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ON GOOD TRAVELLERS.
* The grown Boy, too tall for school, ( The gaiety, the follies, and the voluptuonspeis “With travel finishes the Fool.”
li of the Contineat address themselves in such . GAY'S FABLES captivating forms to the inclinations of youth, \'E are informed by Plutarch, that Lycurgas
that they soon become deaf to the calls of a
mouition. No longer coufined by the shackles forbad the Spartans from visiting other coun
of scholastic or parental restraiat, they launch trias, from an apprehension that they would
out at once into the wide ocean of fashionable eontract foreign langers, relax their rigid
indulgence. The only check which curbs the discipline, and grow fund of a form of govern
young gentleman with any force, is the father's ment listerent from their own. This law was
1 tbreat, to withold the necessary remittanos the result of the moet jndicious policy, as the
The son, however, expostulates with soupe comparison piade by a Spartan in the course
Il plausibility, and represents that his style of of his travels would necessarily have produced
living introduces him into the brilliant circles disaffection to his country, and aversion to its
of the gay and great, among whom alone can establishinents. It was therefore the design
he obtaiued the graces of polished behaviour, of the rigid legislator to confirm the prejudices |and the elegant attainments of genteel De of his subjects, and to cherish that intense
intense || How much he has improved by such rehmen
ou Dane of patriotism which afterwards blazedll intercourse is evident on his return hoine. He out in the most renowned exploits.
can boast of having employed the most fashion So propitious is the British government to able tavlor at Paris, of intriguing with some the rights of the people, so free is its consti
celebrated Madame, and appearing before the tution, and so mild are its laws, that the more
Lieutenant de Police for a drunken fray. Ile intimate our acquaintance with foreign states lay. pe lans. more than ouce bare lost bis is, the more reason we find to confirm our pre
i to confirm our pre- || money at the Ambassador's card-parties, sup dilection for the place of our birth. Our legis- | ped in the stables at Chantilli, aud been introlature has no necessity, like that of the Spartan
| daced to the Grand Monarque, at Versailles, republic, to secure the obedience of its sub- || The acquisitions he has made are such as must jects by paking ignorance an engine of state ll establish his character among those who have Butalthpugh England may rise superior in the
thell never travelled, as a virtuoso and a bon vican. comparison with foreign countries, it is much || By great good fortune le may bare broug to be wished that its pre-eminence was more lover a Paris watcb, a counterfeit Corregit, frequentiy ascertained by cool heads and and a hogshead of genuine Champagne. Bar zzature widerstanding; and that some check it is well if his mind be out furnished was given to the general custom of sending ll things more useless than those which he has youths abroad at too early an age. Innumer- ll collected for his pocket, his drawing-rooms able instances could be adduced to prove, that, ll and his cellar. He bas, perbaps, escapi so far froin any solid advantages being derived || a kind of commercial treaty with our po from the practice, it is generally pregnant
any pregnant || neighbours, and has exchanged siwplicity with great and incurable evils. As soon as il artifice, candour fur afiectation, steadiness boys are emancipated from school, or bave || frivolity, and principle for libertinism. kaut a few terms at the university, they are
sity, they are, has continued long among the votaries o sent to rainble about the Continent. The cri- || shion, gallantry, and wit, be must be a per tical and highly iniproper age of uineteen or | Grandison if he return not to his native twenty, is usually destined for this purpose. Il try in manners a monkey, in attai Their cariosity is cager and indiscriminate ; l' sciolist, and in religion a sceptic. their passions warın and impetuous; thir! From the expedition of sozne travell judgment merely beginning to dawn, and off are not to conclude, that knowledge course inadeguate to the just comparisou he- || world may be caught with a glance; tween what they have left at home, and what otberwords, that they are geniuses who they observe abroad. It'is vainly expected by lla system by intuition. They might thrir parents, that the authority of their tutors | inuch information if they skimmed om wift restrain the sallies of their sons, and con- || Continent with a balloon. The various ir their attention to proper objects of im- they fly through appear like the shifting provembat. But granting overy, tutor to be all of a pantomime, which just catch the cry Miestor, i cresy pupit is not a Telemachus obliterate the faint impressions of each
ciple for libertinism. If he
Kailinmed over the
pressions of each other.
