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EXERCISE XLV.

Ablative Absolute.
Translate into English :-

(a) Rege amato. Filio damnato. Castris positis. Dono misso. Urbibus deletis. Pace facta. Multitudine turbata. Manu vincta.

(6) Rege liberato, gaudebamus. Rex liberatus gaudebat. Itinere facto, vinum postulavit. Territis filiabus, clamor ortus est. Filiae territae clamavērunt. Labore finito, quievimus. Urbe munita, hostem non timent. Loco hibernis lecto, dux quievit.

(c) Armis sumptis, hostem expectavēre. Latronibus punitis, salus reddita nobis est. Sacerdote et poeta in judicium vocatis, tristes sumus. Castris vallo fossaque munitis periculum non timebitur. Bruto Cassioque nos comitatis, nulla pericula timemus. Mari tempestate turbato, cursum facere non possumus. Te copias ducente, hostem superabimus. Copiis a te ductis, magna clades hostium erit.

Express in the Ablative :

(d) The woman having been advised. The lion being killed. The people labouring. Brutus and Cassius being wounded. The dog having followed us. The sister having been adorned. The sedition being crushed. The sun having arisen.

(e) Brutus being conquered by Octavius. The camp · having been left by me. Cicero having exhorted the citizens.

The robber having confessed his crimes. Cotta having dared to do these things. The traveller having rejoiced. The statues of Quintus being broken. A tempest having arisen.

Translate, using Ablative Absolute where required :

(f) Cicero having exhorted the citizens, a shout arose. Cicero, having exhorted the citizens, departed. The robber having confessed his crimes was condemned. The robber having confessed his crimes, we left the forum. Cotta, being wounded, cried out. Cotta being wounded, his slaves were accused. The sedition being crushed, we rejoiced. The shepherd having followed us a long time departed.

LATIN-ENGLISH VOCABULARY.

*** The figure after each word indicates the number of the Vocabulary

in the body of the work in which it occurs.

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aurum, gold, 20.
autem, but, 17.

auxilium, help, 12, a, ab, from, by, 9. , avidus, eager, greedy, 14. absque, without, 9. accipio, receive, sustain, 36.

B. accusare, accuse, 23. bellum, war, 2. acer, sharp, keen, fierce, bene, well, 39. 12.

bonus, good, 10. ad, to, at, 7.

brevis, short, 11. adversus, against, 7.

Brutus, Brutus, 19. Aegina, Aegina, 41. Africa, Africa, 41. ager, field, 2. agricola, farmer, 20. caedes, slaughter, 4. alius, other, another, 13. caelum, sky, heaven, 22. alter, the other, 13. caena, supper, 20. altus, high, 1o.

campus, plain, 2. amare, love, 19. canis, dog, 5. amicus, friend, 12. cantus, song, 6. amor, love, 7.

caput, head, 3. animal, animal, 13. carcer, prison, 39. annus, year, 40.

caro, meat, flesh, 39. ante, before, 7.

Carthago, Carthage, 42. anus, old woman, 6. carus, dear, 14. aperio, open, 37. Cassius, Cassius, 19. apud, near, at the house castra, camp, 31. of, 7.

casus, chance, accident, aqua, water, 29.

6. arare, plough, 19. catena, chain, 37. arbor, tree, 3.

causa, cause, 44. argentum, silver, money, cervus, stag, 40. 20.

Cicero, Cicero, 21. Athenae, Athens, 25. circa, round, around, auctor, author, 39.

about, 7. audax, bold, 12.

circum, round, around, audeo, dare, 29.

about, 7. audio, hear, 38.

cis, on this side, 7. auris, ear, 4.

citra, on this side, 7.

civis, citizen, 5.
clades, defeat, 4.
clam, without the know-

ledge of, 9.
clamare, shout, 21.
clamor, shout, 45.
classis, fleet, 4.
claudo, shut, 31.
coerceo, restrain, 27.
cognosco, ascertain, per-

ceive, learn, 35. cogo, compel, 32. collis, hill, 4. colo, cultivate, 35. comitari, accompany, 40. conari, endeavour, try,

40. confiteor, confess, ac

knowledge, 41. conjicio, throw, 36. consequor, obtain, 42. consisto, halt, 43. . consulo, consult, 35. contra, against, 7. convenio, assemble, 38. copia, plenty, 12. copiae, forces, 12. coram, in the presence

of, 9. Cornelia, Cornelia, 21. cornu, horn, 11. corpus, body, 3. corripio, seize, 36. Cotta, Cotta, 1. cras, to-morrow, 34. Cremona, Cremona, 43. crudelis, cruel, 14. crus, leg, 3. cubile, bed, 4. culpare, blame, 23.

D.

cum, with, in company | ex, out of, from, 9. I gladius, sword, 2. with, 9.

exercitus, army, 13. gravior, heavier, 12. cupio, wish, desire, 36. | expectare, await, 45. | gravis, heavy, severe, cur, why, 29.

experior, try, make trial serious, 11. cursus, course, voyage, of, 43. 41.

expugnare, storm, take custodio, guard, 37. | by storm, 24.

