Page images

Trent, Beverley, Southwell, York, Chefter, Litchfield, Tamworth, Warwick, &c. The draughts were taken by Mr. Sedgwick, a fkilful arms-painter, then fervant to Sir Chriftopher Hatton; but the infcriptions were probably copied by Dugdale. They were depofited in Sir Chriftopher's library, to the end that the memory of them might be preferved, from the deftruction that then appeared 'imminent, for future and better times. June 1642, he was ordered by the king to repair to York; and in July, was commanded to attend the earl of Northampton, who was marching into Worcestershire and the places adjacent, in order to oppofe the forces raifed by lord Brook for the fervice of the parliament. He waited upon the king at the battle of Edge-Hill, and aftewards at Oxford, where he continued with his majesty, till the furrender of that garrifon to the parliament, June the 22d, 1646. He was created M. A. Oct. 25, 1642, and April 16, 1644, Chester-Herald. During his long refidence at Oxford, he applied himself to the fearch of fuch antiquities, in the Bodleian and other libraries, as he thought might conduce towards the furtherance of the Monafticon, then defigned by Roger Dodfworth and himfelf; as alfo whatever might relate to matter of hiftory, concerning the ancient nobility of this realm, of which he made much ufe in his Baronage.

After the furrender of Oxford upon articles, Dugdale, having the benefit of them, and having compounded for his eftate, repaired to London; where he and Dodfworth proceeded vigorously in completing their collections out of the Tower records and Cottonian library. He fuffered a fhort avocation in 1648, when he attended lord and lady Hatton to Paris; but, returning to England in two months, he purfued, with his coadjutor, the work he had undertaken. When they were ready, the book fellers not caring to venture upon fo large and hazardous a work, they printed at their own charge the first volume; which was published in 1655, in folio, under this title, "Monafticon Anglicanum: five, pandectæ cœnobiorum Benedictinorum, Cluniacenfium, Ciftercenfium, Carthufianorum. A primordiis ad eorum ufque diffolutionem. Ex mff. ad monafteria olim pertinentibus, archivis turrium Lond. Ebor. Curiarum Scaccarii, Augmentationum; bibliothecis, Bodleiana, Arundelliana, Cottoniana, Seldeniana, Hattoniana, aliifque, digeftum;" adorned with the profpects of abbies, churches, &c. The fecond volume was publifhed in folio in 1661. They were collected, and totally written by Dodfworth; but Dugdale took great pains in methodizing and difpofing the materials, in making feveral indexes to them, and in correcting them at the prefs; for Dodsworth died in 1654, before the tenth part of the first volume was printed off. A third volume was published in 1673. These three volumes contain chiefly the foundation-charters of the monafteries at their firft erection, the donation-charters in after-times


[ocr errors]

DUGDALE-(Sir Wiliam).

being purpofely omitted; which are fo numerous, that twenty fuch volumes would not contain them.

[ocr errors]


In the mean time he printed at his own charge, and published in 1656, "The Antiquities of Warwickshire illuftrated; from records, ledger-books, manufcripts, charters, evidences, tombs, and arms beautified with maps, profpects, and portraitures,' folio. The author tells us in his preface, that he fpent the greatest part of his time, for more than twenty years, in accomplishing this work; which indeed is reckoned his mafter-piece, and withal is allowed to be one of the beft methodized and most accurate accounts that ever was written of this nature. A fecond edition was published in 1730," in two volumes, printed from a copy corrected by the author himfelf, and with the original copper-plates. The whole revifed, augmented, and continued down to this prefent time, by William Thomas, D. D. fome time rector of ExHall in the fame county." While this work was printing, which was for near a year and a half, Dugdale continued in London, for the fake of correcting the prefs; during which time he had an opportunity of collecting materials for another work, which he publifhed in 1658. It was "The Hiftory of St. Paul's Cathedral in London, from its foundation till these times: extracted out of original charters, records, ledger-books, and other manufcripts. Beautified with fundry profpects of the church-figures of the tombs, and monuments, &c." folio. A fecond edition of this curious work, corrected and enlarged by the author's own hand, was publifhed in 1716, in folio, by Edward Maynard, D. D. rector of Boddington in Northamptonfhire: to which is prefixed his life written by himself.

