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Again, in THE CAVALIER LITANY, Nov. 1682:

"From a Brumisham Saint, and a serious Church Whig, "From a puritan soul that abominates pig,

"From the forty-one rogues, that would hum the old Libera nos."


Again, in "THE RIDDLE OF THE ROUND-HEAD, an excellent new ballad," Sep. 9, 1681 :

"Lords and Bishops are useless voted ;- - -
"Whigs and Brumighams, with shams and stories,
"Are true protestants,

"And protestants are masquerades and Tories,
"The modern reformation of the Saints."

See also the Prologue to SIR BARNABY WHIG, a comedy, by T. D'Urfey, 1681 :

"In a coffee-house just now among the rabble, "I humbly ask'd, which was the treason-table; "The fellow pointed, and 'faith down I sat,

"To hear two harden'd Brumicham rascals prate;


Aiming at politicks, though void of reason,

"And lacing coffee with large lumps of treason."

P. 301. n. 5. Read-in 1681 and 1682.

Shaftesbury was supposed to be the author of the first part of NO PROTESTANT PLOT.

P. 306. n. l. 11. After Muse, add-THE TORY POETS. P. 307. n. Since this note was written, I have met with THE WHIP AND KEY. Some account of that poem may be found in the Life of Dryden, p. 158. P. 310. n. Sir George Mackenzie, soon after the Restoration, published RELIGIO STOICI.-In 1685 appeared RELIGIO JURISPRUDENTIS; and in 1691 was published RELIGIO MILITIS.

P. 311. l. 13.

of both."


whose writings have highly deserved

I suspect, Tillotson, at that time Dean of Canterbury, was the person here meant. Congreve tells us, that Dryden greatly admired his writings.

P. 407. What has been already noted by him." Such was the phraseology of the last age. Our author means of or concerning him.

P. 411. 1. 13. "It is not defined, how far our resolution may carry us to suffer. The force of bodies may more easily be determined, than that of souls."

Dr. Johnson, in his 32d RAMBLER, has thus energetically expressed the same sentiment. I do not, however, suppose that he had Montagne in his thoughts:

"I think there is some reason for questioning, whether the body and mind are not so proportioned, that the one. can bear all which can be inflicted on the other; whether virtue cannot stand its ground as long as life, and whether a soul well principled will not be separated before it be subdued."

P. 425. In confirmation of what has been here suggested, (that this Advertisement was written by Dryden,) see vol. iii. p. 388. n.

P. 453. n. The poem alluded to by Fenton, was written by Blackmore, and appeared in 1709, under the title of Instructions to Vanderbank; a sequel to the Advice to the Poets." See some extracts from it ridi

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P. 476. In further support of what is here stated, see the Life of Dryden, p. 193, n. 9.

P. 532, n. 1. Robin Wisdom's "godly ballad" here alluded to, appeared probably in the 16th century. It is found also at the end of " The whole Book of Psalms collected into English Meter by Thomas Sternhold, John Hopkins, and others," subjoined to the Book of

Common Prayer, folio, 1662.

The first stanza, to

which our author refers, is the only part of it which

need be quoted:

"Preserve us, LORD, by thy dear word, "From Turk and Pope defend us, LORD; "Which both would thrust out of his throne "Our Lord JESUS CHRIST, thy dear son." P. 543. n. 7. l. 4. For Bohurs, r. Bouhours.


P. 26. n. 7. For 1680, r. 1684; and in the next line, r. appeared also

P. 41. My memory here deceived me; for it is the Essay on Satire, not that on Poetry, that Sheffield says, was written in 1675. Dryden therefore, by the words"before I knew the author of it," certainly meant,— before I knew by whom it was written.


43. n. Dele the words—" to whom," &c. the verses referred to, though generally ascribed to our author, not being written by him. See vol. i. part i. p. 507... P. 56. 1. 15" to give mankind their own-" "to

Here we have one among many proofs of Dryden's love of English idiomatical phrases. In a serious composition no one would now venture to write-" he gave mankind their own," in the sense of " he rated them severely."

P. 65. n. Dr. Chetwood had a claim to the peerage of Wahull, or Woodhull; and on this ground, perhaps, was denominated" a person of honour."

P. 112. 1. 2. For self-concept, r. self-conceit.
P. 125. 1. 5. For Siquis, r. Si quis.

P. 127. l. 11. from the bottom. For satirick, r. satyrick. P. 151. n. The Ancients, it should be recollected, writing on rolls of parchment, called each book or part of a work, or whatever might be comprised within the roll, a volume. Thus the fifteen books of Ovid's METAMORPHOSES certainly made fifteen volumes, if not more. The works of Varro therefore, though unquestionably voluminous, were not so numerous as may at first sight appear.

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P. 194. n. 2. Since this remark was written, I have met with several notices of "honest Mr. Swan," who was the most distinguished punster of his day. Dennis speaks of him more than once in his Letters, 1696; and declares, that " for the management of quibbles and dice, no one came near him." Briscoe, the bookseller, in his Collection of Letters, calls himCaptain Swan. He is twice mentioned by Swift, who styles him the famous Mr. Swan," and says, he was "as virulent a Jacobite as any in England." See Swift's Works, vol. x. p. 244; and vol. xiii. p. 78. He is álso alluded to in the Prologue to Ravenscroft's ITALIAN HUSBAND, a tragedy, 1698:

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With Swanish pups you may regale the cit; "Their swinish taste delights in husks of wit."

P. 199. n. 1. 2. For "Generous Enemies," r. "Loving


It appears from a letter of Mr. Moyle, published by Hammond, that our author's learned friend, Mr. Lewis Maidwell, published a Book of Instructions for reading a course of Mathematicks and other literature.

P. 212. n. 2. 1. 4. For 1702, r. 1713.

P. 229. n. 9. For Sheers, here and afterwards, r. Shere. See vol. i. part i, p. 253, n. 4. He was, however, usually called Sheeres by his contemporaries; from the custom

which prevailed very generally in the last century of adding an (s) to the end of proper names.

P. 253. 1. 7. and chapters even his own Aratus on the same head."

Our author is perhaps singular in the use of this verb, which escaped Dr. Johnson's vigilance. To chapter, meaning" to pronounce a solemn censure," is deduced with sufficient propriety from one of the senses of the noun, Chapter, "the place where delinquents receive discipline and correction." It may, however, here bear the same signification as if our author had written "—and lectures even his own Aratus," &c.

P. 269. n. 6. For-" son of Francis, r. son of James. P. 276. n. For our author, r. Shadwell.

P. 278. n. l. 3. For Blackman, r. Blackmore.

P. 366. n. Since this note was written, I have learned that a-mocca, or a-muck, (for so the word should be written,) is used in the Malay language, adverbially, as one word, and signifies, if we may so write, killingly. "He runs a-muck," i. e. he runs with a savage intent to kill whomsoever he meets. Dryden, by placing Indian before the word, (" He runs an Indian muck at all he meets,) while he recognized its origin, misled Dr. Johnson and others, to suppose it a substantive. T. Brown, in his "Observations on THE HIND AND THE PANTHER," 1687, is more correct :-"- then he lays about him, as if he were running a muck, and had resolved to kill all that he met." So also Mr. Boyle on Blackmore:

"Let him great Dryden's awful name profane,
"And learned Garth with envious pride disdain;
"Codron's bright genius with vile puns lampoon,
"And run a-muck at all the Wits in town."

P. 378. I. 16.-Aristotle has made the same definition in other terms

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