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15 Seven days shall ye eat unleav-|| ders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw ened bread, even the first day ye shall out and take you ta lamb according to put away leaven out of your houses: for your fainilies, and kill the passover. whosoever eateth leavened bread, from 22 And ye shall take a bunch of hys the first day until the seventh day, that sop, and dip it in the blood that is in the soul shall be cut off from Israel.

bason, and strike the lintel, and the two 16 And in the first day, there shall be side-posts, with the blood that is in the dan holy convocation, and in the seventh bason: "and none of you shall go out of day there shall be an holy convocation to the door of his house until the morning you: é no manner of work shall be done 23 For the LORD 'will pass through to in them, save that which every * man must smite the Egyptians, and when he seeth eat, that only may be done of you. the blood upon the lintel, and on the two

17 And ye shall observe the feast of un-| side-posts, the LORD will pass over the leavened bread; for ' in this self-same day ||door, P and will not suffer the destroyer have I brought your armies out of the to come in unto your houses to smite you. land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe | 24 And ye shall observe this thing this day in your generations, % by an or- for an ordinance to thee, and to thy sons dinance for ever.

l for ever. 18 " In the first month, on the fourteenth || 25 And it shall come to pass, 'when day of the month at even, ye shall eat un-ye be come to the land, which the Lord leavened bread, until the one and twen- will give you according as he has promtieth day of the month at even.

ised, that ye shall keep this service. 19 Seven days shall there be no leaven || 26 And it shall come to pass, when found in your houses: for whosoever eat-| * your children shall say unto you, What eth that which is leavened, even that mean ye by this service? soul shall be cut off from the congrega- ) 27 That ye shall say, It is the sacri. tion of Israel, j whether he be a stranger | fice of the Lord's passover, who passed or born in the land.

over the houses of the children of Israel 20 Ye shall eat nothing leavened: in all in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, your habitations shall ye eat unleavened and delivered our houses. And the peobread.

ple u bowed the head and worshipped. 21 1 Then Moses called for all the kel- || 13. Num. 9:2-5. Josh. 6:10. 2 1 9 See on 14.-Gen. 17:8-10.

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ites at a distance from the idolatrous worship of V. 19, 20. The people were commanded to their neighbors: but it may be questioned, put away all leaven from their houses, that none whether the origin of those customs was not of might be found by any person, to tempt him to much later date, than the institution of the pass- || transgress. Heathen slaves, therefore, and over.

strangers, seem to have been included; and not I will pass over you. (13) EXERCOW buas.-(1|| merely proselytes who had been circuincised. will cover, or, shelter you.) Sept.

Indeed, the latter alone might eat the passover; V. 15–18. From the evening of the four-Il but all without exception were required to abteenth day of the first month, till the evening of stain from leaven.- This was a shadow of the the twenty-first, the Israelites were forbidden to holy life of the true believer, who, by the grace eat any leaven: and every person who violated of Christ, through faith in his atonement, puts this precept was sentenced to be "cut off from away the old leaven of sin with abborrence, and Israel.” It does not appear, that the magis- || walks with God in newness of life: (Note, 1 Cor. trate was required to put the offender to death, || 5:6-8.) and also, of that pious attention to his even if his offence were known; but the Lord domestics, as to their external conduct, which is himself threatened to inflict punishment on him, // required of him. however secretly he violated the command.-Ti V. 22, 23. The blood of the paschal lamb, It is not agreed, what is meant by this expres- sprinkled on the lintel and door-posts, was the sion; (Marg. Ref. c;) but something beyond ex only security to the Israelites from the destroyer clusion from the religious privilege of an Israel who smote the Egyptians; and under that proite must be intended, as the strangers also are tection they must abide during the whole night, included in it (19).-During all the seven days, if they would be secured from destruction.sacrifices were appointed to be offered; but, on Thus we must abide in Cbrist by faith to the end the first, and on the last, "a holy convocation” of our days. was held, or an assembly of the people for solemn V. 26. Notes, 11-14. 13:8-10. worship. These days were accounted holy, like I V. 27. Sacrifice.] The passover was a “sacthe sabbaths, and no manner of work was per-|| rifice," as offered to God and typical of Christ; mitted to be done, except preparing their food. Il but it differed from all the other sacrifices, in (Marg. Ref. e.)