We are told of a noble Roman, who could re- , wants words to express. Even the most just collect all the articles that had been purchased remarks, the most brilliant conceptions of wit, at an auction, and the names of the several are sinothered in their birth. To such a dise buyers. The memory of our travellers ought tressing case, the observation of Horace will to be of eqnal capacity and retentiveness, con not applysidering the short time they allow themselves « Verbaque prorisam rem non invita seguentur.” for the inspection of curiosities.
The fact is, these birds of passage consult!! If he can arrive after minch stunnering and more for their fame iban their improvement. hesitation at the arrangrment of a sentence, it To ride pust through Enrope is, in their opi- abounds with such blunders and Anglicisms as njon, an atebievement of no small glory. Like require all the politeness even ofa Frenchman Powel, the celebrated walker, their object is to l to excuse. Frequeut atteinpts will, without go and return in the shortest time possible. It doubt, produce tluency, and constant en'e will is not easy to determine how they can more secure correctness; but the misfortune is, that profitably employ their whifting activity than the young trarelier is enployed by words, by cominencing jockies, expresses, or mail-' when his mind ought to be engaged with things. cuachmen,
It is not less unseasonable than ridiculous, that Ignorance 'of the modern languages, and he should be perplexing hin.self with the dis. particularly the French, is a material obstacle tinction between fenume sage and sage femnie, 2gainst anEnglishuman's reaping the desired ads when he ought to be examining the amphi. vantages from his travels. It is a common cus- \| theatre at Nimes, or the cual at Langucdoc. tom te postpone any application to them uutil! Ignorance of the languages is a great juduer. a few months before the grand tour is con- il ment to the English to associate together whey menced. The scholar rainly supposes that his abroad. The misfortune of this practice is, owy moderate diligence, and his master's com that they spend their time in poisoning cach pendious mode of teaching, will work wonders, other's ininds with prejudices against foreignby making him a comiplete linguist. Froin a crs, of whom they know little from personal slight knowledge of the customary forms of experience, and of whom they have not the address, and a few detached words, the French landable ambition of knowing more. Their Language is supposed to be very easy. No al more active employments consist in such dilowance is made for the variety of the irregular version as they have transplanted from home, verbs, the nice combination of particles, the | They game, play at cricket, and ride races. peculiar turu of fashionable phrases, and the The Frenchman grias a contomptuous stuile at propriety of pronunciation. The great defici-|| these exhibitions ; and shrewilly remarks, that encies in all these particulars are abundantly Monsieur John Bull travels more to divert bim apparent as soon as Milord Anglois lands on the than to improve himself. Rather than give other side of the channel. After venturing to occasion for this ridicule, our young gentle tell his friends, to whom he has letters of re men had better remain at home, upon their commendation, that he is rarished to see them, paternal estates, and collect their knowledge his conversation is at an end. His contracted of other countries from Brydone's Tour, Moore's brow, faltering tongue, and embarrassed air, | Travels, or Kearsley's Guides. discover that he labours with ideas which he
'BARBITO; OR, THE GHOST OF CUENCA.
A SPANISH TALE.