[ocr errors]

Upon the restoration of Charles II. Dugdale was, through chancellor Hyde's recommendation, advanced to the office of Norroy king at arms and in 1662, he publifhed "The Hiftory of imbanking and draining of divers Fens and Marthes, both in foreign parts and in this kingdom, and of the improvement thereby. Extracted from records, manufcripts, and other authentic testimonies. Adorned with fundry maps, &c." This work was written at the request of the lord Gorges, Sir John Martham, and others, who were adventurers in draining the great level, which extends itself into a confiderable part of the counties of Cambridge, Huntingdon, Northampton, Norfolk, and Suffolk. About the fame time he completed the fecond volume of Sir Henry Spelman's councils, and published it in 1664, under this title: "Concilia, decreta, leges, conftitutiones in re-ecclefiarum orbis Britannici, &c. ab introitu Normannorum A. D. 1066, ad exutum papam A. D. 1531. Accefferunt etiam alia ad rem ecclefiafticam fpectantia, &c." Archbishop Sheldon and lord Clarendon had been the chief promoters of this work, and put Dugdale upon it: and what share he had in it will appear from hence, that out of 294 articles, of B 2 which

which that volume confifts, 191 are of his collecting; being thofe marked in the lift of the contents, at the beginning of the volume. The fame great perfonages put him alfo upon publifhing the fecond part of that learned knight's Gloffary. The first part was published in 1626, folio, and afterwards confiderably augmented and corrected by Sir Henry. He did not live to finish the fecond, but left much of it loofely written; with obfervations, and fundry bills of paper pinned thereto. Thefe Dugdale took the pains to difpofe into proper order, tranfcribing many of those papers; and having revifed the first part, caufed both to be printed together in 1664, under the title of "Gloffarium Archaiologicum continens Latino-Barbara, peregrina, obfoleta, & novæ fignificationis vocabula." The fecond part, digefted by Dugdale, began at the letter M; but Wood obferves, that "it comes far fhort of the firft." There was another edition of this work in 1687.

In 1666, he publifhed in folio "Origines Juridiciales: or, Hiftorical Memoirs of the English laws, courts of justice, forms of trial, punishment in cafes criminal, law-writers, law-books, grants and fettlements of eftates, degree of ferjeants, inns of court and chancery. Alfo a chronology of the lord chancellors and keepers of the great feal, lord treaturers, juftices itinerant, juftices of the king's bench and common pleas, barons of the exchequer, mafters of the rolls, king's attornies and folicitors, and ferjeants at law." This book is adorned with the heads of Sir John Clench, Sir Edward Coke, Sir Randolph Crew, Sir Robert Heath, Edward earl of Clarendon, to whom it is dedicated, Sir Orlando Bridgman, Sir John Vaughan, and Mr. Selden. There are alfo plates of the arms, in the windows of the Temple-Hall, and other inns of court. A fecond edition was publifhed in 1671, and a third in 1680. His next work was, "The Baronage of England:" of which the first volume appeared in 1675, and the second and third in 1676, folio. The first gives "An historical account of the lives and moft memorable actions of our English nobility in the Saxons time to the Norman conqueft; and, from thence, of thofe who had their rife before the end of king Henry the Third's reign." The fecond-" of those who had their rife after the end of king Henry the Third's reign, and before the eleventh year of king Richard II." The third-" of those who had their rife from the tenth year of king Richard II. until the prefent year 1676," says the author in the title. Though the collecting materials for this work coft him, as he tells us, a great part of thirty years labour, yet there are fo many faults in it, that, it feems, the gentlemen at the Heralds-Office dare not depend entirely upon its authority., With all its faults, however, the work is very ufeful, and might be made much more fo, were it well reviewed and corrected.

Feb. 1676-7, our antiquary was appointed Garter principal king of arms. He was folemnly created Garter, the 24th of May;


DUGDALE-(Sir William).

