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• Beer-lahai-roi; behold, it is between ‘Ka-|| AND when Abram - was ninety years desh and Bered.
A old and nine, the Lord appeared 15 And Hagar bare Abram a son: to Abram, and said unto him, I am the and Abram called his son's name, which || Almighty God: d walk before me, and be Hagar bare, Ishmael.
|| thou * perfect. B.C. 16 And Abram was fourscore and 2 And e I will make my covenant be
six years old, when Hagar baretween me and thee, and will 'multiply Ishmael to Abram.
thee exceedingly. CHAP. XVII.
3 And Abram & fell on his face: and God The Lord again ratifies the covenant with Abram; changes his !| talked with him, saying, name to Abraham, and Sarai's to Sarah, and institutes circum
1 e 9:9. 15:18. Ps. 105:8–11. Gal. cision, 1-15; he promises him a son by Sarah; accepts his
3:17,13. prayer for Ishmael; and fixes the time for the birth of Isaac,
c 18:14. 28:3. 35:11. Ex. 6:3. f 12:2. 13:16. 16--22. Abraham circumcises himself and the males of his
Num. 1:23. Job 11:7. Dan. 4: 1 x Ex. 3:6. Lev. 9:23,24. Num, family, 23—27.
35. Eph. 3:20. Phil. 4:13. 16:22,45. Josh. 5:14. Judg. 13: That is, The roell of him that g 11. Gal. 4:22.23.
d 5:24. 6:9.
20. Ex. 1:28. 3:23. 9:8. Dan. liveth and seeth me. 21:31. 5 17:18,20,25,26. 21:9—21. 25:9, |* Or, upright, or, sincere. Deut. 8:17. 10:9. Matt. 17:6. Rev. 24:62. 25:11. 12. 28:9. 37:27.
18:13, Job 1:1. Matt. 6:48. | 1:17. f Num. 13:26.
centre of their religion! The descendants of dear; and we ought not to allow any person in. Ishmael also lived as ravagers in the neighbor- l juriously to treat those, who are entitled to our hood of the Israelites and Edomites, and other protection. But it is never safe or prudent to descendants of Abram, and yet were never quit our situation, under the influence of pride, subjugated by any of them. See Bp. Newton impatience, and resentment. A haughty spirit on the Prophecies. Diss. 1.
indeed will disdain contradiction: but it is best V. 13, 14. JEHOVAH spake to Hagar, and she to endure it, and to consider, that “yielding called his name, “Thou God seest me:" yet we pacifieth great offences." read of no other speaker, than the Angel.
V. 7-16. Admiring the Lord's condescension and mercy, Important lessons of wisdom are couched un. she added, “Have I also here looked after him der the answer, which ought to be made to such that seeth me?" "Have I, who am so unworthy, questions, as the Angel put to Hagar. Recolhere, in this desert, at a distance from his ordi- || lecting “who we are," would teach us our duty, inances, and out of the path of duty, been favor. and suggest motives for quietly attending to it. "ed with such an encouraging appearance of | Seriously inquiring in many cases, “whence we 'the LORD!'-Accordingly, she called the name || came,” may shew us our sin and folly: and conof the place, The well of him that liveth and sidering, "whither we will go," may often disseeth me. She was now brought to a better cover our danger and misery, before it be too temper, returned home, and, probably, by prop late; and prepare us to listen to the counsel of er behavior, pacified Sarah, and experienced him, who calls on us to repent of what we have better usage.
done in pride and passion.-How free from fear V. 15. Abram named his son Ishmael, hay and care, how conscientious in duty, how watching been informed by Hagar of what had taken ful against sin, and how resolute in resisting place. (11.)
temptation should we be, if we always were
suitably impressed with this thought, “Thou PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. God seest me!” The good Lord, who always V. 1-6.
