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but sometimes he took a fancy to exceed his own u young lord waited on his uncle with proposals monthly allowance; then he turned his strong for an arrangement, by which he meant to repay box into a pawnbroker's shop, and deposited a li the sum lent. , His uncle flew into a great diamond ring, or a gold snuff box as a pledge for passion, and said to him, “ O thou wretch, why the money he took, which he borrowed from comest thou to remind me of the folly I have himself at ten per cent, and which he faithfully been guilty of? I had forgotten it. If thou ever replaced with interest in the following month, mention the subject to me again, I will never when he redeemed the pledges. .

see thee more.” This is certainly a stroke of I also knew a young nobleman who had lost avarice of a very particular stamp. a considerable sum at play, and had no means of What shall we conclude from these apparently satisfying his debt of honour. He applied to ! contradictory observations ? That there is nothing his uncle, who was very fond of him, but was more supple ihan the human heart, and that there very avaricious: he was, however, so much are no affections, however dissimilar, which canmoved with the despair of his nephew, that he not form themselves, and continue their existence lent him the money. A few months after the I: in it without disquietude.


cularly. He raised it with his trunk, pushed up MR. EDITOR,

Il the door, and entered into the second apartment, SINCE I sent you the interesting account of || where he took his breakfast quietly, and appear. the effects of music on two elephants, I have met ed to be perfectly easy. with some curious circumstances respecting those In the mean time the female (Peggy) was animals, which I presume will be no less accept conducted into the first lodge. The mutual attachable to your readers; they are taken from a ment of these animals was recollected, and likeFrench journal which was published half a year wise the difficulty with which they were parted, before the concert was performed.

and induced to travel separately. From the time These elephants were taken from the menagerie of their departure from the Hague, they had not of the Prince of Orange, at the House in the

seen each other ; not even at Cambrai, where Wood, near the Hague; the place for their re they passed the winter in 1797. They had only ception had been previously prepared : it is a been sensible that they were near neighbours. spacious hall in the museum of natural history, | Hans never lay down, but always stood upright, adjoining to the national botanical garden in or leaning against the bars of his cage, and kept Paris, well aired and lighted. A stove warms it || watch for Peggy, who lay down and slept every in winter, and it is divided into two apartments, | night. On the least noise, he sent forth a cry which have a communication by means of a to alarm his mate. large door, which opens and shuts perpendi- | The joy they felt on seeing each other again, cularly. The enclosure consists of rails made was thus expressed :- When Peggy entered, she of strong and thick beams, and a second enclosure, emitted a cry denoting the pleasure she ex. breast-bigh, surrounds ii, in order to keep spec- Il perienced on finding herself at liberty. She did taturs from too near an approach.

not immediately observe Hans, who was feeding The morning after their arrival in Paris, these in the inner lodge; neither was be directly aware animals were put in possession of their new that she was so near hin; but the keeper having habitation. The first who entered was the male, called him, he turned round, and on the instant (Hans) who seemed to go in with a degree of | the two elephants rushed into each other's suspicion, after having issued with precaution 'embraces, and sent forth cries of joy, so animated from his cage. His first care was to survey the land so loud, that they shook the whole hall, place. He examined every bar with his trunk, || They breathed also through their trunks with and tried their solidity. The large screws by such violence, that the blast resembled an inn. which they are held together were placed on the petuous gust of wiad, outsile; these he sought for, and having found | The joy of Peggy was the most lively : she them, trie! to turn them, but was not able. Il expressed it by quickly Aapping her ears, which When he came to the partition, or gate which she made to move with astonishing velocity, and divides the two apartments, he found it was drew her trunk over Hans with the utmost tender. only fixed by an iron bar, which rose perpendi- l ness. She, in particular put her finger (the ex.

tremity of the trunk terminates in a protuberance || man and other travellers in the interior of Africa, which stretches out on the upper side in the form to be from twelve to fifteen feet, measured to the of a finger, and possesses in a great degree the nice-| top of the back; the female is much less than Dess and dexterity of that useful member), in o the male. They are said to live to the age of a his ear, where she kept it a long time, and after hundred and twenty or a hundred and thirty years having drawn it affectionately over the whole || even in a state of captivity. body of Haus, she put it tenderly into her own In the third volume of the Asiatic Researches, moath. Hans did exactly the sa me to Peggy, || published in 1789, 's a long and very parricular .but us pleasure was more concentrated. This account of the method of catching wild ele. he appeared to express by his tears, which fell phants, by John Corse, Esq. and in the first part from his eyes in abundance.

