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name * Eve; because she was the mother || 23 Therefore the LORD God sent him of all living.

forth from the garden of Eden, to 6 till 21 Unto Adam also and to his wife did the ground from whence he was taken. the Lord God make coats of skins, and ) 24 So he drove out the man: and he clothed them.

placed at the beast of the garden of Eden 22 And the LORD God said, Behold, Cherubims, and ka flaming sword which the man is become d as one of us, to know turned every way, 'to keep the way of good and evil: and now lest he put forth the tree of life. his hand and take also of the tree of ||

1g 2:6, 4:2,12. 9:20. Ec. 5:9. 10:2,&c. life, and eat, and live for ever;

k Num. 22:23. Josh. 5:13. I * Heb. Chavah. b Acts 17:26. c 7. Is. 61:10. Rom. 3:22. 2 Cor. e 2:9. Prov. 3:19. Rev. 2:7. 22:2.

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Is. 19:12,

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our Surety, was under subjection, and made a | had any inherent efficacy of conferring immorcurse for us, labored through his sorrowful life, l|tality: it rather reflected upon their folly, who sweat blood in the garden, endured the travail had been deluded to believe that the fruit of of his soul; and at length expired on the cross, the tree of knowledge could of itself make them and was laid in the grave, that he might bear wise!-After this expulsion from Eden, some every part of the sentence deserved by man's angelic guards, with a visible appearance, and sin, and so finally save the whole multitude of the similitude of a flaming sword, forbad all his believing people.

entrance into it, or access to the tree of life. V. 20. Adam thankfully accepted the re This indicated, that, according to the covenant prieve comprehended in the sentence, and sealed by the tree of life, the favor of God and looked forward to the increase of the human eternal happiness were for ever unattainable species with submissive satisfaction, notwith-|| by fallen man. (Marg. Ref.) standing its attendant miseries; because he by faith embraced the promise of that future “Seed

PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. of the woman, which should bruise the Serpent's head.” And he called his wife Eve, which sig.

V. 1-6. nifies Life, or Living; not only as she was to be In deducing practical instruction from this the mother of the whole human race, but also important part of Scripture, the only difficulty of bin especially who is the Author and Source lies in selection; for every part of revealed of life eternal to all believers.

religion is virtually comprised in it.—The subV. 21. Coats of skins.) Some conclude from ject calls upon us to lament and mourn; not so this circumstance, that a considerable time is much for these primitive transgressors, as for had elapsed between the creation and the fall, || ourselves, our children, and the whole human and that the animals had already begun to in- race, thus involved in one common ruin; but at crease, or none could have been spared to hell the same time it reminds us to rejoice in God our slain: but this is mere conjecture; as are all || Savior, from whom come everlasting righteousother opinions on the subject, in which it has | ness and felicity. It behoves us, however, “to not pleased God to gratify our curiosity. It is rejoice with trembling,” lest we be found extremely probable that some beasts, sacrificed among those who neglect this great salvation, by divine appointment, furnished the skins with || through the deceitfulness of our hearts, and the which Adam and Eve were clothed: for, as they snares of the world; and, above all, through certainly had never slain any animals before the subtlety of our watchful, unwearied, and the

And as we have no reason to suppose | malicious enemies, the powers of darkness, and that any had died of themselves, it is hard to|| the agents in whom they lie concealed, who are conceive in what other way these skins could still envious of our happiness, and covertly plot. be procured.-Innocent animals, slain in sacri- || ting our destruction. For, though the several fice furnishing garments to fallen Adam and || steps be not always so discernible, there is the Eve, would very aptly typify the promised Seed, / same concurrence and succession in all tempwho suffered for our sins, that we might stand || tations, by which we are overcome, as there accepted before God in his righteousness: und were in the case of Eve: and it contains a picthe circumstance of the Lord God making these ture in miniature of all Satan's devices and viccoats of skins, and clothing them, not only inti tories in every age. Still he insinuates hard mates the kind instruction and assistance which thoughts of God and his commandments; fiathe afforded them, in accommodating themselves ters men with hopes of impunity, in direct conto their present situation; but represents to us, tradiction to the sacred oracles; enhances to that the Savior and salvation are of his pro the imagination the pleasure or advantage of viding; and that faith, which receives and puts sinful indulgence; pays court to pride and the on Christ, is his gift, and must be sought and sensual appetite: he still entangles men in erreceived from him.

