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18 But with thee will I ' establish my l] food that is eaten, and thou shalt gather covenant: and thou shalt " come into thel it to thee, and it shall be for food for ark; thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, || thee, and for them. and thy sons' wives with thee.

22 Thus did Noah; 'according to all 19 And of every living thing of all that God commanded him, so did he. flesh, two of every sort shalt thou bring

CHAP. VII. into the ark to keep them alive with thee: | At God's command Noah enters the ark, with his family, and the they shall be male and female.

living creatures; and the flood begins, 1--16. Its increase for

forty days, 17—20. All flesh is destroyed by it, 21-23. Its 20 Of fowls after their kind, and of|| duration, 24. cattle after their kind, of every creeping || AND the Lord said unto Noah, a Come thing of the earth after his kind: P two of| A thou, and all thy house, into the every sort shall come unto thee, to keep ark: for othee have I seen righteous bethem alive.

| fore me in this generation. 21 And take thou unto thee of 9 all

r7:5. 17:23. Ex. 40:16,21,23,27, 1 21. Ez. 9:4-6. Zeph. 2:3. 19:9,11. 17:4,7,21. p 7:8 16.

32. Matt. 7:24 27. John 2:5. Matt. 24:37-39. m 7:1,7,13. Is. 26:20. 1 Pet. 19 1:29.30. Job 38:41. 40:20. Ps. 15:14. Heb. 11:7,8. 1 John b See on 6:9.--Ps. 33:18,19. 3:20. 2 Pet. 2:5. 36:6. 104:27,28. 136:25. 145:16. 11

Prov. 11:4--8. Is. 3:10.11. 0 7:2,3. 8:17. 147:9. Matt. 6:26.

a Job 5:1924. Ps. 91:1-10. 2 Pet. 2:5-9. o 1:20-22.

Prov. 14:26. 18:10. Is. 26:20,

V. 18. This is the first place in which the depravity suits them, while unregenerate! In. word covenant occurs; and it seems to relate to attention, ignorance of the divine law, and the gracious assurance, which God gave Noah, self-fattery, hide this humiliating truth from that the earth should not be destroyed by a seca men's minds; yea, strongly prejudice them ond deluge. (Marg. Ref.)-Sons. None of No-l against it: but a deep conviction of it, with ah's sons were born a hundred years before the application to our own state and character, flood; but the command might be given pro-|| is essential to a due valuation of the salvation phetically in this respect as well as in others. proposed in the gospel. It is however probable, that the first intima

V. 8–22. tions of the approaching deluge were given in the worst of times, God hath “a remnant some years, before the command for building | according to the election of grace:” and they the ark: yet this was a work of so great labor, who would please him must dare to be singular. that much time must have been employed | These believe his truth, and obey his commandabout it.

ments; they hear his warnings, and fear, but

do not despair; they embrace his promises, and PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. hope, but do not presume; they stand in awe, V. 1-7.

and do not find fault; they expect safety upon There is scarcely a more lamentable proof of the warrant of his word; and they refuse no a decay in vital godliness, or a more effectual obedience, however burdensome, expensive, or means of hastening it, than intermarriages be- self-denying.–But in the warning to Noah, twixt professors of true religion and its avowed there is one more solemn given to us, "to flee enemies. In all ages there seems to have been from the wrath to come,” which, with tremena peculiar curse of God on them; the evil cx- || dous efficacy, will sweep all unbelievers into ample of the ungodly party generally corrupts the pit of destruction. Christ (the true “Noah, the other; family-religion is put an end to; and which same shall comfort us,") hath, at infinite the children, almost universally, are trained up expense, already prepared the ark, and kindly according to the maxims of the ungodly parent.invites us to enter in. Whilst the day of his If we profess ourselves to be “the sons and patience continues, let us obediently hear his daughters of the Lord almighty," we must not voice, and thankfully sue for admission, which marry in opposition to his will: and he will not will then be readily vouchsafed us.—But let it allow us to prefer beauty, wit, wealth, or hon- || be observed, that they who "go about to estaborable alliances, to piety.—Though “the Lord | lish their own righteousness," act as Noah is slow to anger and of great kindness,” yet his would have done, had he substituted a high “Spirit will not always strive with men;" and tower on a mountain, according to his own when they persist in sin, in defiance of his wisdom, for his place of security, instead of the word, and the convictions of their own con-lark which God had appointed. sciences, he will at length totally withdraw from them, and permit them to be hardened to

