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and godliness, that no man of ordinary capacity could hear his usual and inost familiar discourses, without great advantage, or great negligence. Some persons of high rank who visited him, when going abroad upon hazardous employments, acknowledged that they received from him such wise and pious counsels as stuck closely by them, and that they were much the better for them.--He was indeed far from excluding common affairs from his conversation ; nor did he hanish from it that pleasantry which well becomes it; for which his acquaintance with a most delightful variety of story, both ancient and modern, gave him an advantage beyond most. To place religion in a morose sourness, was far from his practice, his judgment, and his temper. But he shewed a mind most intent upon divine things : and his discourse on other subjects was interwoven with religion, and centered in it ; especially what is most vital and essential to it; of which he used to speak with that savour and relish which plainly shewed he was not acting a part, but spoke from the settled temper and habit of his soul. “I never " knew any one (says Mr. Howe) more frequent or affec" tionate in the admiration of divine grace, upon all occa* sions, than he was, as none had a deeper sense of the im
potence and depravity of human nature. Into what transports
of admiration of the love of God have I seen him “ break forth, when some things not immediately relating to “ practical godliness had taken up great part of our time! “ How easy a step did he make it from earth to heaven ! “ With what high flights of thought and affection was he
wont to speak of the heavenly state! Even like a man s much more akin to the other world than this. Let those “ who often visited him say, whether he did not usually " send them away with somewhat that tended to better their * spirits, and quicken them in their way heavenwards.”
He did not look with a careless eye upon public affairs, but considered and spoke of them as a man of large prospect, and deep reflection; with great prudence and temper, both as lying under the conduct of divine providence, and as relating to the interest of religion.--He was for many years one of the Tuesday lecturers at Salters-hall, where he preached to a thronged assembly. In the latter part of his Jife his residence was at Hackney, where he exercised his ministry with great success, [in a society of Protestant Dissenters, who used to assemble in a large and ancient, but irregular edifice, situated in Mare-street, which was stand
ing till the year 1773, where he was succeeded by Mr. Robert Billio, another ejected minister. The Doctor died July 14, 1699, aged 74. Mr. Howe's funeral sermon for him (founded on John xi. 16. Let us also go and die with him) contains a most passionate lamentation over him, in a strength of language characteristic of that great writer. It is often to be met with alone in 12mo. with the Doctor's portrait.]
It appears from Dr. Bates's own account of himself, that he had for some years been remarkably infirm. In the beginning of his funeral sermon for Dr. Jacomb, preached April 3, 1687, when he was about 62 years of age, he says, “O frail and faithless life of man! Who would have " thought that Dr. Jacomb, whose natural vigour and “ firm complexion promised a longer continuance here, “should have a period put to his days, and that I should sur“ vive, whose life has been preserved for many years, like “ the weak light of a lamp in the open air. *"
WORKS. Discourses on the existence of God, the immortality of the soul, and the divinity of the christian religion. The harmony of the divine attributes in man's redemption.—The great duty of resignation.—The danger of prosperity.Sermons on the forgiveness of sin.—The sure trial of uprightness. The four last things; including his Final happiness of man.--On Spiritual Perfection.-Eleven Sermons on various subjects (very short.) Serm. on the death of Q. Mary.--Fun. sermon for Dr. Manton; Dr. Jacomb; Mr. Baxter; Mr. Clarkson ; Mr. Benj, Ashurst. -On divine meditation. On the fear of God.—These after his death were collected in one vol. fol. and dedicated to K. William by his widow. To the ed edition is added, The everlasting Rest of the saints in heaven. Dr. Bates also, in conjunction with Mr. Howe, wrote a pref. to Chafty on the Sabbath, and to Ld. Stairs's Vindic. of the divine Attrib. He was likewise the Editor of a biographical work in Latin, of which the exact title is, “ Vitæ selectorum aliquot virorum qui doctrina, dignitate aut
pielate inclaruere.” The number of lives is 32, written by va rious authors, most of whose names are prefixed. Six of them are anonymous. The life of B. Gilpin by Carleton, written in English, was translated into Latin by Dr. Bates; and another written in
The whole of this sermon, containing twenty folio pages, upon John xii. 26. is an admirable performance; particularly that part of it, which rclates to the ministerial character and duty. It contains a numher of the most striking passages, and the most beautiful illustrations that are any where to be met with. The editor takes the liberty of recommending the attentive perusal of it to every christian minister, who has Dr. Bates's works in his Possession, or cap procure the use of them.
French, translated by another person, at his request. The Dr.'s name is not in the title-page, but it is at the end of the dedication to Lord Russel; whence it appears, from the expression “ Nonullis de novo additis," that tho' he was not the author * of this work, he made some additions to it.
