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CHAP. III.

1 pent, We may eat of the fruit of the The woman, tempted by the serpent, cats the forbidden fruit, trees of the garden:

and induces Adam to do the same, 1-6. They are alarmed and ashamed, in vain attempt concealment, and are convicted 3 But of the fruit of the tree which by God, 7-13. Sentence is denounced against them, con

| is in the midst of the garden, God hath taining the gracious promise of a Redeemer, 1419. They are clothed, but expelled from Eden, 20—24.

said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall |OW the serpent was more subtle ye d touch it, lest ye die. I than any beast of the field which 4 And the serpent said unto the woman, the LORD God had made: and he said | e Ye shall not surely die; unto the woman, *Yea, bhath God said, | 5 For 'God doth know, that in the Ye shall not eat of every tree of the gar- || day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall den?

c 2:16,17.

2 Cor. 2:11. 2 And the woman said unto the ser

d 20:6. Ex. 19:12,13. 1 Chr. 16:1E. 20:7. 1 Kings 22:6. Jer.

22. Job 1:11. 2:5. 19:21. 1 Cor. 14:13,14. 28:2,3. Ez. 13:2-6, 13-15. Is. 27:1. Matt. 10:16. / * Heb. Yea, because,&c.

7:1. 2 Cor. 6:17. Col. 2:21. 22. 2 Cor. 11:3,13-16. 2 Cor. 11:3,14. Rev. 12:9. 20:2. b Matt. 4:3,6,9.

e 13. Deut. 29:19. Ps. 10:11. | g 7. Matt. 6:23. Acts 26:18.

his blessing on them, use them according to his creation to a state of rebellion, anarchy, and appointment, and attend to the duties which misery, and rendering all creatures as vile and they require according to his command; let wretched as themselves.-Doubtless, the beauus not forget, that a union must be formed with ty of the recently created world, the glory of the Lord Jesus, of which marriage itself is but God, and the happiness of man, excited the a type and shadow. (2 Cor. 11:2.) We must envy and rage of these evil spirits, and sugbe one spirit with him, and cleave to him in gested to Satan the malicious design of ruining simple dependence, cordial attachment, and the whole. For this purpose, he, with dark devoted obedience and submission; even though | craftiness, concealed himself in the subtle ser. it should interfere with the comfort of that pent, and thus made his unsuspected attack on most endeared relation. Then death, which the woman when alone; perhaps insinuating dissolves all other unions, will complete this to that by eating the fruit of the forbidden tree, eternal ages.

the serpent had acquired the gift of reason and

speech: nor can we satisfactorily account for NOTES.

