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ment of a widow, she must now resume that || who was first waiting-maid to the King's mis. of a wife; but she was so worthy a woman, tress, Donna Clara de Mendoce, whom at that and so niuch attached to her husband, that she time Titian was painting in the character of was only vexed for a few hours, and afterwards Venus; and the waiting-maid introduced the thought of nothing but the happiness she ex-worthy Lopez and his dog to this celebrated perienced in seeing biin again. :

beauty. Don Lopez's wife was the only person who 1 The first act of benevolence certainly came followed the example of Barbito. The two from a woman. Donna Clara warmly espoused pephews, who had inherited bis fortune, would ll the hidalgo’s canse, and made the most of his not acknowledge him; and would only own 1. adventures, when she related them to the that he bore some faint resemblance to the || King, from Barbito down to the little finger defunet. The reverend father, Ignacio, endea- which he had lost. She would see nothing but youred to excuse himself, on the plea of hay his misfortune and his goodness; hut his maing preached his funeral sermon. Don Lopez jesty regarded the services of a brave Spaniard, recovered no part of his possessions; as, inde and gave him a pension from his private pendent of the trouble which a retrograde step purse. Don Lopez purchased the little secremust have occasioned, the corregidor of Cu- || tary's book, and wrote the above relation to enca, the royal assembly of Valentia, and the warn those who may wish to adopt a similar chancery of Grenada, could not be found to wbim, to be careful to make themselves recog have erred in their decision

nized by their favourite dog. # But the little secretary, who supported his book in protecting Don Lopez, had a sister

E. R,

ON KNOTTING.

SOME years ago this art was quite the }} thread. These knots are, by the help of ma, rage all over England, among women and chil-turer reason, only more regularly and closely dren of all ranks and ages. At that time arranged, and the shuttle is introduced to give almost every female might be seen, from little a facility of execution; but the sameness of Miss up to her grandmother, dressed out with idea, and strict unity of design, are still preher knotting-bag, affectedly busy with her served, and form a striking instance of trus shuttle, and with great importance doing little taste in an age when false refinement too geor nothing. Young raw arms, and old withered | nerally prevails. ones, were all in motion, with numberless In the next place, it may be demonstrated gestures, grimaces, and turus of the head and that it is a profitable species of industry. A eyes, as if in a general convulsion. Wherever young lady, who is very expert at her shuttle, ladies went, they carried their bags and imple took a yard of thread, and sat down to kuot ments with them, and thus brought their play- || it, chatting to me at the same time, so as to things into company.

preserve a middle rate of velocity. It was - As it may probably come into fasbion again, || finished in ten minutes, and produced a quar

the following substance of a paper, which was ter of a yard of knotting; so that in an hour, published in Ireland, on the subject, may not one yard and a half may be easily manufacprove unentertaining to our fair readers. tured.

Now, supposing a lady, on a moderate aveStrenua nos erercet inertia.

rage, to work only six hours out of the twentyHor. lib. i. ep. 11.

| four, there will be a produce of nine yards per

fon the * Laborious idleness our time employs."

day. Out of the days of the year we shall deIn the first place, knotting is to be admired duct the Sundays and holidays, so as to inake 'Por its innocent simplicity. It is pure nature, the even number of three hundred remain,

a little, and but a little improved by art. We which will produce two thousand seven hun· may observe that one of the first efforts to- | dred yards of knotting; and at the rate of a

wards action in the infant state, is that of penny per yard, will annount to the sum of tying knots on little threads, and bits of pack- 4 eleven pounds five shillings per annum.

$82

Then to examine the per contra, a quarter des displaying the roundness of the arm, the of an ounce of common thread, of five shil-whiteness of the hand, and the lustre of the Jings a pound, was measured, which ran to diamond ring, it may be often brought to art scventy yards, so that the pound contained in concert with tbe eyes, and give additional four thousand four hundred and eighty. Now, force to their expression. The shuttle is an in order to knot this thread, it must be dou easy-flowing object, to which the eye may rebled; therefore the two thousand seven hun move with propriety and grace, and helps to dred yards of knotting, finished in the year, give an air of nature to those quick transitions must consume twenty-one thousand six hun and subtle glances which shoot like ligtitening dred yards of thread, which, according to the to the heart. A look thrown downward on above proportion, will be something less than the knot, has all the bewitching effect of gefive pounds, which cost about one pound four nuine modesty, and the very eye-lid may do shillings and two-pence, leaving to the fair execution. Sweetly rising again, attended manufacturer, a net profit of ten pounds and with a smile, it pours a volley of charms on almost eleven-pence sterling, for the work of the lover; and even a pretty struggle with the year, or rather of only eighteen hundred some inequality in the thread, may express hours.

