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the inhabitants with the greatest luxury of, purpose of covering them. In the dance they their food, which is coafined entirely to milk, 1 occasionally held out, in one hand, the end of and the productions of the vegetable world." | the mantle, presented it to one another, threw A grand temple is thus described :

it carelessly over the shoulder, and folded it

Il loosely round the waist. The greater part of “ Two hundred Brahmins are attached to them bad broad guld rings round their necks, this temple, and supported in indolence and their ears covered with jewels, a stud set with luxury by its endowments.

Il precious stones in the left nostril, loads of “ At every corner of the walls of the temple, ll rings abont the ankles and wrists, and briland in every street in the town stand little liant rings on the fingers and toes. Fifteen pagodas, dedicated to particular deities.

of these girls belong to the temple, and they “ We travelled from the great Pagoda to

I give what money they receive towards its supe Pombon, on the opposite side of the island, a

port. They are prohibited from marrying, distance of eight miles. The road is paved all

but are not bound down to a life of virginity. the way with smooth stones, each six feet in

When they bear children, the daughters are length, and four feet brvad, and the greatest brought up to follow the profession and enpart of it is nobiy shaded by the most beauti ploymeuts of their mothers, and the sons are ful and majestic trees which India produces. educated as musicians for the service of the All the large trees in this superb avenue are pagoda, or ternple. surrounded with smooth terraces of masonry, The jugglers, in slight of hand, excel those raised several feet from the ground, on which of Europe. Many of their exhibitions require travellers rest in comfort, completely sheltered such flexibility of body, and such perfect comfrom the rays of the sun." .

mand over every joint, that they could not be

'imitated in a cold climate. A man sits on the This volume contains the journies, of l ground, with no other clothing but a piece of three different English gentlemen about

of muslin round his waist, twirls a large iron the coast of Ceylon, in the first of which is ring on each great toe, bends backwards, keeps an account of the natural salt pans, and four hollow brass balls in a circular motion in the manner of collecting the salt.

the air, and makes them pass in their course A Narrative of the Campaign in 1803; || between his legy, which are likewise constantly or, Candian Warfare.

moving one over the other; at the same time A medical report of the troops.

he threads a quantity, of small beads in his Embassy to Candy in 1800.

month, without any assistance from his hands. And Knox's account of the King and

The various tricks with cups and balls he ex.

bibits with admirable dexterity, while his government of Candy.

arms are perfectly naked. He shows a snake, * In Ramisseram several Brahmins waited |

a foot in length, coiled under one of the on us one aiternoon, accompanied by five well-ll clips, and then draws the animal out of his dressed dancing-girls, who entertained us with mouth, without a possibility of the detheir exhibitions for upwards of an hour. They | ception being detected. - He puts a piece th mselves appeared to feel as much amuse of iron twenty-one inches perpendicularly ment in the performance as the assembly which | down his throat. The iron has blant edges, crowded round them. The girls, in the course and has somewhat the forin of a spit, but of dancing, displayed their hands and arms in rounded at the point. Before commencing singular and various positions, and their per- | the operation, he moistens it with his lips, sons in every graceful attitude. Sometimes and erects his mouth in a line with bis throat. they approached and receded, saluted one After the piece of iron is down, he places a another, kneeled in a liue, joined hauds, and horizontal brass wheel on the point of the went round in a circle; singing and keeping handle; on the wheel are fixed rockets, to every joint in motiou. Two of the girls ap- to which he sets fire, and it whirls round with peared to be about sixteen years of age, and great rapidity in the midst of the flames and three of them nearly thirty. They were neatly noise, he all the time holding the handle of dressed after the Malabar fashion; and no parti the 'spit steadily in his hand. Having been of their persons was uncovered except their trained to this operation from his infancy, bis arms, feet, and ankles, and a few inches in the throat is rendered callous. Sometimes he iniddle of the back. Beneath the flowing gar- !' appears as if he felt uneasiness while the steel ment which forms the principal piece of dress,! is in bis body, but he never acknowledges it, they wore short shifts firmly girded under their , althongh he is very thankful for a glass of breasts, and not longer than necessary for the brandy when he draws out the instrument. 10

this performance there is no deception : the li breadth. The best fishing is found from fact is incontestibly proved, and has beed || six to eigbit fathoins. seen by almost every Englishman who has 1 The fishery should commence about the visited India. The instrument has no other

end of February; the boats with their handle but a piece of its own solid substance,

crews, come from various parts of the coast tapering to a point. Its shape is thus parti

of Coromandel. They are open boats of cularly mentioned, because, from its having

one ton burden, about forty-five feet in been called a sword, the circumstance is not

length, eight in breadth, three deep, one generally credited. “ Among these feats, those of a female