NOTES. their ruin. If he is so grieved by our sin, as to | CHAP. VII. V. 1. At the appointed time, destroy the work of his own hands, how reason- when all needful preparations had been made, able is it that we should mourn for it, and that Noah was directed to enter with his family into we should show our repentance by seeking its the ark; because the Lord had "seen him rightdestruction!—They whom the world admires aseous before him in that generation.” The “men of renown," are often, in the judgment apostle says, that he “became heir of the rightof God, and even of common sense, no better eousness which is by faith.” (Notes, 6:8,9. than cruel tyrants and oppressors: let us then || Heb. 11:7.) The same principle which induced desire that honor which cometh from God” on him to believe, on the testimony of God, and those who do good; not that which comes from contrary to all human probability, that the delinan upon those who do mischief.-But, what is uge would come at the appointed season, would now become of “the image and likeness of move him "to flee from the wrath to come:” God?" Doth man now merit to be pronounced and as he believed, that in the ark alone he VERY GOOD by the Lord himself? Alas! the could be safe from the approaching deluge; so old serpent, that proud ambitious apostate,' he doubtless believed the revelation of a Savior, rebel, liar, and murderer, hath filled the earth and sought and expected salvation through him with his detestable progeny! Yet, how few are alone. Thus he was justified by faith:” and aware that the description here given of human 'l being likewise a partaker of that Spirit, whose

2 Of every clean beast thou shalt take | 10 | And it came to pass after seven to thee by * sevens, the male and his fe-days, that the waters of the flood were male: and of beasts that are not clean upon the earth. by two, the male and his female.

11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's 3 Of fowls also of the air by sevens, | life, in the second month, the seventeenth the male and the female; to keep seed day of the month, the same day were alive upon the face of all the earth. mall the fountains of the great deep bro

4 For e yet seven days, and I will causeken up, and the windows of heaven were it to rain upon the earth 'forty days and opened. forty nights: 6 and every living substance 12 And the rain was upon the earth that I have made, will I + destroy from off forty days and forty nights. the face of the earth.

13 In the self-same day entered Noah, 5 And Noah did according unto ball lo and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, the that the LORD commanded him.

sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the 6 And Noah was six hundred years three wives of his sons with them, into the old, when the flood of waters was upon | ark: the earth.

14 They, and every beast after his 7 And * Noah went in, and his sons, kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and his wife, and his sons' wives with him, and every creeping thing that creepeth into the ark, because of the waters of the upon the earth after his kind, and every flood.

| fowl after his kind, every bird of every 8 Of clean beasts, and of beasts that I sort. are not clean, and of fowls, and of every 15 And they went in unto Noah into thing that creepeth upon the earth, the ark, two and two of all Acsh, wherein

9 There 'went in two and two unto is the breath of life. Noah into the ark, the male and the fe- 16 And they that went in, went in male male, as God had commanded Noah. and female of all flesh, as God had con: c8:20. Lev. u: Deut. 14:14h 6:22. E.. 39:42,43. Ps. 119:6.

1 Or, on the seventh day, 4. 19. Ps. 78:23,24. Mal. 3:10.

m 1:7. 6:17. 8:2. Job 38:8-11. n Ex. 24:18. Deut. 9:9,18. 10 d Lev. 10:10. Ez. 44:23.

