Page images
PDF
EPUB

from the East those red pipe-bowls, so we have ourselves heard much in praise much and so generally esteemed, at a very of these sovereigns from an eminent Dutch low price, as five of them are generally merchant very lately, and he assured us sold for a para (about three farthings., that their subjects were much attached to When they are ornamented, however, with their new rulers. a gilt border, painted with golden flowers: Our traveller mentions the storks which enamelled, or set with precious stones, one he saw at the Hague, stalking about the of them will cost sometimes two, three, or fish-market; a stork proper, on a field Or, even four piastres, or half-crowns.”. Our is the arms of the Hague; and in conseauthor says that the value of eight, or even quence many of those birds are maintained ten guineas, is frequently paid for one of at the town's expense, and are quite tame. these articles of luxury; undoubtedly they | They certainly “seem to have no objection are ornamented with diamonds.

I to be enrolled amongst the subjects of the “I had not been two days in Holland with new king.” Storks are as numerous in out witnessing the abominable custom of in Spain as they are in Holland; in saminer troducing a spitting-pot upon the table after they go as far north as Russia and Sweden, dinner, into which, like the kava bowl used ll and in winter as far south as Egypt, and amongst the natives of the south-sea islands, ll are found at the proper seasons in many of each person who smokes, and that generally

the intermediate countries, but seldom in comprehends all who are present, discharges

Britain. his saliva, which delicate depository is hauded round as regularly as the bottle. This custom

« It is said that they assemble at certain is comparable, in point of delicacy, with that

periods and hold consultations. Certain it is of washing the mouth and cleaning the teeth

that the crows in England frequently meet, with a napkin after dinner, as in England, or

with all the appearance of a deliberate body. picking the latter with a fork, as in France."

A vast number of crows were once observed

to assemble in a field, and after making a great Many other as disgusting customs in

deal of noise, one of them moved slowly into the two last countries, anight be enumerat- | the iniddle of the meeting, soon after which ed. In decent Dutch companies spitting. ll the rest fell upon it and pecked it to death." boxes, or pans, filled with dry sand, are

Before the storks depart from their northplaced between the feet of every smoker.

ern summer residence, they assemble in A spuuw potje is likewise called quispedoor, corrupted from the Spanish escupidera ; it

large flocks, and seem to confer on the plan is also used in Italy under the name of

of their inteuded route. Though they are sputacchicra, and in France is called cra.

usually silent, on this occasion they make choir, by those who are in the habit of

a singular clattering noise with their bilis,

and all seems bustle and consultation. The smoking segars,

first north wind is said to be the signal for The account of the Klokken-spel, bell.

their departure, when the whole body beplay, or carrilons, at Amsterdam, is correct.

come silent, and take flight at once, gene“ The British army was equally surprized nerally in the night. and gratified at hearing upon the chimes of the

" The Dutch mention with great exulprincipal church at Alkmaar, the air of God

tation the naine of De Cotts, who, like save the King,' played in a masterly manner

lour Prior, united the characters of poet and when they entered the town.”

statesman," After four pages containing an account

This poet's name was Jacob Cats, he was of the “ Public opinion of the King,” by

born in the province of Zealand in 1577, which we suppose is meant the opinion

and died at the age of 38. He was sent which the public have of his Majesty, which is greatly in his favour, as well as in

ambassador to Cromwell; his works, which favour of her Majesty the Queen, the

consist chiefly of moral poems, were coilectauthor. concludes his eulogy thus:-

ed and published in two very large ard

|| thick yolumes in folio, ornamented with “I abhor fuming a sovereign with adulation,

many hundred copper-plates in 1726. more especially the rulers of a country at war with my own, but it is what I owe to iny own || “ As I was one day moving about Leyden, country to relate the fact."

l I was struck with the appearance of a sail

board, ornamented with a considerable quan- " the socle, is about 12 French feet. One end tity of lace, fastened to a house; upon inquiry, of the base of the pyramid is 148 feet.” I found that the lady of the inansion, where !

| There are inscriptions on each of the saw it, had lately lain in, and that it was the

e four fronts, saying that the troops

four fronts'e custom of the country to expose this board,

“ Erected this monument to the glory of which contained an account of the lady's health, for the satisfaction of her enquiring friends,

| the Emperor ofthe French, Napoleon the First, who were by this excellent plan informed of

at the cpoch of his ascending the throne, and her situation, without disturbing her by knock

as a token of admiration and love; generals,

officers, and soldiers, have all co-operated with ing at the door, and by personal enquiries."

equal ardour; it was commenced the 24th of This is a square board of six inches, with

Fructidor, an. 12. (10th Septeinber, 1804), aud a frame and glass, fastened by day on the finished in thirty-two days.