H. extra, outside, 7.

hasta, spear, 1.

Hector, Hector, 3. damnare, condemn, 22.

F.

hei, alas ! 15.

heri, yesterday, 34. Davus, Davus, 25.

facilis, easy, 11. hiberna, winter-quarde, down from, of, confacio, make, do, 36.

ters, 31. cerning, 9. fames, hunger, 4.

hic [Pron.], this, 16. deleo, destroy, 26. feles, cat, 4.

hic (Adv.), here, 27. demens, mad, 12.

felix, happy, fortunate, hirundo, swallow, 3. dens, tooth, 5.

12.

hodie, to-day, 34. descendo, descend, 35.

ferax, fertile, 12. homo, man, 3. destinare, intend, 24.

ferio, strike, 38. honestus, honourable, dico, say, tell, 31.

festinare, hasten, 21. 14. dies, day, 25. fides, faith, 6.

honor, honour, 3.
discedo, depart, 31.
diu, long,

hora, hour, 37
filia, daughter, I.
for a long | filius, son, 2.

hortari, exhort, 40. time, 26.

finio, finish, end, 38. hostis, enemy, 4. do, give, 31.

fluvius, river, 2. huc, hither, 24. doceo, teach, 26.

forsan, perhaps, 32. doctus, learned, 14.

forsitan, perhaps, 32. dominus, master, 15.

fortior, braver, 12. donum, gift, present, 22.

fortis, brave, 11. dormio, sleep, 37. forum, forum, market

idem, the same, 16. duco, lead, 31.

place, 34. dulcis, sweet, 11.

ignis, fire, 5.

illarum, their, 16. fossa, ditch, moat, 37. durus, hard, 39. foveo, cherish, 27.

ille, that, 16. dux, leader, general, 3. frango, break, 31.

illius, his, her, its, 15. frater, brother, 5.

illorum, their, 16. frons, leaf, 10.

illustrior, more famous,

12. frons, brow, forehead, e, out of, from, 9.

", | illustris, illustrious, fa

10. earum, their, 16. fructus, fruit, 6.

mous, II. ego, 1, 15. fugare, put to flight, 20.

impedio, hinder, 37. ejus, his, her, its, 16. fugio, flee, 36.

impetus, attack, 36. enim, for, 17.

impleo, fill, 25. eorum, their, 16.

in, into, to, against, 8; epistola, letter, 25.

in, on, among, 9. equester, equestrian, ca

indoctus, unlearned, 14. valry, 12.

Gallus, a Gaul, 8. infelix, unhappy, unfor. equitatus, cavalry, 6. gaudeo, rejoice, 45. tunate, 12. equus, horse, 13.

gener, son-in-law, 2. infra, beneath, 7. erga, towards, 7. genus, kind, class, race, | ingens, vast, huge, imet, and, 2.

13.

mense, 12,

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14.

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IO.

inhonestus, dishonour-| locus, place, ground, 31. | able, 14.

longus, long, 10. injucundus, unpleasant, loquor, speak, 42.

nam, for, 17.

namque, for, 17. insania, madness, 1.

nauta, sailor, 1. insanio, be mad, 38.

navis, ship, 5. insons, innocent, 12. magister, master, 43. nē, not (in Commands), insula, island, 1.

magistratus, magistrate, 18. intelligo, perceive, un

, lest, that ... not, 32. derstand, 33.

magnus, great, 1o. -ně, see 27, Note. inter, between, among, 7.

major, greater, 12. nec, nor, and ... not, interea, meanwhile, 20. male, ill, badly, 39. neither, 5. interpretari, interpret,

malus, bad, evil, wicked, nemo, nobody, no one, 40.

31. intra, within, 7.

mandare, entrust, 25. neuter, neither, 13. intrare, enter, 32.

maneo, remain, 26. niger, black, 10. invidia, envy, 27.

manus, hand, band, 6. non, not, 18. ipse, -self, 16. mare, sea, II.

nonne, see 27, Note. ira, anger, 27.

mater, mother, 5. nonnunquam, sometimes, is, that, 16. | melior, better, 12.

21. iste, that of yours, 16.

mentior, lie, tell a lie, noster, our, ours, 15. iter, journey, march, 41.

