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BEING A

HISTORY OF ENGLAND

FROM

1816 to 1854.

WITH AN INTRODUCTION

1800 TO 1815.

BY HARRIET MARTINEAU.

VOL. III.

BOSTON:

WALKER, FULLER, AND COMPANY.

1866.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1865, by

WALKER, FULLER, AND COMPANY,

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

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CONTENTS.

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BOOK III.

Page

May, 1827

32

1826.

Three Allied Powers

33

Page Treaty of London

34

1826: November

1 The Porte

35

Opening of Parliament

2 The Egyptian Fleet

35

Death of the Duke of York.

3 Battle of Navarino

36

Funeral

4 Ambassadors leave Constantinople 37

Duke of York

6 Greek Pirates .

37

Grant to the Duke of Clarence

7 Troubles in the Cabinet

38

Illness of Lord Liverpool .

8 Dissolution of the Ministry

39

Lord Liverpool and Mr. Canning 9 | Duke of Wellington, Prime Minis-

Lord Liverpool as Minister

10 ter.

40

The Corn Bill

11

Catholic Question

12

1828.

New Administration

14

Canning summoned

14 Wellington's Administration

41

Mr. Canning consulted

15 King's Speech

44

Mr. Peel

15 The Porte

45

Resignation of Seven Cabinet Min- Finance Committee.

46

isters

16 Pension to Mr. Canning's Family, 47

Mr. Canning, Premier ,

17 Repeal of Dissenters' Disabilities

48

New Cabinet

18 Dissensions in the Cabinet

53

Retirement of Lord Eldon

18 East-Retford Bill

55

Enmity to Mr. Canning

20 Mr. Huskisson's Resignation

56

Whigs support the Government 21 Changes in the Cabinet

57

Speech of Lord Grey

22 Catholic Question

57

Business withdrawn

23 Clare Election

59

Business attempted

23 State of Ireland

63

Spring-guns

23 Brunswick Clubs

65

Criminal Law

23 Forty-shilling Freeholders

67

The Budget

23 | The Viceroy

67

The Corn Bill .

24 Recall of the Viceroy

69

Close of the Session.

24 | Aspect of the Question

69

Mr. Canning's Health

24 Close of the Session of 1828

71

Illness

25 Affairs of Portugal

71

Death

25 Don Miguel in England

72

Funeral

26 His Usurpation

72

Honors

26 Queen of Portugal

75

Character of Mr. Canning

27 Arrives in England .

76

Lord Goderich, Premier

30 Death of Lord Liverpool .

77

Mr. Huskisson

30

Duke of Wellington

30

1829.

Mr. Herries

30

Lord Dudley

31 Difficulties in the Cabinet

78

Affairs of Greece.

31 The King

79

December, 1826

32 Mr. Peel's Resignation of his Seat. 81

April, 1827

32 Speech and Address

81

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Catholic Association dissolved 81 Russia and Turkey

Catholic-relief Bill

82 Settlement of Greece

Mr. Peel

83 Distress

88 Discontents

Catholic-relief Bill passed

89 State of the King

The King's Vaccillation

90 Duke of Wellington

Catholic-relief Bill becomes Law 93 State of Parties.

Irish Forty-shilling Freeholders 94 Mr. Peel

Clare Election

96 Press Prosecutions.

Prospects of Ireland

99 King's Speech

Catholic Peers

102 Reductions

Changes in the Ministry

103 Removal of Duties

Parliamentary Reform

103 | East-India Committee

Duel.

104 Removal of a Judge

Silk Duties

105 Welsh and Scotch Judicature

The Budget

105 Jewish Disabilities.

Game Laws

105 Parliamentary Reform

Relations with Portugal

107 | Duke of Newcastle

Terceira

108 Illness of the King

State of Lisbon.

110 His Death

King's Speech

111 His Life and Character

Affairs of France

112 Characteristics of the Reign

Social Inquietude

112 Achievements

Law of the Press

113 Desiderata

Review of the National Guard 116 State of Operatives

Censorship revived

116 Game-laws

Dissolution of the Chamber of

Poisonings

Deputies

117 Burking

Resignation of Villèle

117 | Notable Crimes .

Prince Polignac

118 | York Minster fired.

Accidents: Westminster Abbey

1830.

New Brunswick Theatre

The Thames Tunnel

Polignac Ministry

119 St. Catharine's Dock

Summons to the Chambers

rs:

121 London Markets

New-Year's Day

122 Parks

King's Speech

Address of the Peers

123 Windsor Castle.

Address of Deputies

123 New Post-office

King's Reply

124 | London Clubs

Prorogation

124 Epsom Stand

Dissolution

124 Hanwell Asylum

The Elections

125 Drainage

Ministers' Memorial

126 Railway

Protest of the Journalists

128 | Reading for the Blind

Destruction of the Press.

129 Scott's Novels

Thirty Deputies

129 Shakspeare Festival

Barricades

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130 Actors

Message to the King

131 Sontag :
The King's Message

132 | Fanny Kemble
Marshal Marmont

132 Irving :
Second Conference

133 Religious Parties
Concession from the King

134 Conversions of Catholics

Retreat to St. Cloud

134 Intolerance of Opinion

Marmont's Reception .

135 Bishop of Blois .

Wandering of the Royal Family 136 Baptized Jews

Departure from France

137 Dissenters' Marriages

Reception in England

137 Press at Calcutta
Conduct of the Revolutionists 138 Stamp Duty
Fate of the Ministers

138 Protector of Slaves
Duke of Brunswick

138 First self-purchased Slave
Death of the Pope .

139 Treaty with Brazil
Accession of Pius VIII. :

139 | Spring-guns


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Page

Page

Committee

273

194 The Bill passes the Commons 273

197-220 First Reading in the Lords .

274

197, 198 Debate

274

198, 199 Lord Grey

274

199-202 The Bishops

275

202–208 The Bill lost.

278

208–212 Prorogation

278

212-217 Vote of Confidence

279

217-220 Riots at Derby and Nottingham 279

Prevalence of Order

283

National Political Union

284

Metropolitan Union

284

Question of a Creation of Peers 285

The Waverers

286

Gravity of the Time

287

Proclamation against Political

221 Unions

287

222 The Cholera .

287

222 The Unknown Tongues

288

223 Opening of the Session

289

224 Third Reform Bill .

289

225
225

1832.

226

227 Final Passage through the Com-

227

290

228 First Reading in the Lords .

291

229 Debate and Division

291

230 Pressure from Without

292

236 Meetings and Petitions

292

238 Newhall-Hill Meeting

293

239 Defeat of Ministers

295

242 | Resignation of Ministers

296

243 Address of the Commons

297

245 Attempt to form a Cabinet

298

248 Failure

298

248 Agitation throughout the Country 298

249 | The Unions

299

249 London Municipality

299

Soldiery and Police

300

Lord Grey recalled

303

King's Appeal to the Peers

304

250 Progress of the Bill

304

250 Its Passage into Law .

305

252 Position of the House of Lords 306

253 Substance of the Reform Bill

307

256 What the Bill is, and is not

309

260 State of Public Interests

309

260 | The King.

309

262 The Administration

263 | Aspects of the Time

311

263 The Cholera

312

264 The Poor-law

313

265 Swan-River Settlement

314

266 Slavery

315

267 Canada

315

268 India

315

269 Irish Church.

316

270 Tithes.

316

271 Law Reform

316

272 | Education.

316

272 Banks.

317

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