Page images

dross (dros), waste matter, dregs. Dru' ids (droo'idz), ancient Celtic

priests. du' bi-ous (dü'bi-ŭs), doubtful, ques.

tionable. dune (dün), a low hill of drifting sand. dy'nas-ty (di'năs-ti), sovereignty, do




din'ning (din'ing), incessant talking. "dire-struck," struck with terror. dirge (dûrj), funeral hymn. dis-cern (di-zürn'), see, detect. dis'ci-pline (dis'i-plin), training; pun

ishment. dis-con'so-late (dis-kon'sô-låt).

rowful, comfortless. dis-cord'ant (dis-kôr'dănt), not har.

monious. dis-coun’te-nance (dis-koun'tê-năns),

not approve of; discourage. dis-course (dis-körs'), conversation. dis-cred'it (dis-krěd'it), disbelief. dis'em-bogue! (dis'ěm-bög' ), dis

charge; flow out. dis-guise' (dis-giz'), change the ap

pearance of. dis-mem'ber (dis-měm'bēr), disjoint. dis-perse' (dis-pûrs'), scatter. dis' pu-ta/ tion (dis' pů-tăl shủn), dis

pute, a reasoning on opposite sides. dis-qual'i-fy (dis-kwòl i-fi), render un

fit. dis-sev'er (di-sěv'ēr)part in two. dis'

so-lution (dis' ô-lůl shủn), separating into parts, dis'so-nant (dis' o-nănt), sounding

harshly, discordant. dis'taff (dis'taf), a staff holding a

bunch of flax, tow, or wool, from

which thread is spun by hand. dis-tend'ed (dis-těnd'ěd), lengthened

out. dis-tort'ed (dis-tört'ed), twisted,

wrested. dit'to (dit'o), exact copy. di-verge' (di-vûrj'), extend from

common point in different directions. di'vers (di' vērz), several, different. di-vert' (di-vûrt'), turn aside. di-vest' (di-věst'), deprive; strip. di-vine! (di-vin'), godlike; foretell. di-vin'i-ty (di-vin'i-ti), deity, God. doc'ile (dos'il), easily managed. doc'trine (dok'trìn), principle of faith. doff (dòf), put off (dress). dol'ing (dol'n'g), giving out scantily

or grudgingly. do-mes' tic (do-měs'tik), pertaining to

one's home. domoi-na tion (dămoi-não shăn), exer

cise of power in ruling; authority. dor' mer-win' dow (dor'měr), a vertical

window in a sloping roof. “double-reefed trysail,' a sail reduced

in extent doubly to adapt it to the

force of the wind. doub'let (dúb'lět), a close-fitting coat,

formerly worn. dow'er (dou'ěr), that with which one

is gifted or endowed. dra'ma (drä'ma), a picture of human

life, especially for representation on

the stage. draught (draft), act of drinking. draw, bridge', a bridge which may be

raised or let down. "drink the cup," a biblical expression

meaning endure.


eb'o-ny. (ěb'ŭn-i), a hard wood capa

ble of a fine polish; black. ec'sta-sy. (ěk'stå-si), a state of over.

mastering, feeling; height. ed'dy (ěd'i), move in a circle; whirl.

ing. ed'i-fice (ěd'i-fís),, splendid building. ef-fect' ed (ě-fěkt'ěd), accomplished, p.

188. ef'fi-ca' cious (ěf'i-kā! shủs), capable

of producing a desired effect. ef_f-ca-cy (efo-ki-si), force. ef-fi'cient (ě-fish'ěnt), active, helpful. ef-ful' gence (ě-fůl' jěns), great luster

or brightness. eke (ēk), also. e-lec'tion (e-lěk' shủn), choice .p: 353. el'e-vation (ěl'é-vă! shŭn), height. elf' in. (ěl'fîn), relating to little elves

or fairies.' Elf'land (ělf' lănd), fairy land. E-li'jah (è-li'já), II Kings, 2, 11.

o-quence (ěl' 8-kwěns), effective speech. Ellwood, Thomas, a Quaker, who was

a friend of Milton, and wrote a long

poem on_King David. E-ly'sian Fields (e-lizh'an), the fa.

bled dwelling place of happy souls

after death. e-man'ci-pa' tion (e-măn’si-pā shăn),

freedom. em-bar' go (ěm-bär'go), restraint p.