I mast, and one sail, and daw eight or ten of forty years of age ought to be inention

inches water. The crew generally consists ed. The instrument on which she display

of twenty-three persons, ten of whom are ed' 'her agility was a pole forty feet high,

divers, ten haul up these divers, the stones, erected like the mast of a ship, with a cross

and the baskets; one pilot, one steersman, yard near to the top of it, from one end of one boy to bale out water, and a man to which a wooden anchor was suspended. This || take care of the boat. woman, in tbe character of a sailor, sprang || In the first place, a small sloop is anchor. up to the yard on a single rope by means of led in the centre of the banks, and remains her hands and toes. There she lay carelessly || there during the fishery, as a guide to the down in a sleeping posture. She then ascended

| boats, and a guard to the buoys. The to the top of the mast, laid her stomach on it,

pearl banks are about fifteen miles from and personified a weathercock, turning round

the shore. horizontally. She descended to the anchor, and suspended herself from it alternately by

The fishery for the season of the year her chin, her toes, and her heels, keeping

| 1804, was let by Governinent to a native her hands entirely disengaged.' She, lastly,

of Jaffnapatam. For thirty days fishing, hung by the feet on the yard, dropped down,

with one hundred and fifty boats, he was to and lighted in the same position on the stock

I pay one hundred and twenty thousand of the anchor."

pounds sterling. He sold the right of fishFrom the very curious and authentic ac

ing to some of the best equipped boats for count of the pearl fishery on the north west

twelve hundred pounds each, and that of coast of Ceylon, we shall take a few par

others for a thousand pounds, but kept ticulars which we invite future compilers

by for the greater part of them on his own of Dictionaries to quote, rather than copy

account. If, owing to the weather only former errors.

seventy-five boats went out, their fishing About the end of October, in the year

was counted as half a day; and when three preceding a pearl fishery, an examination

hundred filed, it stood for two days. of the banks takes place. If the produce

The boat-people are awakened from their

slunibers by t'e noise of horns, drums, and of one thousand oysters be worth threc pounds sterling, a good fishery may be

the firing of a field-piece. The uproar and

confusion of collecting and embarking up. expected. An oyster of a year old is no longer than the nail of a man's thumb; one |

wards of six thousand persons in the darkof seven years old, or at its maturity, is

ness of night, may be easily conceived. Nearly as large as the palm of the hand.

“ The manner of diving strikes a spectator At the age of from four to five years the as extremely simple and perfect. There is no tool, or small seed pearls are only found in

reason to believe that any addition has been the oyster; after that period they rapidly

made to the system of Europeans; nor, inincrease in size, until the oyster arrives at

deed, does there appear the smallest room for

improvement. maturity, in which state it remains but al

«1 observed with attention the length of short time, and then sickens and dies.

time that many of the divers remained under The banks or beds of oysters, are scatter

water, in the depth of seven fathoins. Some ed over a space in the bottom of the gulph of them performed the dip within the space of of Manaar, extending about thirty miles one minute, others came up in one minute from north to south, and twenty-four from

and twenty seconds. Some gentlemen who east to west. There are fourteen beds; the have frequently superintended the fisheries, largest is ten miles in length and two in and accompanied the divers to the banks, con

Supplement.-Vol. III.

sider one minute and a half as the longest || large pea, costs from £. 170 to £.300 sterling; period that any diver remains under water; || but a very pretty necklace of pearls, about the other gentlemen, who are willing to allow the size of a pepper-coru, may be procured for greatest latitude, say that they certainly never £. 15. The former pearls sell at one guinea knew a diver exceed two minutes.

each, and the latter at eighteen pence. “ The period allotted to diving continues | “ The tools, which are the most diminutive five or six hours. When three bundred boats pearls, without any intermixture of other are anchored on the banks, fifteen hundred

classes, do not sell for more than two guineas divers may be supposed to descend every mi and a half, or three guineas per pound; these nute. The noise of their going down prevails arc bought by the Chinese, by whom they are without interruption, and resembles the dash eaten when pounded into powder, and someing of a cataract.

times are scattered like spangles on their “The pearl-oysters are not esteemed good |clothes.” to eat, being of a much fatter and more glutinous substance than the common oyster.

We have now concluded our account of “At the fishery all the kinds of pearls are this valuable

this valuable work; if it should undergo generally sold mixed together at £.80 sterling another edition, we shall hope to see some per pound.

account of the instrumental music of Cey“A necklace of the value of £. 1200 sterling 'lon, with the notes of some of the songs, could not be procured at this fishery. A and dancing tunes. handsoine necklace of pearls smaller than a

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A TOUR TIROUGH HOLLAND.

Art. II.-A Tour through Holland, along the Banks of the Rhine, to the South of Ger

many, in 1800. By Sir John Carr. 410. Pp. 468. With Twenty Engravings in Mezzotinto, being Vicws of Towns, and a Map of part of the Rhine. R. Phillips 1807.

