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bat'ter-y (bắt’ết-i), two or more
pieces of artillery in the field. bay'o-net (bā'o-nět), a dagger fitted
on the muzzle of a musket. bay'ou (bi'00), an inlet from a gulf,
lake, or large river. Beau Se-jour' (bo-să-zhoor'), a French
fort upon the neck of land connecting Acadia and the mainland. It
had just been taken by the British, "beard the li-on," defy. Beautiful Gate,
an entrance to the temple in Jerusalem. See Acts III
2 and John X-7. Beautiful River, the Ohio. beck (běk), call. bee' tling (bē' tliag), projecting : jutting
out. Beg (băg), p. 19. be-got'ten (bê-got''n), caused to
exist; born. be-guile' (bê-gil'), relieve the tedium
or weariness of, entertain bel' fry (běl'fri), a bell tower. Bell, name of an inn. Belle Au-rore' (běl ô-rör'). the dawn. "bell or book," religious ceremony; Belle-fon-taine' (běl-fon-tān'), p. 199. bel-lig'er-ent (bě-lij'ēr-ěnt), waging
war. bel' lows (běl'öz), an instrument for
driving, air through a tube. "belt-ed knight,".. girt with a belt as
an honorary distinction. ben'e-dic/i-te (běn'é-dis'i-tê), a chant
or hymn, the Latin version of which begins with this word; an exclama.
tion corresponding to “Bless you!” ben'e-diction (běn'é-dik, shủn), a
blessing. be-nef'i-cence (be-něf'i-sèns), good
ness or charity. be-nign' (bê-nin'), of a kind disposi.
tion. be-nig' nant. (be-nig' nănt), kind. be-seech' (be-séch'), entreat. be-stead' (bê-stěd'), put in peril. bes' tial (běs' chål), beastly; vile. be-stow' (bê-sto'), give; grant. be-troth'al (be-troth'ăl), contract to
anyone for a marriage. bev'er-age (běv'ēr-åj), drink. bick'er (hỉk'ěr), move quickly with
a pattering noise, p. 44. bier (bēr), a frame on which a corpse
is borne to the grave. big'ot (big'ŭt), one blindly devoted to
his own opinion;, narrow-minded. big'ot-ry (bỉg'ŭt-rỉ), narrow-mindedbi-og'ra-phy (bi-og'rå-fi), the written
history of a person's life. birk'ie (bûr'ki). See note, p. 98. blanch (blanch), take the color out
of; whiten. blas' phe-my (blås' fé-mi). impious
speech against God or sacred things. blast (blást), a violent gust of wind.
bla'zoned (bla'z'nd), adorned, de
picted in color. blithe (blith), gay, joyous, blithe'some (blith'sům), happy, gay. Blom'i-don (blóm'i-dìn), moun
tain in Nova Scotia. bod'kin (bod' kĩn), a pointed imple.
ment for making holes in cloth. bonds'man (bồndz'măn),
who gives security for another. “bonnet and plume.”, a soft cap worn
by men in Scotland. Boom (bom), a town in Belgium. boon (boon), a gift : bountiful; gay. boot'less (boot'lēs), useless. Bor'der (bôr'dêr), the frontier be
tween England and Scotland. “bore the bell,” carried off the prize.
A bell was formerly used as a prize
in races. bosk'y (bös'ki), woody or bushy. bos'om (booz'ům), the breast. Both'ni-a (both'ni-å). Gulf of-the
northern arm of the Baltic Sea be.
tween Finland and Sweden. boun’ti-ful (bounʼti-fool), liberal. bourn (börn), a boundary; limit. bow (bou), the forward part of a ship.
p. 39 (bo) to rhyme with tow. Bow' doin (bồodon), in Brunswick,
Maine, college from which Long
fellow graduated in 1825. Boz-zar'is, Mar'co (bo-zăr'is, Mär'
kö). See note, p. 84. brack'ish (brăk'ish). saltish; distaste.