284. em'bas-sy (ěm'bå-si), a solemn mes.

sage. em ber

(ěm'bēr), a lighted coal, smoldering amid ashes. em-bla'zon (ěm-blā'z'n), illuminate,

make light and beautiful. em'blem (ěm'blěm), visible sign of an

idea. em-bos'omed (ěm-booz'ůmd), shel

tered. em-bra'sure (ěm-brå'zhůr), a window

having its sides slanted on the in

side. e-merge' (e-mûrj'), appear. e-mer' gen-cy, (e-mûr' jěn-si), necessity. em'i-nence (ěm'i-něns), height. em'i-nent-ly (ěm'i-něnt-li), highly. em’u-la tion (ěm'û-la! shủn), great

desire to excel. en-chant'ress (ěn-chån'trěs), a wicked

fairy, who weaves spells over her

victims. en-co' mi-um (ěn-ko'mi-ům), high

praise. en-com'pass (ěn-kům'pås), surround. en-core' (än-kor', än'kor), again; the






en-coun' ter (ěn-koun'tēr), a meeting

face to face. en-croach' (ěn-kroch'), enter gradu

ally, into another's rights. En-cyclo-pael di-a Brit-an'ni-ca (ěn

siklo-pẽ di-a bri-tănoi-ka), dictionary of the arts, sciences, and

literature. en-deav'or (ěn-děv'ěr), effort. en-dow' (ěn-dou'), enrich. en'er-vate (ěn'ēr-vāt), weaken. en-hance' (ěn-håns'), increase. en-join' (ěn-join'), urge. en-rapt' ured (ěn-răp'tůrd), delighted

beyond measure. en'sign (ěn'sīn), banner; national flag. en-treat'y (ěn-trēt'i), an earnest re

quest. en-vel' op (ěn-věl'ŭp), wrap in. ep'au-let (ěp'Ô-lět), a shoulder orna

ment worn by military and naval officers, and indicating differences of

rank. epic (ěp'ik), an heroic poem. ep'i-cur-ism (ěp'i-kūr-iz'm), pleasures

of the table. ep'i-taph (ěp'i-tåf), inscription on

tomb. e-quip' (e-kwip'), furnish or fit out. eq’ui-ty. (ēk' wi-ti), fairness, im

partial justice. e'ra (ē'rå), a period of time. e-rad'i-cate (e-răd'1-kāt), destroy ut

terly. Erze roum/ (ěrz' room), the princi

pal city of Turkish Armenia. Esk (sk), a river in Scotland flow

ing into the Solway Firth. es-pouse' (ěs-pouz'), make one's own;

marry. es-say (ě-sā!), try, p. 224. es' sence (ěs' ěns), substance. es-sen' tial (ě-sěn' shăl), indispensably

necessary. es-tate' (ěs-tāt'), possession; wealth. es-tranged' (ěs-trānjd'), indifferent. e-ter'nal (é-tûr' nål), endless; per

petual. Eternal City, Rome. e'ther (ē'thér), extremely fine

fluid, lighter than air, supposed to pervade all space beyond the atmos

phere of the earth. e-the' re-al (é-thē're-ăl), spiritlike;

heavenly. Evan (ẻ?văn). See p. 79. E-van_ge-line (e-văn je-lên), the gen

tle Acadian maiden, and subject of

the poem. e-vanogel-ists (e-vănojẹl-istz), writers

of the gospels. e-vince' (è-vĩns'), show clearly. ewenecked' (ū) někt'), having a thin,

hollow neck. ex-cess (ěk-sěs'), that which exceeds

the ordinary limit, extravagance. ex-clu'sive (ěks-kloo'siv), shutting out

others. ex'e-cra' tion (ěk'sė-krāl shŭn), a curs


ex'e-cu/ tion (ěk'sė•kūshủn), carry

ing, to effect. ex-ec'u-tive (ěg-zěk'ů-tiv), chief

magistrate or officer who administers the government; the governing

person. ex-empt' (ěg-zempt'), free. ex-er'tion (ěg-zûr' shŭn), effort. ex-haust'ed (ěg-zôs' těd),

tired out, wearied. ex'it (ěk'sỉt), departure of a player

from the stage after performing his

part. ex-panse' (ěks-påns'), extent, a

tinuous area. ex'pe-di/ tion (ěks' pë-dish, ủn), excur.