5:22. 51:16. Ez. 20:19. Am. 9: 0 5:32. 6:10. 9:18,19. 10:1,2,8 k 1. 6:18. Prov. 22:3. Heb.6:

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“fruit is in all goodness, and righteousness, and l ordinary occasion, was made to the original truth;" he was righteous in his character and constitution of marriage, “they twain shall be conduct; that is, devoted to God, and “walking

one flesh:” a decisive proof that polygamy is before him in all his ordinances and command contrary to the original institution of marriage, ments, blameless."

and not at all needful for the increase of the V. 2, 3. It is probable, that the clean beasts human species, or even conducive to it. signify such as were not rapacious, and which V. 10–12. “The long-suffering of God had were exclusively offered in sacrifice by the waited” a hundred and twenty years; and, as express appointment of God. They were also many think, seven days more; but at length the such as were most serviceable to man. The days of vengeance arrived. -- Behold, I, even grant of animal food seems not to have been 1, do bring a flood of waters on the earth," explicitly made before the flood; the distinction saith the Lord. 'Thus speaks the Almighty, of meats could not therefore have been appoint-ll and it is absurd to question whether Omnipoed. Seven couple of the clean beasts seem to tence could effect the deluge. Every attempt have been preserved. Some indeed suppose to explain the manner, in which the earth was that only three couple, and the seventh ani- || overflowed, too much resembles the presumpmal for sacrifice, were meant. (8:20.)—There | tion of those who inquired, “How are the dead inust have been a very extraordinary miracle || raised up? and with what body do they come?" wrought, perhaps by the ministration of angels, || It is no more incredible that God should drown in bringing two of every species to Noah, and the world, than that he should raise the dead: rendering them submissive to him, and peace and, by his almighty power, he caused "the able with each other: yet it seems not to have waters from above the firmament, and the made any impression on the hardened specta waters under the firmament,” which he had tors:--The suspension of the ferocity of the sav- || before separated, to meet together for that age beasts, during their continuance in the ark, purpose. (Note, 1:9.) «The fountains of the is generally considered as an apt figure of the great deep were broken up;" and, by some change, which takes place in the disposition of vast convulsions, the waters from the bowels sinners, when they enter the true church of ll of the earth and from the depths of the ocean, Christ; (Note, Is. 11:6-9.) but it may also | were forced upwards; while the windows or remind us of the hypocrite's external good be flood-gates of heaven “were opened,” and rain havior, though his nature is not changed. poured out impetuously in cataracts, or water

V. 7. Sons' wives.] Though each of Noah's spouts, without intermission, for forty days and three sons was at this time nearly a hundred | nights, in every part of the globe, till a uniyears old, and none of them had any children | versal deluge was effected.-Probably this comliving; and the whole earth was about to be || menced about the beginning of November; for desolated: yet no exception, even on this extra- ll the patriarchal year began in September.

04:

manded him: and Pihe Lord shut him the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and in. (Practical Observations.)

of beast, and of every creeping thing inat 17 | And the flood was forty days creepeth upon the earth, and every man. upon the earth: and the waters increased, 22 All in whose nostrils was * the and bare up the ark; and it was lifted up breath of life, of all that was in the dry above the earth.

land, died. 18 And the waters prevailed, and were 23 And S every living substance was increased greatly upon the earth: and the destroyed which was upon the face of ark went upon the face of the waters. the ground, both man, and cattle, and the

19 And the waters prevailed exceed- creeping things, and the fowl of the ingly upon the carth; and 9 all the high heaven; and they were destroyed from hills, that were under the whole heaven, || the earth; "and Noah only remained were covered.

alive, and they that were with him in the 20 Fifteen cubits upward did the waters ark. prevail; and the mountains were covered. 24 And the waters prevailed upon the 21 And all flesh died that moved upon earth van hundred and fifty days.

| * Heb. the breath of the spirit . 27. 1 Pet. 3:20. 2 Pet. 2:5. o Ps. 91:1-10. Matt. 25:10. 1a Job 12:15. Ps. 46:2,3

* Heb. the breath o

#1 27. 1 Pet. 3:20. 2 Pet. 2:5. Luke 13:25. John 10:27-30. 1 -9.

of life. 2:7. 6:17.

s Job 22:15--17. Is. 24:1-8. 1: 4. 6:6,7. 2 Pet. 3:6. Pet. 1:5.