that alluring kind of inattention which has 10" Some persons have been puzzled to conceive small effect on our unaccountable natures what becomes of the vast quantity of this com The use of the shuttle is, in short, more pow. modity which is made; for supposing only ten erful and various than even that of the fan. thousand of the fair sex to be employed ac- || It takes away the air of still life, which is apt cording to the days and hours above stated, to attenů a state of formal inaction, and brings they would manufacture twenty-seven millions into play those innumerable little graces, of yards annually; so that after ornamenting which, without some degree of gentle motion, all the toilets, quilts, and curtains, besides must lie totally concealed. trimming and festooning those under garments But I must request my fair readers to obwhich are hidden, a vast redundancy must still serve, that all the effects of this graceful be left, sufficient to form a large export trade amuseinent are lost by its being too constantly to the West India islands, so that the balance exhibited. Penelope's web was not more end. will be turned in our favour; and every gen- | less than the industry of some of our ladies; tlemạn may be provided with his rum out of so that without rising in the night to undo the industry of his wife and daughters. their work, they may safely promise a disa

But the circumstance that charms me most, greeable lover to be kind when they have in this invention, is its elegance. I canuot but finished their knotting. An insipid sameness think that shirts and smocks are rather unfit must ever displease, and too eager and indis. for any lady of delicacy to handle. As to mil I criminating a passion for every little fashionlinery matters, they are to be had from the able invention, conveys no favourable idea of shops at not above four times the price they the understanding. could be made for at home; and it is a strong Few persons know how to dispose of their proof of humanity to avoid interfering with hands; and if they are laid one over the other, those who have no other means of getting their | in an awkward manner, it gives an air of stiffbread. Indeed all kinds of needle-work, like uess to the whole figure, and puts one in mind poring over books, help to doze the spirits, of the personages in old family pictures, and ruin those fine eyes which were formed dressed out in conical hats, ruffs, and furbe for nobler purposes.

1ows. This is prevented by knotting, which As to knitting stockings, I presume that is takes away that formality so destructive to all quite out of the question. When a young | grace. It were to be wished, some ainusement Queen of Spain was going home after her nup could be contrived, of the same kind, for gentials, she passed through a little town famous! tlemen, who are equally at a loss in this parti. for making stockings. A deputation from the cular.- Nettivg, for instance. poor people immcdiately waited on her, to | It is not every woman who can knot, that is beseech her acceptance of some of their finest qualified to wield the shuttle: An expression manufacture; but the Duke of Alva, who of sentiment can ouly arise from an informed escorted her, turned them from her presence mind; and the same slight movements, which in a rage. “Kuow,” says he, “base peasants, il are capable of displaying grace, are equally that a Queen of Spain has no legs."

adapted to betray inarrity. An improved anAll raillery aside, I can sce more art in this derstanding, and cultivatett taste, will inspire fashion than men are generally aware of. Be the whole form, give a dignity to trifles, and

eo minunicate meaning even to the fingers' Il future velue in life depeuds on the due appliends. - These maxims are particularly recom cation of their present hours ; and always mouded to the younger part of the sex. While remember, that Minerva, who was the inthey labur to enrich the curtain and the toilet, | ventress of the shuttle, was also the godiless of the mind ought not, surely, to remain unfur wisdom. nished. They should consider, that all their ll

•ON ANGER.

ANGER is accompanied by the most ab- ( often met with European travellers, in the surd, as well as the most injurious conse-eastern parts of the world, who, in a few days quences, of all the passions. Among fools it journey, had met with more disasters of quarrel is contagions, and often seizes on a whole in a single hour than I had done in thirty company infected by a single patient. What | years travel. imbecility! There is a beautiful and apt alle- How often does the ignorance of this maxin, gory in the Persian language, wbich exhibits in managing the temper, cause the misery of this passion in a very contemptuous light. human life! How many unhappy victims of 2" A shallow puddie, and not the sea, is the passion of anger would be relieved by attroused by the falling of a pebble."

tending to the Persian adage! I attribute all the happiness of my life to the What valuable friendships are often dis instruction of this allegorical adage. In my solved by a reciprocal, or contagious anger, in very extensive travels, I was often the object | the interchange of a few upineaning words! of anger, from my ignorance of particular cus- What long and sacred connexions are dissolved towns in particular countries. This anger of between respectable masters and worthy serstrangers I studied to soothe, and not to irri- vants, by a hasty expression! What intertate; and I saw as much foily in appropriating ruptions to social intercourse, among neighthis moral disorder, as I should in giving my- | bours, are caused by the contagion of illself a bead-ache because my companion had || humour ! gut one.