, , street-door, during the lying-in month, and

“ From the summit of the obelisk the ere underneath is placed a small bulletin, or lia

in, or branges over a vast extent of country-Utrecht, certificate of the state of the lady and Amersfoort, Ainsterdam, Haarlem, the Hague, childs health. The frame contains a piece | Dordrecht, Leyden, Gorkum, Breda, Arnof point lace, on a red silk ground, if a boy heim, Nymnezeu, Bois-le-duc, Cleves, Zutph n, is born; a blue ground if a girl; if twins, Deventer, Zwol, and a great part of the Zuyderdoubled; if of different sexes, both colours,

zee, may be seen distinctly on a clear day." party-per-pale; if a dead child, a black || A handsome print accompanies the de. ground. During the time the door is thus Iscription, and the whole of the four inornamented the husband cannot be arrested scriptions, except the long list of the names for debt. It is called a kraam-klopportie, ll of the officers, are given. Perhaps the (child bed knocker.) Without the lace it ll prospect being mentioned as from the sumbecomes only a mere notice of the health || mit of the “obelisk," may be a mistake of of a sick person, and is no protection | the printer, for “ pyramid;" as the former against arrests.

appears to be inaccessible. The Amsterdam sledges are mentioned, ! We know not of any other station from on which the body of a coach is drawn by which sixteen capital cities can be seen. one horse, the driver walking by the side of l! The building inhabited by the Heren. it. Our author says the French call it un pothuthers, or Moravians, is afterwards des de chambre. This is a mistake, as that | scribed, to which we refer. name is given to a vebiclc used in Paris | Sir John says, only, which is a sedan chair on two wheels, “The Princes of Germany differ very much pushed or drawn by a man.

from those of our own country, by the plain “Soine of the shop boards or signs, have

and unostentatious minner in which they ridiculous verses inscribed on them."

move about. At Dusseldorf, one morning To this might have been added, many

when I was crossing the court of any inn to have ingenious epigrams: numerous col

go to breakfast, I saw a little boy fenciug with lections of these are in print. A very good

a stick with one of the ostlers; as I was pleased

with his appearance, I asked him if he was account of the terrible dungeons under the

the son of the maitre d'hôte!, to which he reStadthouse, at Amsterdam, is given, to

plied, “No, Sir, I am hereditary Prince l'on which we refer.

Salm, &c.? From Amsterdain our traveller proceed Of Cologne, our author says, ed through Naarden and Zoestdyk to Zeist, « This city was formerly celebrated for the where he saw

| number of its devotees and prostitutes, which “ The vast pyramid crected by the French the French police has very much reduced." troops who were encainped in the immense | We do not know which of these two open place in which it stauds, amounting to classes are here meant, probably the former, thirty thousand men, under the command of as totally useless for the welfare of the General Marmont.

I city. “ The whole was designed by the chief of « With respect to the chapel of St. Ursula, the battalion of engineers. The total height a whimsical circumstance occurred some years of this stupendous monument is about 10 siuce; in this depository, for a great length of French feet; that of the obelisk, exclusive of time have reposed the bones of St. Ursula, and

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

eleven thousand virgins, her companions ; tbey | “ This rock was supplied with water froin came from England in a little boat, in the year a well 280 feet deep, which occupied three 640, to convert the Huns, who had taken years in digging, in the year 1481, (and the possession of this city; and these men, instead two following years.) In tbe time of the of being moved by their sweet eloqnence and Swedish war, the attacks of eighty thousand cherub-like looks, put an end to their argu- | French troops on the southern side of it, and ment, by putting them all to death. Some of forty thousand on the northern, conld make doubt whether any country could have spared no impression on it; however, still maintainso many virgins, and a surgeon, somewhat ofing its invulnerable character it was destined a way, upon examining the consecrated hones, to bend to a fue, before which all local ad. declared that most of them were the bones of vantage is useless, and all enterprize vnavailfull grown fernale mastiffs ; for which dis- ing; after bravely sustaining a blockade for a covery he was expelled the city."

whole year, by the troops of the French reThe most marvellous part of this story | public, the garrison having endured with the is the skill of the anatomist who could so! greatest fortitude almost every description of accurately determine the sex of the animal privation, were obliged to surrender to famine, from only sceing the ancient bones, pro

and capitulated on the 28th of January 1799. bably by some such occult knowledge as

