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Far to the east where lofty cliffs ascend,
This island lies in the Chesapeake Bay to the
Swift through this town the mighty chieftain passed, east of Matthews county. Tradition says that
Pocahontas, in swimming across the Pianke-
Early in the revolution, Lord Dunmore, with his motley forces, quartered on Gwynn's Island. Sickness rendered his camp a horrid scene of misery, and he was driven from the island by a force under Gen. Andrew Lewis.
Of houses, groves of corn and wheaten fields;
Where once great Kicquotan'st barbaric prince,
From the Virginia Gazette of 1771.
“On Sunday, the 25th day of November last, Wm. Nelson, Esq., and his new married lady made their appearance in Stratton Major Church, King and Queen county, for the first time after marriage, when an excellent sermon from the 24th chapter of Genesis, verse 20th:- And Jacob served 7 years for Rachel, and they
seemed unto him but a few days, for the love he had to her,' was delivered by the Rev. Mr. Dunlap. In handling the discourse, the preacher in his usual animated manner touched upon the tender passion of love as a necessary requisite in courtship and marriage, the duty of husband and wife with respect to acquiring and preserving domestic happiness, concluding with some very pertinent animadversions on the conduct of parties in regard to the disposition of children in marriage, and how far the duty between both ought to be reciprocal. The whole discourse was handled in a new and striking manner."
Sweet lovely maid, dear favorite of the Nine,
MOUNT VERNON, Fairfax County.
His Excellency, the Governor, by and with the consent of his Majesty's Council having been pleased to grant 200,000 acres of land on the great Canhawa, &c., to the officers and soldiers, who embarked in the service of this Colony agreeable to a proclamation issued the 17th of Feby. 1754, by the Hon'le Robert Dinwiddie, been pleased to require that I should receive the Esq., then Lieut. Govr. and having moreover several and respective claims of every person who engaged in the service aforesaid, before the battle of the Meadows in 1754-, I do hereby give this publick notice thereof, requesting that every officer and soldier or their representatives these lands, properly attested, to me, before the will exhibit their respective claims to a share of 10th day of October next ensuing, in order that the whole may be laid before his Lordship and Council and finally adjusted and to the intent that no unnecessary application may be made, it is hereby signified that no person who entered into the service of this Colony after the said Battle of the Meadows (which concluded the campaign of 1754) is entitled to any part of these 200,000 acres of land, as they were given to the first adventurers under the proclamation aforesaid.
COLONEL FERGUSON.-Dodsley's Annual Re-, spoke of it thus: "Pittsburg is inhabited almost gister for 1781 gives the following account of entirely by Scotch and Irish, who live in paltry Col. Ferguson, the British Commander, killed log-houses and are as dirty as in the north of Ireat the battle of King's Mountain. land or even Scotland. There is much small trade carried on; goods are brought at the vast expense of 45 per cent from Philadelphia and Baltimore. They take in the shops money, wheat, flour, and skins. They have four attor
"He was perhaps the best marksman living, and probably brought the art of rifle-shooting to its highest point of perfection. He even invented
a gun of that kind upon a new construction,nies, two doctors, and not a priest of any sect,
which was said to far exceed in facility and
church or chapel; so they are likely to be damned
OLD SWINTON.-When word was sent up from below that Arnold was coming up the James river, Charles Carter of Shirley, with his lady retired during the night to the interior of the country, leaving only two sons and Old Swinton, a Scotch schoolmaster. This old teacher had his schoolroom in the Steward's house at a little distance from the dwelling house. A few