Il that no part of it was consumed upon the altar.

28 And the children of Israel went || 33 And the Egyptians were furgent away, and did as the Lord had command- upon the people, that they might send ed Moses and Aaron, so did they. them out of the land in haste: for they [Practical Observations.]

said, & We be all dead men. 29 | And it came to pass that * at mid

34 And the people took their dough night y the LORD smote all the first-born

| before it was leavened, their + kneading in the land of Egypt, from ? the first-born |

troughs being bound up in their clothes of Pharaoh that sat on his throne, unto

upon their shoulders. the first-born of the captive that was in

35 And the children of Israel did acthe * dungeon; and all the first-born of

cording to the word of Moses: band they cattle. 30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night,

borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of sil.

ver and jewels of gold, and raiment. he and all his servants, and all the Egyp

36 And i the LORD gave the people 'ians; and there was a great cry in

favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so Egypt: for there was not a house where

that they lent unto them such things as there was not one dead. 31 And he called for Moses and Aaron

they required: and they spoiled the Egyp

tians. by night, and said, "Rise up, and get you

37 And the children of Israel journeyforth from among my people, both you

ed from * Rameses to Succoth, about 'six and the children of Israel: and go serve

hundred thousand on foot that were men, the Lord, as ye have said.

besides children. 32 Also take your socks and your

38 m And 1 a mixed multitude went up -herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and - bless me also.

also with them; and flocks, and herds, • See on 12. 11:4. 13:16. Job 34:1 9:11.

even very much cattle. a See on 11:6.-Prov. 21:13. Am. (11:1. Ps. 105:38. Num. 3:13. 8:17. 33:4,"s. 78: 5:17. Jam. 2:13.

Gen. 20:3. Num. 17:12, 13. lk 1:11. Gen. 47:11.

i 38:26. Gen. 15:5. 46:3. Nuro, c See on 10:9. h 3:22. 11:2,3. Gen. 15:14. Ps. 1:46. 11:21.

m Num. 11:4. Zech. 8:23. * Heb, house of the pit. Is. 24:e 8:28, Gen. 27:34,38. Ezra

i 3:21. 11:3. Gen. 39:21. Prov. 1 Heb. a great mixture. 16:7. Dan. 1:9. Acts 2:47.

20. 1 Thes. 5:2.

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Or, dough. 8:3.

51. 105:36. 135:8 136:10. Heb. 3:19,20. 6:1.11:1,8, Ps. 105:38.

11:28. 14:23. 11:8."

Id See on 10:26.

105:37.

22. 51:14. Jer. 38:6,13. Zech.

6:10.

The Jewish writers indeed say, that the fat was l 'ask or require. Junius renders it petierunt. surnt on the altar; but the Scripture is silent on Montanus, postulaverunt.' Leigh.--Jewels.] ing hat head,

Grevn. Sept. Not only ornaments, but also ves. V. 29, 30. The hour chosen, for this most

sels of gold and silver: plate as well as jewels. iremendous execution, was suited to enhance 1 re consternation Probably, the persons smit

