Saving Capitalism from the Capitalists: How Open Financial Markets Challenge the Establishment and Spread Prosperity to Rich and Poor Alike
Capitalism’s biggest problem is the executive in pinstripes who extols the virtues of competitive markets with every breath while attempting to extinguish them with every action.
Saving Capitalism from the Capitalists is a groundbreaking book that will radically change our understanding of the capitalist system, particularly the role of financial markets. They are the catalyst for inspiring human ingenuity and spreading prosperity. The perception of many, especially in the wake of never-ending corporate scandals, is that financial markets are parasitic institutions that feed off the blood, sweat, and tears of the rest of us. The reality is far different.
•Vibrant financial markets threaten the sclerotic corporate establishment and increase corporate mobility and opportunity. They are the reason why entrepreneurship flourishes and companies like The Home Depot and Wal-Mart—mere fly specks a quarter of a century ago—have surged as they have.
•They mean personal freedom and economic development for more people. Throughout history, and in most of the world today, the record is one of financial oppression. Elites restrict access to capital and severely limit not only general economic development but that of individuals as well.
•Open borders help check the political and economic elites and preserve competitive markets. The greatest danger of the antiglobalization movement is that it will keep the rich rich and the poor poor. Globalization forces countries to do what is necessary to make their economies productive, not what is best for incumbent elites. Open borders limit the ability of domestic politics to close down competition and to retard financial and economic growth.
•Markets are especially susceptible in economic downturns when the establishment can exploit public anger to restrict competition and access to capital. While markets must be free to practice “creative destruction,” Rajan and Zingales demonstrate the political and economic importance of a sustainable distribution of wealth and a baseline safety net. Capitalism needs a heart for its own good!
There are no iron laws of economics that condemn countries like Bangladesh to perpetual poverty or the United States to perpetual prosperity. The early years of the twentieth century saw vibrant, open financial markets that were creating widespread prosperity. Then came the “Great Reversal” during the Great Depression. It can—and will—happen again, unless there is greater understanding of what markets do, who benefits, and who really wants to either limit them or shut them down.
Saving Capitalism from the Capitalists breaks free of traditional ideological arguments of the right and left and points to a new way of understanding and spreading the extraordinary wealth-generating capabilities of capitalism.
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Because she did not have any money, she borrowed it from middlemen and was forced to sell the stools back to them as repayment for the loan. That left her with a profit of only 2 cents. Yunus was appalled: I watched as she set to work ...
Few banks would even consider making agricultural loans, and those who did charged extremely high interest rates. Rural credit was fertile ground for the loan sharks, and year after year, farmers turned over their crops to help pay ...
Collateral reduces the problem of uncertainty, since the lender can recover some, or all, of his loan even if the ... Thus, a collateral requirement can force rogues to self-select themselves out of the pool of applicants for loans, ...
Mortgage loans amount to 52 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in England. In Italy, a country with roughly the same GDP per capita as England, it takes between three and five years at a cost of between 18 and 20 percent of the ...
But it also prevents the exempt assets from serving as collateral, making lenders less willing to offer loans. Higher state bankruptcy exemptions led to a significantly higher probability that households would be turned down for credit ...
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Saving capitalism from the capitalists: unleashing the power of financial markets to create walth and spread opportunityUser Review - Not Available - Book Verdict
Given the downfall of such corporate giants as Enron and Worldcom, other white-collar malfeasance, and today's bearish stock-market conditions, it may not seem like such a great time for capitalism ... Read full review
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THE GREAT REVERSAL
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Saving Capitalism from the Capitalists
About the Authors
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Saving Capitalism from the Capitalists: Unleashing the Power of Financial ...
Raghuram Rajan,Luigi Zingales
No preview available - 2003