Mal. 3:18. Matt. 25:45.

Matt. 24:37-39. Luke 17:26, u 8:3,4. V. 16. Shut him in.] No doubt this was V. 20—23. The waters at length arose to be done by the ministration of angels, and as an above eight yards deep on the top of the highevident miracle in the view of all the specta-est mountains: so that every project for secutors, of whom numbers, from different motives, | rity was frustrated; every advantage of situamight be collected.-Probably, the door of this tion was unavailing. Some might escape longer vast structure was too massy, to be securely than others; but, first or last, all men, except closed by the few persons within the ark. Thus those in the ark, perished. And with the human the Lord gave Noah a pledge of his acceptance species most of the animals perished also. (Is. and his care of him; and by the same token he |34:1–6.) Indeed, the faithful and powerful shut out all the rest of mankind, and sealed! protection of God was Noah's only security, in their condemnation.-But had Noah's preach- this wild tumult of the elements: and the presing no effect? Were there no other believers ence of God was his only comfort in this dreary upon the whole earth? We may probably sup- confinement, and in witnessing the dire devasnose, that many had been previously taken || tation of the earth and its inhabitants, and away from the evil to come; for Methuselah Il especially of the human species of his is computed to have died the year before the panions, his neighbors, his relatives; of those, flood, or in that very year. But it seems evi to whom he had preached, for whom he had dent, that there were no godly persons among prayed, and over whom he had wept, many of the survivors, however some might have been whom had even helped to build the ark. (2 Pet. alarmed, affected, or convinced: for there was | 2:5.) room enough in the ark; and it does not appear that any were refused admittance.-Indeed, PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. our Lord has informed us of the real state of

V. 1-16. the case: “They did eat, they drank, they mar- | Numbers in every age "despise the riches ried wives, they were given in marriage, until | of the goodness, and forbearance, and longthe day that Noah entered into the ark, and suffering of God, not knowing that his goodness the flood came and destroyed them all.” Luke leads to repentance: but after their hardness 17:27. Thus they encouraged one another in and impenitent heart they treasure up wrath contemptuous disobedience; and if any were at against the day of wrath;" till judgment come all disposed to pay regard to the divine warn- | upon them to the uttermost. But in all this ing, they either procrastinated, or were afraid the Lord's purposes are effected, his predictions of being singular. But what must have been accomplished, and his justice displayed. Our their feelings, when, at the appointed time, it short span of life will speedily come to a close, began to rain in so extraordinary a manner, even though we should linger out our threeand continued to do so from week' to week in- l score years and ten. Yes, the last week, the cessantly; the waters still rising, and following last day, the last hour, will soon surprise us, if them to the eminences on wbich they ascend- | we be not always watching and ready; and ed! How much soever they had before despised with no less tremendous consternation and terNoah's madness, or pitied his weakness; they | rible destruction, than the deluge did those in would now remember his warnings, admire his the days of Noah. If when “the Master of the wisdom, and envy his happiness; while they house has risen up, and shut to the door,” we cursed their own folly and impenitence. be found without, it will then be too late to

V. 17-19. At the end of forty days the || knock for admittance. For the threatenings wafers were so raised, that the ark was afloat: l of the Lord, however now neglected or despisbut they increased exceedingly afterwards, by ed, will as certainly be fulfilled as his promises: the continuance of the same causes, though per- || and there is a time coming, when they, who haps with some intermission. Thus the deluge | have most affected to pity or deride the godly, prevailed till “all the high hills under the whole will admire or envy them. heaven were covered.” This decidedly proves