the woman's entering into conversation with Chap. III. V. 1. Adam and Eve, perhaps, the serpent, and shewing no marks of surprise had noticed with pleasure and partiality, that or suspicion, unless we admit a supposition of the serpent possessed an instinctive sagacity, this kind. Some learned men indeed have conwhich more resembled the effects of reason, ljectured, that this serpent appeared so beautithan that of any other creature did; and this ful and resplendent, that Eve supposed it to be might suggest to Satan the device of using this an angel, and listened to it as a heavenly mesanimal as his instrument in temptation. Forsenger; and they confirm this opinion by obthe serpent appeared to speak, but in reality serving, that the fiery serpents are called in Satun spake by the serpent; as, in the days of the original Seraphim; (Num. 21:6,8.) as the Christ, the unclean spirits employed the tongues heavenly worshippers are by Isaiah; (1s. 6:2.) of possessed persons. Common sense and the and that the apostle notes, that “Satan is transwhole Scripture lead us to conclude, that the formed into an angel of light,” in the same serpent was only the instrument; Satan the chapter in which he says, “The serpent bereal agent, who is therefore called the serpent, I guiled Eve by his subtlery.” (2 Cor. 11:3,14.) the old dragon, a liar, and a murderer from the This supposition, however, makes more excuse beginning. (Note, Rev. 12:7–12.)—The word for the conduct both of Eve and Adam, than of God reveals to us the world of spirits, holy the word of God authorizes; and certainly we and unholy, of which otherwise we should have cannot learn it from the narrative.-Nothing had no certain knowledge. Faith avails itself can be conceived more artful than Satan's first of this information; but unbelief rejects it to address; “Yea, hath God said?" How is it that the infidel's irreparable detriment: as nothing "God should speak thus? Can it be true, that better answers the purpose of the powers of he has given you appetites, and placed gratifidarkness, than to work in the dark; and none 'cations before you, only to mock you?-You serve their interests more effectually, than must misunderstand his meaning; or some enthey who deny and endeavor to disprove their ||«vious being has counterfeited his authority; or existence; for we never can guard against the at least it must be allowed to be a very capriattacks of unseen and unsuspected enemies. “cious restraint.' Such insinuations were artFrom the Scriptures we learn, that wangels | fully couched in this insidious question, and sinned, and kept not their first estate;" and such objections are continually raised by him that, being created holy and happy, they by and his instruments, against every restriction transgression forfeited the favor, and incurred in the word of God which calls for self-denial. the displeasure, of their Creator, and became l-It is observable, that no notice is taken of unboly and miserable; yea, desperate in the the largeness of the grant, but merely of its certain expectation of increasing and ever- || limitation. lasting misery. Being, however, still endued | v. 2, 3. The first mistake of the woman wich vast capacities, profound sagacity, exten seems to have consisted, in attempting to ansive knowledge, and great power; and, wholly swer the ensnaring question proposed to her. actuated by enmity, malice, envy, pride, ambi She ought not to have listened for a moment to tion, and subtlety; they maintain determined || such suggestions; nor to have entered into a rebellion against their Maker: and as they are parley with one, whose words directly tended very numerous, they have established a King- ll to excite hard thoughts of God and of his exdom in opposition to his kingdom, under the press command. She mentioned the grant of dominion of the arch-apostate, the Devil or the bountiful Creator, but not in the expressive Satan; so that, as far as they are permitted, Il language in which it had been made; “Of every they are unwearied and insatiable in mischief tree in the garden thou mayest freely eat;" and aiming at nothing less than reducing the whole ll she added to the restriction, “neither shall ve

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be opened: and ye shall be as gods, || desired to make one wise; she took of the * knowing good and evil.

fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also 6 And when the woman saw that the unto her husband with her, mand he did tree was good for food; and that it was | eat.

(Practical Observations.) * pleasant k to the eyes, and a tree to be 7 And the eyes of them both were h Ex. 5:2. 2 Chr. 32:15. Ps. 12: 1 * Heb. a desire. Ez. 24:16,21, || opened, and they knew that they were 4. Ez. 28:2,9. 29:3. Dan. 4:30. 25. 6:7. Acts 12:22,23. 2 Cor. 4:4. k 6:2. 39:7, Josh. 7:21. 2 Sam. 111 Tim. 2:14.

In 5. Deut. 28.34. Luke 16:23. 2 Thes. 2:4. Rev. 13:4,14. I 11:2. Job 31:1. Matt. 6:28. ilim Hos. 6:7. Marg. Rom. 5:12 | o 10,11. 2:25. i 22. 2.17. John 2:16.

-19.

couch it.” This is, indeed, an excellent pre- || V. 6. «The lust of the eye" made way for caution; we should not come within the attrac-ll the “lust of the flesh;" when the woman looked tive force of forbidden objects: yet it seems, as

on the fruit, till she fancied there must be some here used, to be an intimation of severity in the

ation of severity in the very extraordinary pleasure in the taste of it. prohibition. T'he Lord had said, “In the day | As her ear, formed to receive the truth of God, that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die:” | had just before been opened to admit Satan's hunt the undoubted certainty of the event is here | lies; so now the eye, formed to behold his works, omitted. Indeed it is evident, that the poison became an inlet to concupiscence. Now first began to work; Eve made too little of the lib- l the members became, as they have ever since eral grant of the Creator, stated the prohibi- l continued in unconverted men, "instruments tion in strong terms of severity, and rather of unrighteousness unto sin.” (Notes, Rom. 6: faultered as to the certain and immediate ex- || 12,13,16-19.) Eve had no testimony except ecution of the threatening