Of a book like this, which professes to | The Duke of Alva, with more whimsicadescribe countries and manners which are lity and less bitterness, observed, " That well known to a great number of its readers, | the Dutch were the nearest neighbours to many of whom may probably be natives of hell of any people on the earth, for the those countries, we imagine the most satis dwelt the lowest." We were sorry to find factory way of giving an account is by ex such a quotation as this last here. If the tracts in the author's words, and occasional epithet applied to Butler be tolerated, we observations on them. Before our author may say Paradisiacal Milton. In the same sets a foot on land, he says,

page we read :« A low slimy shore surmounted by green « The signification of the word Briel in flags, and a few scanty osiers, announced our Dutch, is Spectacle, which is supposed to have voyage to be at its close; and we entered given its name to this place, on acconnt of the the river of a country which our Hudibrastic extensive view which its buildings command Butler peevisbiy describes."

of the surrounding country," Here follow sixteen lines in verse, of In the first place, Bridł does not mean which the following half dozen may be spectacle, nor any thing else, being the sufficient

mere name of the town, properly the Briel. “ A country that draws fifty feet of water,

|| With regard to the extensive views, as the « In which men live as in the hold of nature; country is flat, just as extensive views may « That always ply the pump, and never think I be seen from every steeple. " They can be safe, but at the rate they stink; || - After describing the bronze statue of “ That feed like canibals on other fishes, Erasmus at Rotterdam, we are told that, “ And serve theirconsin-germans up in dishes." || « Various attempts have at different times

11

been made to convert the sage into a tura-coat: bayonet and fresh priming his piece, requested before the revoletion which expelled the Stad-|| the women to keep themselves in a back rooin holder, Prince of Orange, and his family, every out of the way of danger. Soon after, the door conicavity in his dress was cramined on certain was burst in, two ruffians entered, and were holidays with oranges; during the hey-day of instantly shot by the son, who discharged both the republican form of government, amidst his pistols at once. Two other associates of the celebration ofits festivities he was covered the dead men, immediately returned the fire, with ribbons, when the juice of the orange was but without effect, when the intrepid and never soffered to pass the lips of a true patriot. veteran stranger, takiog immediate advantage Even the marigold was expelled from the gar of the discharge of their arms, rushed on them dens of the new republicans. " And so were like a lion, ran one through the body with his carrots too, merely on account of their colour. bayonet, and whilst the other was running An occurrence at Dort, relative to a

| away, lodged the contents of the piece between widow and her family, is related as fol

his shoulders, and he dropped dead on the lows :

spot. The son and the stranger then closed

the door as well as they could, reloaded their “This woman, who was very industrious, l arms, made a good fire, and watched till daywas left by her husband, an eminent carpen- light. when the weavers and spinners of the ter, a comfortable house with some land, and manufacture came to resume their employment, two boats for carrying merchandise and pas

who were struck with horror and surprise at sengers on the canals. She was also supposed seeing four dead men on the dunghill adjointo be worth about ten thousand guilders I ing the house, where the soldier had dragged ( £.900) in ready money, which she employed them before he closed the door. in the hem pen and sail-cloth manufacture, for “ The burgermaster and his syndic attended, the purpose of increasing her fortune, and in

and took the depositions of the family relative structing her children, ( a son and two daugh

to this affair. The bodies were buried in a ters) in useful branches of business.

cross-road, and a stone erected over the grave “One night about nine o'clock, when the with an inscription recounting the story, with workinen were gone home, a person dressed in the soldier's name, saying he was a native of uniform, with a musket and broad-sword, Middelburg, and upwards of seventy years old. came to her house, and requested a lodging :|| And the date 20th November, 1795.

I let no lodgings, friend,' said the widow, ! « The widow presented the soldier with a and besides, I have no spare bed, unless you hundred guineas, and the city settled a handsleep with my son, which I think very impro some pension on him for the rest of his life. per, on account of your being a perfect stran “ Even an English merchant would be astoger to us all.' The soldier then showed a dis | nished to see the wonderful arithmetical attaincharge from Diesbach's regiment (signed by ment of stripling clerks in any of the Dutch the Major, who gave him an excellent charac-i counting-houses, and the quantity of compliter) and a passport from Count Maillebors, ll cated business which they discharge in the governor of Breda. The widow, believing the course of the day; the order of their books, stranger to be an honest man, called her son, the rapidity and certainty of their calculation, and asked him if he would accommodate a vete- according to the commercial habits and exran, who had served the republic thirty years change of different countries, and the variety with reputation, with part of his bed. The of languages which they speak; to which may young man consented; the soldier was accord be added the great regularity and length of ingly hospitably entertained ; and at a season their attendance, and the decency and proprieable hour withdrew to rest

