Until Darwin, Science, Human Variety and the Origins of Race
This work fills a gap in recent studies on the history of race and science. Focusing on both the classification systems of human variety and the development of science as the arbiter of truth, Brown looks at the rise of the emerging sciences of life and society – biology and sociology – as well as the debate surrounding slavery and abolition.
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Africa Agassiz American School ancient animals argued Aryan Asa Gray authority Bachman Beagle behaviour biblical chronology biology Blumenbach Buffon catastrophe Caucasian census civilization classification of human concept crania creation Cuvier Darwin wrote degeneration descent discourse earth European evidence evolution extinction Fitz-Roy fixity of species fossil genealogical geographical George Gliddon Grimm Hegel Human Race human variety hybridity Ibid ibis individuals Indo-European instinct Jarvis Jefferson knowledge language Leopard’s Spots Linné living Louis Agassiz Lyell master monogenesis monogenic monogenist moral Morton mulatto natural history natural selection naturalists Negro nest noted Nott and Gliddon observations organic Origin of Species origins of humans phrenology Pliny political polygenesis polygenic theory polygenists problem racial rational sacred ibis sanguinea scientific classification scientific ideology skull slavery slaves Smith Social Darwinism society species question Spencer struggle for existence Systema Naturae systems of classification tion Types of Mankind understanding variation voyage York