that of Satan concealed in the serpent, that V. 4,5. Perceiving his advantage, the temp- it was a tree to be desired to make one wise;" ter grew bolder, and gave a direct contradic-ll yet she neither hesitated, nor suspected any tion to the divine denunciation; and, to gain delusion; but, at his instance, "she took of the the more credit to his daring assertions, he |fruit, and did eat,” without consulting Adam, proceeded to confirm them by an oath, blas-or allowing herself leisure for consideration! phemously calling on God to attest his horrid | Thus she listened to the tempter, till, entangled falsehoods: or rather, he insinuated that the in unbelief, she suspected the divine veracity Lord knew his own threatening would not be and goodness, conceived hopes of impunity in executed, at least in the sense in which Adam transgression, and expected a vast gratificaand Eve had understood it; but that, on the tion both of ambition and of the sensual appetite; contrary, most abundant advantage would ac- l and at length, with confident presumption, she crue to them from the violation of the Creator's took the forbidden fruit, and ate. In this manlaw: no less than a vast advance in knowledge, || ner was lust at first conceived, then sin brought and an independent felicity, without subjection forth; and sin being finished, brought forth to the will, or dread of the displeasure, of any | death.”_But Satan's success was yet incomsuperior. Thus he insinuated, that God forbad plete: for had Adam refused to eat, the womthis fruit, in order to keep them in ignorance, an's transgression would have remained with and in a mean state of dependence and subjec herself. It was, indeed, a great point gained tion. There is likewise an equivocation in the to prevail with her whom Adam loved so tenwords; a latent truth, the reverse of their ap- derly, and one who would employ her fascinatparent meaning. “Your eyes," says Satan, || ing influence, to prevail on him to follow her

shall be opened;" that is, “When you have l example. But whether Adam sinned in preeaten the fruit, you will too late see your own sumption, as not seeing death immediately in.folly. “Ye shall be as gods;" revolted from flicted on Eve; or in despair, as giving up all "God, and losing his image and favor, you will for lost; or as overcome by Eve's persuasions 'ambitiously affect independency; demand the and reasonings, it does not clearly appear. Yet "homage of flattery and praise; aspire at the the apostle intimates, that he was not deceived 'pinnacle of pre-eminence, and grasp at domin-! in the same manner and degree as the woman. ion; act as if you were your own lords and ||(1 Tim. 2:14. Considering this offence in all 'avengers; and thus attempt to usurp the throne | its circumstances, and with all its aggravations, 'of God. By this conduct you will be left to l we may term it the prolific parent and grand 'make trial of your ability to contrive, effect, exemplar of all the transgressions committed "and secure a happiness to yourselves, as if ye ever since. Whatever there hath been in any 'were gods, till you find death and misery seize sin, of unbelief, ingratitude, apostasy, rebel‘upon you; “knowing good and evil,” by losing | lion, robbery, contempt, defiance of God, baril "the good and experiencing the evil.'-of such thoughts of him, and enmity against him: what. a paraphrase the words will admit, and such lever of idolatry, as comprehending faith in have been the effects of eating the forbidden Satan, “the god” and “prince of this world," fruit; but nothing could be further from Eve's worship of him, and obedience to him; or of thoughts than this interpretation. Thus the pride, exorbitant self-love, and self-will, in ar. assertions of the tempter resembled the an fecting that independency, exaltation, and horn cient heathen oracles, of which, in one way or age which belong only to God; and of an inor. other, this “father of lies” was doubtless the dinate love to the creatures, in seeking out author: for these were generally couched in happiness in the possession and enjoyment of such ambiguous language, as might afterwards them: whatever discontent, sensual lust, cov. be accommodated to the event; though often lletousness, murder, and mischief, were ever yet in direct opposition to the disappointed expec- l contained in any one sin, or in all which have tations of the deluded votaries.- Nothing is been committed upon earth, the whole were 'more common, than for the most false and per-| concentred in this one transaction. Nor have inicious doctrines to be advanced with a bold- | they been wide of the truth, who have lahored 'ness, which stuns the minds of the simple, and to prove, that all the ten commandments, ex. 'induces a doubt; Surely I must be in the wrong, tensively and spiritually expounded, were at and they in the right, or they would not be so once violated; while, in proportion as the pro. confident!' Fuller.

