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PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.

It is impossible to study the facts connected with the Maori race without being deeply interested in their fortunes. With whatever motive any one might undertake to write a history of the English occupation of New Zealand, he is no sooner confronted by the facts with regard to the Maoristheir polity, their laws, their sagacity, their cannibal rites, their blood-thirstiness, their heroism, their generosity, and their eloquence—than he finds that amongst them, and not amongst the invaders of their country, will be found the et and most lasting interest of his work. He will find

that many of the hundreds of volumes written about w Zealand transmit statements originally put forward by

who had an interest in deception in order to conceal Town misdoings. But, though the task may be clous, he will find also, by diligent search amongst

sic records, ample proof of the real facts, and of the hods by which they have been obscured or misrepresented. If, by repetition, a man may, as Shakspear e such a sinner of his memory as to credit his own lie, ch more easily may the public embrace an error

ingly propagated by those who copy in one at they find printed in another! Fortunate is it spot to protest against wrong-doing:... have been always upright Englishmen on the

nst wrong-doing. It will suffice to he names of three :Sir William Martin, Bishop

how much more easily ma which is unwittingly propagated by tho work what they find p that there have been al

mention the names of three

Selwyn, and Walter Mantell—whose voices were ever raised for the right, and whose statements will bear the strictest comparison with formal official records from time to time presented to Parliament. Various circumstances, amongst which must be included the romantic nature of the mission of Marsden, the apostle of New Zealand—the humane and tireless efforts of the Aborigines' Protection Society—the rumours of French intervention-the craft of Louis Philippe --the treaty of Waitangi-the genius and labours of Gibbon Wakefield—the rapacity of the New Zealand Company the blunders and faithlessness of Lord John Russell—the manly good faith of the late Earl of Derby and the great Sir Robert Peel-and the character of Bishop Selwynhave caused Parliamentary and other records to be peculiarly rich respecting New Zealand affairs. There is little of an historical character which may not in some form be found in Blue-books or in Hansard, but the perusal of scores of ihousands of pages is needful to gather the harvest, and to compare the yield with that which is to be found in general literature.

At one time it was hoped that several persons of great ability and high character, who had amassed much recorded information and had lived long in New Zealand, would combine the results and give them to the world. But that hope has vanished. I learned from one of them, who went to New Zealand in 1839, and lives there now, that on the occasion of a visit to Europe he abandoned the idea of publication, and destroyed his manuscripts. The failure of that project, and encouragement from those concerned in it, embolden me to present the following narrative compiled with a diligent endeavour to test every statement by reference to the most authentic sources of information.

No one who has explored historical regions will dare to say that he has avoided error in his own writings. It is enough if he can conscientiously affirm that he has spared no pains to avoid it. No man can presume to say that he has produced a work which ought to satisfy the critical judgment of others, or even of himself. But life is all too short to enable him to do either one or the other. All that li on do is to collect materials with care, to compare them

trict desire to garner the truth, and to publish it

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