-Lent. (36.) DibNei, exproav. Sept.—“I have tin expired with agonizing cries, which awaken | lent him (numbrein) to the Lord.” 1 Sam. 1:28. elevery family; and the report would rapidly This seems to be the only other place in which sj read from house to house. The Egyptians, for

the Hiphil of Sponsor occurs: and the word lent three days and nights just before, had been kept

does not well suit the transaction there record in perpetual solicitude and horror by the dark ness; and now their rest was broken by a still

ed. (Note, 1 Sam. 1:28.) more terrible calamity. By the death of the V. 37, 38. It seems the Israelites made a first-born, they were righteously punished for general rendezvous at Rameses, and from murdering the children of the Israelites; as well thence marched to some distance, where they as for keeping that nation in bondage, which | pitched their tents; for the word Succoth signiGod honored by calling it “his son, and his first fies tents.-The word rendered men, literally born.”_Words can never express the terror and denotes strong men: and it is generally supposbitterness of this sudden blow, from an invisible ed, that not only the minors and women, bat hand, destroying the pride, and hope, and com such men as were incapable of great exertion fort of every family of all ranks, throughout by reason of age, were excluded in this comthis populous kingdom; the whole nation at once putation; and the subsequent numberings of mourning over the dead, and trembling for the people confirm the supposition. So that themselves!

the whole company could not be much less V. 31, 32. It is probable, that Pharaoh only than two millions; an immense increase from sent a message to Moses and Aaron, allowing ! seventy persons, in little more than two hunand requiring Israel to depart; and that Moses dred years!-Of “the mixed multitude” that never saw him again after he left him in anger, followed Israel, it is probable, that some left as before related. (Note, 11:8.)-The first Egypt because it was desolated, others because words may be rendered, “And he called to Mo they were distressed or discontented; and othses and Aaron.”

ers out of curiosity to see what would become V. 35, 36. In their extreme terror, the of Israel, and how they would serve the Lord: Egyptians were willing to purchase the favor, some might be connected with the Israelites and the speedy departure, of Israel at any by marriage; and perhaps a few accompanied price: and thus the Lord both took care that them from love to them and their religion. But their hard-earned wages should at last be paid, || these were few indeed: for the bulk of this muland that the people should be well provided fortitude became a soare to them, and probably their journey. They therefore left the coun after a time returned into Egypt. (Num. 11: try laden with the wealth of the Egyptians, as || 4.)-Cattle seem to have been almost the only if they had plundered them in war. (Notes, 3: / property, which the Israelites possessed in 21,22. 11:2,3.)

Egypt; and these the Lord had lately caused Borrowed. (35) "The word signifieth also to | exceedingly to increase.

39 And they baked unleavened cakes | cumcised him, then shall he eat thereof. of the dough which they brought forth 45 A foreigner, and an hired servant out of Egypt, for it was not leavened: shall not eat thereof. because they were " thrust out of Egypt, || 46 In one house shall it be eaten: and could not tarry, neither had they thou shalt not carry forth ought of the prepared for themselves any victual. flesh abroad out of the house: « neither

40 | Now the "sojourning of the chil- shall ye break a bone thereof. dren of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was 47° 2 All the congregation of Israel p four hundred and thirty years.

shall + keep it. 41 And it came to pass, at the end of 48 And when a a stranger shall sojourn the four hundred and thirty years, even with thee, and will keep the passover to 4 the self-same day it came to pass, that the LORD, 6 let all his males be circumall the 'hosts of the LORD went out from cised, and then let him come near and the land of Egypt.

keep it; and he shall be as one that is | 42 It is * a night to be much observed born in the land: for no uncircumcised unto the Lord, for bringing them out person shall eat thereof. from the land of Egypt: this is that 49 d One law shall be to him that is pight of the LORD to be observed of all home-born, and unto the stranger that the children of Israel, in their genera- sojourneth among you. . tions. (Practical Observations.)

| 50 Thus did all the children of Israel; 43 | And the LORD said unto Moses as the LORD commanded Moses and aprl Aaron, This is the ordinance of the Aaron, so did they. passover: ¢ there shall no stranger eat |51 And it came to pass the self-same thereof.

|| day, that the LORD did bring the children 44 But every man's servant, that is of Israel out of the land of Egypt,' by bought for money, when thou hast " cir- their armies. . 33. 6:1. 11:1.

x 1 Cor. 12:12. Eph. 2:19-22. d Lev. 24:22. Num. 15:15,16, * Heb, a night of observations. Il y Nurn. 9:12. Joba 19:33,36. 29. p Gen. 15:11. Acts 7:6. Gal. s 14. Deut. 16:1–6.

t 43. Lev, 22:10. Num. 9:14. || | Heb, do it. Ps. 102:13. Dan. 9:24. Hab. Eph. 2:12.

a 43. Num. 9:14. 15:15,16, 15:14. Rev. 22:14. 2:3. John 7:8, Acts 1:7. lu Gen. 17:12,13,23,

b Gen. 17:12. Ez. 44:9. 47:22. | f 41, 6:26. 7:4.

