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you, my father, I must depart. In the name of || of his dwelling. He was thinking of Camire, Heaven hide those tears; I shall stay with you when he saw a man running towards him, who if you weep, I shall expire beside you. Let suddenly uttered a loud shriek, and rushed into me return to my native woods: I shall come back his arms; it was he, it was his son! The poor again. If the project I meditate be pot above Jesuit nearly fainted ; and Camire was so 'ex. the powers of a human being, I shall accomplish hausted with the haste he had made, that utit, I am certain I shall; and you will see me re terance was denied him; and they entered the turn with a clear conscience, and one of the hap house holding each other, but without either of piest of men. Adieu ! my father, my friend, them speaking. When their full hearts could my benefactor; dry up thy tears; it is not thy breathe with more freedom, Camire said to him : son who leaves thee, it is a miserable maniac, de “ It is I, my father; you again behold your son, Toured by a fatal passion which rules him at its and he has not disgraced that title. I have nei. will, which bears him far from thee, which con ther betrayed my love nor my honour; I am, and sumes him. It cannot, however, change his || can remain, true to my brethren and my Angeaffection, or the gratitude which his heart still || lina. I am come to give up the gold-mine which carefully preserves, though it be no longer his the governor required of me; and this treasure is own."
far from the road which might conduct hiin to After having said these words, he rushed from my country." the old man, who vainly entreated him to return; Maldonado listened with transport to his bat Camire heard him not, and soon he was nu | adopted son, made him again repeat what he had longer perceptible to Maldonado's ardent gaze; said, determined to conceal from him Ange who, deprived of his beloved child, now thought | lina's intention, and repaired instantly to Pe. himself alone in the universe.
dreras that the ceremony might be put off, to tell Angelina was still more to be pitied. Feeling him of the immense riches which Camire came all the pangs of a passion which she vainly to place in his hands, and to ask the execution struggled to overcome, she had experienced as of his former promise. Pedreras renewed it with lively a grief as Camire, and had not one friend joy, wrote immediately to the convent, and by in whose bosom she could confide her sorrows. day-break set out with Maldonado, followed by a When she heard of his sudden flight, she accused considerable escort, under the guidance of the herself with having caused it, and shed tears of young Guarani. anguish at the recollection of her behaviour to. They marched the whole day, and at night wards him when last they had met. For sonie || slept under the trees. The nexı morning they time her mind was soothed with the hope of his continued their route antong the desert mounreturn; but ten months having elapsed without tains which spread along the province of Chili.any news of her lover, the unhappy maiden de As they proceeded, Pedreras expressed his aslo. termined, if she could obtain her uncle's permis nishmen', as he had already caused this part of sion, in pass the remainder of her days in one of the country to be carefully searchel, and no metal the convents which were already established at whatever had been found; but Camire's tranquil the Assumption. On making her wishes known and confident deportment convinced him that to Pedreras, he warmly seconded them; and on they should now be inore fortunate. Arrived the same day conducted her himself to the supe beside a cave, formed by barren rocks, our hero rior of the order of St. Clare, who immediately stopped, and pointing to the entrance ordered supplied her with the dress of a novice, and the workmen to search: he was iaimediately gielded to the governor's request, that Angelina obeyed, and Pedreras attentively followed all their should take the veil at the expiration of half the motions with the eyes of avarice. Maldon.do, usual period.
anxious and thoughtful, put up silent prayers, 'The miserable girl would willingly have the object of which were, for the first time, gold; hastened the time that was to shut her out from Camire said nothing, but his expressive counte. the world; the days moved on so tediously since nance bearned with secret joy. she no longer saw Camire! She thought that When they had dug to about the depth of five when she had taken che vows, her mind would or six feet, Pedreras was the first who discried the be more at ease, and that love would quir a || shining metal; and uttering a shout of delight, heart which was devoted to God. She saw the I rushed forward and seized with both han 's a wished for time approach, and experienced a kind of reddish earth mixed with small bits of momentary joy.