GLOUCESTER. This is one of the old counties of Virginia (named no doubt after the English county of Gloucestershire) and in early times days after a party of British came over to Shirwas one of the largest and most populous. Many ley in a boat. Old Swinton, like another Domihistorical occurrences which we read of as having nie Sampson retreated up stairs into his sanctum taken place in Gloucester, did not take place in and hastily hid his watch in his hat. The redwhat is now known as [Gloucester, but in that coats immediately coming up stairs enquired larger area formerly so called, and since razeed where was the family. He replied "they are all by successive loppings off. According to tradi-gone; there is nobody left but an old schoolmastion it was settled by the Warners and the Cookes, ter and two foolish boys." The soldiers then the Warners locating the lowland, the Cookes plundered some of his valuables which so prothe high. The Lewises, it is said are the only voked him that he pulled out his watch from its surviving descendants of the Warners. Among hiding place and surrendering it, exclaimed, “as the seats in Gloucester are Severn Hall, Warner you will have the rest you may have this too." Hall, and Rosewell. This last was built by Col. Matthew Page, of the Council of Virginia. In the library of William and Mary College Governor John Page resided at Rosewell. It is a fine old building, a cube of sixty feet, flat-there is a book entitled "The Morning and Everoofed. The front, as seen from the York river, ning Prayer, Litany, Church Catechism and on which it stands, is quite imposing. The Lud- family prayers and several chapters of the Old wells were, in Sir Wm. Berkeley's time, a family of note in Gloucester. John Clayton the botanist, was for a long time clerk of the county court of Gloucester. He attained an advanced age and was engaged in a distant botanical excursion not long before his death. His valuable MSS. were burnt in the clerk's office after his death. None of his descendants remain in Gloucester. Vestiges of his Flower Garden" are still to be seen. A whale, sixty feet long, it is
and New Testament, translated into the Mohague
(Mokawk) Indian language—by Lawrence Cla-
said, was once taken in the shoals of York river. A shark has been taken there. Deer are almost
extinct in Gloucester.
THE LORD'S PRAYER.
Ra-odereanayent ne Royamer. Songy waniha ne kawnggage tighsideron, wasagh na doPITTSBURG. Arthur Lee on his route as com-geaglotine. Sanayent fera iewe tagserra eighmissioner for effecting a treaty with the Indians maway; Sin iyought karongyagough, one oghuin 1784, visited Fort Pitt, now Pittsburg, and ansiag. Niyato weigh niserogle taggwana dara
Sadder and more sober thoughts succeeded the tumult of pleasurable emotions which had filled Arthur's heart, as Mrs. Selden and himself approached Cedar Creek estate, and he began to realize how painful was the task before him; but he gave no expression of his own feelings to his mother, as he knew how much more poignantly she felt on this occasion. The tie of affection which often subsists between master and slave is not all understood but in places where the institution of slavery exists in its mildest form; instances of the strength of this feeling, which are familiar to the observation of all who have lived in those countries, would excite a smile of derision and unbelief from almost all who make the slightest pretension to religion, philanthropy, or even common morality, whose lot providence has cast in regions where no such institution exists. How natural, how cheap, how comfortable, how exalting, in such cases, is the full enjoyment of virtuous indignation and unmitigated censure towards our brethren who are differently situated, raising ourselves just in proportion as it lowers others. Yet "facts are strange, stranger than fiction," and those who will come to the Southern States, allowing their eyes to see and their ears to hear, will find "there are more things in heaven and earth, than are dreamt of in their philosophy."
The Seldens were not only humane to their
slaves, but they felt the moral responsibility of she saw the carriage approaching, hoping it holding the destinies of their fellow creatures in would excite Mrs. Selden's admiration. their hands, and had sought to promote not only Mrs. Selden's eye followed the direction of old their physical well being, but their moral im-Hannah's, and she would not deny her the gratiprovement, and though their best efforts in many fication of the compliment which she saw she cases were attended with very imperfect success, expected. "What a nice, new counterpane you yet on the whole they reigned over a happy and have there, Hannah-it does credit to your spinimproving community, exercising a sort of patri-ning and dyeing; and your water pail looks so archal sway, in which the legislative, judicial, ex-clean, and your shelf of crockery so nice, it is a ecutive, and paternal functions were curiously pleasure to look at them. It does my heart good combined, and whose practical results would have to see every thing look so comfortable around confounded all theoretical calculations. you."