of the Philosophical Transactions for 1799, is Since that time they have never been separated, another paper, which contains much curious in. and they dwell together in the same apartments,

formation on the manners, habi's, and natural The society of these two intelligent animals, their history of the elephant, by the same gentleman. habitudes, their mutual affection, and their

From these it appears that the accounts of the natural attachment, still excited notwithstanding

sagacity, modesty, and size of the elephant, have the privation of liberty, might furnish curious

been greatly exaggerated by natural historians. observations for the natural history of their

As to what relates to the modesty of these species.

animals, we must refer to the latter paper. The These tro elephants, who are natives of Cey.

author's observations are the result of many years lon, were brought to Holland when very young.

residence in India, and from 1792 to 1797, the They are nearly fifteen years of age. Their elephant hunters were under his direction. A height is about seven feet and a half. Their few extracts froin his remarks may suffice in this tusks, which are very short, have been broken, place. but they will grow again as they become older.

« I have seen young elephants from one day The tail of the male hangs down to the ground;

to three years old sucking their dams, constantly that of the female is much shorter.

with their mouths, but never saw thein use The following anecdote appeared in another their trunks, except to press the breast, which, French journal about the middle of the year by natural instinct, they seemed to know would 1799.

make the milk flow more readily. (Aristotle A sentinel belonging to the menagerie at Paris, says expressly, that the young elephants suck was extremely careful, every time he mounted with their mouths and not with their trunks guard near the elephants, to desire the spectators Aristot. Opera. Basile, 1500, fol. p 494.) So out to give them any thing to eat. This was by that Buffon's account was made merely from conDo means pleasing to the elephants. Peggy, in jecture, and proves to be erroneous." particular, beheld him with a very unfavourable “ The mode of connexion between the male eye, and had several times endeavoured to correct and female is now ascertained beyond the possihis unwelcome interference, by besprinkling his bility of a doubt, and is exactly similar to the head with water from her trunk. One day, | horse. The exact time an elephant goes with when a great number of people were collected to young is not yet known, but it cannot be less view these animals, the opportunity seemed con than two years, as one of them brought forth a venient for receiving, unperceived, a small bit of | young one twen’y-one months after she was bread; but the vigorous sentinel was on duty. Il taken. This young one was thirty-five inches Peggy, however, placed herself before him, high, and grew four inches in as many months. watched all his gestures, and, the moment he || Another young one was measured as soon as born, opened his mouth to give his usual admonition and was foudd to be of the same size; at a year to the company, discharged in his face a large ll old he was foriy-six inches in height; at two stream of water. A general laugh ensued; but | years, fifty-four; three, sixty; four, sixty-five; the sentinel having calmly wiped his face, stood five, seventy; six, seventy-four; and at seven a little en one side, and continued as vigilant as ) years, six feet four inches. When full grown, before. Soon after, he found himself obliged to the male elephants of India are from eight to repeat his notice to the spectators not to give the nine feet in height, measured at the shoulder, as elephants any thing; immediately Peggy snatched horses are measured; to this must be added his musket from him, twirled it round in her eighteen or twenty inches, if the height be taken trunk, trod it under her feet, and did not restore to the top of the curvature of the back. The it until she had twisted the barrel into the forın female is generally a foot less. The largest ele. of a screw.

phant known in India was ten foct six inches in The height of the elephants is said by Spar- height, to the shoulder.

No. XXI, Vol. III.



A TRADESMAN who lived in a village near tripped up his heels, pushed him in, and locked St. Albans, had been twice married, and ill-treated the lid. his wives so as to cause their death. He sought Never man was in a greater passion than our a third, but as his brutality was well known in man; he threatened to kill her, and made more the place where he dwelt, he was obliged to go noise than a wild-boar caught in a trap. Shre fifty miles off for a wife.

answered him very quietly : “My dear friend, He obtained one, and after he brought her il pray be calm, your passion may injure your home, all the neighbours came to vişit her, and health ; refresh yourself a little in this comfort. acquaint her in what manner her husband used able trunk; for I love you too much to let you to treat his former wives. This somewhat sur. ll out now you are so outrageous." In the mean prised her, but she resolved to wait patiently till time she ordered her maid to make some custards her lord and master might take it into his head and cream-tarts, and when these were baked and to beat her. She did not wait long, for her hus- ready, she sent round to all the neighbouring band was a terrible fellow.