ror, seduces them into unbelief, hurries them V. 22—24. The expression, “become as one lion with precipitation, and prevails with them of us,” emphatically denotes the plurality of to “trust in their own hearts,” and “lean to persons in the Deity. (Note, 1:26.) -The Lord their own understandings,” till he has effected was pleased to point out, in language, expres- his destructive purposes. Whenever therefore sive both of pity and indignation, the sad change our pride is flattered, or discontent, ambition, which had taken place, by thus alluding to the || affectation of independence, covetousness, or ambitious desire and vain expectation of being sensual lust is excited; when we are ready to as gods, which had been excited in Adam and promise ourselves impunity in sin, or advanEve, and to their woeful disappointment. As || tage from it; when hard thoughts of God and they had forfeited the blessing of immortality, his commandments, doubts about his veracity it was very proper that they should be deprived and faithfulness, or low apprehensions of the of the sacramental pledge of it. But this by no value of his favor and of spiritual blessings are means proves, that the fruit of the tree of life ll suggested; and when we are urged forward in

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CHAP. IV.

| said, a I have gotten a man from the Cain and Abel are born, 1, 2. Abel's offering is accepted, and

LORD. Cain's rejected, 3-7. Cain morders Abel; is convicted, condemned, and banished: bis subsequent behavior, 8 17. His 2 And she again bare his brother descendants to Lamech, the fifth in descent from him; with some particulars of Lamech and his children, 1824. Seth is || * Abel. And Abel was ta keeper of born, 25, 26. ND Adam knew Eve his wife: and

A 25. 5:29, 1 John 3:12.

Ex. 3:1. Ps. 78:70_72. Am

* Heb. Hebel. A she conceived, and bare Cain, and b30:2931. 46:32–34. 47:3. | Heb. feeder.

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self-confidence, not brooking opposition, and not only among the moral and virtuous, but not taking time for prayer, and consulting pious even down to the murderer, the thief, and the and prudent friends: then we may be sure the prostitute! To this there is no exception. It is old Serpent is tempting us; then especially weindeed artfully concealed in some; suppressed are called to “watch and pray;" and our only || in others by that proficiency in vice, which, sa fety consists in speedy flight, or vigorous re- ll glorying in what is shameful, like Satan atsistance, being "stedfast in the faith.”_We tempts no excuse; and subdued in others by the have also in Satan's conduct the first example grace of the gospel, and the humbling influof perjury, and a specimen of its horrible con ences of the Holy Spirit. sequences: and perjurers would do well to con