Soon after which the French covered this the famous waterologer (ouranopolos), '

mighty rock with the ruins of those wonderful

fortifications. possessed, who was so expert, that he could |

“I frequently had an opportunity of adtell by a man's working-day's water, what

miring the astonishing activity and genius of trade; and by his Sunday's water, what re- the French, who

the French, who have, since they became ligion he was of.

masters of the left bank of the Rhine, nearly “ Gallantry forbids my passing over the finished one of the finest roads in the world, name of Anna Maria Schurman, born here, extending froni Mentz to Cologne, in the course (at Utretcht in 1607). Excess of genius and of which they have cut through many rocks imlearning made her melancholy mad, and she pending over the river, and triumphed over some died in Cologne) from an inordinate debauch

of the most formidable obstacles nature could in eating spiders."

present to the achievenient of so wonderful a We should have been glad to have been

design. This magnificent undertaking, worthy told what authority there was for this asser

of Rome in the most shining periods of her tion, we thought she died in Friesland, in

history, was executed by the French troops,

who, under the direction of able engineers, 1678, and never before heard of her mad

preferred leaving these monuments of indefatiness, or spider-eating.

gable toil and elevated enterprize, to passing The rock of Ehrenbreitstein is said to be

their time, during the cessation of arms, in eight hundred feet perpendicular above

towus and barracks, in a state of iudolence the level of the Rhine. The fortifications and inutility.” are all roofless and dismantled.

The last extract we shall make from this “ In the centre of the square, or parade, I traveller's book, is his account of the upon the top was formerly mounted the cele

le cele 1; floats on the Rhine.

donts on , brated cannon called the Griffon, cast at Frankfort in 1528. It weighed thirty thousand

« On the banks leading to this city (Anderpounds, and was capable of projecting a ball || nach), I saw part of one of those amazing of one hundred and eighty pounds, to a distance floats of timber, which are formed of lesser of sixteen miles.”

ones, conveyed hither from the forests adjoiuWhich is only twelve miles, or four times

ing the Rhine, the Mozelle, &c.; these floats

are fastened to each other, and form a platform further than we cver heard of a ball's being

generally of the enormons dimensions of eight carried.

hundred feet in length, and one hundred and We know there is still preserved in

sixty in breadth, upon which a little village, conDover casile a cannon, on which is in- taining about eighty wooden houses is erected sciibed,

for the accommodation of those who are inteLoad me well, and keep me clean,

rested in, and assist in navigating this stapenI'll carry o‘er to Calais green ;

duous raft, frequently amounting to seven or which, however, proves nothing. We re eight bundred persons, men, women, and chilfer to Baron Munchausen's travels for andren; besides these buildings, there are stalls account of other marvellous guns.

for cattle, slaughter-houses, and magazines for

eor

rteen or fifteen

provisions. The float is prevented from strik- ||tion; beautiful eulogium; diaby lic deing against the shores, where the turnings are sign; elegant city of Leyden; elegant and abrupt, by the application of thirty or forty is witty gentleman (naming him); very enteranchors, which, with the necessary cables, are

ary cables, are il taining and interesting memoirs, &c.

* whick. These memoirs (also are reviejved in the precede it, and its course is safely directed by Lohnre mentioned German and Dutch pilots, who are hirca toril

Orected by above-mentioned Supplement, ...

The word undulated is very frequentis the purpose.

“ After great rains, when the current is repeated. “The gardens would be very rapid, the whole is entrusted to its repelling is beautiful, if the ground undulated a little force; otherwise several hundred persons are 1 more." We do not know how ground unemployed in rowing, who move their oars at a dulates, unless during an earthquake. given word of command. The whole of these | There is no mention made in this quarto wonderful moving masses is under the direc-ll of the play called Koloen, which is one of tion of a governor or superintendant, and the amusing exercises peculiar to Holland, several officers under him. Sometimes the and of which a particular account was pubfloats are some months in performing their lished a twelvemonth before Sir John set voyage, in consequence of the water being low,

out on these travels. in which case they are obliged to wait till the river is swollen by the rains. In this manner

In our quotations we bave taken the

liberty to obviate the frequent ambiguities they float from the high to the low countries ;

ll of the original. and upon their arrival at the place of destination, the whole is broken up, and finds a ready

We lament to see continually, whenever market.

two or three French words occur, that they « About twelve of them arrive annually at are generally faulty in spelling or in gram. Dort, in Holland, in he months of July and mar. For this inattention there can be ng August, where these German timber mer excuse; for, making every, allowance for a clants, having converted their floats into traveller's ignorance, in such a place as Dutch ducats, return to their own country London, thousands of persons may be found with their families, to enjoy the produce of ll capable of correcting the errors in any their labour and enterprise.”

