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p. 206.

bat'ter-y (bắt’ết-i), two or more

pieces of artillery in the field. bay'o-net (bā'o-nět), a dagger fitted

on the muzzle of a musket. bay'ou (bi'00), an inlet from a gulf,

lake, or large river. Beau Se-jour' (bo-să-zhoor'), a French

fort upon the neck of land connecting Acadia and the mainland. It

had just been taken by the British, "beard the li-on," defy. Beautiful Gate,

an entrance to the temple in Jerusalem. See Acts III

2 and John X-7. Beautiful River, the Ohio. beck (běk), call. bee' tling (bē' tliag), projecting : jutting

out. Beg (băg), p. 19. be-got'ten (bê-got''n), caused to

exist; born. be-guile' (bê-gil'), relieve the tedium

or weariness of, entertain bel' fry (běl'fri), a bell tower. Bell, name of an inn. Belle Au-rore' (běl ô-rör'). the dawn. "bell or book," religious ceremony; Belle-fon-taine' (běl-fon-tān'), p. 199. bel-lig'er-ent (bě-lij'ēr-ěnt), waging

war. bel' lows (běl'öz), an instrument for

driving, air through a tube. "belt-ed knight,".. girt with a belt as

an honorary distinction. ben'e-dic/i-te (běn'é-dis'i-tê), a chant

or hymn, the Latin version of which begins with this word; an exclama.

tion corresponding to “Bless you!” ben'e-diction (běn'é-dik, shủn), a

blessing. be-nef'i-cence (be-něf'i-sèns), good

ness or charity. be-nign' (bê-nin'), of a kind disposi.

tion. be-nig' nant. (be-nig' nănt), kind. be-seech' (be-séch'), entreat. be-stead' (bê-stěd'), put in peril. bes' tial (běs' chål), beastly; vile. be-stow' (bê-sto'), give; grant. be-troth'al (be-troth'ăl), contract to

anyone for a marriage. bev'er-age (běv'ēr-åj), drink. bick'er (hỉk'ěr), move quickly with

a pattering noise, p. 44. bier (bēr), a frame on which a corpse

is borne to the grave. big'ot (big'ŭt), one blindly devoted to

his own opinion;, narrow-minded. big'ot-ry (bỉg'ŭt-rỉ), narrow-mindedbi-og'ra-phy (bi-og'rå-fi), the written

history of a person's life. birk'ie (bûr'ki). See note, p. 98. blanch (blanch), take the color out

of; whiten. blas' phe-my (blås' fé-mi). impious

speech against God or sacred things. blast (blást), a violent gust of wind.

bla'zoned (bla'z'nd), adorned, de

picted in color. blithe (blith), gay, joyous, blithe'some (blith'sům), happy, gay. Blom'i-don (blóm'i-dìn), moun

tain in Nova Scotia. bod'kin (bod' kĩn), a pointed imple.

ment for making holes in cloth. bonds'man (bồndz'măn),

who gives security for another. “bonnet and plume.”, a soft cap worn

by men in Scotland. Boom (bom), a town in Belgium. boon (boon), a gift : bountiful; gay. boot'less (boot'lēs), useless. Bor'der (bôr'dêr), the frontier be

tween England and Scotland. “bore the bell,” carried off the prize.

A bell was formerly used as a prize

in races. bosk'y (bös'ki), woody or bushy. bos'om (booz'ům), the breast. Both'ni-a (both'ni-å). Gulf of-the

northern arm of the Baltic Sea be.

tween Finland and Sweden. boun’ti-ful (bounʼti-fool), liberal. bourn (börn), a boundary; limit. bow (bou), the forward part of a ship.

p. 39 (bo) to rhyme with tow. Bow' doin (bồodon), in Brunswick,

Maine, college from which Long

fellow graduated in 1825. Boz-zar'is, Mar'co (bo-zăr'is, Mär'

kö). See note, p. 84. brack'ish (brăk'ish). saltish; distaste.

ful. Brad'dock (brăd'úk), a British gen

eral who met defeat and was killed in 1755. Bra-gan’za (brä-gân’zä), a reigning

family of Portugal. brake (brāk), a fern; a thicket. brawl (bról). noise; quarrel. breach (brēch), an opening in; a

break. break'ers (brāk'ērz), waves breaking

into foam against the shore. breech'es (brich'ěz), trousers. Bret' on (brět'ŭn), province of