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Josh. 5:14.

o Acts 13:17.

Ź 3.6. Num. 9:13

e Deut. 4:1,2. 12:32. Matt. 7: 24,25. 28:20. John 2:5. 13:17

3:17.

c Gal. 3:28. Col. 3:11.

V. 39. The Israelites, though no doubt warn- was celebrated; but when they did, they joined ed to prepare for a speedy departure, were at in this sacred feast.-It does not appear that last driven out of Egypt so suddenly, that they i any servant or stranger was compelled to be had not provided themselves with victuals for circumciseil; but, till he was circumcised, he the journey. But being constrained to set off | must not be allowed to eat the passover.-This wbile they were about to lay in a stock of may intimate, that without regeneration, or bread, when the dough was yet unleavened, 1 “the circumcision of the heart," we cannot they took it with them in that state: and when I share the benefits of redemption by the death they came to Succoth, they baked cakes of it of Christ; and by parity of reason, we are not for the present use. Probably, this was their meet communicants at the Lord's table. principal supply till the manna was sent. Thus V. 46. When two households joined for one the Lord took care, that they should keep the lamb, they were not allowed to divide it, either feast of unleavened bread, which otherwise before or after it was roasted; but they must they would perhaps have neglected...

meet in one house, and eat it together. This V. 40. From the first calling of Abraham, to coincided with the direction before given (9); the departure out of Egypt, exactly four hun- and implied that all believers receive the dred and thirty years seem to have passed. | whole of Christ's salvation and have fellowship The Septuagint read it, the sojourning of one with another, while they live on his fola Israel... in Egypt and the land of Canaan.'ness, and share the blessings derived from his But this is merely a comment, though a just cross. The injunction, “neither shall ye brake one. (Notes, Gen. 15:12-16.)

a bone thereof,” may be considered also as proV. 42. To be observed, &c. It was thus ob- phetical, to be literally fulfilled in the great served, when the passover was duly celebrated. Antity pe, and which the apostle thought wor. (11 popularn, a vigil, or a watching. Sept.) thy of special notice. (John 19:36.) :. v. 43-45. Every person in each household, ll V. 48, 49. A stranger, though he renounced including women and children, ate this first idolatry, and by circumcision professed himself passover, none being excepted but uncircum-la worshipper of the God of Israel, was not cised males. The law was not yet given; and allowed to eat the passover, unless all the males whatever traditional customs prevailed, no re- || in his family also were circumcised; and, as striction is mentioned in this chapter in re there was wone law to him that was home-born spect of ceremonial uncleanness. Yet after- and to the stranger," it seems that even an wards, even before the ceremonial law had Israelite, who retained uncircumcised persons been explicitly given, we read of those, who in his household, must not eat the passover. It “being defiled by the dead body of a man, could | is therefore probable, according to the opinion not keep the passover on that day.” (Nole, of Jewish writers, that if any heathen slave Num. 9:6-8.) The ceremonially unclean after a year's trial, persisted in refusing to be therefore, were thenceforth excluded. The circumcised, he was sold to some of the heawomen and cbildren were not indeed command- then neighbors. As to other persons, who reed to go up to the tabernacle, where alone it il fused to embrace the religion of Israel, and to VOL. I. 29