V. 17–24. the deluge to have been strictly universal; though What a triumph was here of death, even sojne learned men have argued against this: but "over those who had not sinned after the similine eed traces of the deluge are found in all parts | itude of Adam's transgression!” and how did of 'ue earth, and some confused tradition of it the whole creation groan under man's sin: every where prevails.

|| But, though we may indulge the hope that the

CHAP. VIII.

ll went forth ito and fro, until the waters God remembers Noah, and assuages the waters, 1-3. The ark Il wer rests on the mountains of Ararat, 4, 5. Noah sends forth a ra

8 ven, and then a dove, to gain intelligence, 6–12. He leaves the ark, offers sacrifices, and is accepted and encouraged, 13 to see if the waters were abated from off 22. ND * God remembered Noah, and||

the face of the ground.

9 But the dove A

found no rest for the the cat-|| every living thing, and all

Sed sole of her foot, and she returned unto tle that was with him in the ark: and God| inade ca wind to pass over the earth, and ||

him into the ark: for the waters were on the waters assuaged.

the face of the whole earth. Then he 2 The a fountains also of the deep, and

ll put forth his hand, and took her, and the windows of heaven were stopped, and l'

pulled her in unto him into the ark.

10 And he P stayed yet other 9 seven e the rain from heaven was restrained.

3. And the waters returned from off thell days, and again he sent forth the dove earth * continually: and after the end of ll out of the ark. the hundred and fifty days the waters

11 And the dove came in to him in the were abated.

evening, and lo, in her mouth was 'an 4 And & the ark rested in the seventh

olive-leaf plucked off. So Noah knew month, on the seventeenth day of the

that the waters were abated from off the month, upon the mountains of "Ararat.

earth. 5 And the waters + decreased contin

| 12 And she stayed yet other tseven ually until i the tenth month: in the tenth

days, and sent forth the dove; which remonth, on the first day of the month were

turned not again unto him any more. the tops of the mountains seen.

| 13 And it came to pass in the " six hun6 | And it came to pass at the end of

dofl dredth and first year, in the first month, forty days, that Noah opened * the win-|

the first day of the month, the waters were dow of the ark which he had made.

dried up from off the earth: and Noah 7 And he sent forth 'a raven, which

removed the covering of the ark; and

looked, and behold, the face of the ground a 19:29. 30:22. Ex. 2:24. 1 Sam. 1 * Heb. in going and returning, 1:19. Neb. 13:14,22,29,31. Job 17 7:24.

was dry. 14:13. Ps. 106:4. 132:1. 136:23. g 7:17-19. 137:7. Am. 8:7. Rev. 16:19. h Jer. 51:27.

Het. in going forth and re-1 p Ps. 40:1. Is. 8:17. Rom. 8:25. | Heb. were in going and dep Num. 22:32. Ps. 36:6. Jon. 4: creasing.

m Cant. 1:15. 2:11,12,14. Matt. Ir Neh. 8:15. Zech. 4:12—14. i 7:11.

s Ps. 27:14. 130:5,6. Is. 25:9

n Deut. 28:65. Ezek. 7:16. Matt. 26:8. Hab. 2:3. Jam. 5:7,8 d 7:11. Prov. 8:28. Jon. 2:3. e Job 37:11-13. 38:37. Matt. 8: 38:41.

o Ps. 116:7. Is. 60:8.
$Heb. caused her to come.

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multitude of infants, who died without their | takers of faith and holiness, they will not own actual sin, through the first Adam's trans- escape eternal destruction.-Finally, though gression, obtained life without their own actual || there is great difference of character among faith, through the second Adam's obedience; || men, and we are apt to imagine some favorable yet we are constrained to admit, that the same || distinctions in our own case; yet, if we neglect, deluge, which swept the rest of that generation refuse, or abuse the salvation of Christ, we shall, from the earth, swept their souls into the prison notwithstanding such imaginary advantages, be of hell. How tremendous then will be “the day overwhelmed in the common destruction of an of judgment and perdition of ungodly men! || unbelieving world. and what will be the feelings of those, who, in contempt of the divine testimony, treat the

