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sand demons, whom he followed with his eyes round the room until they rested on my bed, when he raised himself up in bed, drew his bayonet, and by a violent effort threw himself across towards me, striking his weapon to the very socket into my bed, exultingly exclaiming, “I have him now !” Fortunately for me I had been watching his movements, and springing from bed with the utmost alacrity, I pinned him by the arms and called for assistance, which was quickly rendered by the guard, and a sentry was placed over him for the rest of the night. The poor fellow slept afterwards for several hours, but appeared as if troubled by frightful dreams. Next morning he had no distinct recollection of anything that had passed; but as I was not altogether pleased with my position near him, I reported myself fit for duty, and left before the evening



“ The cold shade of the aristocracy!'

ANTWERP participated largely in the general joy and rejoicing, at the successful termination of the war, and the prospect of a lasting peace, under the guarantee of the Allied Sovereigns. The newspapers from England, at this time, teemed with the most glowing statements of the enthusiasm of all classes of people, and of the numerous and splendid fêtes given by the Prince Regent, in honour of his illustrious visitors. If anyone had then predicted the astounding events which followed, within a few months, he would have been deemed either a fool or a madman.

The great Napoleon had, in the mean time, been consigned to the island of Elba, the place allotted for his future residence; and where, with the allowance it was stipulated he should receive, he would still be able to play the sovereign on a small scale. His separation from his old and faithful Guard—which has formed the subject of an excellent paintingwas thus described, at the time, in a French


“To the officers of the Old Guard, who were still with him, he spoke in nearly the following words :

My dear friends and comrades, I bid you farewell. During the twenty years that we have acted together, I have been satisfied with you. I have always found you in the path of glory. All the powers of Europe have armed against me. A part of my generals have betrayed their duty: France itself has betrayed it. With your assistance, and that of the brave men who remained faithful to me, I have, for three years preserved France from civil wars.

Be faithful to the new king, whom France has chosen. Be obedient to your com

manders; and do not abandon your dear country, which has suffered too long. Pity not my fate: I shall be happy when I know that you are so likewise. I might have died ; nothing would have been more easy to me, but I still wish to pursue the path of glory! What we have done, I will write. I cannot embrace you all; but I will embrace your general. Come, General; let the Eagle be brought to me, that I may also embrace it. Ah! dear Eagle; may the kisses which I bestow on you, resound to posterity. Adieu, my children! Adieu, my brave companions ! Once more encompass me.' The staff, accompanied by the commissioners of the four Allied Powers, formed a circle round him; and Buonaparte got into his carriage, manifestly affected by the scene, dropping some tears."

History furnishes but few instances of such entire devotion and enthusiasm, as was exhibited by the French soldiers towards their darling leader; even the dreadful reverses to which they were subjected, on their disastrous retreat from Russia, were not sufficient to wean

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their affections from the Emperor: they were still willing to fight for him,—to die for him. One of the old French guard was dangerously wounded, and attended by an English surgeon; who, while probing for the ball, endeavoured to elicit from the man an acknowledgement that he was tired of his general. “No, no," said the veteran,"cut on-cut deeper yet; and

'll find the Emperor!" If we seek a reason for such extraordinary attachment, we shall find it in that constant attention of Napoleon, to the wants and wishes of his men; his identity with them in all their dangers; his prompt, profuse, but impartial distribution of rewards; his throwing open to the meanest soldier, the road of promotion to the highest honours; so that every man had a strong incentive to good conduct. When officers were killed or disabled, the vacancies were filled up from among the men who had been serving, who could sympathise with their comrades, in their dangers and privations; and while they had no difficulty in maintaining their authority, their conduct towards the men

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