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By the same Author,

AN ELEMENTARY LATIN GRAMMAR. Third Edition, Revised

and Corrected. Extra fcp. 8vo. Cloth, 25. 6d., or 60 cents.

A FIRST LATIN EXERCISE BOOK. Fourth Edition. Extra

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A SECOND LATIN EXERCISE BOOK, with Hints for Higher

Latin Prose Composition. Extra fcp. 8vo. Cloth, 35. 6d., or 85 cents.

RUDIMENTA LATINA.

PART I. GRAMMAR.

ALPHABET AND PARTS OF SPEECH.

§ 1. Alphabet. The Latin Alphabet is the same as the English, without W.

§ 2. Parts of Speech. There are eight Parts of Speech, namely, the Noun-Substantive, Noun-Adjective, Pro-noun, Verb, Ad-verb, Preposition, Conjunction, and Interjection.

The Noun-Substantive is the name of any thing, as,

magister, a master. The Noun-Adjective expresses a quality, as, bonus, good. The Pro-noun is used instead of a Substantive or Ad

jective, as, ille, he ; meus, my. The Verb expresses an action, as, amo, I love ; or a

condition, as, amor, I am loved. The Ad-verb is added to a Verb or Adjective, and shows

how, when, or where,as, valde bonus, very good; scripsit

heri, he wrote yesterday; huc veni, come hither. The Preposition is put before Nouns, to show that they

are to be joined to Verbs, or sometimes to Nouns, as, venit ad urbem, he comes to the city ; lupus inter oves,

a wolf among sheep.
The Conjunction joins together words or sentences, as,

Romŭlus et Remus, Romulus and Remus.
The Interjection is an exclamation, as, heu, alas !

§ 3. The Article. There is no Article, a, an, or the, in Latin. Thus bellum may mean war, a war, or the war.

SUBSTANTIVES.

$ 4. The five Declensions. Of Substantives there are five Declensions, which are known by the endings of their Genitive Case Singular. The ist Declension has Gen. Sing. in -ae; the 2nd in -i; the 3rd in - 18 ; the 4th in -ūs; the 5th in -ei.

§ 5. Number, Gender, Case. Substantives have two Numbers, the Singular and the Plural; three Genders, the Masculine, Feminine, and Neuter; and six Cases, the Nominative, Vocative, Accusative, Genitive, Dative, and Ablative.

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Nominative. The Nominative Case ends in -ě.

Gender. Feminine ; except a few names of men, as, Publicola, Publicola, or designations of men, as, poeta, a poet, which are masculine.

SINGULAR.

PLURAL. Nom. Mensă, a table.

Mens-ae, tables. Voc. Mens-a, O table.

Mens-ae, O tables. Acc. Mens-am, a table.

Mens-as, tables. Gen. Mens-ae, of a table.

Mens-Arum, of tables. Dat. Mens-ae, to or for a table. Mens-is, to or for tables. Abl. Mens-ā, by, with, or from a Mens-is, by, with, or from table.

tables.

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