Hannah saw that Mrs. Selden looked sad and thoughtful as she said these words, which confirmed her in thinking that some trouble was im
As Mrs. Selden approached the cabins, which were situated near each other on an elevated ridge of oak and hickory wood, a spot selected for the healthiness of its situation, she looked pending, and her own face reflected the uneasiwith deep regret at the humble, but happy little uess expressed in the countenance of her mishomesteads around her; she marked the blue tress. Rumors had got abroad amongst the nesmoke rising from every chimney, and the cheer-groes, that there was a talk of selling the Cedar ful signs of human habitation around every door, Creek estate, because Mr. Selden had a great and thought with pain of the time when the fire debt to pay for somebody, and this had given rise should be quenched on every hearth, and the to some uneasy surmises as to what would beinmates of these houses should be dwellers in come of the negroes in this case, but as they are strange places. a race who almost literally “take no thought for There was already a stir perceptible amongst the morrow," the apprehensions to which these the people who had discovered Mrs. Selden's ar- rumors had given rise died away, as no signs of rival; the mothers of families were brushing the immediate change about to take place were
floors of their cabins and their yards, the chil-visible. dren combing their heads and washing their faces, all striving to make every thing around them look as clean and neat as they could, sure that they should receive from their mistress some words of reproof, exhortation, or encouragement, according to the state in which she found them. But Mrs. Selden was in no mood now to re-sell this tract of land, now rushed upon Hanprove delinquencies, and her countenance wore such an unusual expression of seriousness, that old Hannah, who was always the first to meet and welcome her, saw at once with that ready instinct which is a characteristic of the race, that something had gone wrong with her mistress.
"How do you do, Hannah," said Mrs. Selden, kindly, holding out her hand to the old servant, who was looking anxiously in her face; "how is your rheumatism?"
"Better, thank God, madam; them nice flaunel jackets Miss Margaret sent me, did me a power of good. How is master, and the young ladies, and Mas Charles, when you heard from him?"
Hannah was an old and privileged servantshe had been Mrs. Selden's maid before her marriage, had nursed her eldest child, and from her fidelity and attachment had always been treated in the family rather as a friend than a servant. The report that Mr. Selden would be obliged to
nah's mind, and she said in rather a sorrowful tone-" Few servants have such chances for themselves as we has, madam; I often tells them all, if they a'nt comfortable, it's their own fault."
"Your master and I have indeed wished to make you all happy and comfortable, and tried to do so."
"God knows you both has," exclaimed Hannah feelingly, while she looked sadly and inquiringly into Mrs. Selden's face.
"You have probably heard, Hannah," said Mrs. Selden, clearing her throat to give steadiness to her voice, 'that your master has a large debt to pay for Mr. Williams' estate, and he has no means of doing so but by selling this tract of land."
"All very well, thank you, Hannah. We will go first to your cabin, I wish to have some talk with you, and will sit there awhile."
Hannah hastened to open the door of her cabin for the reception of her mistress; she dusted down a large flag-bottomed chair, and placed it in the most comfortable position by the fire, then glanced at a new yarn counterpane, dyed with madder, man's debts, one as wa'nt the least bit of kin to which she had hastily thrown on the bed when him n'other. Dear me, dear me, what a pity!
