion but as easily appeased, duces a new character of physiognomy, which, the sole idea which arose in my mind was that of as I told you before, I will style accidental. - a fair and florid complexioned man. When I

I can scarcely refrain from laughing, when I have heard of a gloomy disposition, the hidden read, in the works of ignorant people, the pitiful | fire of which was never extinguished, ny imagi. reasonings of which they make use, to affix a | nation presented me with a picture of a pale meaning to the large or small size of the head, face. You may remark, that love of pleasure is the length or shortness of the nose, the fat or equally expressed by both; but in the first it will meagre state of the body. They grant to all || be productive of follies alone, while in the other these signs nearly the same siguification, with it may give birth to the most unbridled excesses, the hope of surprising us by their number, if The former are capable of sacrificing their lives the proofs they ditempt to bring forward be || in the pursuit of enjoyment; the latter, of leadfound too weak to convince us. It happens ing those who accompany them in their wild sometimes, that as they repeat the same stories || seach for it, to utter destruction. " to every being who longs to have his physiognomy Pleasing and lively passions are expressed by explored, they may meet with truth, but they lively colours, and the contrary ones by dark are not in general to be trusted upon. The most || hues. It would be of no avail to bring forward apparently perfect symmetry of the shape, the the complexion of the Africans to overturn my most regular proportions, are not always the | argument, as the attentive and constant observer heralds of an excellent disposition. How many will discover as mach real difference between pleasing tempers do we not often descry beneath their black, as between the white of the Euroa rugged exterior!. We are not therefore to peans. But we are more used to behold men of judge of the superior qualities of the inind from our own colour, and seldom find ourselves in comthe beauty nr ugliness of its mansion of clay. pany with several negroes, to be able to descry

The complexion of a face, and conformation || distinctly their every shade. One instance of the features, are the most solid foundations | alone will suffice to prove the truth of my arguupon which our theory may rest. To thein I ment; is not the blush of modesty widely will add also the eyes, those expressive luminaries different frum the aniinated hue of anger ? Many of the body ; and I will give you the scale of the people are very sorry not to bave the power of different powers of these signs. The com checking their blushes in certain cases, either plexion indicates the passions in general; the when they betray the consciousness of a fault, or conformation, or ensemble, those that are most proceed from the pure spring of innocence afraid habitual to us, and the eyes, their duration, mo. of being suspected. But no reasoning can perderation, or excesses.

suade me that the reddening shame which over. Whoever has reflected on the principles of || spreads the face of the guilty, can bear any re. our nature, well knows, that the fluids as they semblance to the colour which dies the cheeks of circulate through the organized matter with the innocent. which our bodies are composed, tinge the very

Before I finish this letter, I must again repeat, outsides of the channels through which they that the complexion being only one of the signs How, with their predominant colour. Whether which I have mentioned, it has no weight but through its transparency, or the incessant return with the concurrence of others, and is in itself of those same fluids to the same places, our skin more liable to error than any other. It denotes preserves a shade of their native die, and thus re the germ of a passion, but not its fruits : educaveals their nature to our knowledge. Their hues tion, necessity, the caprices of fortune, and espeare as varied as their motions; some run rapidly, cially the dictates of religion and virtue, the two while others morc but slowly ; some are red, celestial and inseparable allies, may stifle it in its others of a leaden cast, some are yellow, others birth, and the outward appearance may still regreen and even black. Every one may have re main visible, and deceive our observation. In my marked that Aorid visages wear the appearance of next I will treat of the conformation or ensemble cheerfulness, while those of a livid complexion, ll of our bodies, and of the eyes, seem dark and sad. The vivacity of the man

L. R. endowed with the first may be very great, but

(To be continued.) will not last, while that of the other knows no

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POETRY, ORIGINAL AND SELECT.

THE HUNGARIAN GIPSY'S SONG.
From Presborg's plain, from Bada's tow'rs,

From od Carpathia's mountains drear,
To boosteous halls and fruitful bow'rs,

We charter'd libertines repair,
Tree by Danube's silent wave,
O 'mid the shades of Szelitz's cave,

Oar ample feast we share;
While round the bowl in fearless glee,
We sing of love and liberty.
And oft the Vaivod's fur-clad danre,

Soft-smailing thro' her azure veil,
In hispers tells some cherish'd name,

And foadly hears our mystic tale;
While where the honied chesnut dwells,
Or where the melting melon swells

la Semeswara's dale;
We fill the bowl with fearless glee,
And sing of love and liberty.
Now tho' in Alpine woods no more

Our lawless revelry we hide;
Tho'chased from Elba's en vied shore

By Saxon wealth and Saxon pride;
Still to this gem-fraught mountain's head,
Or to yon river's golden bed

Our weary feet we guide;
Then round the bowl with fearless glee,
Rejoice in love and liberty.
Clipstone-street.

A. Y-LL.

AN ORIGINAL AIR,

BY A CASMERIAN INDIAN. When shall we three meet again? When shall we three meet again! Oft shall glowing hope expire, Oft shall wearied love retire, Oft shall death and sorrow reign Ere we three shall meet again! Thc'in distant lands we sigh, Parch'd beneath a hostile sky, Tho' the deep between us rolls, Friendship shall unite our souls; Still in fancy's rich domain Oft shall we three meet again. When around this youthful ping Moss shall creep and ivy twine, When our burnish'd locks are grey, . Thinnd by many a toil-spent day; : May this long-lov'd bow'r remain, Here may we three meet again! When the dreams of life are flied, in When its wasted lamp is dead, hinn When in cold oblivion's shade Beauty, pow'r and fame are laid, Where immortal spirits reign

Then may we three meet again! Clipstone-street.

