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great obloquy in which hee was soo late before, hee was sodainelye fallen in soo greate truste, that at the counsayle next assembled, hee was made the onely manne chose and thoughte moste mete, to bee protectoure of the

protecking and hys realme, so that (were it destenye

5 or were it foly) the lamb was betaken to the wolfe to kepe. At whiche counsayle also the Archebishoppe of Yorke, Chauncelloure of Englande, whiche hadde deliuered vppe the greate seale to the Quene, was thereof greatlye reproued, and the Seale taken from hym and deliuered to 10 doctour Russell, bysshoppe of Lyncolne, a wyse The bishop manne and a good and of muche experyence, made Lorde and one of the beste learned menne vndoubt- Chauncellour. edlye that Englande hadde in hys time. Diuers Lordes and knightes were appoynted vnto dyuerse rowmes. The Lorde 15 Chaumberlayne and somme other kepte styll theyr offices that they hadde beefore. Nowe all were it soo that the protectoure so soore thyrsted for the finyshynge of that hee hadde begonne, that thoughte euerye daye a yeare tyll it were atchyeued, yet durste hee no further attempte as longe 20 as he had but halfe hys praye in his hande; well wittinge that yf hee deposed the one brother, all the Realme woulde falle to the tother, yf hee either remayned in Sainctuarye, or shoulde happelye bee shortelye conuayde too hys farther libertye. Wherefore incontinentę at the nexte metynge 25 of the Lordes at the counsayle, hee preposed vnto them, that it was a haynous deede of the Quene, and procedinge of greate malyce towarde the Kynges counsayllers, that she should keepe in Saynctuarye the Kynges brother from hym, whose specyall pleasure and coumforte were to haue 30 his brother with hym. And that by her done to none other entente, but to brynge all the Lordes in obloquie and murmure of the people. As thoughe they were not

to bee trusted with the Kynges brother, that by the assente of the nobles of the lande wer appoynted, as the Kynges nereste friendes, to the tuicyon of his owne royall parsone.

The prosperytye whereof standeth (quod hee) not all in 5 keepynge from enemyes or yll vyande, but partelye also

in recreacion and moderate pleasure ; which he cannot in this tender youthe take in the coumpanye of auncient parsons, but in the fanylier conuersacyon of those that bee

neyther farre vnder nor farre aboue his age, and nath10 lesse of estate conuenient to accoumpanye his noble ma

gestie. Wherefore with whom rather then with his owne brother? And yf anye manne thinke this consideracion (whiche I thynke no manne thynketh that loueth the

Kynge) lette hym consyder that sommetime withoute smal 15 thinges greatter cannot stande. And verelye it redowndeth

. greatelye to the dishonoure bothe of the kinges highnesse and of al vs that bene about his grace, to haue it runne in euery mans mouth, not in this realme onely, but also

in other landes (as euyll woordes walke farre) that the 20 Kynges brother shoulde bee fayne to keepe Saynctuarye.

For euerye manne wyll weene, that no manne wyll so dooe for noughte. And suche euyll oppinyon once fastened in mennes heartes, hard it is to wraste oute, and maye growe

to more grief than anye manne here canne diuine. 25 Wherefore mee thynketh it were not woorste to sende

vnto the Quene, for the redresse of this matter, somme honourable trustye manne, suche as bothe tendereth the Kynges weale, and the honoure of his counsaile, and is

also in fauoure and credence wyth her. For al which con30 sideracions, none seemeth mee more metelye than oure

reuerente father here presente, my Lorde Cardynall, who maye in this matter dooe moste good of anye manne, yf it please hym to take the payne. Whiche I doubte not of


his goodnesse he wyll not refuse, for the Kynges sake and ours, and wealthe of the younge Duke hymself, the kinges moste honourable brother, and after my soueraygne Lorde hymself, my moste dere nephewe; considered that thereby shall bee ceased the slaunderous rumoure and obloquye 5 nowe goynge and the hurtes auoyded that thereof mighte ensue, and much rest and quyete growe to all the realme. And yf shee bee percase so obstynate, and so preciselye sette vppon her own wyl, that neyther his wise and faithful aduertysemente canne moue her, nor any mannes reason 10 content her; then shall wee by myne aduyse, by the Kynges authoritye, fetche hym out of that prisone, and brynge hym to his noble presence, in whose contynuall coumpanye ho shal bee so well cherished and se honourablye entreated, that all the worlde shall, to our honor and her reproch, 15 perceiue that it was onelye malyce, frowardenesse, or foly, that caused her to keepe him there. This is my minde in this matter for this time, excepte any of your Lordeshippes anye thinge perceiue to the contrarye. For neuer shal I by Gods grace so wedde my selfe to myne own wyll, co but that I shall bee readye to chaunge it vppon youre better aduyses.