V. 14--19. template, as in a glass, their own character, We should accustom ourselves to consider and learn whose children they are, and whose all the sorrows and troubles of life, however similitude they bear.-We should, however, not varied, and by whatever second causes brought only be upon our guard against avowed ene upon us, as part of the sentence of a righteous mies, or wicked people: we must also reject Judge pronounced against our sinful race. every temptation to unbelief or disobedience, (Notes, Ps. 90:3—11.) Even death itself should though sent by the hands of the most lovely or not be spoken of as the debt of nature, but as beloved object on earth; recognizing the con the execution of the law of God upon a crimcealed tempter, and with indignation answer inal. “So teach us, O LORD, to number our ing, “Get thee behind me, Satan; for it is writ-days, that we may apply our hearts unto wisten," &c. (Note, Matt. 16:21–23.) for he still dom!"-On the other hand, all our comforts seduces us by those who possess our warmest are undeserved mercies: and this should teach affectiono; and he has in all ages employed men us, not only patience and contentment, but and women as tempters to each other, with im lively gratitude; especially as they are conmense success.—Transgressors can seldom be nected with the promise of a Savior, and the contented to sin alone; but they endeavor to hope of eternal life. Even the troubles, to draw others to imitate their own misconduct. which we are here exposed, death itself not Indeed, should our own senses or understand excepted, as things are now circumstanced, are ings seem to testify, that forbidden objects are of a salutary tendency, if duly prepared for: good and desirable, we must reject that testi and the wearisome labor to which man, as a mony, if we would be safe and happy. Nor let|criminal, is sentenced, and against which all it be forgotten, that the desire of knowledge is the slothful of every rank continually rebel, as liable to exorbitancy, as the sensual appe-U prevents far greater evils than it occasions.tites; and when not restricted by the word of this transaction, at first sight, makes it maniGod, it degenerates into bold curiosity, skepti- |fest that we are capable of ruining, but not of cism, and infidelity.

saving ourselves; and that the contrivance and V. 7-13.

proposal of salvation go before, not only our “The wisdom of this world is foolishness with || deservings and endeavors, but even our desires God.” “The knowledge which puffeth up,” in and expectations. Had not therefore the Judge duces men to “profess themselves wise, till of men been previously revealed, as the Savior they become fools;” and either to say, “There of sinners, we must all have stood self-convictis no God," or to speak and act as if there 1| ed and trembling before him, to hear the awful were none; or as if he were “altogether such sentence of everlasting condemnation, without an one as themselves.”—The triumphs of suc- the possibility of escape. cessful wickedness are short, and often termi

V. 20-24. nate in shame and anguish; and agreement in Notwithstanding the light of revelation, and sin commonly produces bitter recriminations, the hope of eternal life, the world, ever since and often implacable enmities.--When God the fall, has been full of darkness, sin, and shall “judge the world in righteousness,” a misery: what then would it have been, had the summons even more dreadful, than that which Lord finally withdrawn from his apostate creacalled forth our affrighted progenitors, will tures? And if temporal suffering causes such constrain every impenitent sinner's attendance || doleful lamentations, what will be “the second at his awful tribunal. Then "every mouth death,” “the wrath to come?” The believer, shall be stopped, and all the world will become however, is taught to consider the former as guilty before God;" and whatever excuse shall fatherly chastisements, tokens of love, "light be attempted, it will not only be silenced, but afflictions, and but for a moment;" and is enaturned into an argument against the criminal, || bled to submit to them, and to death itself, with and an aggravation of his guilt and condemna cheerfulness, in the hope of everlasting glory: tion.-In the meanwhile, it is very useful for but the latter is reserved as the portion of the us frequently to propose to ourselves this ques- | enemies of God. Hoping in the merits of tion, "Where art thou?” In a state of safety | Christ, and the blood of the everlasting covand peace? or in the broad road to destruction? | enant of which he is the faithful Surety, let us In the path of duty, or in some devious course? | prostrate ourselves before God, in humiliation -But alas! Adam's posterity have ever shewn for sin, and gratitude for salvation; let us labor a prevalent disposition to copy his example, ll and suffer patiently, manfully resist temptation, poi only in transgression, but also in making and obey his commands with cheerfulness: not such excuses, as ultimately throw the blame only expecting that “he will bruise Satan unupon God himself. Self-justification forms alder our feet shortly;" but that he will in due prominent feature in the human character, dis- || time crush the Serpent's head completely, and cernible from tender infancy to hoary hairs:ll fill the earth with truth and righteousness.

sheep, but Cain was a e tiller of the ground.jart thou wroth? and why is thy counte

3 And *in process of time it came tonance fallen? pass, that Cain brought of d the fruit of | 7 If * thou doest well, shalt thou not the ground an offering unto the LORD. lt be accepted? and if thou doést not well,