sion, voyage. ex-pert' (ěks-pûrt'), skillful. ex-pire'. (ěk-spir'), die. ex-pli'cit (ěks-plis'it), distinctly

stated, clear. ex-pos'tu-la' tion (ěks-pos'tů-lā, shŭn),

earnest reasoning, or remonstrance. ex-press' (ěks-prěs'), exact, clear, P.,

102. ex-te' ri-or (ěks-tē'ri-ēr), outside. ex-ter' mi-nate (ěks-tûr'mi-nāt), drive

away, root, out. ex-ter'nal (ěks-tûr'nal), outside, for

eign. ex'tract (ěks' trăkt), a selection; short

part of a book or writing. ex-trav'a-gance (ěks-trăv'a-găns), want

of moderation, lavishness. ex-trem'i-ty (ěks-trěm'l-ti), greatest

peril. ex' tri-cate (ěks' tri-kāt), free. ex-ult' (èg-zült'), be in high spirits;

triumph. fac'ile (făs'il), ready. fac'ul-ty (făk'ül-ti), mental power. fain (făn), willingly. fal'low (făl'o), land plowed but not

seeded. Fan'euil Hall (făn''l), a building in

Boston, Massachusetts, where Revolutionary orators frequently ad.

dressed public meetings. fan-tas' tic (lăn-tiso tik), grotesque;

imaginary. “fatal sisters," this refers to the three

Fates of Greek mythology, "spinners of the thread of life.” The first, Clotho, spins the thread of life, the second, Lachesis, determines its length, and the third, Atropos, cuts it. The Greek Fates have their

counterpart in the Norse Norns. Fa'ta Mor-ga'na (fä'tä môr-gä'nä), a mirage at sea.

The spectator on shore sees images of men, houses, and ships, sometimes the

sea; called because formerly regarded as

the work of a fairy of this name. Father of Waters, a fanciful name given

by the Indians to the Mississippi

River. fath'om

(fåth'ům), find the depth





of; measure of length containing six

feet. Ja-tigue' (få-tēg'), weariness from

labor or exertion. Feder-al (fěd' ēr-ol), a friend of the

Constitution of the United States at

its adoption. feign (fān), pretend. feint (fānt), pretense. Fe-li'cian, Father (fè-lish'ăn), p. 201. fe-lic'i-ty (fè-lis'i-ti), happiness. fell (fěl), a rocky hill. fel' loe (fěl'o), the outside rim of a

wheel supported by the spokes. fel' on . (fěl'ủn), one guilty of a crime. Fen' wick (fěn' wik), a Scotch family. Fer'oe (fěr'o), a group of islands in

the North Sea between the Shet

lands and Iceland. fer' vent-ly (fûr'

věnt-li), earnestly. fes-toons' (fěs-toonz'), green vines or

leaves hanging in a curve, garlands. fet'tered (fět'ērd), bound. feu'dal (fü'dăl), the feudal ystem, by

which the holding of land depended upon rendering military service to the king or feudal lord during the Mid

dle Ages. filch (filch), steal. fil'ial (fil'yål), dutiful as a child to

his parent. film (film), a thin, slight covering. fi-nance' (fi-năns'), public money. "finny herd,” a school of fish. fir' ma-ment (fûr' må-měnt), heavens. "fishing smack,", a small sloop-rigged

vessel used for fishing along the

coast. flag-bird, a poetic word for standard. flag'on (făg'ŭn), a vessel with a nar

row mouth for holding liquor. flail (fāl), a wooden instrument for

threshing out grain by hand. “flame pen'nons,” (Alām-pěn'ŭn),

swallow-tailed flags. flank (Aănk), the side of an animal,

between the ribs and hip. flaunt (flänt), display with pride or in

a showy manner. Flem'ish (Aěm'ish), pertaining to

Flanders, one of the provinces of
Belgium. A favorite subject of
Flemish painters


the family group around the fireside. Flim'en (Aim''n), p; 174. floun'der-ing (floun'dēr-ing), tossing

and tumbling. flur'ry (Aŭr'i), hurry. flux (Auks), the setting in of the tide

toward the shore. fond'ling. (fond'ling), caressing. Fontaine' qui-bout (fón-tān'ke-boo), p.