When the protectoure hadde said, al the counsayl affyrmed that the mocion was good and reasonable, and to the kynge and the Duke his brother honourable, and a 25 thing that should cease greate murmure in the realme, if the mother might be by good meanes enduced to delyuer hym. Whiche thynge the Archebishoppe of Yorke, whome they all agreed also to bee thereto moste conuenyente, tooke vppon hym to moue her, and therein to dooe hys 30 vttermoste deuowre. Howe bee it if shee coulde bee in no wyse entreated with her good wyll to delyuer hym, then thoughte hee and suche other as were of the spiritualtye

present, that it were not in anye wyse to be attempted to take him oute agaynste her wil. For it would bee a thynge that shoulde tourne to the greate grudge of all menne, and

hyghe dyspleasure of Godde, yf the priueledge of that holye 5

place should nowe bee broken. Whiche hadde Saintuarye.

so manye yeares bee kepte, whyche bothe Kynges and Popes soo good hadde graunted, so many hadde confirmed, and whiche holye grounde was more then fyue hun

dred yeare agoe by Saincte Peter his own parsone in spirite, 10 accoumpanyed with greate multitude of aungelles, by nyghte

so specyallye halowed and dedicate to Godde, (for the proofe wherof they haue yet in the Abbay Sainct Peters cope to shewe) that from that tyme hytherwarde, was there neuer

so vndeuowte a Kinge, that durst that sacred place violate, 15 or so holye a Bishoppe that durste it presume to consecrate.

And therefore (quod the Archebishoppe of Yorke) Godde forbydde that anye manne shoulde, for anye thynge earthlye, enterpryse to breake the immunitee and libertye of that

sacred Sainctuary, that hath bene the safegarde of so many 20 a good mannes life. And I truste (quod he) with Gods

grace, we shal not nede it. But for ani maner nede, I would not we shoulde dooe it. I truste that shee shall bee with reason contented, and all thynge in good maner

obtayned. And yf it happen that I brynge it not so to 25 passe, yet shall I towarde it so farrefoorth dooe my beste, that

ye shall all well perceiue that no lacke of my deuoure, but the mothers drede and womannishe feare shall bee the let.

Womannishe feare, naye womannishe frowardenesse 30 (quod the Duke of Buckyngham.) For I dare take it

vppon my soule, she well knoweth she needeth no such thyng to feare, either for her sonne or for her selfe. For as for her, here is no manne that will be at warre with


Woulde God some of the men of her kynne were women too, and then shoulde al bee soone in reste. Howe bee it there is none of her kinne the lesse loued, for that they bee her kinne, but for their owne euill deseruinge. And nathelesse if we loued neither her nor her kinne, yet 5 were there no cause to thinke that we shoulde hate the kynges noble brother, to whose Grace wee oureselfe bee of kynne. Whose honoure if shee as muche desyred as oure dishonoure, and as muche regarde tooke to his wealthe, as to her owne will, she woulde bee as lothe to suffer him 10 from the kinge, as anye of vs bee. For if shee haue anye witte, (as woulde Godde she hadde as good will as she hathe shrewde witte) she reckoneth her selfe no wiser then shee thinketh some that bee here, of whose faithefull mynde she nothing doubteth, but verelye beleueth and knoweth, 15 that they woulde bee as sorye of his harme as her selfe, and yet would haue hym from her yf she byde there. And wee all (I thinke) contente, that bothe bee with her, yf she come thence and bide in suche place where they maie with their honoure bee.

Nowe then yf she refuse, in the deliueraunce of hym, to fölowe the counsaile of them whose wisdom she knoweth, whose trouth she well trusteth, it is ethe to perceiue, that frowardnesse letteth her, and not feare. But goe to, suppose that she feare (as who maye lette her to feare her owne 25 shadowe) the more she feareth to delyuer hym, the more oughte wee feare to leaue him in her handes. For if she caste suche fonde doubtes, that shee feare his hurte; then wyll she feare that hee shall bee fette thence. For she will soone thinke, that if menne were sette (whiche Godde 30 forbydde) vppon so greate a mischiefe, the saintuarye woulde litle let them. Which good menne mighte, as mee thynketh, without sinne sommewhat lesse regarde then they do.


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