4 And Abel, he also brought of e thesin lieth at the door. And unto thee firstlings of his + flock, and of the fat shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule thereof. And the LORD had respect over him. (Practical Observations.] unto Abel, and to his offering: - | 8 And Caini talked with Abel his

5 But & unto Cain and to his offering he brother: and it came to pass when they had not respect. And Cain was very were in the field, that ^ Cain rose up wroth, and his countenance fell. | against Abel his brother, and slew him. 6 And the LORD said unto Cain, : Why | 9 | And the LORD said unto Cain,

I i Chr. 21:26. 2 Cbr. 7:1. Ps. | 0 Where is Abel thy brother? And he • Heb. at the end of days. 1 20:3. Marg.

| * Ec. 8:12,13. Is. 3:10,11. Acts | 10. Neh. 6:2. Ps. 55:21. Prov.

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NOTES.

of God; his offering was presented in sincerity, CHAP. IV. V. 1, 2. The word, translated and was expressive of humility and believing gotten, means acquired or possessed, and gener obedience: and, as he sought the mercy of the ally implies a high valuation of the acquisition; || new covenant, through the promised Seed, he it is thus used in two remarkable texts: Deut. | was graciously accepted; and his sacrifice was 32:6. Prov. 8:22. Heb. Probably therefore Eve distinguished by some manifest token of divine concluded that this was the promised Seed; and approbation. Probably, it was consuined by indeed some think the words may be rendered, | fire from heaven; which intimated, that desery. “I have acquired a Man, even JEHOVAH.” Ifed vengeance, consuming the sacrifice, made so, the subsequent events must have been a way for the exercise of mercy to the offender. most distressing disappointment. On the other ||(Marg. Ref. f. - In all ages there have been two hand the name given to Abel (which signifies such descriptions of worshippers; namely, proud Vanity) seems to imply, that far inferior expec- || despisers of salvation by faith in the blood of tations were formed respecting him. And if || Christ, who have attempted to please God by Cain was early taught to consider himself, as their own devices; and humble believers, who entitled by his birth-right to the special favor || have found acceptance in his appointed way, and blessing of God, it might greatly tend to and patiently endured the envy, hatred, and nourish in him that proud, malignant, and en- \ persecution to which this exposed them. Cain vious spirit, which produced the fatal conse however, instead of humbly inquiring the cause quences recorded in this chapter.

of his rejection, indulged desponding grief, and 7.3–5. This early use of sacrifices confirms malignant resentment against Abel, and even the supposition, that the appointment of them rebellion and enrity against God himself; which formed a part of the gracious revelation, made Il tormenting passions were (as they are wont to to Adam after his transgression. It is indeed be,) strongly marked on his sullen, downcast exceedingly difficult, in any other way, to countenance. account for the use of altars and sacrifices, in V. 6, 7. Though Cain manifested a most appeasing the anger of the offended Deity; | rebellious spirit, yet the Lord condescended to which has prevailed almost in all ages and na-expostulate with him, and shewed that he had tions, and which does not appear to have its no cause of dissatisfaction; that the hypocrisy origin from any deductions of human reason. ) of his heart, and the unwarranted method of But if God commanded Adam, after the fall, to his approach, had indeed deservedly excluded shed the blood of innocent animals, and to con him from his gracious approbation; but that, if sume part or the whole of their bodies by fire; || he came in another temper, and in the prerepresenting the punishment merited by sin, in scribed way, he too would be accepted. He death and after death, and prefiguring the suf-| further warned him, that “sin lay at the door," ferings of Christ; then the whole is natural: | ready to burst in upon him; for impenitence the original tradition was remembered, and the and the indulgence of malignant passions would method of expiation practised, long after the open the way to the commission of greater meaning of it was obscured or forgotten.—The crimes, which would expose him to still deeper apostle informs us that, «by faith Abel offered condemnation; or the guilt of his un pardoned, unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain." || because unexpiated crimes, lay at the door (Note, Heb. 11:4.) Now Cain evidently had ready to seize on him, as a lion on his prey. some kind of faith in God, his Creator and Neither had Cain any cause for discontent or providential Benefactor; and he brought an resentment; seeing Abel still loved him, and offering as an outward acknowledgment of his was ready to obey him, as his elder brother, obligations, and expression of his gratitude: ll even as he had before done. It is not said in but he did not believe in the promised Savior, what way the Lord spake to Cain: but it is nor come as a sinner to supplicate mercy || probable, that it was by some mild and familiar through him; and therefore he did not bring appearance in human form, as in many subsethe sacrifices which prefigured the atonement. Il quent instances it was undeniably the case: for Thus he manifested an impenitent and unbe- l had it been with a display of terrific glory, as lieving heart, and virtually cleaved to the vio- some suppose, it can hardly be conceived, that he lated covenant of works; and therefore he and would have dared to answer as he afterwards did. his offering were rejected. But Abel came in V. 8. Cain concealed his murderous hatred faith, as a sinner, according to the appointment ll under the mask of cordial affection, and enter