France. brig (brig), a two-masted vessel. bri-gade' (bri-gād'), a body of troops

larger than a regiment. brink (brink),. verge or edge. Brit'ish Min' is-try, the British Gov.

ernment. Brit'on (brit'ŭn), a native of Eng.

land. broad' side' (brød sid'), the side of a

ship above the waterline, from bow

to quarter. broad sword' (bröd sord'), a sword

with a broad blade and cutting edge. Brook Farm, farm near

Boston, where an experiment in agriculture and education was tried by a group

of literary people. Bruns' wick (brūnz-wsk), Duke of

Brunswick (Frederick William) was




P. 78.

its age.


killed in the engagement described, Bru'tus (broo'tủs), a Roman politi.

cian who joined in the assassination

of Caesar. Buck'holm (bük'hom), p. 174. buff'coat (bŭf'köt), a military coat

made of buff leather. buf' fet (bŭf'ět), a blow. bulk, head' (bůlk/ hěd'), a wall to re

sist pressure of earth or water. Bun-ker Hill, a hill near Boston where

a famous battle was fought. buoy'an-cy. (bou ăn-si), lightness. burg'er (bûr' gēr), an inhabitant of a

borough. bur' gess-es (bûr' jěs-ěs), citizens of a

borough Bur-gun'di-an (bür-gün' di-ăn), per

taining to Burgundy, a province of

France on the Rhone river. bus'kin (bỏs'kin), a covering for the

foot and leg, worn by tragic actors. ca'd (cä'd), Scotch for called. ca'dence (kā'děns), a fall of the voice;

rhythm. Cad'mus (kåd' můs), in Greek legend

the founder of Thebes and introducer of the letters of the Greek

alphabet. Cae'sar, Julius (sē'zår), (100 B. C.

44 B. Č.), a famous Roman general,

statesman and writer. Cai'us

Ma'ri-us (kā'yŭs ma'rē-üs). See note, p. 334. ca-lamoi-ty (ki-lămoi-ti), misfortune;

disaster. cal' en-der (kằ1°ăn-dễr), one

whose business it is to press cloth or paper

between cylindrical rollers. cal' um-ny (kål'ŭm-ni), slander. “Calvin's creed.” Calvin was a celebrated reformer whose doctrines are

noted for their severity. Camỏer-on (kmẽ -õn). See note, p.

78. can' did (kăn' did), frank; open. Can'no-bie Lee (kằn'ö-bé lė), a lea

or large open space in Scotland. can'non-adei (kằn’ũn-ad), dis

charging of .cannon. ca-pac'i-ty (kå-păs'i-ti), power. "cap and bells,” the tokens or signs of

a jester or clown, therefore, foolish

pleasures. Cape Pal' mas (päl' mäs), a promon.

toryon the coast of Liberia, western

Africa. ca'per (kā'pēr),. "cutting a caper,”

to leap about in a frolicsome man. ca'pon (kā' põn), choice chicken. ca-price (kå-prēs”), whim, fancy. Cap'u-a (căp'ú-á), an ancient city in Italy near Naples, famous for its

wealth and luxury. ca-reer (ka-rēr'), move rapidly. car'ri-on (kõr'i-ün), dead and decay.

ing flesh of an animal.

Car'thage (kär' thāj), an ancient city

in northern Africa. Its wars with

Rome are known as the Punic Wars. case'ment (kās' měnt), a hinged win

dow sash. cas'u-al (közh'ů-ål), happening with

out regularity. cath'o-lic (kăth'ö-lik), liberal. caul'dron (kôl'drún), a large kettle. cause' way (köz' wā), raised road over

wet ground. cav' al-cade! (káv'ål-kād!), a proces

sion of persons on horseback. ce-les'tial (se-lěs' chål), heavenly,

divine. cen'o-taph (sěn'ő-tåf), a monument

to one buried elsewhere. cen'ser (sěn' sēr), a vessel in which

incense is burned. cen'sor-ship (sěn' sor-ship), office or

power to examine papers for the press and suppress what is thought

harmful. cen'sure (șěn' shůr), blame. cen' tu-ry-cir-cled (sěn'tů-ri-sûr'k'ld),

having a hundred circles, indicating ces-sa'tion (sě-sā'shŭn), pause, stop. ces'tus (sěs' tūs), girdle. chaise (shăz), a two-wheeled carriage. chal'ice (chăl'is), a cup. Chalk-ley's Journal. Thomas Chalkley