ST. FAITH'S UNDER Ss. Paul's. [R. S.] ARTHUR JACKSON, A. M. of Trin. Col. Camb. Born at little Waldingfield in Suffolk. His father, who was a Spanish merchant in London, died when he was young, and his mother who afterwards married Sir T. Crooke, Bart. dying in Ireland, he was placed by his guardian, Mr. Jos. Jackson of Edmonton, under a tutor at Cambridge, who was so inattentive to his pupils, that any of them, as he said, might have been for months absent without his knowing it. But being, through the grace of God, of a very studious turn, he was careful to improve his time to the utmost. At that early period he commenced a habit, which he continued till the time of his death, of rising at three or four o'clock both summer and winter, seldom studying less than fourteen or sixteen hours in the day. His sight was so good, even to the last, that he could read the smallest Greek print without spectacles, by moon-light. But he was so short-sighted that he could not distinguish his friends when he met them in the street; which occasioned some who did not thoroughly know him, to accuse him of pride, for not returning their civilities, He continued in the college till the year 1619, when he married the eldest daughter of Mr. T. Bownert of Stoneberry, Herts, with whom he lived forty-seven years in the greatest endearment, and by whom he had three sons and five daughters.
Soon after his marriage he was chosen by the inhabitants of St. Michael's, Wood-street, to be their lecturer, and after the death of Mr. Brogden, called to be their pastor. When the plague broke out in 1624, he sent his wife and children to her father in Hertfordshire, being determined to continue in the city, where he discharged all the duties of a faithful pastor; hazarding his own life to save the souls of his flock, often visiting persons infected with that dreadful dis
* Dr. Calamy had mentioned this work' as 'intitled Batesii Vitæ selectæ, (probably from the lettering on the back) which has led some to suppose that he was the author. For this reason I have given the above circumstan. tial account, communicated in substance by Dr. Fuineaux : and the rather as the book is scarce and very little known. It is a large 410.
case: and the Lord wonderfully preserved him from the iufection, when thousands fell around him. He preached constantly twice on the Lord's day, and catechized the children before sermon. He also repeated a sermon in the evening in his own family, to which many of his hearers resorted. During Lent he always spent some hours in the church two days in the week, examining and instructing men and maidservants and others, in order to prepare them for the Lord's Supper: and many long afterwards thankfully acknowledged the benefit they received from his labours. He had such a peculiar talent for catechizing, that he pleased as well as profited; so that many who were at first backward to attend this service, were so much delighted with his serious affectionate and familiar method of instruction, that they were eager to enjoy the benefit of it. He likewise improved the leisure afforded on holidays in preaching to servants and other persons, who were not at liberty on other days; and his labours on these occasions were crowned with success in the conversion of many
souls to God. Not long after his coming to London, the Cloth-workers' Company, of which his father and uncle were members and governors, chose him to be their chaplain, to whom he preached once every quarter at Lamb's chapel, where also he sometimes dispensed the communion, on a turn-up-table, which was used at other times for different purposes. Laud, then Bishop of London, hearing of this, sent for Mr. Jackson, and expressed his dislike of it; saying, “I know not 6 what you young divines think, but for my part, I know
no other place of residence that God hath on earth, but the “ high altar :" forgetting the doctrine of scripture and of the homily concerning
the bodies and souls of true Christians, as the special temples of God. Mr. Jackson never read, and resolved not to read, the Book of Sports; but through God's providence he was preserved from being ever disturbed on that account.
Some persons complained of him to the then Archbishop, Laud, for this omission, who answered, " Mr. " Jackson is a quiet peaceable man, and therefore I will not * have him meddled with.” Abp. Sheldon likewise passed the like encomiums upon him, notwithstanding his known difference in judgment concerning church-government and ceremonies.
He continued many years in the rectory of St. Michael's, though the income was so small that he spent 20001. of his own during the time he was there. And though he was
But in two years
-chosen at Wapping, with the offer of 1201. a year, he yielded to the request of his former hearers to continue with them, on their promising him 100 l. per annum. the sum fell so far short, that some of his best friends
persuaded him to accept any better situation that might be offered. Such a one there soon was from the inhabitants of St. Faith's, whose parish church was under St. Paul's, and he accepted it. Here he continued preaching twice every Lord's day, till Aug. 24. 1662, excepting about seventeen weeks, when he was confined to the Fleet for refusing to give evidence against Mr. Love, before what was called A high court of Justice, who also fined him 5001.--He paid a special attention to young persons in private as well as in public, several of whom he engaged to meet every week for prayer and religious conversation. He advised them to propose a question at one meeting, to be discussed at the next; and he not only prayed with them, but directed them how to manage these meetings to the best advantage, and cautioned them against those evils of which they might otherwise have been productive. The benefit of them many long remembered with pleasure and thankfulness.
When Charles II. upon his restoration, inade his entrance into the city, Mr. Jackson was appointed by the ministers to present to him a Bible as he passed through St. Paul's churchyard, which was in his parish ; when he addressed his Ma. jesty in a short congratulatory speech, which was graciously received *. He was also one of the commissioners of the Savoy.
After Mr. Jackson, with his brethren, was discharged from public service, he retired first to Hadley near Barnet, and afterwards to his eldest son's at Edmonton. When the plague again broke out, some of his friends in the city made him a visit, lamenting that he had left them ; upon which he offered to go and preach to them again if they could procure him liberty; which they promised to attempt, but in vain. When the five-mile-act passed, he was much concerned to be banished so far from his flock, among whom he had laboured forty years; but upon prayer and serious consideration, he could not be satisfied to comply with the terms required, and resolved patiently to bear whatever might befall him ; saying
* It is worthy of being recorded, That his Majcsły, in his answer to the address of these ministers, on this occasion, told them, “ That he must * tribute his Restoration, under God, to their prayers and endeavours." If song as Dr, Calamy remarks, he made them a sad return afterwards,