gossips to come and partake of her collation. One morning he waited on his lady with a This was served up, not on a table, but on the cudgel, and was preparing himself to make use lid of the trunk. Heaven knows what pretty of it. “Stop," said she, “ I fancy that the things the husband heard all these famous tatlers right which you now pretend to have over me is publish in his praise. In such a case, a wise man not mentioned in our marriage-contract ; and I must submit and give fair words. So did our declare to your worship you shall not exercise it." friend in the chest. His language was soothing, Such a distinct speech disconcerted the husband | he begged pardon, and cried for mercy. The so much, that he laid down his cudgel, and only ladies were so good as to forgive him, and let him began to scold her. “Get out of my house,” | out of the trunk. To reward him for his good said he, "and let us share our goods.” “ Real behaviour they gave him the remainder of the dily," said she, “ I am willing to leave you ;" custards and tarts. He was thus completely cured and each began to set aside the moveables. The of his brutality, and was afterwards cited as a Jady loosens the window curtains, and the gen- i model for good husbands; so that it was suffitleman unlocks an enormous trunk in order to cient to say to those who were not so, take care fill it with his prope: ty ; bui as he was leaning of the trunk, to make them as gentle as lambs, over to place some articles at the bottom, she" like hiinself.



gave a toleration of existence within my dwell. I am an old bachelor, who have been ac ing) the superintendence of my kitchen and customed for many years to enjoy domestic order pantry. She died some months ago; and and tranquilliiy. My only household coni panions this calamity, which I felt with all the poignant have hitherto been my dog, my cat, and an old | anguish that ever bereaved such a man as me of woman. The latter of these had been servant to peace, has brought upon me a thousand others, my mother; and from the time I was weaned that force me to lay my grievances before the till I was sent to school, she was my dry-nurse || world, that I may receive froin this generous and and guardian. When I grew up to man's estate, I feeling age an appropriate sympathy in all my and had the misfortune to lose those re- || bitter sorrows. atives who dwelt in family with me, I felt al. When I recovered from the affliction I suffered, strong repugnance o wedlock; and being of a | by the loss of my faithful Martha, 1 instituted calm temperate disposition of body and mind, I left the necessary inquiries after a fit person to suplove and marriage to those folks that liked them. ply her place. This was easily found, at least I I resolved, therefore, to live in a recluse way, and thought so, for the advertisement I put into the to give old Martha, my dry-nurse, (the only |newspaper had not been a day published, when human animal to whom, in the female shape, I || about half a dozen middle aged women made

their appearance, and produced an abundance of I/O tempora! O mores!) every one of them bore characters, testificats, and so forth. I read over, written papers in their hands, subscribed by per. one by one, these laudatory documents; and was sons of reputed respectability in town, but who, porded in my choice from among the applicants, in my apprehension, deserve to be in the very not so much by the deficiency, as the supera worst repute as liars, impostors, at least abetiors of bundance of praise which was bestowed upon imposture, and the friends of sinners. Yes, these each. Every one seemed better than another ; written papers contained the most abominable and at last, my choice was determined, by the falsehoods that ever were penned by profligacy, circumstance of one of the competitors for favour and conceived by jesuitical morality. This one having a nose resembling that of my great-grand-stole-that one drank-a third did worse, &c. mother, whom I had seen when I was a boy. My fortitude forsakes me, Mr. Editor, when I Well, ag great-grandmother's nose-likeness en- think of my sad afflictions; and I must now, tered on my service, and moved through the when language fails me, seek utterance in house for eight days with great circumspection. “ expressive silence.” Bat before a month had elapsed, I found, al

A BACHELOR. though she had served successively the ladies of a lord, a shoemaker, and a parson (every one of P.S. I have recovered my temper so far as to wboa gave her a woritten character, as excellent be able to put one or two serious questions, Can as language could make it), that she was lazy, any man or woman, of sound moral principles, stupid, and withal had a tongue that never ceased reconcile to these the false assertions which they to make the " roof and rafters dirl.” This would write and speak in favour of servants who are not do for me; and I dismissed her. I had kept || about to leave their employ? Do they not con. the names of the other persons, who also brought sider, that a servant is frequently the means of me characters, as they called them; and having rendering a whole family very happy, or exdiscovered their respective places of abode, I tremely uncomfortable? And can any honest sent for, and employed them the one after the mind think the solemn and serious declaration other. In the space of three months I have had of an untruth, which is followed by consequences trial of four servants, not one of whom could so momentous, a thing of a very light and trivial either do the duties of a good servant, or refrain nature ? from the mal-practices of the very worst; yet


[Continued from Page 31.]

History of French Fashions continucd.