said, 'I know not: Am I my brother's ||* from thy face shall I be hid, and I shall keeper?

ll be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth, 10 And he said, "What hast thou done?||and it shall come to pass, bthat every one the voice of thy brother's * blood 'crieth that findeth me shall slay me. unto me from the ground.

| 15 And the Lord said unto him, " There11 And now art thou s cursed from the fore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance earth, which hath opened her mouth to shall be taken on him seven-fold. And receive thy brother's blood from thy hand. |the LORD set é a mark upon Cain, lest any

12 When thou tillest the ground, u itfinding him should kill him. shall not henceforth yield unto thee her 16 | And Cain 'went out from the strength. A fugitive and a vagabond presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the shalt thou be on the earth.

land of Nod, on the cast of Eden. 13 And Cain said unto the LORD, + Myll 17 And Cain knew his wife, and she punishment is greater than I can bear. conceived and bare + Enoch: & and he

14 Behold, thou hast ? driven me out || builded a city, and called the name of this day from the face of the earth: and the city after the name of his son Enoch. p 37:32. Job 22:13,14. Ps. 10:u3:17,18. Lev. 26:20. Deut. 28: 18 And unto Enoch was born Jrad:

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ed into familiar converse with his brother; till wonted increase, because he had forced her to he had drawn him into a place of privacy, || drink the blood of righteous Abel.—There is where he took the opportunity of slaying him. | peculiar majesty and energy in thus personify

V. 9. The Lord soon called the murderer to || ing the inanimate creatures, and representing account for his conduct, (as he had formerly |them as uniting against Cain.-In consequence done Adam and Eve;) inquiring of him, “Where of his crime, he would also be dreaded and dehis brother Abel was?" and his answer accorded tested, and the sight of him would become hateto the idea before suggested of his pride and ful even to his parents, Adam and Eve; so that unbelief. He denied that he knew where Abel he would be compelled to leave their society, was, as if he could conceal his crime from God and to wander as a vagabond in distant parts, himself; and he insolently demanded, whether | filled with anguish and made a terror to him. he was his brother's keeper! I know not wheth-| self. (ETEYWY KOL tpouwv. Groaning and trembling. er we are to consider this as a denial of the omniscience of God, as a rejection of his au- | Cursed from the earth, &c. (11) Or, "more thority, or as a defiance of his omnipotence; || cursed than the ground,” &c. but it plainly shews that sin had hardened Cain's V. 13–15. Either Cain proudly complained heart and blinded his understanding.

