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place conuenient, to mete him. So the messengers goyng forth with these commissyons, Henry went forward toward Shrewesbury, and in the way met with sir Ryce ap Thomas with a great nomber of men whiche came into him and was 5 of his part. For two dayes afore Henry promysed him to be chiefe ruler of all Wales as sone as he came to the croune (if he would come vnto him) whiche afterward he gaue to him in dede. In the meane tyme the messengers execu

tyng the message diligently returned backe agayne with 10 large rewardes of them to whom they were sent, and came

to Henry the same day he entred into Shrewesburye and shewed howe all his frendes were in a redynesse to do the vttermost that lay in them. This tidynges put Henry in

suche great hope, that he went furth with a courage and 15 came to the toune of Newporte and there set up his

tentes vpon a lytle hyl, and there lay all night. That night came to him Sir Gylbert Talbot with aboue two hundred

After that they went furth to Stafforde and whyle they were there, Willyam Standley came to him with a few 20 after him, and when he had talked a lytle with him, returned

backe againe to his hoost whiche he had prepared. From thence he went to Lichefelde and that night lay without the toune, but in the mornyng betime he entred into the citee

and was receyued honourably. A day or ii afore, Thomas 25 Standley was there with fyue. M. men armed, whiche, when

he knewe of Henries commyng, furthwith went afore to a village called Aderstone there to tary tyl Henry came. This he dyd to auoyde suspection, beyng afrayd lest king

Richard knowyng his intent would haue put his sonne to 30 death, whiche, as I telled you before, was left with him as a

pledge for his father. But kyng Rychard in the meane tyme, which then was at Nottyngham, hearyng that Henry with a few more of banished men was entred into Wales, so


lightly regarded the matter, that he thought it was not muche to be past vpon, for that he came in with so fewe in nombre, and that the lorde Harbarte and Sir Ryce, whiche were rulers of all Wales, would eyther kyll him, or els take him and bryng him aliue. But afterward, when he remem- 5 bred him selfe that oftentymes a smal matter in batel, if it be not loked vnto betymes, would make at the laste a great sturre, he thought it best to remedy the matter betymes and commaunded Henry the earle of Northumberlande with other of the nobles of the realme (whom he thought had set 10 more by him then by their owne goodes) to rayse vp an army and to come to him with spede. Also he sent diuers messengers with letters to Robert Brakynbury, keper of the Towre of London, commandyng him to come vnto him in all hast, and to bryng with him, as felowes in battaile, 15 Thomas Burschere, Walter Hungreford and diuers other knightes, whom he dyd not a lytle suspecte.

In this tyme it was shewed that Henrye was come to Shrewesbury without any hurt.

hurt. With the whiche tydynges, the kyng began to rage and make exclamacion against 20 them, that contrary to their faithes they had vtterly deceyued him, and then he beganne to mystrust all menne, and wyste not whom he might truste, so that he thoughte it best to sette fourth him selfe against his aduersaries. And furthwith he sent out spyes to knowe which way Henry dyd take. They 25 when they had done their diligence retourned backe againe and shewed him howe that Henry was come to Lichefelde. The whiche thyng after he knewe, because nowe there was a great nombre of souldiers come together, by and by his men set in aray, he commaunded them forwarde, and to go 3o iiii and iiii together, and by that way whiche they kept they heard say, their enemies were commyng. The suspecte persons he put in the middes, he him selfe with those he

trusted came behynd, with wynges of horsemen runnyng on euery side. And thus kepyng their order, aboute sonneset came vnto Leicestre.

When Henry in the meane season had remoued from 5 Lichefeld vnto the next village called Tamworth, in the mydway he met with Walter Hungerford, Thomas Burschier and many other more, whiche had promised to ayde him afore. And for because they perceyued that they were

suspected of kyng Rychard, and least they shoulde be 10 brought violently vnto him, beyng their enemy, they forsoke

Robert Brakenbury their capitayne and in the night tyme stole priuely away and went to Henry. Unto whom there chaunced by the waye that was worthy to be marked, whiche was that Henry, although he was a

man of 15 noble courage and also his company did dayly encrease,

yet for al that he stode in great feare because he was vncertayne of Thomas Stanley whiche, as I telled you before, for the feare of puttyng his sonnes to death,

inclyned as yet vnto no part, and that the matter was not 20 so slender of kyng Rycharde, as reporte was made to him of his frendes.

