Untouchability in Rural India
SAGE Publishing India, Aug 7, 2006 - Social Science - 216 pages
This book is focused and systematic documentation of the incidence and extent of the practice of untouchability in contemporary India. Based on the results of a large survey covering 565 villages in 11 states, it reveals that untouchability continues to be widely prevalent and is practiced in one form or another in almost 80 per cent of the villages. Field data is supplemented by information about the forms of discrimination which Dalits face in everyday life, such as:
– The ‘unclean’ occupations open to them
– The double burden of Dalit women, who suffer both gender and caste discrimination
– The upper-caste violence with which any Dalit self-assertion is met
The authors also describe Dalit efforts to overcome deeply entrenched caste hierarchies and assert their right to live with dignity. While the evidence presented here suggests that the more blatant and extreme forms of untouchability appear to have declined, discrimination continues and is most prevalent in the religious and personal spheres. The authors show that the notion of untouchability continues to pervade the public sphere, including a host of state institutions and the interactions that occur within them.
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abuse ActionAid allowed Andhra Pradesh anganvadi assertion atrocities against Dalits behaviour Bihar Brahmins carcasses caste discrimination caste system caste-based cent clothes collective Dalit and non-Dalit Dalit girl Dalit households Dalit houses Dalit students Dalit teachers Dalit women Dalit workers Dalit youth Dayal denial of access despite district dominant castes dominant-caste Dr Ambedkar dry latrines economic entry exclusion forced forms of untouchability Gujarat humiliation incident India instance investigators Jai Bhim means Jesuraj Karnataka Kerala Kurnool land Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra manual scavenging mobility non-Dalit women NOVOK observed Orissa panchayat Parayars Parbhani district persons police station political pollution positive liberty practice of untouchability prevalence public sphere Punjab Rajasthan refused reported researchers resistance rural India sample villages sarpanch savarna Scheduled Castes segregation separate Sheela Shudras social groups status Table Tamil Nadu teashop temple upper upper-caste Uttar Pradesh Velmurugan villages surveyed violence wages