The Invention of the Eyewitness: Witnessing and Testimony in Early Modern France
In an examination of eyewitness travel writing in thirteenth- through sixteenth-century France, Andrea Frisch studies the figure of the witness at a historical juncture and in a cultural context in which that figure is generally thought to have begun to assume a recognizably modern form and function.
Whereas most accounts of early modern travel literature tend to read modern presuppositions about witnessing and testimony back into the material, Frisch approaches the early modern witness in terms of the cultural legacy of the Middle Ages. Through primary readings in law and theology, Frisch documents the tension between the ethical witness (the characteristic witness of premodernity) and the epistemic witness (the modern witness) and explores the impact of that tension on the figure of the witness in pre- and early modern French-language travel literature.
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In chapter 28 , as Pantagruel prepares for the duel with the evil Loup Garou that
Edwin Duval positions as the “ epic climax ... the narrator in a position to know ,
and which posit no other perspective outside of the one assumed by the narrative
28 Because his position on the Eucharist was so frequently assailed , Calvin
published a good deal of material on the matter . See , besides Book Four of the
Institutes , his Petit traicté de la saincte Cene ( Geneva , 1540 ) ; the Brieve
What is communicated in the Calvinist Eucharist depends as much upon the
orientation of the communicant as it does on the thing communicated . The
Calvinist communicant is thus in the position of a dialogic addressee rather than
that of a ...