sees us, and despises not the meanest, but hears In every relation and situation of life there the affliction of the distressed, even before it is some trouble to bear; and the exercise of vents itself in prayer, help us to realize his faith greatly consists in patiently submitting to presence, to trust in his goodness, to submit to it, waiting the Lord's time, and using those bis will, and to all those whom he commands us means, and those only, which he appoints and to honor and obey for his sake; and with adauthorizes, for its removal. But unbelief is miring, humble gratitude, to acknowledge his frequently shewn by impatience, and hastily | mercies to us, which are innumerable and unusing unhallowed means of obtaining those merited, and often surprise us when we least things, which we inordinately desire.–Very il expect them. bad actions may be sanctioned by the example of very good men; they may appear plausible,
NOTES. be supported with some shew of reason, and be Chap. XVII. v. 1-3. This appearance of suggested by those who are justly dear to us. the Lord to Abram, was nearly fourteen years But we never have more cause to be upon our after his marriage with Hagar: and, perhaps, guard, than when “Satan thus transforms him- this long trial of his faith implied a rebuke for self into an angel of light.” Then especially his misconduct in that transaction.- The Lord, we should appeal “to the law, and to the testi- || by revealing himself as “the Almighty," or the mony;" “What hath God said?” Then indeed all-sufficient “God,” most powerfully enforced we should act with deliberation, be afraid of the subsequent exhortation to Abram, “to walk leaning to our own understanding, and seek hefore him," without being discouraged; and to counsel of the Lord by carnest prayer.-In be perfect,” or not to waver and decline, but Hagar's insolence, in Sarai's impatience, and in to be constantly and entirely dependent on him, Abram's uneasiness; and also in Sarai's severity, and devoted to him. Have recourse no more and in Hagar's flight and distress, we see the "to unbelieving expedients: keep thou the path effects of carnal projects, and of deviating from of uprightness; and leave me to fulfil my promthe original institution of marriage: and they ll ise in the time and manner that seem good to who consent together in sin will generally be me.' Fuller.--Abram, perceiving the special chastened together, and will often correct each presence of God, fell on his face in humble other.-Anger and discord should indeed be adoration, and the Lord continued to speak to shunned: yet even peace may be bought too | bim in an audible voice.
4 As for me, behold my covenant is an Peverlasting possession: and I will be with thee, and thou shalt be a father of their God. (Practical Observations.] * many nations.
L 9 And God said unto Abraham, Thou 5 Neither shall thy name any more be shalt ' keep my covenant therefore, thou called Abram; but i thy name shall be and thy seed after thee, in their generaAbraham, for a father of many nations tions. have I nade thee.
L 10 This is my covenant which ye shall 6 And I will make thee exceeding fruit-keep between me and you, and thy seed ful, and I will make k nations of thee; and after thee; s every man-child among you 1 kings shall come out of thee.
shall be circumcised. 7 And m I will establish my covenant 11 And ye shall circumcise t the flesh between me and thee, and thy sced after of your fore-skin, and it shall be a token thee, in their generations, for an everlast-|| of the covenant betwixt me and you. ing covenant; to be na God unto thee, 12 And he that is eight days old shall and ° to thy seed after thee.
ll be circumcised among you, every man 8 And I will give unto thee, and to thy child in your generations, u he that is seed after thee, the land + wherein thou born in the house, or bought with money art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for of any stranger, which is not of thy seed. b 16:10. 25:1-18. 36: Rom. 4: 1:
p 48:4. Ex. 21:6. 31:16,17. 40: | 6. 6:12. Eph. 2:11. Phil. 3:3.
11-18. Gal. 3:29.
15. Lev. 16:34. Num. 25:13. 2 1 Col. 2:11. * Heb. multitude of nations. 8_u. Mic. 7:20. Luke 1:64. | Sam. 23:5. Ps. 103:17. 2 Pet. t Ex. 4:25. Josh. 5:3. 1 Sam. 18: i 15. 32:28. 2 Sam. 12:25. Neh. 55,72–75.
25-27. 2 Sain, 3:14. 9:7. Is. 62:2-4. 65:15. Jer, 20: 1 a 28:13. Ex, 3:6,15. Lev, 26:12
q Ex. 6:7. Lev. 26:12. Deut. 14:1 Heb. a son of eight days. 21. 3. 23:6. Matt. 1:21---23. John Matt. 22:32. Heb. 11:16.
2. 26:13. 29:13.
4. Lev. 12:3. Luke 1:59. 2:21. 1:42. o Ex. 19:5,6. Rom. 9:7–9.
r Ps. 25:10. 103:18. Is. 56:4,5. John 7:22,23. Acts 7:8. Phil. k 4. 35:11.
s 34:15. Deut. 10:16. 30:6. Jer. 3:5.