238. Foolish Virgins, this refers to the par

able of the Ten Virgins, Matthew

25; 1.13. fools' cap (foolz'kåp), long folio writ. ing paper named from its

watermark, the fool's cap and bells.

ford (förd), a place where water may

be crossed on foot by wading. fore-bode' (för-böd'), foretell despond.

ingly. for' feit (fôr'fit), lose the right to a

thing by some error or crime. for'mi-da-ble (fôr' mi-da-b'l), alarming,

dangerous. For sters (fôr'stērz), a Scotch family. Fortunate Isles, imaginary, isles where

the souls of the good are made

happy. fos'ter (fös'tēr), encourage; support. fouled (fould), entangled, fowl'er (foul’ēr), one who hunts wild

fowl. frag'ile (frăj'îl), frail, weak. Franks, a Germanic people on the

Rhine river, who afterward founded

the French monarchy. fra-ter'nal (frå-tûr' nál), brotherly fraught (frot), mixed. fren' zied (frěn'zid), furious, wild. fre-quent' (fre-kwěnt'), visit often. freti work' (frět/ wûrk'), ornamental

raised work, as carving: frig' ate (frig'ate), formerly a warship, Frois' sart (froi' särt), celebrated

French chronicler who wrote a his

tory of the fourteenth century. fron'tier (fron'tēr), the boundary or

limits of a country. fru'gal (froo'găl), thrifty. fudge (fúj), nonsense. “funeral pile, a pile of wood upon

which the dead are burned. fu-ne're-al (fû-nē' rė-ål), mournful. fur' rows (fŭr' oz), wrinkles. fus' tian (fus'chån). See note p. 108. fu-tu'ri-ty (fü-tú'ri-ti), time to come. Ga'bri-el La-jeun-esse' (gā' brì-ěl lä

zhŭ-něs' ),. P. 201. Gal' i-lee (găl'i-lē), a lake in the north.

ern province of Palestine. gall (gol), chafe, annoy. gal-lant' (gă-lănt'), a man attentive to ladies. On

p. 91 pronounced gal'lant on account of meter. gal' liard (găl' yard). Note, p. 93. gal'li-gas 'kins (găl'i-găs, kĩnz), loose

hose; leather leg guards. gal' lows (găl'oz), guilty, ready to be

executed. Gamobi-a (gămobi-a), an English col

western África along the river Gambia. “The chief of Gambia's golden shore” is a line in a school book, “The American Preceptor,” which was used when Whit

tier was a boy. gamobol (gămobằ1), a sportive prank;

a frolic. gam' brel-roofed (găm'brěl), a curved

roof. gap,'ing (gäp'ing), yawning. gar' ru-lous igăr'

oo-lŭs), wordy; chat. tering. Gas-per-eau' (gås-pēr-o'), a river in

ony in



King's county, Nova Scotia, flowing

into the Basin of Minas. Gates of Her'cu-les (hûr'kû-lēz), the

Strait of Gibraltar, gauge (gāj), estimate; a measure. gaug’er (gáiễr), officer, whose

business it is to find the contents of

casks. gaunt'let (gänt'lět), a long glove coy

ering the wrist. ge'ni-al (jė'ni-al; jēn'yål), cheerful,

kindly. ge'nie (jē'ni), a good or evil spirit.

Pl. genii. gen'ius (jēn'yůs), one who has high

mental powers. Gen'tile (jěn' til), one who is not a

Jew. ge'o-metric

(jē'o-měty rik), referring to the figures used in geometry, the

branch of mathematics which treats of the measurement of

lines, angles, surfaces, and solids. Geor' gius Secun'dus (jór' jūs sěk-únd'