Under the reign of Philip the Second, in 1, ought to be for his salvation, his credit, and the environs of Cuenca, in New Castilc, on his repose. the banks of the river Xicar, dwelt a rich his Each day did Don Lopez bless his fortunate dalgo, named Don Lopez He possessed a destiny :-“Wbat have I done (said be), that good heart, a good constitution, a good table, Heaven sbould overwhelm me with its gifts? I numerous friends, and was in every respect a have the honour of belonging to the first na happy man. He went regularly to church, tion in the universe; I have shared in its feared the Inquisition, honoured the king, and glory; I have fought under the standard of was, in short, every thing that a Spaniard the great commander, and I have seen, at Pa
. via, Francis the First taken prisoner. In iny | Don Lopez first confided his intentions to : private concerns I have nothing to wish for: faithful servant, and afterwards pretended to my wife is virtuous and sedate, my tastes are be taken very ill, and became progressively her's; when she speaks, she utters my exact worse and worse. All the physicians of Cuensentiments, and I even sometimes think that ca were of opinion that he would not recover, sbe clothes them in prettier language than I as he refused, for a very good reason, to allo should have done; she even spares me the himself to be bled, which four of them had trouble of scolding our servants, wbu, I must | ordered as a preliminary prescription, accordown, often deserve it. Our only cause for i ing to the practice of the faculty of Madrid. grief is not baving any children; but in this At length, wearied with his obstinacy, they life we must resiga ourselves to some trouble || abandoned him, and declared him a dead man or other. I have some relat.ons to whom I am His servant, the only person he now allowed tenderly attached, who return my attachment, to approach him, hastily formed a resemblance and friends who never leave me: they are a large of his master with cloth, stuffed with straw; family who surround me voluntarily for my while Don Lopez made his escape by a back happiness and their own; they love me; they staircase, and gallopped away towards Cadiz, are people of good sense : I know not how it where he proposed to embark for the Low is, but they are always of my opinion; for why ! Countries; while Pedrillo announced his de should they descend to traitery? I give them l cease to his wife and friends, who were all tuo a dinner, it is true; but is a dinuer worth much grieved to look at his corpse, and soul purchasing? Does not one of my guests, the he was interred with great pomp in the priureverend father Ignaciu, say, that “man needs || cipal church of 'heuca. but little." "This worthy prior of the order of All the bells in Cuenca were in motion; sur: St. Jerome, in effect, was continually repeat | rounded by priests, and followed by numerous ing this adage; yet he particularly distinguish | mouriers, the false Don Lopez was carried to ed the fowls of Cuenca, and the game of Ba the cathedral, which was hung with black; dajoz, and never mistook the wine of Biscay the five aisles, and all the sanall chapels, were for that of La Mancha. Don Lopez, in the illuminated. The reverend father Ignacio de inidst of his happiness, had one cause of vex livered with great emphasis the funeral seration ; he would have wished to procure for mon, and the choristers sang the de profunda those by whom he was surrounded some new with such compass of voice, and displayed so tunexpected pleasure, which might augment much science, that the impression they gare and enliven the sun of earthly felicity which to the congregation is not yet forgotten. he believed they shared with him. After hav- Meanwhile Dou Lopez arrived, without any ing long meditated, he at length conceived a accident, in the Lon Countries, and resolved plan of giving himself and others the pleasure to enter the army, to amuse himself during of a very novel, very extraordinary, very great, the period he proposed being absent He and very unexpected surprise. He resolved to found himself just in time to gain the battle or disappear; and in a very serious manuer tvo, St. Quintin, and to lose the little finger of his as those do who depart this life, and are bu | left hand. This circumstance was even meuried. He enjoyed the change which in six || tioned in the newspapers of those times, but months he should behold in the countenances under the name of Don Victorio, as it will of his dear friends, and kind relatives. What | easily be conceived, that Don Lopez wished t a sweet, happy, unexpected, agreeable transi remain incognito. His faithfidservant Pedrillo tion, from the deepest grief to the most lively || soon joined him, and gave him the account joy, would they experience, when he should || his funeral, but fearful of deterring him from fall amidst them as if from the clouds, and his project, be concealed a part of the griet they would hear him say: “ Dry up your tears, // which his friends and relatives telt at his less bere I am!"
Pedrillo, however, did not hide from his master, I suspect from whence he derived the idea that when leaving the house, on a plaus of his plan. Not long before, Charles the Fifth || pretext, of all those to whom he bade adiell, had caused himself to be pompously interred | the one he had the most difficulty to make i in his convent of Estremadura, and this had | main at Caenca, was Barbitu). Barbito wa set poor Lopez's head to wor's. A new proof dog from the Pyrenées, as loodsuine as brave, of the circumspection which princes ougot to as strong as faithful, and whom Lopez bao maintain in the examples which they hold brought up from a puppy. Our tra forth to public notice.
| extremely grateful to his dear Barbito for the Only one week intervened between the con- ll attachment he ivad shown; as Pedrillo in ception and the execution of his project. him, that since his disappearance the poor
animal had remained stationary beside the happened; he was rather astonished, but he clothes of his master. Dov Lopez promised had no doubt that his appearance wonld give that on his return his dog should be fed on much more astonishment to his uephews, and rabbits and partridges, and that on the 28th of | re-establish everything in its usual order. August, the day on which he had shewn so Instead of a splendid feast, which he had inaffecting a mark of bis remembrance, he should i tended to have caused to be prepared previous have an olla podrida for himself.