4:4. 9:25,26. Rom. 2:28,29. 3: | u 23. Ex. 12:48,49
V. 4. The Lord thus engaged, that his cove- | among them. Thus he was their God by externant, before confirmed, and now to be further | nal relation, and they enjoyed vast advantages, ratified and sealed, should certainly be accom llin spiritual things, above all the rest of the plished, notwithstanding delays and difficulties. human race, till the coming of Christ. (Note, -This covenant was essentially different from | Rom. 3:1,2. –The word rendered everlasting, that made with Israel, as a nation, at mount must be understood according to the nature of Sinai: (Notes, Ex. 19:5. Gal. 3:) yet it was far the subject: when used about the things of this more than a personal engagement to Abram, present world or outward privileges, it means concerning a numerous posterity and the in- || perpetual, and unalterable while the same state of heritance of Canaan, or even concerning his things continues: but when it relates to inward own salvation; though these were included, with spiritual blessings, or the concerns of a future all the peculiar advantages enjoyed by Israel state; it seems generally, if not always, stricttill the coming of Christ, and even to the end of ly to denote eternal duration. Thus JEHOVAH time. But, as the covenant, confirmed to Abram was a God to the Israelites, till the coming of with an oath, is fulfilled to all believers as his the Messiah, when, according to the whole tenor children; (Notes, Heb. 6:13—20.) it must have of prophecy, that state of things was to termi. been in substance the same as the Covenant of nate: yet the nation is still kept separate for Grace, of which Christ is the Mediator and|| gracious purposes, in remembrance of this coveSurety, and which was ratified with Abram, as nant. But of Abraham and all his spiritual
the father of the faithful.' In this view of the seed, God is the eternal Portion and Blessedsubject, the promised Seed was Christ, and ness. (Notes, Matt. 22:23–33. Heb. 11:13— Christians in him, of whom Israel as a nation | 16.) This covenant 'shall involve great blesswas a type; Canaan typified heaven; every 'ing's to the world; yet, it was made with Abram. blessing was conferred on Abraham through ... It made Abram the father of the church in “the righteousness of faith;" and all, who “are Il 'all future ages. ... All that the Christian world of faith, are blessed with faithful Abraham.” I “enjoys, or ever will enjoy, it is indebted for to
V. 5, 6. (Marg. Ref.) The Ishmaelites, Mid- Abram and his Seed! ... A high honor this, to be ianites, and other nations, were descended from the stock, whence the Messiah should spring, Abraham by Hagar and Keturah; and the land on which the church of God should grow.' Edomites, as well as the Israelites, by Sarah. || Fuller. All these nations were, for many ages, power- v. 9-12. Abraham was required to accede ful and prosperous, and governed by princes of to the covenant, to profess his faith, and to give their own; and some of them are so to this day. || a proof of his ready acquiescence in the Lord's Besides the kings of Israel, (or the ten tribes,) | will, by submitting to circumcision; and he and David and Solomon were renowned monarchs, | all his posterity must observe this ordinance, as and, with their descendants, formed an illustri. || a pledge and mark of their being the worshipous race of kings for almost five hundred years. pers and servants of JEHOVAH. Many nations -This is intimated by the change of his name, have practised circumcision, and do so to this from ABRAM, a high father, to ABRAHAM, a father day; and even some not descended from Abraof a great multitude.
ham, or related to him: yet it is highly probaV. 7, 8. Abraham chose the Lord for his ble, that this was the first introduction of this portion, and devoted himself to his service; i singular observance.-Cutting off the fore-skin and the Lord answered his expectations by en- seems to have been intended as an intimation, gaging to make him partaker of everlasting that a sinful nature is propagated with the hufelicity: and his posterity according to the Aesh | man species; and this depravity, called “the had his oracles committed to them, his prophets old man," must be put off, or mortified and de
Cute Enh. 4:20_24.) in sent to them, and his ordinances administered ii stroyed, by believers. (Note, Eph. 4:20–
13 He that is born in thy house, and | e and laughed, and said in his heart, he that is bought with thy money, must Shall a child be born unto him that is an needs be circumcised: and my covenant hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that shall be in your flesh for an everlasting is ninety years old, bear? covenant.