ful. Brad'dock (brăd'úk), a British gen
eral who met defeat and was killed in 1755. Bra-gan’za (brä-gân’zä), a reigning
family of Portugal. brake (brāk), a fern; a thicket. brawl (bról). noise; quarrel. breach (brēch), an opening in; a
break. break'ers (brāk'ērz), waves breaking
into foam against the shore. breech'es (brich'ěz), trousers. Bret' on (brět'ŭn), province of
France. brig (brig), a two-masted vessel. bri-gade' (bri-gād'), a body of troops
larger than a regiment. brink (brink),. verge or edge. Brit'ish Min' is-try, the British Gov.
ernment. Brit'on (brit'ŭn), a native of Eng.
land. broad' side' (brød sid'), the side of a
ship above the waterline, from bow
to quarter. broad sword' (bröd sord'), a sword
with a broad blade and cutting edge. Brook Farm, farm near
Boston, where an experiment in agriculture and education was tried by a group
of literary people. Bruns' wick (brūnz-wsk), Duke of
Brunswick (Frederick William) was
killed in the engagement described, Bru'tus (broo'tủs), a Roman politi.
cian who joined in the assassination
of Caesar. Buck'holm (bük'hom), p. 174. buff'coat (bŭf'köt), a military coat
made of buff leather. buf' fet (bŭf'ět), a blow. bulk, head' (bůlk/ hěd'), a wall to re
sist pressure of earth or water. Bun-ker Hill, a hill near Boston where
a famous battle was fought. buoy'an-cy. (bou ăn-si), lightness. burg'er (bûr' gēr), an inhabitant of a
borough. bur' gess-es (bûr' jěs-ěs), citizens of a
borough Bur-gun'di-an (bür-gün' di-ăn), per
taining to Burgundy, a province of
France on the Rhone river. bus'kin (bỏs'kin), a covering for the
foot and leg, worn by tragic actors. ca'd (cä'd), Scotch for called. ca'dence (kā'děns), a fall of the voice;
rhythm. Cad'mus (kåd' můs), in Greek legend
the founder of Thebes and introducer of the letters of the Greek
alphabet. Cae'sar, Julius (sē'zår), (100 B. C.
44 B. Č.), a famous Roman general,
statesman and writer. Cai'us
Ma'ri-us (kā'yŭs ma'rē-üs). See note, p. 334. ca-lamoi-ty (ki-lămoi-ti), misfortune;
disaster. cal' en-der (kằ1°ăn-dễr), one
whose business it is to press cloth or paper
between cylindrical rollers. cal' um-ny (kål'ŭm-ni), slander. “Calvin's creed.” Calvin was a celebrated reformer whose doctrines are
noted for their severity. Camỏer-on (kmẽ -õn). See note, p.
78. can' did (kăn' did), frank; open. Can'no-bie Lee (kằn'ö-bé lė), a lea
or large open space in Scotland. can'non-adei (kằn’ũn-ad), dis
charging of .cannon. ca-pac'i-ty (kå-păs'i-ti), power. "cap and bells,” the tokens or signs of
a jester or clown, therefore, foolish
pleasures. Cape Pal' mas (päl' mäs), a promon.
toryon the coast of Liberia, western
Africa. ca'per (kā'pēr),. "cutting a caper,”
to leap about in a frolicsome man. ca'pon (kā' põn), choice chicken. ca-price (kå-prēs”), whim, fancy. Cap'u-a (căp'ú-á), an ancient city in Italy near Naples, famous for its
wealth and luxury. ca-reer (ka-rēr'), move rapidly. car'ri-on (kõr'i-ün), dead and decay.
ing flesh of an animal.