of the severity, with which he was to be punishV. 10–12. Thus God called upon Cain toed; or, as the words more naturally signify, he reflect on the horrid nature and aggravated stated that his crime was too great to be par circumstances of his crime, and the vengeance doned. Thus he still manifested an unhumbled due to him, in order to awaken his remorse and limpenitent, unbelieving heart. He considerea alarm his fears.-Undeserved hatred and proud himself as an out-law, about to be left destitute revenge producing premeditated murder, while of God's providential protection, and driven to men were comparatively few in number, and la distance from his worshippers and ordinanprobably none had yet died; the murder of a ces, to spend his days in groans and terrors, till brother, in cruel disregard to their common some person should meet with him and kill him. parents, for no other cause than the excellency |•Behold here a finished picture of impenitent of his character, and the envy excited by the misery; what a contrast to the fifty-first Psalm!' favor which God had shown him; a malignant Fuller. -But the Lord determined that Cain hatred of holiness, daring contempt of the should live, a monument and evidence of his Lord himself, and determined enmity to him; abhorrence of murder; so that he would severewere united in this one crime. (Nole, 1 Johnly punish any one who should slay him. It is in 3:11,12.)—The justice and holiness of the great vain to inquire about the mark set upon Cain: Governor of the universe, render it so proper it was doubtless an indelible brand of infamy, for him to punish offenders, that they who suf // which would make him known to all who saw fer flagrant wrong, are often spoken of in him.-Adam and Eve had very many more Scripture, as loudly calling upon him to execute children than are mentioned in this brief narravengeance on their injurers. And, as he wit- tive; which was principally intended to record nesses the secret crimes which elude human a few important particulars, and to trace the justice; so those crimes themselves are repre | history, from the beginning to the time of Mo. sented, as demanding the punishment of the ses. And if, as it is generally thought, Abel offenders from the Judge of all, “to whom ven- was murdered but a short time before the birth geance belongs.” Thus Abel's blood called, as of Seth: the human race might be exceedingly with a loud voice, to the Lord to punish the increased in the space of a hundred and thirty murderer: and Cain's enormous crime exposed | years him to so awful and deserved a curse, that the lV. 16, 17. Cain seems entirely to have len very elements were ready to rise up in arms | the ordinances of God, the society of his wor against him, as the Creator's instruments of shippers, and the places especially favored with vengeance; and the earth would withhold her l the tokens of his presence. This might be 18

and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael|| Adah and Zillah, o Hear my voice, ye begat Methusael: and Methusael begat wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech: * Lamech.

for I have slain a man to my wounding, 19 And Lamech took unto him i two and a young man to my hurt. wives: the name of the one was Adah, 24 If Cain shall be avenged seven-fold, and the name of the other Zillah.

truly Lamech P seventy and seven-fold. 20 And Adah bare Jabal: he was the 25 | And Adam knew his wife again, father of such as 'dwell in tents, and of|| and she bare a son, and called his name such as have cattle.

Seth: For "God, said she, hath ap- [B 21 And his brother's name was Jubal: pointed me another seed instead of he was the father of all such as handle||Abel, whom Cain slew. m the harp and organ.

| 26 And to Seth, s to him also there was 22 And Zillah, she also bare Tubal- | born a son; and he called his name "Enos: cain, an + instructer of every artificer in then began men to ** call upon the name

brass and iron: and the sister of Tubal- of the LORD. cain was Naamah. 23 1 And Lamech said unto his wives, ||

** Or, call themselves by the name of the LORD. Deut.

s 5:6--8.

Heb. Enosh.

* Heb. Lemech.
i 2:24. Matt. 19:4-6,8.
k 21. i Chr. 2:50-52. 4:4,5.

Rom. 4:11,12.
1 2. 25:27. Jer. 35:9,10. Heb.

11:9.

m 31:27. Job 21:12. Is. 5:1

Am. 6:5.
† Heb, tehetter.
nEx. 25:3. Num. 31:22. Deut.

8:9. 33:26. 2 Chr. 2:7.

1o Num. 23:18. Judg. 9:7.
# Or, I would slay a man in my

Tbound, &c.
Or, in my hurt.
p 15. Matt. 18:22.
9 5:3,4. 1 Chr. 1:1. Luke 3:38.
| Heb. Sheth.
r1--3,8,10,11.

