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Harper's Edition, with copperplate engravings £
THE

HISTORY

OF THE

DECLINE AND FALL

OF

THE ROMAN EMPIRE.

By EDWARD GIBBON, Esq.

FIFTH AMERICAN FHOM THE LAST LONDON EDITION.

COMPLETE IN FOUR VOLUMES; I •:

VOL. IV. /"///•'

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PRINTED BY J. tr J. Harper, 82 CLIFF-STREET.

■OLD BT COLLINS AND HANNAY, COLLINS AND CO.t O. AND C. CARV1LL, 0. A. ROORBACK, AND WHITE,
OALLAHER, AND WHITE ;—PHILADELPHIA, CARET, LEA, AND CARET, TOWAR d HOOAN, AND JOHN'
S ;—BOSTON, RICHARDSON AND LORD, and HILLIARD, ORAT, AND CO.;—HARTFORD, COOKE AND

co.,— Baltimore, F. Lucas, Jr.

THE NEW YORK

A8TOH, utflOX and
TILDEN FOUNDATION

H 1916 L

COXTENTS OF THE FOURTH VOLUME.

CHAPTER LTIL

State of the Eastern Empire in the Tenth Century

Extent and DivisionWealth and Revenue—

Palace of ConstantinopleTitle* and Offices

Pride and Paver of the EmperorsTactics of the

Greeks, Arabs, and FranksJmss of the Latin

TongueStudies and Solitude of the Greeks.

A.. 0. PAGE

Memorials of the Greek Empire 1

Works of Constantino Porphyrogcnitus.. lb.

Their I tit perfection)! 2

Embassy of Liutprnnd 3

The Themes or Province* of the Empire,

and u.- Limits in every Age lb.

General Wealth and Populoudness 4

State of Peloponnesus: Sdavonians 5

Freemen of Loconia ••• * 6

Cities and Revenue of Peloponnesus ib.

Manufactures—especially of Silk Ib.

Transport**! from Greece lo Sicily 7

Revenue of the Greek Empire ib.

Pomp and Luxury of the Emperors 8

The Palace of Constantinople ib.

Furniture and Attendants 9

Honours and Titles of the Imperial Family 10

Officers of the Palace, the State, and the

Army 11

Adoration of the Emperor 12

Reception of Ambassadors ib.

Processions and Acclamations 13

Marriage of the Cessrs with foreign Na-
tions ib.

Imaginary Law of Constantine 14

733 The first Exception ib.

941 The second ib.

943 The third ib.

972 Otho of Germany 15

:<-' Wolodomir of Russia ib.

Despotic Power ib.

Coronation Oath 1(1

Military Force of the Greeks, the Sara-

cen*, and the Franks ib.

Navy of the Greeks ib.

Tactics and Character of the Greeks .... 18

Character and Tactics of the Saracens.. 19

The Franks or Latins 20

Their Character and Tactics 21

Oblivion of the Latin Language 22

The Greek Emperors and their Subjects

retain and a#-ert the Name of Romans 23

Period of Ignorance ib.

Revival of Greek Learning 24

D* cay of Taste and Genius 25

Want of national Emulation 26

CHAPTER LIV.

Origin and Doetrineof the Pauticians— Their Per-

secution by the Greek EmperorsRevolt in Arme-

nia, Transplantation into ThracePropa-

gation in the WestThe Seeds, Character, and

Consequences of the Reformation.

A. B. PAGE

Supine Superstition of the Greek Church 27

660 Origin of the Paulidans, or Disciples of

St. Paul 98

Their Bible ib.

The Simplicity of their Belief and Wor-

ship 20

A. D. PAOB

They hold the two Principles of the Ma-

gians and Manlclm-ans 29

The Establishment of the Pauliciaus in

Armenia, Poutus, &c 30

Persecution of the Greek Emperors ib.

845—880 Revolt of the Paulicians 31

They fortify Tephrice lb

And pillage Asia Minor 33

Their Decline ib.

Their Transplantation from Armenia to

Thrace ib.

Their Introduction into Italy and France 34

1200 Persecution of the Albigeois 35

Character and Consequences of the Refor-

mation Ib.

CHAPTER LV.

The BulgariansOrigin, Migrations, and Settle-

jnrnt of the HungariansTheir Inroads in ths

vEast and West—The Monarchy of Russia—

Geography and TradeWars of the Russians

against the Greek EmpireConversion of the

Barbarians.

A. D. PAOB

680 Emigration of the Bulgarians 38

900 Croats or Sclavonians of Dalmatla ib.

640—1017 First Kingdom of the Bulgarians.. 39

884 Emigration of the Turks or Hungarians.. 40

Their Fennic Origin 41

900 Tactics and Manners of the Hungarians

and Bulgarians 49

889 Establishment and Inroads of the Hunga-

rians 43

934 Victory of Henry the Fowler 45

955 of Otho the G real ib.

839 Origin of the Russian Monarchy 46

The Varangians of Constantinople 47

950 Geography and Trade of Russia 48

Naval Expeditions of the Russians

against Constantinople 49

865 The first 50

904 The second ib.

941 The third ib.

1043 The fourth Ib.

Negotiations and Prophecy 51

955—973 Reign of Swatoslaus lb.

970—973 His Defeat by John Zimisces 53

864 Conversion of Russia 53

955 Baptism of Olga lb.

988 of Wolodomir 54

800—1100 Christianity of the North lb.

CHAPTER LVL

The Saracens, Franks, and Greeks, in ItalyFirst

Adventures and Settlement of the NormansCha-

racter and Conquests of Robert Guiseard, Duke

of ApuliaDeliverance of Sicily by his Brother

RogerVictories of Robert over the Emperors of

the East and West—Roger, King of Sicily, in-

vades Africa and GreeceThe Emperor Manuel

Comnenus— Wars of the Greeks and Normans

Extinction of the Normans.

A. D. PASS

840—1017 Conflict of the Saracens, Latins,

and Greeks in Italy 56

871 Conquest of Barl ib.

890 New Province of the Greeks in Italy.... 57

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