à traveling. Quaker preacher. His journal, published in 1747, told of his many wonderful experiences. Cham' bered Nau'ti-lus (chămobẽnd

nó'ti-lūs), a shellfish belonging to

the highest class of mollusks. chan'cel (chån'sěl), that part of a

church containing the altar. chan'ti-cleer (chăn ti-kler), a cock, so

called from his clear voice in

crowing. cha'os (ka-os), disorder. cha-ot'ic (ka-ot'ik), confused. chap'let (chåp'lět), wreath. char' ac-ter-ize (kár' åk-tēr-iz), de

scribe. chasm (kăz'm), deep opening, gap: Chat' ta-hoo' chee (chắtoa-hoỏi chê),

river in Georgia which forms part of its western boundary. chaunt (chant), song, especially one

that is solemn and slow. Cheap'side (chép'sid), the central

east-and-west street of London, formerly a market. “Chepe" is the old English word for market. Cher'so-nese (kûr'ső-nēz), Athenians

who had colonized the peninsula be. tween the Hellespont and the Gulf of Melos. Miltiades ruled

over them. chi-mer'i-cal (ki-měr'i-kål), unreal,

fantastic. chiv' al-ry (shỉv'ål-ri),

of knighthood, courtesy. chow'der (chou'děr), a dish made of

fresh fish or clams, biscuit, etc., stewed together.








chron'i-cle (krõn'i-k'l), historical

record. churl'ish (chûr'lish), rough, ill bred. ci'de-vant (sēdē-vän), former. cir'cuit (sûr' kit), a regular journey

from place to place; the district

journeyed over, cir' cum-scribe! (sûr'kům-skrib.), in.

close, encircle. cit'a-del (sīt'à-děl), fortress. civ'il feuds” (siv'il füds), quarrels

within one's own country. clam'or (klăm'ēr), an outcry; uproar. clan (klån). See note, p. 93. clang (klăng), strike together so as to

produce a ringing metallic sound. clan'gor (klăn' gēr), a sharp, harsh,

ringing sound. clap'board (klăp'bord),

board, thicker at one edge than at the other, for weatherboarding

houses. cleave (klēv), cling; open or crack. cleft (klěst), crack, crevice. clement (klěm'ěnt), mild. cler' gy (klûr'ji), a body of ministers

of the gospel. cloud-ves'ture (kloud-věs'tûr), clothing

of clouds. Co-che' cho (ko-chē'cho), Indian name

for Dover, N. H. cocked' hat (kokt), a hat with the

brim turned up; co-he'sion (kő-hé' zhŭn), close union. co'hort (ko'hôrt), in the ancient Ro

man army, a body of about 500 sol

diers. coil (koil), p. 103 trouble; the body. co-inoci-dence (k-in’si-dẹns), a hap

pening at the same time. co-los'sal (kő-los'ăl), of

enormous size. Co-man ches (ki-mănochez), a tribe

of Indians noted for their warlike

character. come'ly (kům'li), pleasing: com'ment (kõm'ént), meditate upon;

a remark or criticism. com-mis' sion-er (ko-mish' ún-ér)

officer having charge of some de

partment of public service. com-mod'i-ty (ko-mod'1-ti), goods,

wares. com'mu-nal (kõm'ů-năl), having prop

erty in common. com-mune' (ko-mūn'), take counsel. com-mu'ni-cate (ko-mū'ni-kāt), make

known. com-mun'ion (ko-mūn'yŭn), intercom pass (kům' pås), size, capacity. com'pen-sate (kom' pěn-sāt), recom

pense or reward. com-pete' (kom-pēt'), seek or strive

for the same thing. com'pe-tence (kom'pe-těns), property

sufficient for comfort. com-pla'cen-cy (kõm-plā'sěn-si), self

satisfaction. com-pli'ance (kõm-pli'åns), yielding.