ŭs), George the Second, king of

Great Britain. ger'mi-nate (jûr'mi-nāt), bud, sprout. ges' ture (jěs'tûr), a movement of the

face, body, or limbs to express ideas. Ghent (gěnt), capital of province of

east Flanders, Belgium. ghoul (gool), an oriental demon, sup

posed to feed upon dead human

bodies. On gi-gan'tic (ji-gắn-tik), large. gill (gil), a deep narrow valley through

which a river flows. glade (glād), a cleared space in a

forest. glad i-a'tor (glăd' i-ā'těr), in ancient

Rome a swordsman who fought in the arena with other men

or ani. mals. glebe (glēb), turf, sod. gleed (glēd), a burning coal. gloam'ing (glöm'ing), twilight. gloat (glót), stare or gaze earnestly

often with a feeling of cruelty. Glynn (glĩn), a county in southeastern

Georgia. goad (god), a pointed instrument to

urge on a beast. gor'geous (gôr' jūs), showy, magnifi

cent. gor'y (gör'i), bloody. gowd (göd: good), the Scotch name

for gold. Graemes (grāmz), the

of Scotch clan, sometimes spelled

Graham. gram'pus (grăm'půs), a large toothed

fish, valued for its oil. gran'a-ry (grăn'å-ri), a storehouse for

grain. gran'deur (grăn'dûr), majesty, lofti. Grand Pre' (grän-prā'), a village in

King's county, Nova Scotia. The word means

'great meadow.'

con account of rhym pronounced ngan

grap'ple (grăp"'1), seize. grave (grāv), cut letters or figures on

a hard substance with a chisel. gray'ling (grāy'ling), a fish somewhat

like a trout. Great Harry, the name of a ship. gren'a-dier' (grěn'a-dēr!), in olden

times a soldier armed with grenades, iron shells filled with powder and thrown among the enemy. The word is now applied to a member of

the Grenadier Guards. Greve (grāv), Note, p. 43. grew'some (groo'sům), frightful. groat (grot), an old English silver

coin worth four pence. groin (groin), bring together in

curve. guar'an-ty (gặr’ăn-ti), security. guid (güd). Note, p. 98. guin'ea stamp (gỉn'i), the mark or

impress upon a guinea-an old Eng.

lish coin worth about five dollars. guise (giz), shape; cloak. gun'da-low (gün' dá-lo), another form

for gondola (gònodố-la). gy'ra-to-ry (jĩ?ri-tô-ri), winding,

whirling around a central point. Hab'er-sham (håb'ēr-shăm), a county

in northeast Georgia. The Chatta

hoochee rises in this county. . hab'it (hăb'it), a garment, p. 101 ; be

havior, p. 148. Ha'gar (hā'går). See Genesis 21, 14

21. hake-broil (hāk-broil), a seafish like

the cod, cooked over a beach fire. Half-Moon, name of a boat on which

Henry Hudson entered New York

bay and explored the Hudson river. Hall, a county in northern Georgia

intersected by the Chattahoochee

river. hal-loo' (hă-100'), call. hal' low (hål'o), consecrate, make holy. Hampton Falls Chămpotăn), a town

in Rockingham county, New Hampshire, seven miles north of New.

buryport, Massachusetts. hap'less (hăp'lēs), unfortunate. Haps' burg (hăps' bûrg), a princely German family

to which Maria Louise, wife of Napoleon, belonged. ha-rangue' (hå-răng'), an address or

speech to a crowd. har' bin-ger (här' bỉn-jēr), a forerunner;

usher in. ha'rem (hā'rěm), a family of wives be

longing to one man. har'py (här'pi),, one of the three

daughters of Neptune and · Terra, having a woman's face and body and sharp claws like a vulture; a buz

zard. Has'selt (häs'ělt), a town in Belgium. haunch (hänch), the hip, part of body

between the ribs and thigh.






Ha'ver-hill (hå'vēr-il), city in Essex

county, Massachusetts. haz'ard (hăz'ård), chance; danger,

risk. heath'er (hěth'ěr), a small, evergreen

flowering shrub with rose-colored Aowers native to Scotland and north

ern Europe. heave (hēv), force from the breast, as

a sigh. Heb'ri-des (hěb'ri-dēz), islands off the

western coast of Scotland. Hel'i-con (hěl'i-kón), a famous moun.