18 And Abraham said unto God, 'Oh, 14 And the uncircumcised man-child, that Ishmael might live before thee! whose flesh of his fore-skin is not cir- 19 And God said, & Sarah thy wife cumcised, that soul shall be ? cut off shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou from his people; he hath a broken my shalt call his name Isaac: and I will covenant.
establish my covenant with him for an 15 | And God said unto Abraham, everlasting covenant, and with his seed As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call after him. her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her || 20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard name be.
thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and 16 And I will bless her, and 'give will make him fruitful, and will multiply thee a son also of her: yea, I will bless him exceedingly: twelve princes shall her, and she shall be a mother of he beget, and I will make him a great nations; d kings of people shall be of nation.
21 But my covenant will I establish 17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, || with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear unto | 11:10. 31:32.
thee kat this set time in the next year.
e 18:12. 21:6. Rom. 4:19,20. 1h 16:10—12, 25:12–18. z Ex. 4:24-26. 12:15,19. 30:33, Heb. become nations. 35:11.
g 18:10-14. 21:2,3. 2 Kings 15. Ex. 2:24. 3:6. Heb. 11:9. d See on 6. Is. 49:23.
4:16,17. Luke 1:13—20. Rom. k 21:2. Job 14:13. Aets 1:7. a Ps. 55:20. Is. 24:5. 33:8. Jer.
9:6-9. Gal. 4:28-31.
1 14:14. Ex. 12:44.
f Jer. 32:39. Acts 2:39.
i 21:10–12. 26.2--5. 46:1. 48
38. Lev. 7:20,21,25,27. 18:29. 19:8. Num. 15:30.31.
them the “heart is circumcised to love the cised in heart will be separated for ever from the LORD;” and rebellion and enmity are gradually Lord and his people. Doubtless the parent destroyed out of it by sanctifying grace. This would be chargeable with the guilt of his negobservance was the sacrament of regeneration, lect, and not the child till grown up. (Note, “the seal of the righteousness of faith;" (Note, Matt. 28:19,20.) Rom. 4:9-12.) for the circumcision of the heart | V. 13. In your flesh.] The outward seal of is an inward seal, that the sinner is justified by the covenant would remain in the flesh of the righteousness of faith, as Abraham was. Abraham, and Isaac, and their posterity, and Circumcision was a bloody and painful ordi- l of all who were thus incorporated among them; nance: for the sanctification of the Spirit is for the use of circumcision, as a religious rite, vouchsafed to sinners through the blood of would distinguish them from other people. Christ; the mortification of sin is painful to the I V. 15, 16. Saral signifies my princess; SARAP, flesh; and, till the blood of Christ had been shed la princess, to others as well as to Abraham: once for all, the ordinances of God were gen- || implying how honorable her name would be in erally attended with the shedding of blood; || the whole church of God, as well as in Abra but none since that time have been so.—Notham's family. (Marg. Ref.) only Abraham and Isaac, and Abraham's pos- V. 17. When Abraham 'heard the words of terity by Isaac, were circumcised; but his son God, he again prostrated himself in reverenIshmael and his very bond-servants; for circum-tial worship, and laughed, in admiring faith cision sealed the covenant of God's giving, not and joyful gratitude.--He himself was born only Canaan to Isaac's posterity, but heaven, / when Terah was a hundred and thirty years through Christ, to the whole Church of God. old, as it is generally calculated; (Note, i1:26, The outward sign belonged to the professed || 27.) but, in the course of the last hundred people of God; but the inward seal of the Spirit | years, it seems to have become very uncom. is peculiar to those whom God knows, (and he mon, for men to have children at so advanced alone can know them,) to be believers.-Infants | an age. He had been so long married to Sarah, were circumcised, because a part of the visible and she was now so far advanced in years, conchurch, and because this was a proper profes-tinuing barren, that it seems he had given up sion of their parents' faith, and a pledge for the all expectation of having seed by her; and, religious education of their children, thus early previously to this explicit declaration, thought dedicated to God. Yet they must not be cir- | that the promises would be fulfilled in Ishcumcised till the eighth day; and, under the law, l, mael. even animals must not be presented to God be- V. 18. Though Abraham “staggered not at fore that age. (Ex. 22:30.) But, as many in- | the promise through unbelief, but was strong fants would die before the eighth day, this might in faith giving glory to God;" yet, he seems to intimate that the outward ordinance, though have had some struggle with unbelief, in which always the parents' duty, was not essential to he came off victorious, through the repeated salvation. Males only were capable of cir- | assurances which the Lord gave him.-This cumcision: but in Christ there is no more dis-il verse, however, may be interpreted as a natutinction between male or female, than between || ral and earnest desire that Ishmael might have Jew and Gentile. The Gentile, who embraced a blessing also; and not be excluded from the the Jewish religion, was circumcised adult; but favor of God, or separated from bis worshiphis future offspring at eight days old. The un- Il pers, though the promised Seed was not to decircumcised were ordered to be cut off (14): 1 scend from him. for the neglect of circumcision was in fact al V. 19–21. It was the purpose of God, that rejection of the covenant; and the uncircum- | Christ should descend from Isaac and his son
22 And He left off talking with him, ||
CHAP. XVIII. and God went up from Abraham.