hibition was reasonable, and the inducements

naked; P and they sewed fig-leaves to-|| 11 And he said, Who told thee that gether, and made themselves *aprons. || thou wast naked? hast thou eaten of the

8 And a they heard the voice of the tree, whereof I commanded thee, that thou Lord God walking in the garden in the shouldest not eat? + cool of the day: and Adam and his wife 12 And the man said, " The woman "hid themselves from the presence of the whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave Lord God amongst the trees of the gar- me of the tree, and I did eat.

13 And the LORD God said unto the 9 And the LORD God called unto Adam, I woman, ? What is this that thou hast done? and said unto him, - Where art thou? and the woman said, a The serpent be

10 And he said, I heard thy voice in || guiled me, and I did eat. the garden: t and I was afraid, because

(Practical Observations.] I was naked; and I hid myself.

14 | And the LORD God said unto the p Job 9:29–31. Is. 28:20. 69:6. 34:9. 16:8. Josh. 7:17—19. Rev. serpent, Because thou hast done this thou

den.

Or, things to gird about.

20:12, 13, q 10. Deut. 4:33. 5:25.

Le Job 93.15. Ps. 19. 120. I. 33: ||4:10. Ps. 50:21. Rom. 3:20. f Heb, wind. Job 38:1. | 14. 57:11.

y 2:18,22. Ex. 32:21-24. 1 r Job 22:14. 34:22. Ps. 139:1- u 7. 2:25. Ex. 32:25. Is. 47:3. | Sam. 15:20–24. Job 31:33. 12. Prov. 15:3. Jer. 23:24. Am. | Rev. 3:17,18. 16:15.

Prov. 28:13. Luke 10:29. Rom. 9:2,3. Jon. 1:3,9,10. Heb. 4:13. |

10:3. Jam. 1:13—15.

z 4:10–12. 2 Sam. 12:9_19.
a 4 6.2 Cor. 11:3. 1 Tim. 2:14.
b 1. 9:6. Ex. 21:28 32, Lev.
20-25.

to rebel against it trifling, the offence was the || I shall hereafter assign my reasons for thinking, more aggravated.-In this manner sin entered, || that this hypothesis has its sole foundation in and Satan triumphed in establishing his usurped | the imaginations of Jewish Rabbies, and is authority; "for of whom a man is overcome, of totally destitute of scriptural proof, except the same is he brought in bondage.” Thus | where express mention is made of visible glory. man apostatized, God was provoked, the Holy ||(Note, 32:30.)—"The cool of the day" was, probSpirit forsook his polluted temple, the uncleanably, one time of Adam and Eve's accustomed spirit took possession, the divine image was worship; when, doubtless, they had been used defaced, and Satan's image impressed in its to welcome the tokens of the divine presence stead: hence the wickedness and the misery of with that kind of exulting joy, with which a man. A lamentation it is, and should be: yet, | dutiful child meets the approbation of an in“righteous art thou in all thy judgments, o || dulgent parent. But now, conscious guilt inLord.” Let not the enemy further prevail spired terror; and they desired to flee and hide against us, we beseech thee, by taking hence || themselves from God, as no longer their loving occasion to produce in our minds one hard | Father and bounteous Friend, but their dread thought of thee, or of thy mysterious judgments! ed Enemy, who was about to take vengeance