virgin gold. This stratum was wide and deep'; The evening previous to the day appointed for and several richer were found beneath the sand Angelina to quit the world, the worthy father, | which supported it. Pedreras flew to Camire, Maldonado, on his return from visiting the sick, | folded himn in his arms, called him his neph-w, kad seated himself on a stone bench at the door and swore to him an eternal friendship. Four
mules were laden with gold, and the mine was stows on me; but it is from you alone that I will not yet exhausted. The governor, declaring he to-day receive i.." was impatient to fulfil his promise, left a guard Angelina listened to him with inexpressible under the command of his lieutenant, and re-delight. When he had concluded, she presented turned to the Assumption, accompanied by the him her hand, but tears of joy were her only Jesuit and his son. On their arrival, he con- reply. ducted them to his palace; and when he had The transported Guarani conducted her ime deposited his riches in a place of safety, re mediately to her uncle's dwelling, where, the paired to the crivent to give orders for his niece's | same night, at twelve o'clock, Maldonado be. removal, and to tell her that the next day she stowed on them the nuprial benediction. No. was to become the wife of Camire.
thing could equal the happiness they felt, unless Words are too feeble to express the excess of it be that which the good Jesuit experienced. surprise and joy which Angelina experienced. They now thought that nothing could alter their She could not help fancying it was all a dream, bliss, and that they were arrived at the summit so unexpectedly had it occurred; but, long ac
of human felicity; but they were mistaken, customed to implicit submission, she obeyed for fate had still fresh troubles in store for without asking any questions Her coarse stuff
them. garment was thrown aside to be replaced by one
The governor soon quitted Camire and his of the richest silk, ornamented with gold; the bride, to visit again the gold mine, which was bandeau was taken from her modest brow, and nearly exhausted. Such immense treasures her long silken tresses fell in graceful curls on |
ought to have satisfied his avarice, if it were posher shoulders. The emotions of her soul spread
sible to satisfy that rapacious passion; but having a lively hue on her cheek; her eyes, which she
easily discovered that the earth, which had becn dared not raise from the ground, seemed to throw
searched, did not produce metal, he concluded fire from beneath their long dark lashes; looking
that the Guarani was well acquainted with many a thousand times more lovely than on the day
extensive mines from which he had drawn this she had been so providentially saved from the
gold. Too rich, however, to dare to complain, serpent, she repaired to the parlour where Pe and standing too much in awe of the Jesnit, to dreras had left the happy Camire alone.
dare to wrest the secret which was hidden from On her entrance, our hero, bending one knee him by unjustifiable means, he determined to to the ground, said:-“ Listen to me, thou best adopt a different method, but which, neverthe and loveliest of women! before you comply less, conducted him to what he aimed at. He with your uncle's request, and learn the powerful Il assembled the whole colony, and declared to them motives which forced me to fly from you. To that he had just received orders from the King obtain your hand, Don Pedreras required that I of Spain immediately to proceed in his exertions should put him in possession of a gold mine. I to compel the savages to submit to their governknew of none but those in iny native country; /ment, and particularly the Guaranis. Then turn. if I had conducted him to these, I should ing towards Camire, whoin these words had have devotel my brethren to the cruelty of the greatly affected, “ My nephew,” said he, “it is Spaniards. This, my Angelina, I never could || in your hands that I place the interests of Spain; have done : it is to you, I repeat it, at the moment you are my adopted son, I give you the rank of when I behold you, beaming with attractions, that my Adelantade;* and command you, in the I could sacrifice my love to my duty and my l name of his Majesty, to depart, with six hun. country. But love inspired me; I forsook my dred soldiers, to discover and reduce into subvirtuous father, and returned among the Gua- ll jection, the country of the Guaranis." ranis. Their land teems with gold; with their All the colony applauded this choice. The assistance, during the space of a year, I have astonished Camire had not the power of answer. been employed in transporting this gold to a ing their congratulations; he was, however, chosen spot at an immense distance from the hailed by every one as the Adelantade. Pedreras country where I found it; in collecting riches, renewed the orders he had given, and commanded not with the hope of becoming deserving of you, | him to depart before the expiration of the but at least to obtain your hand. A hundred week. times have I taken this long journey; and I The unhappy Camire flew with his wife to ask would have repeated it a thousand times had it the advice of Maldonado. been necessary. Your image constantly ac The worthy Jesuit remained for a few moments companied me, and made me tremble lest my wrapped in thought; then taking a hand of gift should not be of sufficient value ; but Pe. each, said, “You are in a perilous situation; dreras has deigned to accept it; he does not! know how to estimate the treasure which he be- || The next post after that of governor. .