The Lord appears to Abraham, who entertains angels, i 23 | And Abraham took Ishmael his
8. A son is promised to Sarah, at which she laughs, and her
misconduct is rebuked, 9-16. The Lord discovers to Abrason, and all that were born in his house, ham his purpose of destroying Sodom, &c. 16-22; who earn
estly intercedes for the inhabitants, 23–33. and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham's
AND the LORD a appeared unto him house; and m circumcised the flesh of||
A in the plains of Mamre: and he their fore-skin, in the self-same day, as I sat in the tent-door in the heat of the God had said unto him. 24 And Abraham was ninety years
2 And he lifted up his eyes and lookold and nine. when he was circumcised || ed, and lo, three men stood by him: in the flesh of his fore-skin.
and when he saw them, he ran to meet 25 And Ishmael his son mos thirteen || them from the tent-door, and d bowed years old, when he was circumcised in
ised in himself toward the ground; the flesh of his fore-skin.
3 And said, My Lord, if now I have 26 • In the self-same day was Abra- || found favor in thy sight, pass not away, ham circumcised, and Ishmael his son. |1 pray thee, from thy servant.
27 And all the men of his house, born! 4 Let a little water, I pray you, be in the house, and bought with money of|| fetched, and wash your feet, and rest the strangerwere P circumcised with ll yourselves under the tree. him.
5 And 'I will fetch a morsel of bread, 13. 18:33. 35:94-15. Ex. 20:22. | 4:9—12. 1 Cor. 7:18,19. Gal.
a 15:1. 17:1–3,22. 26:2. 48:3. 10. 2 Kings 2:16. Num. 12:6-8. Deut. 5:4. John
Ex. 4:1. 2 Chr. 1:7. Acts 7:2. je 19.2. 24:32. 43:24. 1 Sam. 25: 8:6. 6:15. 1:18. 10:30.
41. Luke 7:44. John 13:5-15 b 13:18, 14:13. 1,17. Rom. 4:19.20. c 22. 19:1.
1 Tim. 5:10. Acts 16:3. Rom. 2:25-29. I p 18:19.
d 23:7. 33:
3 7. 44:14. Ruth 2: Judg. 6:18. 13:15.
m 18:19. 34:24.
o 12:4. 22:3,4. Ps. 119:60.
Jacob; in that family true religion was chiefly | duct; and to leave all in his hands, who is all-sufsupported; to them Čanaan, the type of heaven, | ficient and almighty; and who, for the purposes was granted; and they represented the spiritu- l of his own glory, often delays to interpose, till al Seed of Abraham. Yet Ishmael and others, expectation from every other quarter fails.after this limitation, being at that time a part | But let us well consider, that the Lord's graof the visible church, were commanded to be cious condescensions should excite our adoring circumcised; and we are not authorized, from reverence, lest we forget who He is, and what the circumstance of the covenant concerning we are! (Ps. 89:7. Heb. 12:28. Rev. 15:4.) the promised Seed being restricted to the line
V. 9–27. of Isaac, to determine that any of them finally perished. (Notes, 16:10—12.)Ishmael was the
Not only the doctrines of revelation, but the son of a bond-woman: how unlikely that his
very seals of the new covenant, remind us that sons should be twelve princes, even when the
we are guilty and polluted, evince our need of twelve sons of Jacob were only shepherds!