THIS was quite sufficient to revive tlze use | under pretext of the heat of the weather and of hoops. They did not, however, make their their embonpoint, wore hoops at home, and soon appearance immediately; the women were ap- ventured to exhibit themselves in the Tuileries. prehensive of a blockade, and durst not all at They at first appeared only in the evening, and once exhibit themselves in public with such a took the useful precaution of passing through the rast appendage. They were at first talked of, orangery, to avoid entering by the ordinary gates and that is something; soon afterwards the which were always beset with the party-coloured actresses began to appear in them on the stage, Il gentry with whose insolence they were well acand set the whole female world still more agog | quainted. They presently shewed themselves to adopt the fashion. Fear still restrained them; || more boldly, and being followed by others of the the elegantes durst not exactly copy the actresses ; || sex, the fashion soon became so general that not they began therefore with wearing criardes, al a woman was seen without a hoop. Some years kind of buckram plaited about the hips, and thus afterwards, as we are informed by the Mercure took the first step towards disfiguring the shape. | de France, the wives of mechanics, and the very It may easily be conceived that these criardes || servant maids, would not go to market without were thought enchanting. At length, the fol-hoops, and they had swelled to such a size as to lowing summer (1715), two women of quality, be three ells in circumference.

This certainly was not the era of good taste || the way from La Chapelle io Versailles. This among the women of France. With paint and I was at that time a very common practice. powder employed to an excessive degree, with The Queen herself set the example of these frizzled hair, ridiculous head dresses and hoops, | absurd dresses. She contrived for her sledge. what more could be wanting to disfigure the races, says the author of the Secret Correspon. finest woman? In 1718 Lady Mary Wortley dence, a head-dress of prodigicus height. Some Montague visited Paris; she was struck with the l of these head-dresses represented lofty mountains, dress of the ladies, and drew this picture of it, enamelled meadows, silvery streams, thick which was not very flattering :-“I must tell forests, English gardens; an immense plume of you something of the French ladies. I have | feathers supported the whole edifice behind. seen all the beauties, and such (I cannot help | It was at this time that the celebrated Carlini, making use of the coarse word) nauseous crea- ll performing in an Italian piece before the Queen, tures! so fantastically absurd in their dress! so || took the liberty of putting in his hat a plume of monstrously unnatural in their paints ! their hair Il peacock's feathers of excessive length. This cut short and curled round their faces, and so plume being perfectly straight and erect, was too loaded with powder that it makes it look like high for any door, which gave occasion to the white wool! and on their cheeks to their chins, harlequin to perform a thousand antics. It was unmercifully laid on a shining red japan, that intended to punish him for his presumption, glistens in a most famning manner, so that they but it was found that he had acted by the orders seem to have no resemblance to human faces. I of the King, who had not even the power to am apt to believe that they took the first || lower the Queen's head-dress. hint of their dress from a fair sheep newly 1 Thuse who may be curious to make the whole ruddled."

round of the foolish, ridiculous, or absurd fashions Such, nevertheless, was the costume of the of the reign of Louis XVI. need only turn over females of the gay age of Louis XIV. and during the public prints of the time, where they will the reign of his successor. The most barbarous find an abundant harvest of extravagances. The head dresses then bore the most ridiculous Journal de Paris then announced the new fanames; such were the head-dresses en papillon, shions. I shall here introduce only two adveren chien fu, à oreilles d'épagneul, en marrons, en

tisements taken at random from among a hun. vergettes, en bichon, &c.

dred others in that journal. These specimens But it was under the last of the French kings will be sufficient to convey an idea of the taste that extravagance in the head-dress was carried prevailing at that period, which is not very far to the highest possible pitch. The women then distant. wore such lofty head-dresses that they were October 16, 1778,-.“ Aujourd 'hui on offre obliged to kneel in their carriages. It is a fact Il aux dames un chapeau à l'amiral. On verra which will scarcely be believed, but many chez Mademoiselle Fredin, marchande de women are still living who formerly submitted modes, à l'écharpe d'or, rue de la Féronnerie, to this little inconvenience of the fashion, and I un chapeau sur le quel est representé un vaisknow some who recollect it perfectly well. I seau, sans voiles, avec tous ses agrets et apparaux, shall never forget an anecdote related to me a | ayant ses canons en batterie, et il est executé few years since by one of my friends. He was avec autant de precision que de gout." at La Chapelle, near Paris, with some of his ac January 1780.-" On trouve chez Mademoie quaintance, who were preparing to set off for selle Saint-Quentin rue de Clery, des poufs en Versailles; they were going to a court ball, and trophée militaire : les étendarts et les timbales their dress was in the highest style of elegance. V posés sur le devant ont un effet trés agréable." My friend was extremely surprised at the man. Such was the taste when the Revolution proner in which these two ladies placed themselves | duced an universal change. Here, therefore, I in their carriage; the height of their feathers shall conclude my historical sketch of French would not allow them to sit in it, they therefore fashions. both knelt down opposi'e to e ch other, and in

(To be continued.) this uncomfortable posture they proceeded all!

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