43.

notus, known, wellmereor, deserve, 41. known, 10. messis, harvest, 5. nox, night, 25.

metior, measure, 43. nubes, cloud, 4. jubeo, order, command, metus, fear, 6.

nudus, naked, 37. 26.

meus, my, mine, 15. nullus, no, none, not jucundus, pleasant, welmiles, soldier, 3.

any, 13. come, 14.

minister, attendant, 2. | nunc, now, 29. judex, judge, 22.

minor, less, smaller, 12. nunquam, never, 21. judicium, trial, 45. juvenis, youth, 5.

miser, miserable,wretch- nuntius, messenger, 22. juxta, near, next to, 7.

ed, 10.

nutrio, nourish, 37. misceo, mix, 29. miserari, pity, 40.

mitto, send, 31. labor, labour, 39.

mollis, soft, 11. ob, on account of, 7. laborare, labour, 21.

moneo, advise, 26. obliviscor, forget, 42. lac, milk, 39.

mons, mountain, 8. obscurus, obscure, 40. laetus, glad, joyful, 14. monstrare, show, 19. obsideo, besiege, 30. latro, robber, 22. morari, delay, 40. occido, kill, 32. laudare, praise, 19. morior, die, 42,

octavus, eighth, 32. legio, legion, 31. motus, motion, 6.

oculus, eye, 2. lego, choose, read, 33. moveo, move, 26. omnino, altogether, 34. leo, lion, 3.

mulier, woman, 3. omnis, all, every, 11. lepus, hare, 40.

multitudo, multitude, 9. onerare, load, 19. levis, light, 11.

multum, much, 41. onus, burden, 3. libens, willing, 12. multus, much, pl. many, opperior, wait for, 43. libenter, willingly, 39. 10.

oppidum, town, 9. liber, book, 33.

munio, fortify, 37. opprimo, crush, 35. liberare, set free, 19. murus, wall, 2. | oppugnare, attack, 20.

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optimus, best.

| portare, carry, 19. | rideo, laugh, 26. opus, work, 11.

possum, be able, 41. risus, laugh, laughter, 6. ordior, begin, 43. post, after, since, 8. Roma, Rome, 1. orior, arise, 43.

postulare, demand, 22. Romanus, Roman, 8. ornare, adorn, 19. potius, rather, 15. rosa, rose, 1. os, mouth, 3.

prae, before, owing to, 9. os, bone, 5.

praemium, reward, 31. ovile, sheepfold, 4. praeter, beyond, except, ovis, sheep, 4.

contrary to, 8.

sacerdos, priest, 3. precari, pray, 40.

saepe, often, 17. primus, first, 31.

saevio, rage, rave, 38. pro, for, on behalf of,

salus, safety, 13. palam, in view of, 9.

in proportion to, 9.

sapiens, wise, 14. pallium, cloak, 37.

procedo, advance, 35.

| sapientia, wisdom, 1. panis, bread, 39. profecto, certainly, 17.

satis, enough, sufficientproficiscor, set out, 42, parare, prepare, 19.

ly, tolerably, 39. promitto, promise, 31. pars, part, 5.

scelus, wickedness, prope, near, 8. parvus, little, small, 10.

crime, 8. propter, on account of, 8. pastor, shepherd, 3.

scribo, write, 33. pater, father, 5. puella, girl, 1.

scutum, shield, 2. patior, suffer, allow, 42. puer, boy, 2.

se, himself, etc., 15. patria, country, 15. pugnare, fight, 24.

secundum, according to, paucus, few, 36. pulcher, beautiful, fair,

8.

10. pax, peace, 44.

secundus, second, 31. punio, punish, 37. peccare, sin, 21.

sed, but, 17. pectus, breast, 3.

seditio, sedition, 39. pedester, pedestrian, in

semper, always, 17. fantry, 12.

senatus, senate, 6. pejor, worse, 12.

quam, than, 15. senex, old man, 5. pellis, skin, hide, 4.

quartus, fourth, 31. sentio, feel, perceive, 38. penes, in the power of, 8. ] -que, and, 2.

septimus, seventh, 32. per, through, by means

queror, complain, 42. sequor, follow, 42. of, 8. quidem, indeed, 17.

servare, keep, preserve, periculum, danger, 41. quiesco, rest, 45.

19. perraro, very seldom, 21.

quintus, fifth, 32. Servius, Servius, 2. persaepe, very often, 22.

Quintus, Quintus, 2. servus, slave, 15. pes, foot, 3. quis, who ? 39.

sese, himself, etc., 15. peto, seek, beg for, 44. quoties, how often? 38.

sextus, sixth, 32. pictura, painting, pic

sic, so, thus, 34. ture, 25.

silva, wood, 40. plerumque, generally,

similis, like, similar, 42. 21.

raro, seldom, 21. sine, without, 9. poculum, cup, 29. reddo, restore, 33. singularis, extraordinpoeta, poet, 1. regina, queen, 9.

ary, 39. polliceor, promise, 41. relinquo, leave, 35.

situs, situated, 44. pone, behind, 8. reor, think, 41.

socer, father-in-law, 2. pono, place, pitch, 31. reperio, find, 38. sol, sun, 43. populari, lay waste, 40. res, thing, affair, 6. soleo, be accustomed, 29. populus, people, 9. rete, net, 4.

solus, alone, only, 13. porta, gate, 7. rex, king, 9.

sonitus, sound, 6.

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