atoning blood, and point to the promised SavHis name Isaac.] Note, 21:3,4.
ior; they teach us to exercise faith in him; and V. 22. Left off, &c.] The whole narration
prove, that without regeneration, sanctification
by his Spirit, and the mortification of our corsuggests the idea of a personal conference;
rupt and sensual inclinations, we cannot bear and leaves no reasonable ground of doubt,
a covenant-relation to him. Let us then rewhether he, who liere calls himself “the Al
member, that the true “circumcision is that of MIGHTY God," was the same as afterwards in
the heart, by the Spirit;" that they are the human nature said, "I and my Father are One;" and, “He that hath seen me, hath seen
true circumcision, who worship God in the
Spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no the Father.” (Marg. Ref.) V. 23—27. Abraham prepared every thing
confidence in the flesh;” (Note, Phil. 3:1—7.)
and that, both under the old and the new dispenfor immediate and exact obedience, in a painful appointment, against which many objections
sation, many have had the external profession,
the sacramental sign, and the outward seal, might have been urged, and which might seem even to counteract the accomplishment of the
who were never "sealed by the holy Spirit promise sealed by it: and this obedience yas
of promise.”—True faith evidences itself by
prompt and unreserved obedience in the most not peculiar to him, but was imitated by his
difficult instances: and if our faith be of this household, who seem to have made no opposi
| kind, we may be confident that God is our God tion; and we may conclude that many of them
and everlasting Portion; that the everlasting were partakers of his faith.
covenant is confirmed to us, by the security
vouchsafed to Abraham; and that he, who has PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS.
given us a new heart, hath also “given us a V. 1-8. The Lord, from time to time, vouchsafes to
new name, which no man knoweth, save he
who receiveth it.” his servants peculiar manifestations of his pres
(Note, Rev. 2.17., And
while we thankfully embrace the pledges of ence and favor, and seasons of special consolation: yet their daily walk with him must be
his love, and make open profession of our faith; maintained by that faith, which sees Him who
I let us not forget to seek in carnest prayer, the is invisible.” With however long delays, and
same blessings for our children, our servants,
and all connected with us. great discouragements, the faith of true believers may be tried, God will strengthen it: and they who walk before him, trust in him,
NOTES. and wait for him, shall never be ashamed.-It! CHAP. XVIII. v. 1, 2. It is here expressly is our part to look to our own temper and con-ll said, that “JEHOVAH appeared to Abraham," or VOL. I. 11
and * comfort ye your hearts: after that || 11 Now Abraham and Sarah were 'old, yc shall pass on; for therefore tare yes and well stricken in age: and it ceased to come to your servant. And they said, ll be with Sarah after the manner of So lo as thou hast said.
women. 6 And Abraham hastened into the 12 Therefore Sarah laughed within tent unto Sarah, and said, Make ready | herself, saying, After I am waxed old, quickly 8 three measures of fine meal, || shall I have pleasure," my lord being old knead it, and make cakes upon the also? hearth.
113 And the LORD said unto Abraham, 7 And Abraham ran unto the herd, || Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, and fetched a calf tender and good, and Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am gave it unto a young man; and he hasted old? to dress it.
14 Is ' any thing too hard for the LORD? 8 And i he took butter and milk, and At the time appointed » I will return unto the calf which he had dressed, and set thee, according to the time of life, and it before them; and he stood by them Sarah shall have a son. under the tree, and they did eat.
15 Then Sarah y denied, saying, I 9 And they said unto him, " Where is laughed not: for she was afraid. And he Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, " in said, 2 Nay, but thou didst laugh. the tent.
(Practical Observations.) 10 And • He said, I will certainly re-|| 16 | And the men rose up from thence, turn unto thee P according to the time and looked towards Sodom: and Abraof life: and lo, 9 Sarah thy wife shall have ham went with them a to bring them on a son. And Sarah heard it in the tent-| the way. door, which was behind him.
r 17:24. Luke 1:7,36. Rom. 4:1 Phil. 3:21. 4:13. Heb. 11:19. * Heb. stay. Judg. 19:5. 1 k Luke 12:37. 17:8. John 12:2.
| 10. Deut. 30:3. Ps. 90:13. + Heb. ye hude passed. 19:8. Rev. 3:20.
y 4:9. 12:13. Job 2:10. John 18:
1 17:17. 21:6,7. Luke 1:18—20, 1 Heb. hasten. I Luke 24:30,43. Acts 10:41.