Wherfore, as all afrayde without a cause, he toke onely twenty men with him, and steyed in his journey as a man in dispayre and halfe musyng with him self what was best to

And to aggrauate the matter, tidynges was brought him that kyng Rychard was commyng nere to mete him with a great and houge hoost of men. And whyle he thus lyngered for feare behynd, his hoost came afore to the

toune of Tamworthe, and because it was then darke night, 30 he lost bothe his company and also his waye, then wandryng

from place to place, at last came to a lytle village. iii. myle from his hoost, beyng ful of feare, and lest he should fal into the daunger of the scoutwatche he durst not aske a question

25 be done.

of any man, and partly for the feare that was present, and partely for that was to come he lay there that night and toke this for a signe or a pronosticacion of some great plage that was to come, and the other part of his hoost was no lesse abashed seyng his absence for that tyme. When in the

5 mornyng Henry came to them in the light of the day he excused the matter that he was not absent because he had lost his way, but rather of purpose, because he would common with his preuy frendes whiche would not be sene in the day. After that he went priuely to Aderstone where Thomas 10 Standley and Willyam his brother dyd dwell. Here Henry, Thomas, and Willyam mette and toke other by the hand with louyng salutacions and were glad one of another. Then after they counceled together of their metyng with kyng Richard whom they perceiued not then to be farre from 15 them. That day when it drewe toward night, in the euenyng John Sauage, Brytanne Sanforde, Symon Digby with many other hąd forsaken kyng Rychard and came to Henry with a great power of menne, whiche power and strength sette Henry aloft againe. In the mean season kyng Rychard 20 whiche purposed to go throughe thicke and thinne in this matter came to Bosworth a lytle beyond Lecester where the place of battail should be (as a man would say the high justice of God, whiche could not be auoyded, hangyng ouer his head, had called him to a place where he should suffer 25 worthy punishement for his detestable offences) and there he set vp his tentes and rested that night. Afore he went to bed, he made an oration to his


with mencye, perswadyng and exhortyng them manfully to fight. And afterward, as it was sayd, he had a terrible dreame in

30 his slepe, semyng that he sawe horrible deuilles appeare vnto him and pullyng and halyng of him that he could take no rest, whiche vision fylled him full of feare and also of heuy

great vehe

care when he waked. For by and by after, beyng sore greued in his mynd, he dyd prognosticate of this dreame the euil lucke and heuye chaunce that after came to him, and

he came not with so chereful a countenaunce vnto his com5 panye as he was wonte to do. Then, least they should

thynke that he had this heauynesse for the feare of his enemies, he stode vp and rehersed vnto them al his dreame. But I thynke that this was not a dreame, but rather his con

science pricked with the sharpe styng of his mischeuous 10 offences, whiche although they do not pricke alway, yet

moost commonly they wyll byte moost towarde the latter daye, representyng vnto vs not onely them selfe, but also the terrible punishement that is ordeyned for the same, as the

sight of the deuill tearyng and halyng vs, so that therby (if 15 we haue grace) we may take an occasyon to be penitent, or

els for lacke of the same dye in desperacion. Nowe to come to my purpose againe, the next day after, kyng Richard hauyng al thinges in a readynesse went furth with the armye

out of his tentes, and began to sette his men in aray ; fyrst 20 the forwarde set furth a merueilous length bothe of horse

men and also of footemen, a veray terrible companye to them that should see them afarre of; and in the formost part of al he ordered the bowmen as a strong fortresse for

them that came after, and ouer this John the duke of 25 Northfolke was head captaine. After him folowed the kyng with a mighty sorte of men.

And in this while, Henry, beyng departed from the communicacion of his frendes, without any tariyng pytched

his tentes nere his enemies and laye there all night and 30 commaunded his men to be in a redynesse. In the mornyng

he sent also to Thomas Standley, beyng then in the middes betwixt bothe hostes, that he should come nere with his armye. He sent him worde againe that he should set his

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