I have always observed, in company, that a Before I began my travels, I was of a very |soft and soothing reply, made to an angry obirritable disposition; but, after a very short servation, has carried in it such influential period, I had found so much opposition to my reproof, that the angry person has been abashed will, and so much offence to my feelings, in the and consternated with overwhelming shame, censure and curiosity of strange nations, that while the complacent and inild conversant, I at length acquired a temperance of toleration || became the idol of every man's esteem. which taught me to pity, and not to resent the The practice of the foregoing maxim intro· passions of others; and when to an angry or duced me to the great secret of human bappiilliberal observation I reply with complacent ness, which was the independence of self on language, it is but marking my own superiority the vice and ignorance of its own species. I of moral temperament, and showing that I am || attached myself to no nation, that I might not to be infested with moral as with physical follow Jiberty, peace, security, and pleasure, contagion. A philosopher may catch the || wherever they appeared. And I gave my apsmall-pox from a conversant; but if he catches plause, my support, and residence to England, bis passions, he must be a fool.

because its laws preserved those blessings. This invaluable maxim of avoiding moral contagion, by behaving politely to the vulgar, The preceding dissertation is taken from complaisantly to the angry, humbly to the one of the works of a well known traveller, who proud, and wisely to the foolish, has conducted has visited all Europe, and several parts of me over all the world, through the constant Asia, Africa, and America. With some modi. shock of customs, tempers, and opinions, Il fications, the maxims it contains appear without a single personal quarrel; and I bave worthy of attention.

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- Fas est et ab hoste diceri.

{ contempt of those powerful attractions which

Qvid. have still the most difficult and essential part « Nor need we blush from even a foe to learn." of their task to perform.

Yet the facts of which they most complain, The interests of society have been con- || should, one would imagine, show them their siderably injured by the injudicious conduct of | mistake. I mean the many instances of supesome of our moral writers. They have laid down | rior, nay, unbounded dominion possessed by many general positions of right and wrong, || those females who associate with our sex withwithout any precise discrimination of their | out the sanction of the law. But from a parboundaries, and given authoritative precepts || tiality too natural, though they see and feel for human conduct, without sufficiently attend the effects, they cannot divine the cause. Coning to human nature. In attempting to re vinced that they themselves are right, they tuove the disease, instead of trying the lenient look for it in the depravity of man's disposi, arts of cure, they have frequently made short || tion, and think he is managed by arts which work, and directly prescribed amputation. | lie out of the province of modesty; that he

In one important instance, this error has sees peculiar charms in vice, and is governed particularly appeared. The fair sex are formed not so much by the woman as the wantoo. with a propensity to dress and elegance, to I Could they but personally observe the congaiety, tenderness, and love. This disposition | duct of these their formidable rivals, they is their characteristic, and is given them for the I would soon be undeceived. Were they to look best purposes. It is the source of all their in behind the curtain, they would see every thing fluence, and of the bighest joys which man effected by the most natural means, without can taste. The little excesses of it are un the aid of any magic, but that which the sex doubtedly foibles, but the want of it is a || in general possesses. They would be astonishcapital imperfection. Yet, either from spleen, lied to find that all these mighty powers lie apathy, or affectation, those grave censors have within their own reach, and that the whole laboured to destroy it in the gross, and have || secret consits in the proper use of those qua. employed for that purpose all the solemnity of lities which they had thrown aside as useless, learning, and the smartness of ridicule. Every l) or condemned as improper. The nature of man instance of attention to personal attractions, l' would be fairly laid open to their view, and and the minute, but powerful articles of de they would learn to touch the springs by which coration, have been condemned as un pardon- || he is actuated. Their knowledge would be able vanity and folly. The tender insinua Il founded on experiment, and could, with a tions, and exquisite blandishinents of love, are, Il slight variation, be adapted to the amiable according to them, no better than indelicacy purposes of virtue. or immodesty. Nature, in short, is shown as Scenes of this kind would show them woman entirely wrong, and her finest endowments are l in her natural state of superiority; and an set at variance with virtue and good sense. amazing one it is! Withoutstrength, property,

These documents have been particularly in or dominion, they are all laid at her feet. jurious to the married state. Women have been Weak, tender, and timid, she moves fleets and led by them into fale ideas of themselves, as armies with a nod. Independent of all laws, well as of the other sex, and have been dis she rules over the makers of those laws. Her couraged from the use of those engaging qua influence is all self-centered, and she bas only lities which secure the willing captive in his to call it judiciously into action. She stands chains, and from exerting those little tender the most eminent instance in nature, of a niesses without which no real happiness can be gentle force setting a mighty body in motion. found It is much easier to despise than to She is a combination of nechauic powers practise, so that lessons like these have flattered beyond any of Archimedes, and cau move the at once their indolence and their ambition. ll world by a hair, without stirring out of Desirous of being thought above the common | bed-chamber. character of the sex, superior to trifles, levity, N This is the universal prerogative of them and weakness, and refined into sentimental and only more conspicuous in one part purity, they have been too easily argued into a because necessity forces into action