(225

profess it by circumcision; they were allowed || is not exalted out of the reach of his omnipo. to remain with them. The practice, indeed, of|tent vengeance, and the least are not beneath open idolatry must not be tolerated; but such || his notice: and if a temporal calamity filled as professed to worship the true God, though Egypt with universal, inexpressible terror and not according to the ceremonies of the law, | lamentation; what words can describe, or immight live in the country, but not in the agination conceive, the consternation and an. households of the Israelites.- A great part of Iguish of the wicked, at the approacbing judgthe observations of learned men on this chap-ment day!-- For fear of impending death, the ter, and on other parts of the ceremonial law, Egyptians were willing to part, not only with consists of citations from Jewish writers, con their bond-slaves, but with their gold and sil. cerning the manner in which they suppose the ver: and “what shall a man be profited, if be several rules were observed by their ancestors: gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? but as they were not authorized to add to the Or what shall a man give in exchange for his divine law, or to take from it; we can make no soul?” Alas! riches will not profit in the day of other use of their information, than as it some-l wrath, for it costs more to redeem souls from times belps us to understand more clearly the destruction: but if we would escape, we must meaning of the scriptural expressions. In other moderate our worldly attachments, renounce respects, their traditions form a kind of com our sinful projects, and bold ourselves in conment on the Mosaic institutions, not much tinual readiness to leave all and follow Christ; dissimilar from that of Popish writers on the and if we should be called to part with, not Christian sacraments; and only shew, how far only our wealth, but every temporal comfort, they have ventured to deviate from the sim the perfect freedom of his service will give a plicity of their written rule.

relish to our meanest provisions.-But, alas! a

very numerous mixed multitude bave bitherto PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. accompanied the camp of Israel; who, from vaV. 1--28.

rious worldly motives, or transient convictions The Lord makes all things new, to those seem to leave Egypt, and to set out for the whom he delivers from the bondage of Satan, heavenly Canaan. While they retain their and takes to himself as his peculiar people; profession, they often prove snares and tempters and the era of their enlargement is the com to others; and at length in "time of temptation mencement of a new life, of new hopes, pleas-1) they fall away,” and “their last state is worse yres, and employments. They who in early || than the first." Let us then "ook diligentlife are devoted to the service of God, are pe- llly,” that we may not prove such as "draw back culiarly happy: and we should begin every to perdition;” but be found among “those who year, and month, and week, and day, with the believe to the saving of their souls."—While great duties of religion; endeavoring to engage || we hear even hardened Pharaoh, under the our families likewise. For nothing is more dread of immediate destruction, not only conhonorable to God, or more profitable to men, senting to let Israel go, according to the utmost than harmonious family religion: it is the best demand of Moses and Aaron, but even entreat. bond of domestic peace, the best solace of do-lling them to ubless him also;" we may know mestic afflictions, and the best security for the what in general to think of the confessions and continuance and increase of domestic felicity; || pious language, which are extorted from many while it affords an important advantage for wicked men, when death affrights them; and constant “growth in grace, and in the knowl. | which, being injudiciously attested as genuine edge of Jesus Christ."-In order to attain these repentance, by some Christians and ministers, advantages, and communicate them to others, Il orien give encouragement to others to procras. we sbould diligently study the holy Scriptures, || tinate, in hopes of being saved at last in the that we may understand the true nature and same manner. meaning of every part of our religion, and be

V. 43–51. enabled to explain it to our children; who "Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us;" his ought to be encouraged in their inquiries, and blood is the only ransom for our souls; without informed by clear and satisfactory answers, the shedding of it there could have been no that, in the most easy and agreeable manner, remission, without the sprinkling of it there they may become acquainted with the word can be no salvation. But have we, by faith, and works of God, and join with us in celebrat sheltered our souls, from the deserved ven. ing the praises of his truth and mercy, and the geance of God, under the protection of his