language. This book swarms with errors We have now concluded our review of of the press in the Dutch tongue; these this work. As to the general account of the l| last we imagine few readers will mind; but literary attainments of this author, we re- || they cannot avoid being startled at finding fer to the review of the same author's || ladies called “ fair royageurs," " maunais Stranger in Ireland, in the Supplernent to || honte," &c. the first volume of La Belle ASSEMBLEI, li The map is constructed like our maps of especially to what is said about manufac | the roads in England, without degrees or turing books in quarto. In the book wel scale. Instead of the north point being at have just dismissed, if all the accounts of top, it is on the right, where the east ought painters taken from Pilkington's Dictionary, ll to be. The part of the river which our which certainly convey no new informa- 1 author visited is cut in halves, and one half tion, and all the other pages of irreleiant | placed under the other. A plate of the matter had been omitted, it would have ll same size as that, with an outline of the brought the whole into the compass of an country travelled through, the author's octavo,

track, and the names of the chief towns, In this work we find numbers of epithets | divested of the crowd of insignificant vile like the following:-Brilliant reply; charm. lages which now ornament the borders of ing, pleasant, and kobie female anecdote; || the river, would gratify the reader, and interesting anecdote of a royal desc:ip- | give him a clear idea of the tour.

HISTORY OF THE HOUSE OF AUSTRIA.'

Art. III.--History of the House of Austria, from the Foundation of the Monarchy by

Rhodolph, of Hapsburgh, to the Death of Leopold the Second, 1918 to 1792. By William Core, F. R. S. F.A.S. Archdeacon of Wilts, and Rector' of Bemerton.1807.

How various and abundant are the l of knowledge still more interesting, as it sources of information that flow around us ! | brings the passions of men more effectually and how justly fitted is the mind of man to into action, it is modern history, Let us gather improvement from every object he || look around us, we perceive mighty empires beholds, every situation in which he is towering to the skies. The broad basis placed, and every incident which diversi- || upon which they rest, the extent of their fies the course of his existence! The wide power, and the opulence of their cities, extent of nature, the different regions which seem to announce that for ages they have it contains, and the various productions | flourished in peace and prosperity. But of which they are composed, spread the let us glance at the mirror which modern most delightful fields for study to our sight; history holds to our view, and there we captivate the attention of the ignorant by shall trace their feeble roots throwing forth the astonishing phenomena they present, their first shoots; we shall see them bendand widen the sphere of the philosopher's ing, like the yielding recd, before the researches. But the most important, if storms that threaten their weakness; and pot the most pleasing path of instruction, || after conquering the dangers wbich incesis that which leads us through the darkness santly hover around them, burst on a sudof the past, to crowds of distant events; den in the full vigour of youth. The fate and with the help of history as our inter of our native land may have been entwined preter, enables us to converse with the with their own; our countrymen may have bards, warriors, lawgivers, statesmen, and bled or triumphed on their soil, may have philosophers, who flourished in former wielded their sceptre; the reverse may also ages. Then stealing into the sanctuary have happened, and in either case, our where the records of time are preserved, attention will be powerfully arrested, our the actions of our fellow-creatures of every national pride awakened, and though, pernation and in every clime, the revolutions haps, still partial judges, we shall become that have shaken the globe, the birth of the more enlightened and improved. arts, the progress of the sciences, and the It is not astonishing, therefore, that the discoveries useful to humanity, stand re- || field of modern history (by modern we vealed before us. Divested of all parti | understand that period which began with ality, and led solely by the wish of ascer- | the fall of the Roman empire) holding forth taining beneficial truths, of grasping at such promising hopes, should have been experience without waiting till rolling | cultivated by so many men of talents and

genius. Whilst Gibbon alone pondered the whole powers of our judgment, dive over the ruins of Rome, Hume, Robertinto the causes of events, compare together son, Watson, Smollett, &c. explored the their effects in various countries, and the l annals of England, Scotland, America, and influence wbich genius, talents, virtue, India, followed the brilliant career of courage, and the contrary vices, exercise | Charles V. and examined the impolitic over the happiness of mankind. From conduct of Philip III. After the decease such a strict and candid examination good l of these celebrated authors, the historical alone can Aow; and therefore the study of muse was sparing of her inspirations, ancient history cannot be too strenuously I though a few learned men did not fear to recommended. There is another branch || tread the same path as their predeces.

Supplement-Vol. IV.

D

« PreviousContinue »