com-ply' (kom.pli'), yield, assent. com-po'nent (kõm-põ'něnt), compos.

ing; an ingredient. com-port' (kom-port'), agree or suit,

conduct. com-pose' (kom-põz'), put together;

quiet. com'po-sition (kõm'po-zish, un),

combination, make-up. com-po'sure (kom-põ' zhůr), calm. com'pre-hend' (kõm'pré-hěnd' ), un

derstand. com'pre-hension (kõm'pre-hěn' shủn),

perception, understanding, com'pre-heni sive (kõm'pré-hěn/ siv),

including much. com-pressed' (kom-prěst') pressed to

gether. com-prise'. (kom-priz'), include. com'

pro-mise (kom'pro-miz), agreement in which all parties con

cerned give up something. con'cave kon'kāv), hollow and curved

in. con-ceal' (kõn-sēl'), hide from ob

servation. con-cede' (kõn-sēd'), grant or allow. con-ceive'

(kon-sēv'), understand; think. con-cen'ter (kön-sěn'tēr), bring to, or

meet in a common center; condense. con'cen-trate (kõn'sěn-trāt), bring to,

or meet in a common center; con

dense, con-cen'tric (kon-sěn'trik), having a

common center. con-cep_tion

(kon-sěp'shủn), formation in the mind of an image

notion. con-cil'i-ate (kõn-sil'1-āt), reconcile,

pacify. con-clu'sive (kon-kloo'siv), convinc

ing; final. con cord (kõn'kôrd), state of agree

ment; harmony. con-currence (kön-kür'ěns), agree

ment in opinion. con-duce' (kon-düs') lead or tend. con-found' (kõn-found') confuse;

blend. con-geal' (kon-jēl'), freeze; thicken. con'gre-gate (kõn'gré-gāt), assemble. con-jure (kõn-joor"), call on solemn

ly: con' jure (kūn'jēr), call forth or

pel by magic arts. con jur-ing book (kůn' jē, a copy,

of Cornelius Agrippa's "Magic,

printed in 1657. con-nu' bi-al (ko-nü'bi-ăl), pertaining

to, marriage. Con'script

Fathers (kõn'skript), translation of a certain form used in addressing the senate of ancient

Rome. con'se-crate (kõn' sê-krāt), dedicate,

hallow. con-serv'a-tive (kõn-sûr' vå-tv),

opposed to change; safe. con-sign' (kõn-sin'), intrust; deliver.








con-sist'ent (kon-sis'těnt), not con

tradictory; having harmony among

its parts. con strue (kon'stroo), interpret, ex

plain. con'sul (kõn'sòl), commercial agent

of a government in a foreign coun

try; a magistrate. con-sume' (kõn-sūm') destroy; swal.

low up. con'sum-ma/ tion (kõn'sů-mā/ shủn),

achievement; end. con-ta' gious (kon-tā jūs), catching. con' tem-plate (kon'těm-plāt), view;

study. con-tempt'i-ble. (kon-těmp'ti-b'l), de

serving, disdain; despised. con-temp tu-ous (kõn-těmp'tů-us),

scornful. con-ten’tion (kon-tẽn’shăn), strife. con-tex'ture (kon-těks'tûr), system;

texture. conti-nui-ty (kön’ti-nuoi-ti), the be

ing continuous. con'trite (kõn'trit), humbly penitent. con-triotion (kõn-trish'ün), self

proach. con'tu-me-ly (kõn'tů-me-li), disdain,

scorn. con-vene' (kõn-vēn'). assemble. con' vex (kõn' věks), rising or swelling

into a rounded form; opposite from con 'vo-lut'ed (kõn/ vē-lūt'ěd), rolled

together, one part upon another. con-vulse (kõn-vŭls') contract vio

lently and irregularly. coof (koof). See note p. 98. coot (koot), a kind of duck. co' pi-ous (ko'pi-ŭs), plentiful. cop'pice (kop'is), a "grove of small

growth. cor' bel (kôr' běl), a bracket. cord' age (kôr'daj), anything made of

rope or cord. cor-rob'o-rate (kõ-rób'ő-rāt), make

more certain, confirm. cor-rupt' (kõ-rūpt'), change from

good to bad. corse (kôrs), a corpse. corse' let (körs' lět), breastplate.. Cor' si-ca (kôr' si-ká), an island_in the