ders of his powerful arm.-But, in attend- || atoning blood? Do we keep close to him, in ing on the ordinances of God, we should care- habitual dependence on bis merits, and access fully observe the stated order and season; and, || to the throne of grace through his intercession? while we must not neglect or despise any of his Do we so profess our faith in the divine Reappointments, we may properly take time for deemer, and our obligations to him, that all serious inquiry and conscientious preparation, l/ who pass by may know, as by the blood-bethat we may at length attend on them with sprinkled door, to whom we belong? Are we more solemnity, and to better purpose. But, if careful not to pervert or disgrace this our prowe would have the comfort of acceptance infession, by any inconsistent conduct, lest we our religious services, we must watch against || should trample the blood of the covenant under the leaven of hypocrisy, malice, and wicked-ll our feet? Is Christ indeed, the Food and Feast ness; which in numberless instances have rep-llof our souls? Do we feed on him in our hearts dered, and still do render, attendance on the 'by faith with thanksgiving,' deriving all our very ordinances, that God himself has appoint-| life, strength, hope, and consolation from his ed, an abomination in his sight. (Notes, ls. 1:1 fulness of truth and grace? Do we receive him 10—20.) And whatever we offer to the Lord, in his whole character, and for all the purposes should be the best which we possess.

of salvation, from wrath, from sin, from this V. 29_42.

evil world, and from the powers of darkness? When the Lord's time comes to perform his Do we in consequence stand prepared for his promises, mountains melt and flow down at his service, and prompt to walk in his ways; to seppresence, and nothing creates any more diffi arate ourselves from his enemies, and assert culty, than is proper to illustrate his powerful that liberty with which he makes his people operation.-The greatest and proudest sinnerll free? These are questions of vast importance 226)

CHAP. XIII.

Il sites, which he b sware unto thy fathers

The first-born of man, and firstlings of cattle, are sanctified to

God, 1, 2. The feast of unleavened bread is appointed to be kept annually as a memorial of Israel's deliverance from Egypt, 3—10. Their children must be instructed in the meaning of these observances, 11-16. The Lord guides forth the people, 17, 18; who take with them the bones of Joseph, 19; and, under the guidance of a pillar of cloud and of Gre, arrive at Etham, 20--22.

and honey, that i thou shalt keep this service in this month.

6 * Seven days shalt thou eat unleav

ened bread, and in the seventh day shall ND the LORD spake unto Moses,

be a feast to the LORD. A saying,

7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten 2 a Sanctify unto me all the first-born. | seven days: and there shall no leavened whatsoever openeth the womb among the

2bread be seen with thee, neither shall children of Israel. both of man and ofll there be leaven seen with thee in all thy beast: it is mine.

quarters. 3 | And Moses said unto the people, ||

el. 8 And mthou shalt shew thy son in • Remember this day, in which ye came.

I that day, saying, This is done because out from Egypt, e out of the house of that which the LORD did unto me,

when I came forth out of Egypt. * bondage; for by d strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this place:

1 9 And it shall be for "a sign unto thee e there shall no leavened bread be eaten.

upon thine hand, and for a memorial be4 This day came ye out, in the month

tween thine eyes; that the Lord's law i Abib.

° may be in thy mouth: for with a P strong 5 And it shall be when the LORD

hand hath the Lord brought thee out of & shall bring thee into the land of the

Egypt. Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Am

10 Thou shalt therefore 4 keep this orites, and the Hivites, and the Jebu-| b 6:8. 33:1. Gen. 17:7,8. 22:10 16. Num. 15:39. Deut. 6:

12-15. 22:29,30. 23:19. 34: | 6:8.

16-18. 26:3. 60:24. Num. 8. 11:18,19. Prov. 1:9. 6:20– 14:16,30. 32:11.

23. Is. 49:16. Jer. 22:24. 19,20, Lev. 27:26. Num. 3: Heb. serdants.

i See on 3:17.

Matt. 23:5. 13. 8:16,17. 18:15. Deut. 15:6:1. Deut. 4:34. 11:2,3. Neh. lli See on 12:25.

o Deut. 30:14. Josh. 1:8. 1. 19. Luke 2:23. Heb. 12:23. 9:10. Eph. 1:19.

k See on 12:15–20.-34:18. | 59:21. Rom. 10:8. b 12:42. 20:3. Deut. 5:15. 15: le See on 12:8,15.