De A. Volila

w sy gry line

TO THE GRASSHOPPER. LITTLE Offspring of the tender spring, By Zephyr borne on flutt'ring wing; Thine is Phoebus cheering mien, Thine is Ceres' golder. reign, The greenest grass thy humble bed, On palest primrose rests thy head; The sweetest gifts of boanteous earth, That burst spontaneously to birth, Or grow beneath man's fost'ring hand, All for thee their buds expand. For thee, in snowy vesture spread, The modest Lily rears its head; For thee around the blushing Rose Its sweetest, softest, fragance throws; When wearied, heavy hangthy eyes, The Peppy then her pow'r applies, Bid thy light wing to cease its fight, Till cheer'd by Sol's returning light. And when stern winter's frowns severe Proclaim how changed the smiling year, les chilling pow's thou canst defy, Give Sol a kind adieu--and die.

MARIA, OR THE MOTHER'S DIRGE.
BY WILLIAM CAREY.

"
DIRGE THE SECOND. M
How fragrant is the breath of spring; vii
The Lark and Linnet, on the wing, swe! -
Their wild-wood carrols sweetly sings :

Oh list, how sweet, my daughter.
The morning sky is ting'd with gold : :
The landscape lovely to behold:
The groves their vivid buds unföld:

Awake, arise ; my daughter.
Art thou so fast in slumber bound?
And is thy chamber so profound?
So barr'd from light and clos'd from sound?
en So cold thy bed, my daughter?
No sun thy narrow house can cheer:
No spring, no summer there appear:
No change of season marks the year:

No voice is heard, my daughter.

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No play-mate can to thee repair;

| Down my cheek let the tear be permitted to steal, Thy bed no lov'd companion share;

At thesong I have caroll'd, my bosom to swell ; The worm alone has entrance there, Believe me, “ 'ris hard to be parted," I feel

The silent worm,-my daughter. Believe me, “ 'tis hard to be saying farewell;" of late, I mark'd on Avon's side,

And perchance too, “ for ever." Before I return, The bending lily's silver pride;

Of those whom I leave with so keen a regret, Reflected in the crystal tide;

Haply some will be gone to that far distant And thought on thee, my daughter.

bourne,

And the friend of their youtli-haply others Alas, in one revolving hour, A chilling blast, an angry show'r.

forget... Beat down the lovely, ruin'd flow'r;

As I dwell on the thought shadows transiently How like thy fate, my daughter.

rise,

And my breast, at the sound of " for ever," The spring is past, it swiftly fled;

beats high; For Pain and Sorrow, on thy head,

But a glance of sweet sunshine from Anga's
The phial of affliction shed,
And blighted thee, my daughter.

bright eyes,

Bids the gloom be no more, and disperses the sigh.
But ah, the graces of thy inind,
Thy sense and gentleness combin'd,

Yes, Anna, with thee I contented will roam ;
Thy looks of love and voice so kind,

With thee the wild beauties of nature explore; Can I forget, iny daughter ?

As thy falls in the sun, Niagara shall foam,

We with awe will their mighty creator adore.
Since I must quit this fatal place,
Oh could I once more view thy face,

When the beautiful white bird announces the
And fold inee in a last embrace,

spring, And press thy hand, my daughter. And the flowers of the cotton tree glisten with Or could I ope' thy lowly shrine,

dew;

When their fragrance around palms and cedarAnd lay my burning cheek to thine,

trees Aling, The world, I think, I could resign,

We will far from the dog star their solitude woo. And sleep with thee, my daughter. |

|| When for mirth and for converse the circle we

form, LINES

At the social fireside, when snow covers the Occasioned by the departure of a Friend for

ground, Canada.

We will smile at the boisterous force of the storm,

And pass “ to our friends,” the sweet senti. UNRUFFLED the wave and unclouded the sky,

ment round. The sails gently swelling as kissed by the wind, Sweet England receding, the passenger's eye

Thus the passenger spoke, till the shadows of Still look'd but in vain for the prospect behind.

night

Stole slowly the bosom of Ocean along; The cliffs proudly rising no more can he view-,

Toits rocky abode the gull winging its flight, (Which the sailor, return'd after many a storm,

On the breeze of night swelling the mariner's Hails with transport as beacons of happiness

song. true,) Not a shadow is left for sweet fancy to form. The while bird, mentioned in the 9th verse, is

the chief Canadian bird of melody; it is a kind of In vain would he catch, at the close of the day,

ortolan, and remarkable for announcing the re. For the last time, the sound of some far distant

turn of spring. hell;

The cottop-tree is peculiar to Canada; tufts of But nought-save the vessel dividing its way,

flowers grow on its cop, which, when shaken in • Is heard-or the boatswain proclaiining “ all's

the morning, before the dew falls off, produce well."

honey that may be boiied up into sugar; the Adieu, England! adieu, then my dear native seed being a pod, containing a yery fine kind of

cotton. Ye winds on your wings kindly waft my adieu ; l Immense forests apparently coeval with the Many years must pass by, e'er again on your world, aboud in North America; trees in an strand

endless variety of species, losing themselves in I may hope the sweet joys of the past to renew. i the clouds.

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land,

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