Old Hannah clasped her hands and rocked herself violently to and fro, exclaiming, "Lord have massy upon us, I never thought to see it come to this. I never thought to see master part with such a fine plantation as this, and one that has been in the family so long, and all to go to pay another
And the servants, missis, what will become of compunction, for who can say, on such occathem?" sions that no duties have been left unfulfilled, or most imperfectly performed, when the moment arives that there can never again be an opportunity for their exercise. Yet most persons in Mrs. Selden's situation would have looked back on their own conduct, not only with approbation, but self-complacency. for her's had been a performance not only of general, but of individual duty, towards her servants. There was not one of them past the age of infancy who might not recall instances of care for their comfort, of her consideration for their feelings, of her efforts to
"Your master preferred selling his land, much as he values it, to parting with his servants, but as the Sherwood estate cannot support you all, he will be obliged to send some of them to settle land he has in the west of Virginia; he will do every thing in his power to avoid separating families; Arthur, too, will go with the servants and remain the first year, and Mr. Thomas Selden, whom you have seen, Hannah, and who is an excellent man, and a cousin too of your master's, will settle upon the land, and I am sure he will be kind and good to the servants. I have heard impart to them religious instruction. Meritoritoo that Mrs. Thomas Selden is a very good wo-ous as these outward acts were, they were easy man, and I hope she will supply my place to in comparison with those inward trials of temthem all. The old servants will remain unless per, patience, forbearance, perseverance under they wish to go, and those who have wives and discouragements, which all have experienced children on other plantations, can remain if they who have sought faithfully to do their duty in can find places they like in the neighborhood." governing any community, especially one of ueOld Hannah drew a deep sigh, as she said-groes. Yet Mrs. Selden was much more hum“Ah, missis, you and master will do the best you bled now at the recollection of her omissions, can for us, I know, and it's a mon'sous good thing than elated by the remembrance not only of her that Mr. Thomas Selden is gwine to live out good deeds, but of her triumphs in that silent there; they'd all rather be under one of the family warfare within, known only to herself and her than any one else, being as how they know the Creator. ways of the family, and I has a nephew myself as lived with Mr. Thomas Selden two or three years, and he said him and his wife were both mighty good people, and that Miss Kitty, as he called Mrs. Selden, nursed him when he had a bad fever, that she saw to every thing herself, and brought him his physic, and tea, and all such things as was proper for a sick person to have with her own hands; but for all that, missis, I don't say she could take your place with the servants, for I don't b'lieve nobody could do that, and as to being sold out of the family, I had rather one of my children should go to the back-the women, had her floor neatly swept up, her woods than that should happen." water pail freshly scoured, her children's faces washed until they shone, and their heads combed until each particular hair stood on end. These last operations had evidently been just performed, and Kate stood with a grin of delight at her cabin door, waiting to receive her mistress.
"It has distressed us all very much, Hannah, the idea of sending the servants away, but we have no choice in this matter-this is the best thing we can do, and I believe the young ones will soon get reconciled to the change, as you see young people constantly do who are obliged to leave their homes; but it grieves me to think of seeing them as much disturbed as I know they will be at first, and the thought that they will be out of my reach-that it will no longer be in my power to do any thing for them, distresses me." Mrs. Selden's eyes were filled with tears as she said these words, and her voice and manuer brought some new laid eggs to beg that she would showed how deeply she was moved. None, carry them to Miss Margaret, while the children whose vision has been opened to a sense of their presented offerings of apples, sweet potatoes and moral and religious responsibilities, can regard the walnuts. They all soon perceived, however, dissolution of any connexion, which has placed that their mistress looked sorrowful, and their the destinies of others greatly within their con- manner underwent an immediate change in control and influence, without a pang of regret and sequence. Negroes have a quickness of percep
Various little offerings were brought by the negroes, with so much apparent good will, that it would have been impossible to refuse them—one offered a mug of persimmon beer, which she said was very nice, and that she had been saving it until missis came, as she heard her say ouce she liked persimmon beer very much; another
It was Mrs. Selden's custom, whenever she visited the farm, to go around to each cabin, to drop a word of encouragement or reproof, whichever she thought most needed, and usually to read and explain some portion of the Scripture to the negroes. As she paid her accustomed visits on this day, she observed with a mingled feeling of pain and pleasure, the gradual advance of comfort and neatness among the servants, and was much touched at their obvious desire to gain a smile from her or a word of praise.
Even Kate, one of the most incorrigible amongst