V. 7. Satan's promise soon began to be ac on them.-Where was now the wisdom, which complished. The eyes of Adam and Eve were they were to derive from the forbidden fruit? opened to see the snare, when they were al | Alas! they could only devise a foolish project of ready caught in it: they saw also misery before hiding themselves from the all-seeing eye of them with horror and dismay, and their new God, under the shade of a few trees! (M. R.) discoveries were their torment. Their bodily V. 9. Where art thou? Words of more ter. nakedness had not previously excited the sen ror, perhaps, never sounded in man's ears, or sation of shame; but being stripped of the robe will be heard till the day of judgment!— The of innocence, and despoiled of the image of command had been peremptory, the threatening God, the defence of his protection, and the absolute, the transgression undeniable; no eshonor of his presence, they perceived that they cape or resistance was practicable; no mention were indeed made naked to their shame; and|| had been made of mercy, and probably the their outward nakedness appeared an indica offenders had no expectation of forgiveness. tion of the exposed and shameful condition to V. 10, 11. Adam did not say, 'I saw thy which they were reduced. Their vain attempt «glory,' but “I heard thy voice;" which implies to cover themselves, by fig-leaves platted to- || that he saw nothing to affright him; but merely gether, represents the fruitless pains and worth- || that conscious guilt appalled him, on hearing less expedients, which men employ to conceal the accustomed tokens of God's special pres. their real character, and hide their sins from ence.-Without any humiliation before his of. each other, and even from themselves. For fended Lord, or confession of sin, or supplicaall men are naturally more ashamed of being tion for mercy, he evasively attempted to acdetected in sin, than of committing it; and count for his flight and concealment. But the more desirous of keeping up a good opinion of true cause was at once detected. It arose from themselves, than of obtaining pardon from God: conscious guilt, for he had dared to transgress though they can hide nothing from him, and can the righteous command of the Most High. neither elude his justice, nor recover his favor, Thus "every mouth shall be stopped," and every by any of their own contrivances.

excuse silenced, when God shall arise to judg'V. 8. Some visible tokens of the Lord's | ment.—“Who told thee that thou wast naked?" presence, perhaps in human form, seem here || Whence could arise this idea? It had before no intimated, of which we shall hereafter find un existence, deniable instances; and which should be con V. 12, 13. Adam could neither deny nor exsidered as anticipations of his incarnation, who cuse his transgression of his Creator's most exis called “The Word of God:” though the word press mandate; yet, instead of frankly confessrendered walking may be referred to the voice, | ing it, he cast the blame upon the woman; as if and not to the LORD.-Some learned men, || he had been allowed to hearken to her, rather indeed, explain all these appearances of the than to obey God! Nay, he covertly charged SHECHINAH, or visible glory indicating the di- || the blame upon the Lord himself, saying, “The vine presence, which at some times shone with woman, whom Thou gavest me.”_Here we dismild lustre, at others in terrific majesty. But | cern the pride, and stoutness of heart, which

art cursed above all cattle, and above || seed and 'her Seed: 8 it shall bruise thy every beast of the field: upon thy belly || head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all || 16 Unto the woman he said, I will the days of thy life.

greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy con15 And I will put d enmity between fls. 7:14. Jer. 31:22. Mic. 5:3. 1 h 49:17. Is. 63:3,4,12. Dan. 9:26. thee and the woman, and between e thy

Matt. 1:23. Luke 1:31-35. Matt. 4:1-10. Luke 22:39–
Gal. 4:4.

44,63. John 12:31-33. 14:30, c Ps. 72:9. Is. 29:4. 65:25. Mic. 6. Rom. 3:13.

& Rom, 16:20. Col. 2:15. Heb. 31. Heb 2:18. 6:7. Rev. 2:10. 7:17. Te Matt. 3:7. 12:34. 13:38. 23:33.