Mediterranean, belonging to France,

the birthplace of Napoleon. Cos'sacks (kõs'āks), a military peo

ple, inhabiting the steppes of Russia. coun'cil (koun sil), assembly or meet

ing, assembly for advice. counsel (koun'sěl), interchange of

opinions; advise. coun’te-nance (koun'tï-năns), appear.

ance of the face, the features. coun' ter-feit (koun' tēr-fit), that which

resembles another thing; carry on a

deception. counter-part' (koun tēr-pärt'),

copy, duplicate. Cou'reur/-de-bois' (koo'rûr, dē-bwä'),

a class of men, French by birth, who, through long association with

the Indians were only half-civilized. Their chief occupation was conduct. ing the canoes of the traders along

the lakes and rivers of the interior. cou'ri-er (koo'ri-ēr), a messenger. Court of St. James, the official name

of the British court. St. James's Palace was formerly the royal res

idence. cour' te-ous (kûr' tė-ūs), polite. cour'te-sy (kûr'tė-si), good breeding. cove (kov), a small inlet or bay. cov'ert-ly"(kův' ērt-ii), secretly. cov'et (kův'ět), long for. craft (kräft), art or skill; a vessel. crag (krăg), steep, rugged rock. Craig'ie House (krāg'i), the house in

Cambridge in which Longfellow lived from 1836 until his death. During the Revolution, it had been

Washington's headquarters. crane (krān), an iron

arm fastened to a fireplace and used for support.

ing kettles over the fire. cran'ny (krăn'i), a chink. crank (krănk),, top-heavy. cra'ven (krā'v'n), coward; faint

hearted. craw (kro), crop or stomach. cre-den' tials (kré-děn'shălz), testimo

nies of the bearer's right to recog.

nition. cred' i-tor (krěd'i-tér), one to whom

money is due. cred'u-lous (krěd'ů-lès), apt to be

lieve on slight evidence. Creeks (krēkz), a powerful confeder

ation of Indians who occupied the

greater part of Alabama and Georgia. cres'cent (krěs'ěnt), the increasing

moon; anything shaped like a new moon; emblem of the Turkish Em

pire. crest (krėst), upper curve of a horse's

neck, crev'ice (krěv'is), a narrow crack. cri'er (kri'ēr), one who gives notice

by proclamation. cri-te'ri-on (kri-tē'ri-ün), standard of

judging. crit'ic (krit'lk), one skilled in judg.

ing. crit'i-cal (krit'i-kål), decisive; impor

tant. Crois'ic-kese (kroiz'i-kēz), an inhab

itant of Croisic, a small fishingvillage near the mouth of the Loire.

Here Browning wrote Herve Riel. Crom' well, Oliver (1599-1658),

mander-in-chief of the parliamentary forces_in the struggle with Charles

I of England. cro'nies (krö'nằz), intimate compan.

ions. cross (kros), emblem of the Roman

Catholic church. croupe (kroop), the place on the horse

behind the saddle. cru'ci-fix (kroo'si-fiks), a represent






ation of the figure of Christ upon

the cross. cruise (krooz), a voyage in various di

rections. crypt (kript), a vault; cell for burial

purposes. crys' tal-ine (kris' tăl-in), pure; trans

parent;,. consisting of crystal. cul'prit (kůl' prit), a criminal. cum' ber-less (kům'bēr-les), without cum' brous (kům' brús), burdensome. cun'ning (kūn'ing), skill. "cunning-warded

keys, knowledge which comes only from close obser. vation and which is hidden from

the less observant. curb (kürb), to keep in check. cur' few (kûr'fū), an evening bell, orig.