. 'Camire neither can nor ought to obey. If he || Jesuit missionaries were selected to assist this refuse, he will be suspected of treachery; in aged priest. This treaty dispelled the fears of taking up his defence, I shall be thought as cul- the Guaranis; they repaired to the Assumption, pable; and the governor, I fear, is capable of and divided themselves in:o several tribes, each any thing. You have only one alternative, which of which built a small village, where, under the is to fly this very night and seek an asylum with paternal authority of a Jesuit, every individual the Guaranis. I will follow you, my children; learned to cultivate the earth, and the most use. yes, I will, notwithstanding my advanced age. ful arts. The number of these tribes soon en. Armed with the cross, I will preach to Camire's creased ; in 1734 they consisted of thiry thoubrethren; I shall lead them to Christianity, as I il sand families. Every village had its Alcade, have led him. lo that state of innocence and which was annually chosen by the inhabitants. peace you will always reinain attached to each The vicar witched over the execution of the other; and I shall fulfil my duty, I shall serve laws, which were neither numerous por severe; my God, and my happiness will be equal to the greatest punishments consisted in fasting or yours.”
imprisonment; and it seldom happened that After having displayed the most lively marks there was any cause for their being indicted; of grati' ude to Maldonado, Camire and his be for this peaceful and innocent people had not loved partner immediately prepared for their de even the idea of thelt or murder, because the parture. Our hero procured a canoe, in which, Jesuits did not permit any foreigners to enter as soon as the shades of right ha! descended, they their country. The small tax which the King all three embarked. Camire skilfully managed of Spain required, was easily paid by exchanging the oars, and they rowed up the river as far as the the sugar, tobacco, and cotton, which a large entrance of the nountains; here they landed, portion of land, cultivated by every inhabitant, and after having sunk their canoe, followed a
who each dedicated two days in the week to this desert path which led through a thick forest; labour, produced. The overplus of this harvest and, after continuing their rome for three days, was destined for the support of the sick, the aged, found themselves in the midst of the Gua. and the fatherless. The young men were taught ranis. Camire met with a truly fraternal recep the art of war; on festivals they took from the tion; he told them what had happened to him, public armoury their swords and muskets, and and what he owed the Jesuit; upon hearing of | after having been exercised, returned them again which, all the savages overwhelmed him with to the armourer. Often did the invading Portu. attentions, and instantly set to work to build him I guese or Braziliaus experience the effects of their a cabin, and one also for Angelina and her hus discipline and their courage. The villages were band. These habitations were erected on large filled with schools for the instruction of children trees, and were entered with the assistance of a in reading and writing; they were caught every ladder, which was afterwards removed; this pre useful art and trade according to the tali nis with caution being necessary to insure safety from the which nature had endowed them; and nothing intrusion of wild beasts and inundations. Soon was wanting among then but luxury, vice, and established in their new abode, freed from all care poverty. and anxiety, and the troubles which men have The author of this astonishing change, the so laboriously imposed upon themselves, de- || young Camire, easily obtained the forgiveness of dicating their existence to love and friendship, Pedreras; who, when the Guaranis left their the happy couple tasted the sweets of free- native woods, had been put in possession of the dom and innocence united beneath their roof. gold mines. He continued to rule under him
Beloved by that mild nation, Maldonado with wisdom, till the governor's rapaciousness preached the precepts of his religion, and easily || being made known to the court of Madrid, he converted those simple beings who witnessed and was recalled, and his nephew appointed his sucadmired his virtues.
cessor. Surrounded with a firence, Camire and All the Guaranis were baptized, and became | Angelina did not neglect their first and best willing subjects to the King of Spain, on condi. friend, the aged Maldonado, who continued to tion that he should send among them no other bless them with his presence and advice, and missionaries than Maldonado's colleagues. The spent his declining years in happiness beneach Court of Madrid acceded to this proposal, and ll the roof of his adopted son.