26:17,18. Is. 44:5. 48:1. 63:19. Jer. 33:16. Zeph, 3:9. Acts 11: 26. Eph. 3:14,15.

first by compulsion, in consequence of the curse promised Seed. The mention of Abel, in this denounced on him; but, continuing impenitent, connexion, was an indication of her piety, as he probably soon became openly irreligious, or || valuing pious Abel above all her children." perhaps an idolater. Nod signifies a vagabond, || V. 26. To call upon, &c.] Or, "to call themor wanderer: the land of the vagabonds.—The selves by the name of the LORD:” (Marg.) that wife of Cain is the first woman mentioned in || is, some persons, by an open profession of true this history, Eve only excepted. The sons and religion, began to protest against the prevaildaughters of Adam and Eve must have inter- || ing impiety and wickedness of the world around married. It is probable that Cain had been then; to separate from the society of idolaters married, and had children, long before these and irreligious persons; and to call on the LORD events; and that his descendants principally || as his worshippers. helped him to build a city, and formed the majority of its inhabitants.-Thus he attempted PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. to divert his mind from serious reflections and

V. 1-7. remorse of conscience; or to attach to himself The promises of God will surely be accomadherents, and to get a name in one way, as he || plished; but the appointed season must be wait had forfeited his reputation in another,

ed for, and hasty expectations often end in bitV. 18-22. The sacred historian cursorily || ter disappointments. An instance of worship mentions a few of Cain's descendants; but not accepted by our holy God, from any of our fallin that particular manner, in which he after- en race, should be a joyful and welcome sight to wards gives a genealogy of the line of Seth to l sinners: but his acceptance can only be obNoah.-Lamech is the first on record, who de- ||tained, in the way of his appointment; and unviated from the original institution of marriage, I belief, pride, and hypocrisy, are as ruinous as by taking more than one wife: and this did not || open ungodliness.-When we fail of success in occur till the earth was considerably replen- Jour undertakings, or comfort in religious exerished with inhabitants. Some of his sons be cises; instead of yielding to discontent and came remarkable, as the inventors of useful and envy, we should diligently search out and reingenious arts: but no intimation is given that move the sinful cause; for thus we may after any of them were pions persons. (Marg. Ref.) warils succeed: but if we "give place to the

Brass and iron. This early use of metals, | devil,” by harboring envy and resentment, we seems to imply, that some instructions in this || know not whither we may be hurried.-What respect had been given to Adam from God. fatal effects do we here behold of Adam's trans

V, 23, 24. Lamech appears to have been gression! What can we discern in Cain of the either suspicious of his wives, or desirous of|| divine image? Was he “very good?” On the obviating their apprehensions for his safety. It contrary, do not pride, anger, envy, lies, malseems plain that he was conscious of having ice, murder, enmity against God, and final many enemies, whose resentment he had pro- | apostasy, the very image of Satan, mark his voked by injuries of one kind or other: whether || whole character? for as divine truth, embracel therefore he spake affirmatively, and acknowl-l in faith, is the appointed means of our recoveredged that he had killed a man, though not his ling, “from glory to glory," the image of God; own brother; or interrogatively, “Have I killed so Satan's lics, when believed, produce lis diaa man to my hurt?” he evidently drew a com | bolical nature in the soul. parison betwixt himself and his ancestor Cain,

V. 8_26. and flattered himself that he was much less What varied anguish must have tortured the criminal: while he seems to have abused the hearts of our first parents at the events here patience of God, in sparing Cain, into an en recorded! But, “Abel being dead, yet speakcouragement to himself to expect impunity in eth:” not only proclaiming the heinousness of sin, and to defy the vengeance of his adversa murder, and warning us rcsolutely to suppress ries.

the first emotions of wrath; but also teaching V. 25. Perhaps Eve had some intimation, ll us, that the believer's happiness is not in that this son was to be the progenitor of the world; that persecution must be expected by

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