inally to cover fires and retire to

rest. cur'lew (kûr'lū), a wading bird, have

ing a long, curved bill. cus' tom (kūs' tům), duty or toll imposed by law

commodities imported or exported. cy-lin' dri-cal (si-lin' dri-kål), having

the form of a cylinder. Dal'hem (dăl' ěm), town in Belgium. dal'li-ance (dăl'i-áns), delay; inter

change of caresses. Dam' fre-ville (dăm'frē-vil), command

er of the fleet. Dan'te's Divine. Comedy (dăn'tế); celebrated Italian poem

in three parts, “Hell,” “Purgatory," Para

dise. dap'per (dăp'ěr), little and active;

trim. dark'ling (därk'ling), gloomy. Dart' mouth (därt' můth), college at

Hanover, N. H. das'tard (dăs'tard), coward. daunt'ed (dänt' ěd), dismayed. daunt'less (dänt'lės), fearless. David. See p. 90. "dead of night,” middle of the night. dearth (dûrth), want,. lack. de-bat'a-ble (de-bat'a-b'l), open to

question or dispute. de-cease (de-sēs'), death. de-ci' sive (de-si' siv), positive, final. de-co'rum (de-ko'rům), proper

duct. de-cree' (de-krē'), law; decision given

by a court or umpire. de-crep'it (dė-krep'it), worn out with

age. deem'ing (dēm'ing),, thinking. de-faced (de-fāst'), disfigured, marred. de-fer' (de-fûr'), postpone; yield to

the wishes of another. def'er-ence (děf' ēr-ěns), respect. de-fiance (de-fi'āns), disposition to

resist. de-file' (de-fil'), pass between hills. de-flower (de-fou'ēr), deprive of

flowers; take away the beauty of. de-fy' (de-fi'), dare.

de-gen'er-ate (de.jěn'ē, grow

worse or meaner. de'i-ties (dē'i-tiz), heathen gods. del'e-gate (děl'e-gåt), send as one's

representative. de-lib'er-ate (de-lib'ēr-at), not hasty;

(de-lib’ēr-át), weigh in one's mind. de-lin'e-ate (de-lin'e-åt), represent by

sketch; describe. de-lir'i-ous (de-lir'i-us), wild with

feeling. De'los (dē'los), the smallest island of

the Cyclades, according to legend originally a floating island and the

birthplace of Apollo. del' uge (děl'ůj), flood. de-lu'sion (de-lu' zhìn), deception for

want of knowledge. de-lu'sive (de-lü'siv), deceptive. de-mean' or. (de-mēn'ēr), behavior. de'mon (dē'mon), evil spirit. de-mo'ni-ac (de-mo'ni-åk), like a de

mon. de-note'ment (de-nöt'měnt), sign

indication. de-plor'a-bly. (de-plor' å-bli), grievously. de-pos' i-to-ries lė-poz'i-to-riz), place

where anything is stored for keeping. de-prav'i-ty (de-prăv'i-ti), corrup

tion, wickedness. de-ri'sion (de-rizh'ün), insult. de-scent' (de-sěnt'), a passing down

ward. de-scried' (de-skrid'), saw, beheld. des' ert (děz' ērt), solitary ; empty. des'ig-nate (děs'ig-nāt), point out. de-sist' (de-zist'), stop. des'o-late-ness (děs' ô-lăt-něs), state of

being, desolate or lonely. de-spair' (de-spâr'), give up hope. des' per-ate (děs' pēr-at), hopeless,

reckless. des' pi-ca-ble (děs'pi-kå-b'l), fit to be

despised; mean. de-spond' ent (dé-spõn'děnt), low spir

ited. des' pot-ism (děs'pot-iz'm), tyranny. des' tined (děs' tỉnd), marked out. des'ti-ny (děs'ti-ni), doom, fate. de-tained' (de-tänd'), kept back or

from; delayed de-tract' (dé-tråkt'), take away. de-trac'tor (de-trăk'tēr), one who

slanders. de' vi-ate (dē'vi-át), go out of the way. de-vice' (de-vis'), design; invention. de' vi-ous (dē' vỉ-us), wandering. de-void' (de-void'), destitute. dev'o-teel (děv'ő-től), one wholly

devoted. de-vout'ly (de-vout'li), earnestly. dex-ter'i-ty (děks-těr'i-ti), skill. dex'ter-ous (děks'tēr-us), skillful, art.

ful. dif-fuse' (di-füz'), spread. dight (dit), adorn. dig'ni-ties (dig'ni-těz), honors. dike (dik), embankment to prevent

flooding. dil'i-gence (dil'i-jens), industry.

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