to his appearance, in the misst of which Those who serve under the standard of Mars he proposed to have fallen as if from the run more than one risk. Don Lopez was made | clouds, and to have spread universal joy, le a prisoner, by a knight from Lower Brittany, 1 hastily ran home to inform his wife that all who conducted him to his castle, where he || that had happened was a joke, which he had kept him in close confinement until the war not intended should have lasted so loug. was at an end, which did not happen till after He precipitately entered, and found Donna the expiration of two tedious years. During Beatrice seated in the same arm-chair, on the the whole of this time Don Lopez did not hear same side, and employed at the same work, a word of what was going forward in New always some ornament for our lady of Cuenca. Castile, and could only see from his prisoa He rushed in with all the iinpatience of an af the tops of the chimnies of Quimper-Corentin. fectionate husband. Donna Beatrice was, per
In this interval, a few events had occur haps, thinking of him, but she did not expect red at Cuenca. The grief which every one to see him, and had no sooner beheld him, had felt at the death of Don Lopez was too | than, making the sign of the cross, she fell violent to be of long duration. The worthy | upon her knees before the image of St. James Castilian, it must be observed, was prudence of Compostello: “Oh! my beloved husband," itself, and to be certain of finding his house she exclaimed, “ do not hurt me, you know I exactly as he had left it, had taken the pre never vexed you.” Don Lopez would have apcaution of bequeathing all he possessed to his proached her, but she continued hiding her wife Douna Beatrice. She was, as we have al face with her hands. “Oh, Holy Virgin! do ready said, a virtuous, careful, orderly woman, not touch me, my dear husband ; return, revho had not even deranged a chair out of the turn: if your soul needs something, I promise place which it had held for fifteen years. to have two masacs said for its repose ; depart,
The will was found in the deceased's secre depart, I beseech you, or you will make me taire ; but his beloved nephews, who had Il expire with fear." reckoned upon inheriting the fortune of their | The good hidalgo seeing that his wife took uncle, disputed the validity of the bequest. | him for a ghost, and was too much terrified to A lawyer discovered that a comma was inserted hearken to him, kuew not whether to laugh where there should have been a full stop, and or cry ; but to restore her the sooner tu her a particle where a conjunction ought to have senses, be determined to run to the conveut of been placed. The affair was brought before St. Jerome, and visit the reverend father Igthe corregidor, and from the corregidor to the nacio. He found the prior employed in copyoydor of the royal audience of Valentia, and ing for the holy week a sermon written by a from these it was handed to the oydor of the missionary of Gallicia, which he intended to chancery of Grenada ; who, on account of the !) apply to his own use; it ran on the appeara comma, gave it in favour of the nephews, ance which evil spirits may assume ini or
Thus the affair was settled, and the nephews | der to tempt the daughters of the lord, and took immediate possession of Don Lopez's for- | was to be preached in all the mannerics of Cu tone. The house, with a very slender pittance,
euca, which amounted to six. Scarcely had was all that remained to Donna Beatrice; but Don Lopez eutered, and opened his lips to as her tastes were simple, and her wants small, I make himself known to his old friend, than the as her work-hag remained in the same place, monk, who was wrapped in his saljert, aud her provision of chocolate in the same cup whose mind was not the most resolute, food board, and her parrot's cage in the same corner, | at him with a countenance expiessive of the she was only grieved because the loss of her utmost dismay. The poor unfortunate chest, euit made her remember that of her husband. in despair at the siate of terror in which he
This news, however, was the tbeme of con had left his wife, and not less astorished at the versation in all the surrounding provraces. stupefaction of Ignacio, pulled him radely by Don Lopez, once more free, and disgusted the sleeve. This roused the fat prir, as if he with his project, returned to his bome with at had awakened from his nap after a good dinleast as much speed as he had left it. At an llner; anu divided betwixt the fear of the devil, inn at Sara ossa he was informed of what had | whom he had been attacking in his sermon, No. XXV. Vol. III.