ty of their deportment.” “ Some hours afterwards, a loud knocking The account of the Speel houses, is corwas heard at the street-door, which roused the

rect with regard to the descriptive part, soldier, who moved softly down stairs, and

but the lamentations and moral reflections listened at the hall door, when the blows were

are not more applicable to these places than repeated, and the door almost broken through hy a sledge, or some heavy instrument. By

to those of a similar sort in London, Paris, this time the widow and her daughters were

and every other capital. We shall give in a much alarmed by this violen't attack, and ran

note some extracis ou the subject written almost frantic through different parts of the by Mandeville (who was himself a Dutchhouse, exclaiming, murder! murder! The man) which will place the matter in a dif. son having joined the soldier with a case of ferent light. So true it is that without a loaded pistols, and the latter screwing on his knowledge of the language of the country

which a traveller visits it is impossible to only play by ear, iwtwithstanding there is obtain a knowledge of the manners of that no feel to guide the hands, play unconcountry *

cerpedly for hours together without look No particular notice is taken, in our || ing at the strings, and all the while smoking author's account of these houses, of the a short pipe. music. Many excellent performers on the Pipe-heads are mentioned made of a clay dulcimer are always to be found in the I found in Natolia. In the Philosophical principal Speel-houses at Amsterdam, re- | Magazine for March 1799, is a paper on the markable for the astonishing rapidity and subject. We do not know why it is uniprecision of their execution. The staccato, il versally known in Europe by the name of the shakes, and their method of damping, Meer-schaum, or sea-froth (lithomerga). or suddenly stopping the vibration of the In the above-mentioned paper it is said :strings (brass and iron wires) with the “ When these bowls have been sufficiently under edge of their hands, immediately burnt, they acquire a dark brown colour, after having struck them, cannot be equal. | which however changes into a beautiful led on any other instrument. The piano is red as soon as they have been well rubbed effected by striking the wires with the l with a piece of leather sprinkled over with under extremity of the sticks, on which al fine pulverised blood tone (hemati'er). piece of felt is glued. These men, who are Owing to this simple process we obtain in general ignorant of written music, and * “Parties directly opposite

at nigit are very different from their ordinary “ Assist each other, as 'twere for spite; ones; yet they are commonly so ridiculously “ And temp'rance with sobriety

gay, that they look more like the Roman “ Serve drunkenness and gluttony." dresses of strolling actresses than gettle

FABLE OF THE BEES. women's clothes; if to this you add the awk“ It often happens in Amsterdam, that six

vardness, the hard hands, and coarse breeding or seven thousand sailors arrive from the

of the damsels that wear them, there is no Indies at once, that have seen none but their

great reason to fear that many of the better own sex for many months together.-For sort of people will be tempted by thein. which reason the wise rulers of that well or “ Yet, notwithstanding the gond rules and dered city always tolerate an uncertain num strict discipline that are observed in these ber of houses, in which women are hired as markets of love, the 'officers of the police are publicly as horses at a livery-stable; and there always vexiug, mulcting, and upon the least being in this toleration a great deal of pru complaint removing the miscrable keepers of dence and economy to be seen, a short account them. First, it gives an opportunity io a large of it will be no tiresome digression.

parcel of officers the magistrates make use of “ In the first place, these houses are allowed on many occasions, and which they could not to be no where but in the most sloveniy and be without, to squeeze a living out of the unpolished part of the town, where seamen and inmoderate gains accruing from the worst of strangers of no repute chiefly lodge and resort. l employments, and at the same time punish The street in which most of them stand is those necessary profligates, the bawds and accounted scandalous, and the infamy is ex- panders, which, though they abominate, they tended to all the neighbourhood. In the desire yet not wholly to destroy. Secondly, second, they are only places to meet and bar- as it might be dangereus, on several accounts, gain in, to make appointments, in order to to let the multitude into the secret, that those promote interviews of greater secrecy, and no houses, and the trade that is drove in them, manner of lewdness is ever suffered to be trans are connived at, so by this means appearing acted in them; which order is so strictly ob- | unblamable, the wary magistrates preserve served, that, bar the ill manners and noise of themselves in the good opinion of the weaker the company that frequeat then, you will sort of people, who imagine that the governmeet no more indecency there than may be ment is always endeavouring, though unable, seen in the lobby of a play-house. Thirdy, to suppress what it actually tolerates; whereas, the female traders that come to these evening | if they had a mind to root them out, their exchanges, are always the scum of the people, power in the administration et justice is so and generally such as in the day time carry sovereign and extensive, and they so weil know fruit and other vegetables about in wheels , how to have it executed, that one week, ony, barrows. The babits indeed they appear in one night, might send them all a packing."

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