Car'thage (kär' thāj), an ancient city
in northern Africa. Its wars with
Rome are known as the Punic Wars. case'ment (kās' měnt), a hinged win
dow sash. cas'u-al (közh'ů-ål), happening with
out regularity. cath'o-lic (kăth'ö-lik), liberal. caul'dron (kôl'drún), a large kettle. cause' way (köz' wā), raised road over
wet ground. cav' al-cade! (káv'ål-kād!), a proces
sion of persons on horseback. ce-les'tial (se-lěs' chål), heavenly,
divine. cen'o-taph (sěn'ő-tåf), a monument
to one buried elsewhere. cen'ser (sěn' sēr), a vessel in which
incense is burned. cen'sor-ship (sěn' sor-ship), office or
power to examine papers for the press and suppress what is thought
harmful. cen'sure (șěn' shůr), blame. cen' tu-ry-cir-cled (sěn'tů-ri-sûr'k'ld),
having a hundred circles, indicating ces-sa'tion (sě-sā'shŭn), pause, stop. ces'tus (sěs' tūs), girdle. chaise (shăz), a two-wheeled carriage. chal'ice (chăl'is), a cup. Chalk-ley's Journal. Thomas Chalkley
à traveling. Quaker preacher. His journal, published in 1747, told of his many wonderful experiences. Cham' bered Nau'ti-lus (chămobẽnd
nó'ti-lūs), a shellfish belonging to
the highest class of mollusks. chan'cel (chån'sěl), that part of a
church containing the altar. chan'ti-cleer (chăn ti-kler), a cock, so
called from his clear voice in
crowing. cha'os (ka-os), disorder. cha-ot'ic (ka-ot'ik), confused. chap'let (chåp'lět), wreath. char' ac-ter-ize (kár' åk-tēr-iz), de
scribe. chasm (kăz'm), deep opening, gap: Chat' ta-hoo' chee (chắtoa-hoỏi chê),
river in Georgia which forms part of its western boundary. chaunt (chant), song, especially one
that is solemn and slow. Cheap'side (chép'sid), the central
east-and-west street of London, formerly a market. “Chepe" is the old English word for market. Cher'so-nese (kûr'ső-nēz), Athenians
who had colonized the peninsula be. tween the Hellespont and the Gulf of Melos. Miltiades ruled
over them. chi-mer'i-cal (ki-měr'i-kål), unreal,
fantastic. chiv' al-ry (shỉv'ål-ri),
of knighthood, courtesy. chow'der (chou'děr), a dish made of
fresh fish or clams, biscuit, etc., stewed together.
chron'i-cle (krõn'i-k'l), historical
record. churl'ish (chûr'lish), rough, ill bred. ci'de-vant (sēdē-vän), former. cir'cuit (sûr' kit), a regular journey
from place to place; the district
journeyed over, cir' cum-scribe! (sûr'kům-skrib.), in.
close, encircle. cit'a-del (sīt'à-děl), fortress. “civ'il feuds” (siv'il füds), quarrels
within one's own country. clam'or (klăm'ēr), an outcry; uproar. clan (klån). See note, p. 93. clang (klăng), strike together so as to
produce a ringing metallic sound. clan'gor (klăn' gēr), a sharp, harsh,
ringing sound. clap'board (klăp'bord),
board, thicker at one edge than at the other, for weatherboarding
houses. cleave (klēv), cling; open or crack. cleft (klěst), crack, crevice. clement (klěm'ěnt), mild. cler' gy (klûr'ji), a body of ministers
of the gospel. cloud-ves'ture (kloud-věs'tûr), clothing
of clouds. Co-che' cho (ko-chē'cho), Indian name
for Dover, N. H. cocked' hat (kokt), a hat with the
brim turned up; co-he'sion (kő-hé' zhŭn), close union. co'hort (ko'hôrt), in the ancient Ro
man army, a body of about 500 sol
diers. coil (koil), p. 103 trouble; the body. co-inoci-dence (k-in’si-dẹns), a hap
pening at the same time. co-los'sal (kő-los'ăl), of
enormous size. Co-man ches (ki-mănochez), a tribe
of Indians noted for their warlike
character. come'ly (kům'li), pleasing: com'ment (kõm'ént), meditate upon;
a remark or criticism. com-mis' sion-er (ko-mish' ún-ér)
officer having charge of some de
partment of public service. com-mod'i-ty (ko-mod'1-ti), goods,
wares. com'mu-nal (kõm'ů-năl), having prop
erty in common. com-mune' (ko-mūn'), take counsel. com-mu'ni-cate (ko-mū'ni-kāt), make
known. com-mun'ion (ko-mūn'yŭn), intercom pass (kům' pås), size, capacity. com'pen-sate (kom' pěn-sāt), recom
pense or reward. com-pete' (kom-pēt'), seek or strive
for the same thing. com'pe-tence (kom'pe-těns), property
sufficient for comfort. com-pla'cen-cy (kõm-plā'sěn-si), self
satisfaction. com-pli'ance (kõm-pli'åns), yielding.