and the figure of Don Lopez, which the devil him, and to what order and class it belonged. alone could have assumed, he hastily fled The good hidalgo displayed great fortitade for through the door which had remained open, the three first glasses of water which he was and without looking once behind bim, left the compelled to swallow ; but when they extend. field to Don Lopez, or rather, as he imagined, led him on a table, and fixed an enormous fun. to an evil spirit.
nel to his lips, to double or treble the fatal be. Don Lopez now left the convent, and re | verage, his courage forsook him, and he would paired to the house of his nephews. He first have declared himself a devil of any class they gained access to the youngest, whom he asked had pleased, if a lond noise bad not suddenly whether he did not recognise him? The young arisen, which made the dismal vault re-echo, man, who did not believe in ghosts, burst into and arrested the attention of the executioners a loud laugh. “Thank God!" said Don Lo- ||| The sound of Astolpho's horn, or that of pez, “ I have at length found a reasonable the trumpets of Israel when they caused the being." He then began to enter into an ex downfall of the walls of Jericho, could only be planation with his dear nephew, and to relate | compared with the voices a thousand times rehow bis wife and the prior had taken him for peated, which awakened all the echoes of this what he was not; he assured him he was dread abode. The fainiliars fell on their knees, no spirit, but real flesh and blood, and his thinking that the day of judgment was come; loving uncle, the good bidalgo Lopez, who poor Don Lopez raised bimself up; the pén still had a particular affection for him; and dropped from the hand of the secretary, and concluded hy asking for his fortune, which the inquisitor grew pale. It was Barbito, the They had taken possession of a great deal too faithful, the furious Barbito. He had traced soon. The young man, who was a gay saty- his master's footsteps, first to the content of rical Andalusian, laughed still louder, and St. Jerome, and from thence to the Inquisition; said : «Go your way, good man, you have the jailors through fear, and the dogs of the been wept for."
prison through friendship, bad allowed him to Don Lopez, at these words, got into a great enter. The impatient, furious animal, seemed passion, which it was very natural for a man to ask for his master, and no sooner perceived to do who was really what he said, and yet was him, than he threw every thing down that imtreated as an impostor. The noise drew the peded his progress, leaped on the table, licked attention of the elder brother, who soon made his face and hands, and then crouched at his his appearance. But our poor Castilian did | feet. Woe to those who would have dared to not meet with a more favourable reception molest him! from him ; his threats and entreaties were all | Barbito in an instant changed the fate of equally useless. Soon they were surrounded | Don Lopez. The most he could before have by the servants, and many of the neighbours; || hoped, would have been imprisonment for life, one said that it could not be Don Lopez, the after baving figured at an auto da fe; but the hidalgo, for he had been at his funeral; an- | dog's testimony was a flash of light which-inother, that father Ignacio had preached the stantly convinced the secretary. He was & funeral sermon ; and a third, that he had car- little wise man, who was at that time publishe ried a taper in the procession. All agreed that || ing a dissertation on the souls of heasts. Barthe unknown bore some small resemblance to || bito had just arrived in time to confirm his Don Lopez, but that that made him the more system; he demonstrated to the inquisitor, to be feared. A little man, in a black coat, ju- || that the testimony of a dog would never be diciously observed, that it would be right to doubted in any country. What also assisted secure his person, and to tuke him before the to exculpate Don Lopez from the imputation corregidor. This advice was approved of by of being a devil in disguise, was, tbat the little every body, but more particularly by the ne man had perceived that he did not smell of phews. They were proceeding to put it in ex sulphur, as was the case with those who usuecution, notwithstanding the very natural fury ally passed through his hands. of onr poor hidalgo, when four alguazils en Barbito and his master were immediately tered and seized him in the name of the holy || conducted by the secretary to Donna Beatrice. Inquisition, and forced him, not without some | This good lady could scarcely support the resistance, to accompany them to this very re | united emotions of fear and conjugal affection spectable tribunal.
| whici assailed her; but the hidalgo could not We shall not give a detailed account of the help perceiving that his arrival had somewhat examination of Don Lopez, nor the torture disturbed her. We have already observed, that which was inflicted on him, in order to make | slie was very methodical; for to years sbe kim confess what devil bad taken possession of I had been accustomed to the garb and deporte