2:14,15. 1 John 3:8. Rev. 20: 12:9-13. 13:7. 15:1-6. 20:7,8. d Num. 21:6,7. Am. 9:3. Mark John 8:44. Acts 13:10. 1 John

1—3.10. 16:18. Luke 10:19. Acts 28:34 | 3:10.

characterize that evil spirit, who had just set well as the success which the Lord vouchsafes up his kingdom in Adam's heart. The woman | them, excite the rage, envy, and malice of Sa. likewise discovered the same spirit, in her vain tan and his servants; whose pride they affront, attempt to exculpate herself, by throwing the whose consciences they disturb, whose real blame upon the Serpent.

characters they detect, and whose iniquity they V. 14, 15. It is probable, that the serpent oppose. (M. R. Hence Satan and his seed, was previously beautiful and innoxious; but it || by open violence and cruel persecutions, by now assumed the reptile form, and became mis- secret machinations and base slanders, by artchievous and hateful. From that season, ser- ful temptations and pernicious heresies, fight pents have been more shunned, and persecuted against the “Seed of the woman.” In doing unto death, as enemies to the human race, than this, they “bruise his heel.” They once "crualmost any other animal; by the venomous bite cified the Lord of Glory” himself; they have of many of them they have often severely massacred perhaps millions of his disciples, and avenged themselves; and, by reason of their by one means or other are always bringing inproneness on the earth, they eat their food | ward or outward tribulations on them; yet this mingled with dust. Thus the words may imply is no mortal wound, for it does not hinder the a visible punishment to be executed on the ser-final glorification of the whole multitude, who pent, as the instrument in this temptation: but thus in succession have “Satan bruised under the curse was in reality directed against the their feet.”-“The seed of the woman,” fightinvisible tempter; whose abject degraded con- ing under the Redeemer's standard, by the docdition, and base endeavors to find satisfaction || trine of truth and the armor of righteousness, in rendering others wicked and miserable, || which are united with prayers and patience, might be figuratively intimated, by the ser-hatred of sin, and compassion for sinners, carry pent's moving on his belly, and feeding on on their benevolent war; and they gain most the dust. Yet this curse on Satan is express- || illustrious victories, when the power of Satan ed in language, which contains the sum of is broken, and his deluded servants are conall the blessings, which a merciful God bestows |verted unto Christ. But their victories are the on sinful man! It is a prophecy and a promise, fruit of his severe conflict, and glorious triumph which have ever since been fulfilling, but have over the tempter, especially upon the cross; not yet received their entire accomplishment. where, in human nature, giving himself a ranIt comprises the whole Gospel, and a propheti- som for sinners, he broke the whole force of cal history of the opposition with which it Satan's usurped empire: and now, risen from should meet, and the success with which it the dead, and having wall power in heaven and should be crowned, in all ages and countries earth” vested in him, he is continually employto the end of time.-Christ himself is “the Seeded in crushing the Serpent's head; yet in measof the woman," as the most illustrious of the ure and order, "according to the purpose of human race. Yet all true believers, as one with him, who worketh all things after the counsel him, are also included. He is called the Seed of his own will.” Eph. 1:11. Already, by his of the woman, and not the Seed of Adam, though apostles and ministers, he hath shaken the very descended from both; not only because Satan | foundations of Satan's kingdom, and rescued had prevailed first against the woman, but like-millions of his wretched captives: but ere long wise with an evident prophetical intimation of he will even on earth gain a more decisive vichis miraculous conception and birth of a pure tory; and at last, setting his foot, as it were, on virgin. Maimonides, an eminent Jewish writer, // the Serpent's head, he will entirely crush his says, “This is one of the passages in Scripture interests, deprive him of all power to do fur'which is most wonderful, and not to be under- || ther mischief, and execute condign punishment 'stood according to the letter; but contains on all his seed. (.Notes, Rev. 19:17--21. 20:14 'great wisdom in it.' 'In which words he wrote || 3,11-15. From this short explication we more truth than he was aware, but was not|ceive, that the person, sufferings, glory, and table to unfold this hidden wisdom, as we Chris- || triumphs of the Redeemer; the character, trib. «tians, blessed be God, are able to do.' Bp. 1 ulations, and felicity of the redeemed; the Patruck.The devil, bis angels, and wickéd temporary success and final ruin of all the ene. men, are the Serpent and his seed: “Ye are of mies of Christ and his people; and indeed alyour father, the devil, and the works of your most the whole history of the church, and of father ye will do.” God himself hath put en- | the world, through time and to eternity, are mity between these two contending parties. | compendiously delineated in this singular The effect of his grace in the heart of true verse; which stands, and will stand to the end Christians is enmity, not against the persons of| of time, an internal demonstration that the sinners, but against their character, the image Scripture was given by inspiration from God. of Satan which they bear, and the cause of||-Satan's cause would be ruined by one in a Satan which they favor; for “that mind is in be- || nature inferior to his own; by one emphatically lievers which was in Christ,” “who was mani- || called the “Seed of the woman," over whom the fested to destroy the works of the devil.” Their tempter had triumphed; and the victory over character and conduct also, the testimony which the enemy would be obtained, not only by the they bear against the wickedness of the world, || Messiah, but by all his servants. (Note, Ex. 8: and the opposition which they make to it, as | 16,17. It is remarkable that this gracious Vol. I.