17,26-27. 1 John 1:8. gIs. 32:8. Luke 10:38-40. Actsm 4:9.
z Ps. 44:21. Prov. 12:19. Mark
2:8. John 2:25. Rom. 3:19. u Epb. 6:33. 1 Pet. 3:6.
24:67. 31:33. Tit. 2:5. Heb. 13:2. 1 Pet. 4:9. o 13,14. 16:10, 22:15,16.
v Num. 11:23. 2 Kings 7:1,2. a Acts 21:5. Rom. 15:24. 3 John h 19:3. Am. 6:4. Matt. 22:4. p 17:21. 21-2. 2 Kings 4:16,17.
Jer. 32:17. Zech, 8:6. Matt. 3: 6.
17:19. Judg. 13:
9. 19:26. Luke 1:37. Epb. 3:20.
19-21. $ 31:35.
34,35. Heb. 11:11,12.
16:15. Rom. 12:13. Gal. 5:13.
was seen by him; and the manner of this ap- || the simple, liberal, active, and obliging hospipearance is afterwards related.--Abraham was tality of the ancient patriarchs.—Butter.] We waiting for an opportunity of exercising hospi- l 'read of cheese in Homer, Euripides, Theocritus,
y, by entertaining any weary traveller, Il and others; yet they never mention butter: nor who might need refreshment and a cooling 'hath Aristotle a word about it, though he hath shade; (for inns were not then to be met with, 'sundry observations about cheese. For butter as among us;) and at that time three persons, "was not then known among the Greeks.' Bp. appearing as men, presented themselves before Patrick. him. It is generally agreed, that two of these V. 9–12. This attention to Abraham's conwere created angels; but many infer from the cerns would gradually sbew him whom he had context, that the other was the eternal Son entertained. At first, they inquired after Sarah, visibly appearing as in human form. Indeed, || who was in her tent, and then one of them, JEthere is not the least intimation in the narrative HOVAH, (as it must appear to every plain read. of any other appearance, except that of the er,) spake to Abraham respecting that promise three men whom Abraham entertained. If as his own, which had been given in the forethis were the only instance, in which language going chapter by the almighty God; and he exnaturally suited to warrant such a conclusion pressly engaged for its accomplishment! (Note, was used, it would not be proper to ground | 17:19-21.) But as this had been delayed, till much upon it: but passages frequently occur, ll it had become unprecedented, according to which seem incapable of any other construc general observation; Sarah, who heard what tion, without having recourse to human tradi- \ passed, “laughed within herself;" and spake tion, in explaining the words of inspiration, words, not very dissimilar to those of Abraham even that very tradition which our Lord oppos in the preceding chapter. Yet the heart. ed; (Mark 7:9.) and thus implying that the searching God saw, that her's was the expressimple narrative of the sacred historian was sion of unbelief; and his, of faith, admiration, calculated to mislead the unlearned. (Note, ll and joy._"According to the time of life," is 32:30. Marg. Ref:)
supposed to mean the usual term of pregnancy. V. 3–8. Abraham addressed himself to one -It is observable, that from this very speech of the three, who appeared to have the pre- of Sarah, the apostle Peter quotes her words eminence; but, it is probable, he did not at first concerning Abraham, in which she calls him, know his guests: for his bowing to them seems | My lord," as a commendable instance of her to have been rather a token of civil respect, as | dutiful subjection to him! (1 Pet. 3:6.) to persons who appeared venerable and honor-1 V. 13–15. Here the speaker is expressly able, than an act of religious adoration. (Marg. I called JEHOVAH.-By manifesting that he was Ref. d. Washing the feet was customary and I acquainted with what Sarah did secretly, he necessary in those hot climates where only | shewed that he could accomplish his word, sandals were worn; and the several particulars | however contrary to the ordinary course of here related are suited to give us an idea of things. The conduct of Sarah shewed great