EVERY person conversant in literature, his || Does not this excessive inquietude as to what read the charming letters of Lady Mary Worlley | would become of his possessions, even long after Montagu. Her husband, Ambassador at Con- || he was himself forgotten, tolerably explain the stantinople, was a man of wit ard talents. Born || love of glory, which is however a more reasonto a gooj fortune, he augmenter it by a strict able sentiment ; for it is a desirable good to be economy, which gradually degenerated into esteented by mankind, and the enjoyments of the systeinatic avarice
imagination are as real as those of the senses. Is Mr Montague possessed a very extensive il it not as natural to be pleased with the good landed property ; his passion was for leaving it ll opinion of those who come after us, as with that unincuinbered to his descendants.
of our contemporaries who live far from us, and . He had an only son, destined to be of a still || whom we shall never see? more extraordinary character than his father, and Those moralists who ascribe all our actions to whr, in his early youth, having run away from soine motive of real utility, do not understand school, and turnel chimney-sweeper, in his the human heart. This is not the place to inmature are renouncert his country, and turned vestigate such a question, we shall confine ourmahumetan. That son, as his father allowed him selves to the sole phenomenon of avarice. Money nothing, on that account spent the more, and was at first loved as a means of procuring the contracted in a short time, debts to the amount comforts of life; and people ended in loving of above a hundred thousand pounds sterling money for its own sake, and in depriving them
Mr. Mon.agu perceiving that this disposition selves, in order to preserve it, of those very enjoy. of his son would disappoint all his hopes, disin ments which alone can make it desirable. In the herited him, although he loved him sincerely. same manner the chace was at first followed for
His avarice was the governing principle of his the sake of the game, and afrerwards for its own political life. He was always determined in the || sake, without caring for the game. part which he took in public affairs, and his con- | Avarice does not appear to be derived from any duct in Parliament, of which he was a member, || natural sentiment of uncivilized man; it is, like by the object which he constantly kept in many other passions, the produce of society. It view, of keeping his esiales up to their full | presupposes generally an exaggerated uneasiness value. For example, he defended with great about the future; the savage knows only present warmth the establishment of the mililia, because enjoyments. He sells his hammock for a bottle he regarded it as a permanent force, destined 10 of brandy, without troubling himself with what protect his possessions from foreign invaders. | is to happen on the morrow.
His will is a master-piece in refinement - We have at home a curious instance of avarice, Having disinherited his son, he left all his estales The late Earl of Bath, just before his death, to the second son of his daughter, the Countess sent for his brother, General Pulteney, who was of Bute. The design of this disposal was to | as avaricious as himself, gave him the keys of his oblige Lord and Lady Bute to save part of their || bureau and of his strong box, and acquainted income in order to leave to their eldest son a hin with the immense treasures there hoarded. for'une proportional to that of his brother. The General said to him : “ Cannot you sur.
He had a coal mine, which annually brought render these keys and your affairs to somebody in above eight thousand pounds. This he left else? I am seventy-eight years of age, I am in. to Lady Buie, upon condition that she bought firm, and have no need of your treasures.” “I estates with the produce, of which she was lo re | am still older and more infirm," replied Lord ceive the rents, but after her death, they were Bath; “ I am dying, and I am in still less need likewise to become the property of her second of riches than you are." son. As this disposal appeared somewhat con This passion is extremely varied in its causes trary to the laws, it was discussed, found right, and effects; in inany men it is rather a madness and confirmed in the House of Lords. Mr. Mon. Ir Ardor, furor, libido), than a passion; they gather tayu had foreseen the objectiun which might be and hoard guineas, as others do shells or medals. made to this disposition, and had discovered the Chance or fancy began the collection, the more only combination which could reader it legal and || it increases the more they are attached to it; and effectual.
they end by making it the sole pursuit and inIt was renmarked that he had never seen the terest of their life. young man whom he made his heir.