com-ply' (kom.pli'), yield, assent. com-po'nent (kõm-põ'něnt), compos.
ing; an ingredient. com-port' (kom-port'), agree or suit,
conduct. com-pose' (kom-põz'), put together;
quiet. com'po-sition (kõm'po-zish, un),
combination, make-up. com-po'sure (kom-põ' zhůr), calm. com'pre-hend' (kõm'pré-hěnd' ), un
derstand. com'pre-hension (kõm'pre-hěn' shủn),
perception, understanding, com'pre-heni sive (kõm'pré-hěn/ siv),
including much. com-pressed' (kom-prěst') pressed to
gether. com-prise'. (kom-priz'), include. com'
pro-mise (kom'pro-miz), agreement in which all parties con
cerned give up something. con'cave kon'kāv), hollow and curved
in. con-ceal' (kõn-sēl'), hide from ob
servation. con-cede' (kõn-sēd'), grant or allow. con-ceive'
(kon-sēv'), understand; think. con-cen'ter (kön-sěn'tēr), bring to, or
meet in a common center; condense. con'cen-trate (kõn'sěn-trāt), bring to,
or meet in a common center; con
dense, con-cen'tric (kon-sěn'trik), having a
common center. con-cep_tion
(kon-sěp'shủn), formation in the mind of an image
notion. con-cil'i-ate (kõn-sil'1-āt), reconcile,
pacify. con-clu'sive (kon-kloo'siv), convinc
ing; final. con cord (kõn'kôrd), state of agree
ment; harmony. con-currence (kön-kür'ěns), agree
ment in opinion. con-duce' (kon-düs') lead or tend. con-found' (kõn-found') confuse;
blend. con-geal' (kon-jēl'), freeze; thicken. con'gre-gate (kõn'gré-gāt), assemble. con-jure (kõn-joor"), call on solemn
ly: con' jure (kūn'jēr), call forth or
pel by magic arts. con jur-ing book (kůn' jēr.ing), a copy,
of Cornelius Agrippa's "Magic,
printed in 1657. con-nu' bi-al (ko-nü'bi-ăl), pertaining
to, marriage. Con'script
Fathers (kõn'skript), translation of a certain form used in addressing the senate of ancient
Rome. con'se-crate (kõn' sê-krāt), dedicate,
hallow. con-serv'a-tive (kõn-sûr' vå-tv),
opposed to change; safe. con-sign' (kõn-sin'), intrust; deliver.
con-sist'ent (kon-sis'těnt), not con
tradictory; having harmony among
its parts. con strue (kon'stroo), interpret, ex
plain. con'sul (kõn'sòl), commercial agent
of a government in a foreign coun
try; a magistrate. con-sume' (kõn-sūm') destroy; swal.
low up. con'sum-ma/ tion (kõn'sů-mā/ shủn),
achievement; end. con-ta' gious (kon-tā jūs), catching. con' tem-plate (kon'těm-plāt), view;
study. con-tempt'i-ble. (kon-těmp'ti-b'l), de
serving, disdain; despised. con-temp tu-ous (kõn-těmp'tů-us),
scornful. con-ten’tion (kon-tẽn’shăn), strife. con-tex'ture (kon-těks'tûr), system;
texture. conti-nui-ty (kön’ti-nuoi-ti), the be
ing continuous. con'trite (kõn'trit), humbly penitent. con-triotion (kõn-trish'ün), self
proach. con'tu-me-ly (kõn'tů-me-li), disdain,
scorn. con-vene' (kõn-vēn'). assemble. con' vex (kõn' věks), rising or swelling
into a rounded form; opposite from con 'vo-lut'ed (kõn/ vē-lūt'ěd), rolled
together, one part upon another. con-vulse (kõn-vŭls') contract vio
lently and irregularly. coof (koof). See note p. 98. coot (koot), a kind of duck. co' pi-ous (ko'pi-ŭs), plentiful. cop'pice (kop'is), a "grove of small
growth. cor' bel (kôr' běl), a bracket. cord' age (kôr'daj), anything made of
rope or cord. cor-rob'o-rate (kõ-rób'ő-rāt), make
more certain, confirm. cor-rupt' (kõ-rūpt'), change from
good to bad. corse (kôrs), a corpse. corse' let (körs' lět), breastplate.. Cor' si-ca (kôr' si-ká), an island_in the
Mediterranean, belonging to France,
the birthplace of Napoleon. Cos'sacks (kõs'āks), a military peo
ple, inhabiting the steppes of Russia. coun'cil (koun sil), assembly or meet
ing, assembly for advice. counsel (koun'sěl), interchange of
opinions; advise. coun’te-nance (koun'tï-năns), appear.