NOTES. “things not seen as yet” as unreal, though re Chap. VIII. v. 1-3. The flood continued vealed by the infallible testimony of God; when a considerable time after the inhabitants of the they shall at length be seen, but seen too late! | earth were destroyed; and Noah might be Happy they, who are part of Christ's family, || tempted to be weary of his confinement, and and safe with him in the ark! they may look almost to question whether “the Lord had not forward without dismay, and rejoice in the as- | forgotten to be gracious:" but at length “God surance, that they shall triumph, when a deluge | remembered” him, by hearing his prayers, and of fire shall encircle the visible creation. But, ll preparing for the release of him and his family; unless we dare to be singular, and renounce and also of the animals which were with him in the favor, and venture the scorn and hatred of the ark, which is specially noted.-By a strong, the world; unless we are willing to exercise || dry wind the clouds were dispersed, and so the self-denial and diligence; we can find no ad- | rain ceased; and the miraculous interposition mission into this ark. And, even in the ark, || being withdrawn, things reverted to their forwhile in this world, we shall need faith and | mer course. Thus the waters, in going and repatience, and have much to try them.—Though || turning, were in part evaporated, and in part we should lament, we need not wonder at, the ran off into the lower countries and the bed of prevalence of impiety; nor should faithful min. the ocean, or sunk into caverns in the bowels of isters despond, if their success be not so large the earth. as their expectations; for the most eminent and V. 4, 5. On the seventeenth day of the sev. favored servants of God have experienced the enth month of the year, (as it is most probable, i same disappointments.-Ungodly children often just five months, or a hundred and fifty dayu receive temporal mercies for their parents' | from the beginning of the flood, the waters sake; but unless they themselves are made par- || were so far abated, that the ark rested op on:

14 And in the second month, on the 20 And Noah a builded an altar unto seven and twentieth day of the month, the LORD, and took of every clean beast, was the earth dried.

and of every clean fowl, and offered 15 | And God spake unto Noah, saying, burnt-offerings on the altar.

16 Go forth of the ark, thou, and thy 21 And the LORD d smelled a tsweet wife, and thy sons, and thy sons' wives savor; and the LORD said in his heart, I with thee.

will not again é curse the ground any more 17 y Bring forth with thee every living for man's sake; for the imagination of thing that is with thee, of all flesh, both man's heart is evil from his youth: 8 neiof fowl, and of cattle, and of every creep-||ther will I again smite any more every ing thing that creepeth upon the earth; that thing living, bas I have done. they may ? breed abundantly in the earth, l 22 While the earth remaineth, iseedand be fruitful and multiply upon the time and harvest, and cold and heat, and earth.

summer and winter, and a day and night, 18 And Noah went forth, and his sons, I shall not cease.

19 Every beast, every creeping thing, and every fowl, and whatsoever creepeth upon the earth after their * kinds, went forth out of the ark.

la 4:4. 12:7,8. 13:4. 22:9. 26:25. | f 6:5. Job 14:4. 15:14-16 Ps. 133:20. 35:1,7. Ex. 20:24,25. 51:5. Is. 47:12,15. 48:8. John

24:4 8. Heb. 13:10,15,16. 3:6. Rom. 1.21. 8:7,8. Eph. 2: b 7:2. Lev. 11:

13. c Lev. 1:

g 9:11-15 Is. 54:9,10.
d Lev. 1:9.17. 26:31. Ez. 20:41. / h 2 Pet. 3:6, 7.

Amos 5:21,22. 2 Cor. 2:15. Heb. As yet all the days of
Eph. 5:2. Phil. 4:18.

the earth.
| Heb. savor of rest.

i 45:6. Ex. 34:21. Jer. 5:24. y 7:14,15. e 3:17. 4:12. 5:29. 6:17.