Avarice is said to be the vilest but not the most What reflections do not these refined combi unhappy of passions. But this opinion is con. nations of an extravagint passion give rise to! Il trary to that which universally prevails. The
latin word miser, (miserable) occasionally de- || Peterborough, one of the bravest and must ge. noted an avaricious man, among the Romans; || nerous of men, was once accosted by a poor man for instance in the Self-tormentor of Terence, act begging charity, calling him my Lord Marlboiž. sc. 2. “ Sed habet patrem quendam avidum, rough. “ Me, Marlborough!" cried he, “ to miserum, atque aridum;" and we have adopted prove I am not him, take this.” The beggar was the name mist; and the Italians similarly term much surprised at receiving a guinca for having such a one mixero.
mistaken a name. . Seneca says, “ Many things are wanting to I shall add another singularity. I was in my the indigeni, the miser wants every thing." Il youth acquainted with a man in whom avarice Useless to others, a burthen to himself, no means was united to all the social and domestic virtues, are left for him to be good for any thing but to He was a good master, a good husband, a good die.
father, even a good friend. As a magistrate, he The coretous man, says Charron, is more un acted with justice and integrity. Although he happy than the pour man, as a jealous husband || was excessively parsimonious in all his personal is more miserable than a cuckold.
wants, he always wished his wife to appear like Quevedo tells us that a miser is a man who ll other women in her station; and he spared no knows where a treasure is hidden.
necessary expence for the educati :n of his son It is possible that a miser, as well as a devotee, \ and daughter, but he calculated this expence as may enjoy his privations, but to want fuel in ll closely as possible. In thirty years he never raised winter, and broth in sickness, are evils never the leases of any of his lands, although their theless. The miser would doubtless prefer to be value was nearly doubled in that time; but he well lodged, well clothed, and well fed, if it cost required his tenants to pay their rents exactly on him nothing.
the appointed days, on pain of being turned out What indeed is avarice! a voluntary poverty, at the expiration of their lease. accompanied with toil, inquietude and contempt. He uften lent money, when he was sure of
Every passion in which fear predominates, can being reimbursed, but he never would take more be no otherwise than vile and miserable. Avarice || than four per cent. interest, although he might is particularly odious, as it excludes all natural legally have taken five. “ 'Tis enough," said and social affections.
he, “ when the capital is not endangered; my Will you judge immediately in which class lands do not bring me in so much." of vices avarice is to be placed ? It is the One of his particular friends, whose ill-con luct only one which is incompatible with grandeur, in the employment of his fortune he was grieved benevolence, generosity, humanity, confidence, at, had an urgent occasion to borrow 6001. He and candour; with love and true friendship, with addressed himself to his friend, and made his paternal tenderness and filial affection. What distress known : “ With your easiness, and the virtue remains then for the miser? What hap disorder of your affairs, I am well acquainted," piness can a man without virtue enjoy?
says our miser, “and, therefore, I cannot in conIt has been said that there have been illustrious science lend you a sum which you are not sure villains, but no illustrious misers. This opinion of being able to return, and which I reserve for is, however, contradicted by the example of the my daughter's portion.” “ Well !” replied the celebrated Duke of Marlborough. This man friend, “ I have got my wife's diamond necklace coveted glory, but he still more coveted gold, and in my pocket; she has permitted me to pawn it, in order to satisfy this shameful cupidity, no but the usurer to whom I applied will not lend means were too shameful for him. A person me the money on it for less than one and a half who wished to obtain a lucrative place, went to 1 per cent. per month.” “ In this case,” said the beg his assistance in procuring it. “If I obtain miser, “ give me the necklace, I will lend you it," said he, “ I have a thousand guineas at your the 6001. without more than common interest. Grace's service, and you may be assured I shall | As I run no risk as to being repaid, I do not not mention it to any one.” “Give me two wish to receive any benefit from a service which thousand," answered the Duke, “ and tell it, if || I render to my friend, and which costs me you chuse, to all the world.”
nothing ?” On the evening before the battle of Hochstet, I formerly met with a nobleman who was very Prince Eugene went into the Duke's tent, to | rich, very proud, and very covetous, he wore consult with him upon the plan for the next day. laced and embroidered clothes, diamond rings As soon as he retired, the Duke scolded his ser and buckles, but burnt allow candles at vant outrageously for having lighted six wax | home. Every year he gave one magnificent candles in his tent, when two would have been dinner to his acquaintance, and the rest of the quite sufficient.
year his kitchen was very little used. He had - His avarice was universally known, Lord || made it a rule to spend only half his income;