and the day after received from his majesty the honour of knighthood, much against his will, by reafon of the fmallnefs of his eftate. In 1681, he publifhed, "A fhort view of the late troubles in England: briefly fetting forth their rife, growth, and tragical conclufion. As alfo, fome parallel thereof with the barons wars in the time of king Henry III. but chiefly with that in France, called the Holy League, in the reigns of Henry III. and Henry IV. late kings of that realm. To which is added, A perfect narrative of the treaty at Uxbridge, in the year 1644, folio." He published alfo at the fame time," The Ancient Ufage in bearing of fuch enfigns of honour, as are commonly called Arms. With a true and perfect catalogue of the nobility of England: a true and perfect lift of all the prefent knights of the Garter, &c. as they now ftand in St. George's-Chapel in Windfor-Caftle, Sept. 10, 1681: and, a catalogue of the baronets of England, from the first erection of that dignity, until the 4th of July 1681 inclufive." 8vo. A fecond edition of this book was published in the beginning of the year following, with many additions. The last thing he publifhed, was, "A perfect copy of all fummons of the nobi lity to the great councils and parliaments of this realm, from the 49th of king Henry III. until these present times. With catalogues of fuch noblemen, as have been fummoned to parliament in right of their wives; and of fuch noblemen as derive their titles of honour from the heirs-female of their family; and of fuch noblemen's eldeft fons, as have been fummoned to parliament by fome of their father's titles." 1685, folio. He wrote fome other things relating to the fame fubjects, which were never published; and was likewife the chief promoter of the Saxon dictionary by Mr. William Somner, printed at Oxford in 1659. His collections of materials for the Antiquities of Warwickfhire, and Baronage of England, all written with his own hand, being twenty-feven volumes in folio, he gave by will to the univerfity of Oxford; together with fixteen other volumes, fome of his own hand-writing: and they are now preferved in Afhmole's Museum. likewife feveral books to the Heralds-Office in London, and procured many more for the fame.

He gave

At length this very induftrious man, contracting a great cold at Blythe-Hall, died of it in his chair, Feb. 10, 1685-6, in his 81ft year and was interred at Shuftoke in a little vault which he had caufed to be made in the church there. Over that vault he had erected in his life-time an altar-tomb of free-stone; and had caufed to be fixed in the wall about it a tablet of white-marble, with an epitaph of his own writing, in which he tells us of his afcending gradually through all the places in the office of heralds, till he was made Garter principal king of arms, which is the highest.

His wife died Dec. 18, 1681, aged 75, after they had been married 59 years. He had feveral children by her, fons and



daughters. One of his daughters was married to Elias Afhmole, efq. All his fons died young, except John, who was created M. A. at Oxford, in 1661; being then chief gentleman in the chainber of Edward earl of Clarendon, lord-chancellor of England. Ot. 1675, he was appointed Windfor-Herald, upon the relignation of his brother-in-law Elias Afhmole, efq. and Norroy king of Arms in March 1685-6, about which time he was knighted by James II. He publifhed "A Catalogue of the nobility of England, according to their refpective precedencies, as it was prefented to his majesty on New-Year's-Day 1684. To which is added, the blazon of their paternal coats of arms, and a lift of the prefent bifhops." Printed at London, on a broad fide of a large Theet of paper, in 1685: and again, with additions, in 1690. This Sir John Dugdale died August 31, 1690.

DUFFET (THOMAS). This author was a milliner in the New-Exchange; but, his genius leading him to dramatic poetry, he wrote feveral pieces for the ftage, which at firft met with good fuccefs, but afterwards funk into contempt and oblivion. Traveftie and burlefque will ever create a laugh; but, however intended, can never do any effential hurt to performances of real worth; nor could" The Mock Tempeft," "Pfyche," or "Empress of Morocco," leffen, in the opinion of the judicious, the value of the originals on which they are founded. The pieces Mr. Duffet has left behind him, the beft of which were thofe which met with the worst fuccefs, are fix in number. They are enumerated in the "Biographia Dramatica.”

DUGUET (JAMES-JOSEPH), a French writer, and author of almost twenty works in the French language, was born in 1649, and became a prieft of the Oratory. In 1685, he quitted the Oratory, and went to Bruffels to his great friend Arnauld: but, the air of this place not agreeing with him, he returned the fame year to France, and lived a very retired life in the midst of Paris. He afterwards lived with the prefident Le Menars. His oppofition to the Bull Unigenitus, and his attachment to the doctrine of his friend Quefnel, occafioned him much trouble, by obliging him often to fhift his quarters. He was in Holland, at Troyes, and Paris; but there was a fweetnefs and moderation in his make, which kept him always tranquil. He died at Paris in 1733. All his works are upon fubjects of theology and piety, except "De l'Education d'un Prince;" firft printed in 4to. and afterwards in 4 vols. 12mo. with his life prefixed by Abbé Goujet. The style of Duguet is clear, pure, and elegant, but too diffuse.

DUKE (RICHARD), was bred at Westminster and Cambridge, and was fome time tutor to the duke of Richmond. He appears


« PreviousContinue »