Lev. 23:8.

p 3. 6:6. Josh. 1:9. Neh. 1: 15. 16:3.12. 24:18,22. 1 Chr. If 23:15. 34:18. Deut. 16:1. I 12:19. Matt. 16:6.12.

10. Ps. 89:13. Is. 27:1. 4016:12. Ps 105:5. Luke 22: 1g 3:8. 34:11. Gen. 15:18-21. Ilm See on 12:26.27.-Deut. 4:1 10. 51:9. Joel 2:11. Rev. 18:3. 19. 1 Cor. 11:24. Deut. 7:1. 12:29. 19:1. 26:1. 9.10. Ps. 44:1. 78:

3 8. Is. la 12:14,24. 23:15. Lev. 23:8. c 14. 20:2. Deut. 5:6. 6:12. 8: Josh. 24:11.

38:19. Eph. 6:4.

Deut. 16:3,4. 1 Cor. 11:26. 14. 13:5,10. Josh, 24:17. Judg.

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to our souls: the Lord direct our consciences to the ransom of the atonement, which in due time give an honest answer to them! Without the was to be made for sin; and that they ought to daily exercise of godly sorrow and true repent consider themselves, thus ransomed from death, ance, we can never eat of this true Passover: as consecrated to the service of God.—The firstand though we must also bear our cross, and born may mean either the first son of his father, have our feast alloyed by the bitter herbs of or the first son of his mother. Reuben was the tribulation and temptation; we shall find the life first son both of Jacob and Leah, and Joseph of faith and grace a feast indeed, a source of was the first-born of Rachel; but Jacob acjoy, such as the world can neither give nor take knowledges Reuben only as his first-born. away.--Finally, the Lord's supper is our un |(Gen. 49:3. Deut. 21:15–17. In many cases bloody passover, our feast upon the atoning sacri ihe eldest son of the father, who was entitled to fice, our sacrifice of praise, and thanksgiving.' some peculiar privileges, might not be the firstHaving previously "examined ourselves wheth born of the mother: but the first-born of the er we be in the faith,” and seriously as sinners mother, exclusively, was dedicated to God out applied to the Lord Jesus for bis salvation, and || of Israel, as the language used clearly shews; devoted ourselves to his service; let us fre-l and it may be supposed, that the destruction of quently and constantly, in this appointed way, the first-born in Egypt was made by the same remember our Redeemer's love and sufferings; || rule. let us make this confession of our sins, this pro-|. V. 3—7. On the arrival of Israel at Succoth, fession of our faith, this declaration of our grat-Moses seems to have again enforced the injuncitude, and this surrender of ourselves to his | tions before given in Egypt, lest the people service, as "bought with a price to glorify him, I should forget them; and to shew that these inboth in body and spirit, which are his." Thus | stitutions were to be considered as of perpetual uniting ourselves to him, and having fellowship | obligation, especially after they were settled in with him and his people here, we shall receive the promised land; for they could not regularly from his fulness, rejoice in his ways on earth, observe them in the wilderness. This Moses and at length sit down with him in his heavenly did with varied expressions, concerning the kingdom.

leaven. Accordingly we are told that the IsNOTES.

raelites were very careful in searching every Chap. XIII. V. 2. In remembrance of the corner of their houses, that no leaven might redestruction of the first-born of Egypt, both man main; and what they found, they burnt, buried, and beast; and of the preservation of Israel, or in some way destroyed, before the feast of the and their deliverance out of bondage by means passover.-The first day of unleavened bread of that judgment; the first-born maies of the l was particularly observed, in remembrance of Israelites must be solemnly presented and ded- || Israel's setting out from Egypt on that day; and icated to the Lord, and a price was appointed to || many expositors suppose, that they passed the be paid for their redemption.—This represented || Red Sea on the seventh day, and that it was to then, that their lives were preserved through || likewise the sabbath-day.

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