ance of the face, the features. coun' ter-feit (koun' tēr-fit), that which
resembles another thing; carry on a
deception. counter-part' (koun tēr-pärt'),
copy, duplicate. Cou'reur/-de-bois' (koo'rûr, dē-bwä'),
a class of men, French by birth, who, through long association with
the Indians were only half-civilized. Their chief occupation was conduct. ing the canoes of the traders along
the lakes and rivers of the interior. cou'ri-er (koo'ri-ēr), a messenger. Court of St. James, the official name
of the British court. St. James's Palace was formerly the royal res
idence. cour' te-ous (kûr' tė-ūs), polite. cour'te-sy (kûr'tė-si), good breeding. cove (kov), a small inlet or bay. cov'ert-ly"(kův' ērt-ii), secretly. cov'et (kův'ět), long for. craft (kräft), art or skill; a vessel. crag (krăg), steep, rugged rock. Craig'ie House (krāg'i), the house in
Cambridge in which Longfellow lived from 1836 until his death. During the Revolution, it had been
Washington's headquarters. crane (krān), an iron
arm fastened to a fireplace and used for support.
ing kettles over the fire. cran'ny (krăn'i), a chink. crank (krănk),, top-heavy. cra'ven (krā'v'n), coward; faint
hearted. craw (kro), crop or stomach. cre-den' tials (kré-děn'shălz), testimo
nies of the bearer's right to recog.
nition. cred' i-tor (krěd'i-tér), one to whom
money is due. cred'u-lous (krěd'ů-lès), apt to be
lieve on slight evidence. Creeks (krēkz), a powerful confeder
ation of Indians who occupied the
greater part of Alabama and Georgia. cres'cent (krěs'ěnt), the increasing
moon; anything shaped like a new moon; emblem of the Turkish Em
pire. crest (krėst), upper curve of a horse's
neck, crev'ice (krěv'is), a narrow crack. cri'er (kri'ēr), one who gives notice
by proclamation. cri-te'ri-on (kri-tē'ri-ün), standard of
judging. crit'ic (krit'lk), one skilled in judg.
ing. crit'i-cal (krit'i-kål), decisive; impor
tant. Crois'ic-kese (kroiz'i-kēz), an inhab
itant of Croisic, a small fishingvillage near the mouth of the Loire.
Here Browning wrote Herve Riel. Crom' well, Oliver (1599-1658),
mander-in-chief of the parliamentary forces_in the struggle with Charles
I of England. cro'nies (krö'nằz), intimate compan.
ions. cross (kros), emblem of the Roman
Catholic church. croupe (kroop), the place on the horse
behind the saddle. cru'ci-fix (kroo'si-fiks), a represent
ation of the figure of Christ upon
the cross. cruise (krooz), a voyage in various di
rections. crypt (kript), a vault; cell for burial
purposes. crys' tal-ine (kris' tăl-in), pure; trans
parent;,. consisting of crystal. cul'prit (kůl' prit), a criminal. cum' ber-less (kům'bēr-les), without cum' brous (kům' brús), burdensome. cun'ning (kūn'ing), skill. "cunning-warded
keys, knowledge which comes only from close obser. vation and which is hidden from
the less observant. curb (kürb), to keep in check. cur' few (kûr'fū), an evening bell, orig.