Um

qualities by which it is supported. Every li human nature, the art of pleasing ; and ambition woman is formed for dominion, and to submit would reject every degree of dominion inferior to it, is the pride and happiness of mau. Not to that unbounded one, which the exertion of the ungenerous dominion of the shrew, but Il this art must necessarily confer. that gentle, yet unlimited influence over the It is far from my intention to insist on the affections, arising from their numberless, trite, and, I hope, needless topics of neatness nameless, and bewitching powers. These are and good temper. There is but little merit in by no means peculiar to vice; she seems rather not being a termagant, or a slattern. Someto have stolen them from virtue, when in a fit | thing more than negatives is required. Man of remissness; for, to give poignancy to her is an animal with multifarious appetites; it is joys, she is obliged to hide her own features, a noble point gained to command esteem, but and assume the air, the language, and the in- ll it is paying him much too high a compliment, viting reluctance of her rival. Man loves not || to treat him as a being consisting only of spirit, vice; he only seeks his own happiness; and, ll or capable of subsisting merely on spiritual from an honest instinctive gratitude, repays food. The senses, the passions, the imag rait, wherever found, with affection and tender- tion, all expect their share. Every art of eleness. Would virtue only display the banner gance, every power of endearment, should of pleasure, the whole male world wonld go therefore be exerted without reserve. Nothing over to her party.

should be deemed trifting that leads to happiBut custom denies the ladies this scene of|ness, nor should coldness or austerity be inobservation, they can only resort to their own 1) dulged under the specious name of delicacy. imaginations. We feel, but we cannot describe Marriage would then get rid of the dull idea the powers by which they subdue, captivate, ll which custom too frequently annexes to it, and and command. They are too subtile to be | appear in the inviting form of a perfect union clothed in words, and pass directly to the of the sexes, uuder the protection of all laws, heart, too rapid even for observation. They | not only for mutual comfort and support, but operate like spells, or charms, and raise the most also for the full and free enjoyment of every unaccountable, as well as the most delightful || rapture which their natures are formed to give sympathies which the human frame can feel. ll and receive.

The prettiest allegory in the world is that I beg leave to call upon the ladies to do of the Girdle of Venas, which may be exbibit. | themselves due honour, and assert their rank ed under the single appellation of good in the creation. They are intrusted with the humour. This is undoubtedly the ground, but happiness of the world, and the stores of the embroidering is thus beautifully attempted pleasure are in their hands. Man is thrown by Homer, or rather by Pope, though I could dependent on their boanty, and implores their wish he had not omitted the mo!le baci (soft kindness as the great palliative of pain, the kisses), of Tasso, for they seem to be essen reward for all the toils, the dangers, and the tially necessary.

vicissitudes of life. When he has renounced “ In this was every art, and every charm,

all other sources of joy but one, it were cruel, “ To win the wisest, and the coldest warm;

ungenerous, and unjust to make him a loser by « Fond love, the gentle vow, the gay desire,

his virtue. Amidst the hurry of artificial “ The kind deceit, the still-reviving fire;

pleasures, let not nature be overlooked, nor “ Persuasive speech, and more persuasive

her gentle dictates disregarded, but let it be sighs,

the pride and happiness of every married “ Silence that spoke, and eloquence of eyes.”

woman to make her husbaud a virtuous volup

tuary.. , I would recommend the whole passage, which

We shall now, in order to give an example of is both amusing and instructive, to the perusal

the good effects which attend the observation of my fair married readers. Proposing only,

of the foregoing maxims, insert a true story that instead of occasionally borrowing this

of an ainiable and respectable pair, as combewitching ornament froin Venus, they should

municated by an old gentleman, who was well wrest it froin her as their property, and wear it

acquainted with both the parties. by night as well as by day, I never knew a lady without a competent

« Old as I am, for ladies' love unfit, share of pride or ambition. Two noble quali

“ The power of beauty I remember yet." ' ties, if they were called in from trifling pur

DRYDEN suits, and emp oyed on the valuable purposes of nature. Pride would then blush at being Even at my time of life, it refreshes the excelled by the lowest of the sex in that art || imagination and diffuses a kind of vernal which does honour to woman, and indeed to Il cheerfulness over every idea. Its efficacy is

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