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per

ception; 'in sorrow shalt thou bring forth || 18 • Thorns also and thistles shall it children; and thy desire shall be * to thy | + bring forth to thee: and thou shalt eat husband, and he shall 4 rule over thee. ll the herb of the field;

17 And unto Adam he said, "Because I 19 In u the sweat of thy face shalt thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy || thou eat bread, 'till thou return unto the wife, P and hast eaten of the tree, of which ground: for out of it wast thou taken: for I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt || dust thou art, 2 and unto dust shalt thou not eat of it: 9 cursed is the ground for return. (Practical Observations.) thy sake; 'in sorrow shalt thou eat of it | 20 | And « Adam called his wife's all the days of thy life;

. Job 31:40. Jer. 4:3. 12:13. 1 y 2:7. 18:27.

35:16_-18. 1 Sam. 4:19-21. / 01 Sarn. 15:23,24. Matt. 22:12. Il Matt. 13:7. Heb. 6:8.

z 23:4. Job 19:26. Ps. 104-29. Ps. 48:6. Is. 13:8. 21:3. 26:17, 25:26,27,45. Luke 19:22. Rom. Il Heb. cause to bud.

Ec. 3:20. 12:7. Dan, 12:2 18. 53:11. Jer. 4:31. John 16: 3:19.

t Ps. 104.14,15. Rom. 14:2. Rom. 5:12–21. 1 Cor. 15:21, 21. 1 Thes. 5:3. 1 Tim. 2:15. Tp 11. 2:16,17. Jer. 7:23,24.

u Ec. 1:3. Luke 22:44. Eph. 4: In 4:7.

19 5:29. Ps. 127:2. Ec. 1:2,3,13, 28. 1 Thes. 2:9. 2 Thes. 3: la 2:20.23. 5:29. 16:11. 29:32 *Or, subject to thy husband. 14. 2:11,17. Is. 24:5,6. Rom. 8:

10,

36. 35:19. Ex. 2:10. 1 Sam. 1: n I Cor. 11:3. 14:34. Eph. 5: 20–22.

x Job 1:21. Ps. 90:3. 104:29. 20. Matt. 1:21.23. 22_24. 1 Tim. 2:11,12. Tit. 2: r Job 5:6,7. 14:1. Ps. 90:7–9. Ec. 5:15. 5. 1 Pet. 3:1-6.

Ec. 2:22,23. 5:17. John 16:33.