inally to cover fires and retire to
rest. cur'lew (kûr'lū), a wading bird, have
ing a long, curved bill. cus' tom (kūs' tům), duty or toll imposed by law
commodities imported or exported. cy-lin' dri-cal (si-lin' dri-kål), having
the form of a cylinder. Dal'hem (dăl' ěm), town in Belgium. dal'li-ance (dăl'i-áns), delay; inter
change of caresses. Dam' fre-ville (dăm'frē-vil), command
er of the fleet. Dan'te's Divine. Comedy (dăn'tế); celebrated Italian poem
in three parts, “Hell,” “Purgatory," “Para
dise. dap'per (dăp'ěr), little and active;
trim. dark'ling (därk'ling), gloomy. Dart' mouth (därt' můth), college at
Hanover, N. H. das'tard (dăs'tard), coward. daunt'ed (dänt' ěd), dismayed. daunt'less (dänt'lės), fearless. David. See p. 90. "dead of night,” middle of the night. dearth (dûrth), want,. lack. de-bat'a-ble (de-bat'a-b'l), open to
question or dispute. de-cease (de-sēs'), death. de-ci' sive (de-si' siv), positive, final. de-co'rum (de-ko'rům), proper
duct. de-cree' (de-krē'), law; decision given
by a court or umpire. de-crep'it (dė-krep'it), worn out with
age. deem'ing (dēm'ing),, thinking. de-faced (de-fāst'), disfigured, marred. de-fer' (de-fûr'), postpone; yield to
the wishes of another. def'er-ence (děf' ēr-ěns), respect. de-fiance (de-fi'āns), disposition to
resist. de-file' (de-fil'), pass between hills. de-flower (de-fou'ēr), deprive of
flowers; take away the beauty of. de-fy' (de-fi'), dare.
de-gen'er-ate (de.jěn'ēr.at), grow
worse or meaner. de'i-ties (dē'i-tiz), heathen gods. del'e-gate (děl'e-gåt), send as one's
representative. de-lib'er-ate (de-lib'ēr-at), not hasty;
(de-lib’ēr-át), weigh in one's mind. de-lin'e-ate (de-lin'e-åt), represent by
sketch; describe. de-lir'i-ous (de-lir'i-us), wild with
feeling. De'los (dē'los), the smallest island of
the Cyclades, according to legend originally a floating island and the
birthplace of Apollo. del' uge (děl'ůj), flood. de-lu'sion (de-lu' zhìn), deception for
want of knowledge. de-lu'sive (de-lü'siv), deceptive. de-mean' or. (de-mēn'ēr), behavior. de'mon (dē'mon), evil spirit. de-mo'ni-ac (de-mo'ni-åk), like a de
mon. de-note'ment (de-nöt'měnt), sign
indication. de-plor'a-bly. (de-plor' å-bli), grievously. de-pos' i-to-ries lė-poz'i-to-riz), place
where anything is stored for keeping. de-prav'i-ty (de-prăv'i-ti), corrup
tion, wickedness. de-ri'sion (de-rizh'ün), insult. de-scent' (de-sěnt'), a passing down
ward. de-scried' (de-skrid'), saw, beheld. des' ert (děz' ērt), solitary ; empty. des'ig-nate (děs'ig-nāt), point out. de-sist' (de-zist'), stop. des'o-late-ness (děs' ô-lăt-něs), state of
being, desolate or lonely. de-spair' (de-spâr'), give up hope. des' per-ate (děs' pēr-at), hopeless,
reckless. des' pi-ca-ble (děs'pi-kå-b'l), fit to be
despised; mean. de-spond' ent (dé-spõn'děnt), low spir
ited. des' pot-ism (děs'pot-iz'm), tyranny. des' tined (děs' tỉnd), marked out. des'ti-ny (děs'ti-ni), doom, fate. de-tained' (de-tänd'), kept back or
from; delayed de-tract' (dé-tråkt'), take away. de-trac'tor (de-trăk'tēr), one who
slanders. de' vi-ate (dē'vi-át), go out of the way. de-vice' (de-vis'), design; invention. de' vi-ous (dē' vỉ-us), wandering. de-void' (de-void'), destitute. dev'o-teel (děv'ő-től), one wholly
devoted. de-vout'ly (de-vout'li), earnestly. dex-ter'i-ty (děks-těr'i-ti), skill. dex'ter-ous (děks'tēr-us), skillful, art.
ful. dif-fuse' (di-füz'), spread. dight (dit), adorn. dig'ni-ties (dig'ni-těz), honors. dike (dik), embankment to prevent
flooding. dil'i-gence (dil'i-jens), industry.