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case selecting the same person as lecturer a second time within a period of five years. The payment shall be made to said lecturer, after the lectures have been printed and received by the trustees, of all the income for the year derived from said fund, after defraying the expense of printing the lectures and the other incidental expenses attending the same.

The subject of such lectures shall be such as is within the terms set forth in the will of the Rev. John Bampton, for the delivery of what are known as the

Bampton Lectures," at Oxford, or any other subject distinctively connected with or relating to the Christian Religion.

The lecturer shall be appointed annually in the month of May, or as soon thereafter as can conveniently be done, by the persons who, for the time being, shall hold the offices of Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church of the Diocese in which is the Church of the Holy Trinity; the Rector of said Church; the Professor of Biblical Learning, the Professor of Systematic Divinity, and the Professor of Ecclesiastical History, in the Divinity School of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Philadelphia.

In case either of said offices are vacant the others may nominate the lecturer.

Under this trust the Rev. J. F. Garrison, D.D., of Camden, N. J., was appointed to deliver the lectures for the year 1887.

CAMDEN, Ash Wednesday, 1887.


Delivered in the Church of the Holy Trinity, Philadelphia.

1877. By Rev. ALEXANDER H.Vinton, D.D. Inaugural Series. 1878. By Rt. Rev. F. D. HUNTINGTON, D.D. The Fitness of Christianity to Man. 1879. By Rev. PHILLIPS Brooks, D.D. The Influence of Jesus. 1880. By The Vy.Rev.Dean Howson, D.D. The Evidential Value of the Acts of

the Apostles. 1881. By Rt. Rev. T. U. DUDLEY, D.D. The Church's Need. 1882. By Rt. Rev.S.S. HARRIS, D.D., LL.D. The Relation of Christianity to Civil

Society. 1883. By Rev. A. V. G. ALLEN, D.D. The Continuity of Christian Thought 1887. By Rev. JOSEPH F. GARRISON, D.D. The American Prayer Book.


"ERTAIN principles are held as fundamental by the

Church, in England and America, with reference to the “Prayer Book."

1. The order and the forms of worship of the early ages of the Church were derived from the Apostles, or in accordance with their instructions, hence were to be for all time the types and tests by which all modes of organization, doctrines, and offices of public service should be tried and judged. These have been called Scriptural, Apostolic, Primitive or Catholic.

2. Any wide departure from these, much more rejection of any of their important elements involved, would inevitably manifest itself in serious evils of doctrine, or of life, or both. Therefore, if such changes had at any time been made, that portion of the Church which desired to preserve its Scriptural and Catholic character must abandon them and return in all their essentials to the original ideas, and, so far as possible, also to the early forms.

3. The latter centuries of the Middle Ages had introduced into the Churches of Western Europe numerous such errors and perversions, known according to the point of view from which they were regarded as Mediæval, Roman, Priestly or Sacerdotal. Hence there was need of a reform in these particulars, and of a corresponding restoration of the primitive teachings and forms where these had been widely or injuriously departed from or misinterpreted.

4. The Church of England, in the exercise of the rightful authority which, as a national and organic portion of the Church, it had always possessed and used, in the sixteenth century revised its offices of worship and standards of doctrine, and such "abuses which, not only for their unprofitableness, but also because they have much blinded the people, are worthy to be cut away and clean rejected,” were omitted from the forms then set forth, while others that “pertained to edification” were embodied in the services which were thus established.

5. The offices so prepared were, in all their important features, a restoration of the teachings of the Apostles, as well as the forms in which that teaching had been expressed and maintained in all the early ages of the Church.

6. The book in which these are contained is, in its latest form, that which was “set forth" in 1662, the law of doctrine and worship of the Church of England.

7. The American Church maintains essentially the same position with reference to its Prayer Book of 1789, both as to the principles of its formation and the nature of its authority; hence our offices hold the same relation to the early forms as do the English, although in some points, notably the “Invocation of the Holy Spirit” in the Communion office, and the treatment of private confession and absolution, they are more near the early types than the book of the Church of England. In all essential matters, however, these two branches of the Church are at one.

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