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promise of a Savior was given unsolicited, and blessings intended for them: but “he cursed previous to any humiliation on the part of man. the ground for his sake;" that as he had trans(Note, Rom. 5:7–10.) Without a revelation of gressed in eating the forbidden fruit, so he mercy, inspiring hope of forgiveness, the con might be chastised in the labor and sorrow vinced sinner would be hardened in despair: || connected with his future sustenance. In conthis intimation therefore formed that encour sequence of this curse, useless and noxious agement to hope, which was followed by true weeds and plants spring up spontaneously, and repentance and true religion, (as it is generally both grow and multiply with immense rapidity. supposed,) in fallen Adam and Eve; and though These must be eradicated, the soil prepared, the revelation was at first obscure, it became and much labor bestowed, before the precious brighter and brighter, like the increasing light fruits of the earth can be obtained: hence inof the morning, till “the Sun of righteousness cessant fatigue, pain, and penury are the lot of arose with healing in his wings.”

the bulk of mankind; which would not have V. 16. The woman was first in the trans- || been the case, had not sin occasioned it. And gression, and had tempted Adam, as the serpent at last, the herb of the field, the ordinary produchad tempted her; she therefore next received tions of the earth, were substituted for the deher sentence, respecting the sufferings to which licious fruits of Eden, as a sharp rebuke for she and her daughters would be subjected. It man's coveting and eating the forbidden fruit. cannot be supposed, that pain or sorrow would The weight of this part of the sentence falls have been connected with pregnancy, or child chiefly on the man, to whom it is addressed, as bearing, had not sin been committed: but now, Il that of the former on the woman. Nor was any the Lord threatened to multiply the woman's | respite or termination of this labor and sorrow sorrows, even those of her conception; so that, in to be expected, till death should consign the a world of suffering, the pains and sufferings of body to the earth again, to mingle with its orithe female sex are thusgreatly multiplied indeed, Il ginál dust.--As we feel that this sentence, in almost beyond expression. It might therefore I every part, is in full force against the whole have been expected, that on this account wom-|| human species; it is absurd to deny that we an would generally prefer the single state, and I were all joined in the covenant with Adam, thus prevent the increase of the human species: lour common representative. (Marg. Ref. 4-z.) but God (according to the probable meaning of||But as the sentence upon the Serpent couched, the expression as used in this connexion, Note, ll under its outward meaning, the threatening 4:6,7.) hath so ordered it, that marriage is not- / of vengeance on the invisible tempter, so the withstanding generally chosen even by the death denounced against the body, which is suffering sex. The authority of the husband, Il but “the instrument of unrighteousness," comwhen exercised uniformly with wisdom and ten prehends also the awful punishment prepared derness, would have increased mutual felicity: | for the soul, the deviser of every sin, and the but, by the entrance of sin, it is often converted || real agent in committing it. This is evinced into unreasonable and unfeeling despotism, and by the sinful propensities of the human race, becomes an additional source of misery to vast compared with the threatenings of “the wrath numbers of unhappy females: and they too are of God against every soul of man, that doeth equally prone to neglect the duties of their evil.” Our very nature is fallen under the station, which occasions a still further increase curse for Adam's sake, and produces only sinful of misery and distraction. To prevent or miti desires, words, and actions, unless renewed by gate these evils, submission in things lawful is divine grace: for in the very day in which Adam here commanded, notwithstanding this change | sinned, he died, he became spiritually dead, in the conduct of the husband, which seems also the Holy Spirit having left his soul: and all to be predicted. It is well, that enmity was not capacity of delighting in the holy service and 'put between the man and woman, in the man spiritual worship of God, is extinct in every ner that it is betwixt her seed and that of the descendant of Adam, till "the Spirit of life in *serpent.' Henry.

|| Christ Jesus” restores divine life, by regeneV. 17-19. The plea, by which Adam tried ration. Indeed, the apostle directly opposes to extenuate his crime, was adduced as the the death which came by Adam, to the life reason of his punishment: instead of hearken- |which comes by Christ: and therefore, if the ing to the voice of God, he had hearkened to one is eternal, so is the other. (Rom. 5:12the voice of Eve, whom he was appointed to 19.) Thus all are concluded under sin and counsel and command, not to obey. Yet the wrath, and none but Jesus, the Mediator of a Lord did not denounce a curse on him and his new covenant, can deliver us. And thus He, seed, having before given intimations of rich “the second Adam, the Lord from heaven," as

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