Jam. 5:7. z 1:22. 9:7. Ps. 107:38. 144:13,

Or, though.

k Jer. 33:20-26.
14. Jer. 31:17,28.
* Heb. families.

x 7:1,7,13. Josh. 3:17.4:10,16
13. Ps. 121:8. Dan. 3:25,26.
Zech. 9:11. Acts 16:27,28,37-
39

sev

of the summits of mount Ararat. This is sup-pear, that there had been any increase of them posed to mean a ridge of mountains, extending || during that time. from Armenia eastward to a great distance. 1v. 20—22. This is the first time that an altar The word Ararat is elsewhere translated Ar-l is mentioned; and the word rendered burntmenia, but it is not agreed whether the ark il offerings here first occurs: yet Abel's offering rested in Armenia, or more towards the east. I seems to have been of the same nature, and was It was, however, no doubt on some lofty summit; probably laid on some kind of altar. By these as it was almost three months longer before burnt-offerings, Noah, in faith, ascribed his the tops of the mountains were seen. (Marg. preservation to the mercy of God through the Ref.) "If we had been a long and dangerous promised Savior; he rendered to him a tribute «voyage at sea, we should be better able to con of fervent gratitude and adoration; he devoted 'ceive of the joy which this sight must have oc- himself and family to his service; and he sought 'casioned.' Fuller.

further protection and blessing amidst the desoV. 6—14. Forty days after the tops of the lations which surrounded him.—The smell of mountains became visible, Noah sent out a ra-burning flesh could in itself be no more pleasven, in order that he might learn the state of ing to God, than “the blood of bulls or of goats:” the earth: but, as this bird was used to feed on | but as it typified the sacrifice of Christ, and exflesh, it either returned no more; or, as some pressed Noah's obedient faith and grateful love, think, it continued to come back to the ark, || the Lord graciously accepted it, and promised and again to leave it, without being received that he would no more curse the earth; that is, into it, till the waters were dried up. After after the manner of the flood: for the original,

n days therefore, as the subsequent lan- || curse was not removed, nor is it clear that it guage implies, (10,) he sent forth a dove which was mitigated. He added, "for,” or though, soon returned, and was taken into the ark; and (Morg.) “the imagination of man's heart is evil on a second trial she brought an olive-branch from his youth.” The flood washed away that in her mouth. This was a token that some ofil generation of wicked men, but it did not rethe fruitful plains were dried, and the vegeta move depravity from man's nature; who, being bles preserved. On the third trial the dove re-conceived and born in sin, thinks, devises, and turned no more. The repeated mention of loves wickedness, even from his youth; and that seven days seems an intimation of the observ | as much since the flood as before. Other methance of the sabbath in the ark; after the ordi- || ods indeed would be used to repress wickedness, nances of which, the dovo was sent out. - The but a universal deluge should no more be emolive-branch, probably from some obscure tra- || ployed for that purpose; nor should any other dition of this event, kas generally been the em year, like the past, occur to the end of the blem of peace. Thus also the Holy Spirit, whose world, in which there was neither sowing nor emblem is a dove, by his consolations brings to reaping.-Partial failures of seed-time and harthe broken-hearted believer the olive-branch vest, or other irregularities, are not inconsistof peace and reconciliation with God.--Accord- || ent with this gracious assurance; according to ing to the computation of time used in Scrip- || which the heavenly bodies have ever since preture, Noah and his company continued in the served their courses, the seasons their succesark a year and ten days. (7:11.)

sions, and the earth hath produced its increase V. 15–19. Noah had made observations on for the use of man, notwithstanding his ingratithe state of the earth, and preparations for tude. And on this word we depend, that thus leaving the ark; but he waited God's command it shall be «till the mystery of God is finished.” before he actually quitted it. It seems that, by a peculiar providential interposition, no animal | PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. of any sort had died, though they had been shut | The Lord “knoweth how to reserve the wickup in the ark above a year! and it does not ap-li ed unto the day of judgment to be punished,"

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