tain in Greece. Hel-seg'gen (hěl-sëg''n), p. 173. hel'ter-skel' ter (hěl'tēr-skěl'tēr), in

hurry and confusion. hen pecked' (hěn' pěkt'), governed by

one's wife. her'ald (hěr'ăld), usher in; announce. herb'age (ûr' båj; hûr'bâj), grass,

pasture. he-red' i-ta-ry (he-rěd'i-ta-ri), passing

from an ancestor to a descendant. Her'mes (hûr'mēz), an ancient Egyptian wiseman, “the scribe of the gods, who interpreted the truth of the gods to the people. In Greek mythology, the


of the gods. her' mit (hûr'mỉt), one v:ho has re

tired from society and lives in

solitude. hern (hěrn), short form for heron, a

water bird. Her-ve' Ri-el (hûr-vā' rē-ěl! ), p. 38. hi-la'ri-ous (hi-là' ri-ūs), noisy; merry. hilt (hilt), the handle of a sword. Hin'do-stan (hìn’doo-stän), the cen

tral peninsula of Asia. hoar'y (hör'i), gray with

age. Hooey-holm (hoa-hóm), p. 174. Hogue (hôg). See note, p. 43. hold (hold), a castle, stronghold. hol'las (ho'loz), calls out. hol'ster (hol' stěr), a horseman's case

for a pistol. Ho'ly, Grail (hö'li grāl), the cup or

bowl from which Christ drank at

the Last Supper. Holy Supper, Christ's last supper with

His disciples. horde (hord), a wandering tribe; a

vast multitude. hos' pi-tal' i-ty (hos' pi-tăli-ti), the

practice of entertaining friends and

strangers with kindness. hos'tage (hos'taj), a person who re

mains in the hands of another for the fulfilment of certain conditions;

pledge. hous' ings (houz'ingz), pl. trappings;

a cover for a horse's saddle. hov'er (hův'ēr), hang fluttering in the

air. Hud-dup.(hu-dup'), a New England

interjection addressed to horse

meaning “Get along." hue (hū), color; “hue and cry," a

loud outcry with which thieves were anciently pursued. Hu'gue-not (hủ' gē-not), French

Protestant of the sixteenth century. hur'ry-skur'ry (hūr'ri-skūr'ri),

fused bustle. hus' band-man (hůz'bånd-măn), a til.

ler of the soil, a farmer. Hy dra (hi'drá), in classical mythol.

ology, the water serpent with nine heads slain by Hercules : each head, on being cut off, became two. Hy' me-ne al (hi'me-nēl ål), referring to marriage; from Hymen, the Greek

god of marriage. hy-poth'e-sis (hi-poth'è-sis), thing not proved, but taken for

granted for the purpose of argument. hys' sop (hỉs'ŭp), a fragrant plant

whose leaves have a strong taste. I'bra-him (7'brå-hēm), the Arabic for

Abraham. i-de'al (i-de'ål), an imaginary stand

ard of perfection; faultless. i-den' ti-ty (i-děn'tï-ti), sameness, the

being the same. I dew vum,

a mild New England oath, “I do vow.” i-dyl (i-dil), a short poem describing

country life. If-le'sen (ēf-lā' sēn), p. 174. ig-no'ble (ig-nö'b'l), not noble, low. ig no-min-y,.(ig'no-min-1), dishonor. Il'lah. (ē lä), the Arabic for “the

God.La illah illa 'Allah" means

“Allah is the God.' ill-con-cert'ed (il-kon-sûr'těd), poorly

planned and executed. il-lim'it-a-ble (i-lim'it-à-b'l), vast, im- .

measurable. il-lu'mi-nate (i-lü'mi-nāt), brighten

with light. il-lu'sion (i-lū'zhủn), an unreality. im-bibe' (im-bīb'), receive, absorb. im-bue' (im-bū'), tinge deeply: im'me-mori-al(im'e-mo' riál),

tending beyond reach of memory or

record. im-mor'tal (i-môr'tăl), lasting forever. im-mu'ta-ble (i-mü'tå-b'l), unchange.

able. im-pede: (im-pėd'), hinder. im-ped'i-ment (im-pěd'i-měnt), hin.

drance. im-pel' (im-pěl'), urge on, drive. im-pend' ing (îm-pěnd' ing), overhang.

ing, threatening. im-pen'e-tra-ble (îm-pěn'é-trå-b'l), can

not be entered. im'per-cepti-ble (im’pẽr-sép từ-bo1),

not easily seen or noticed. im-pe' ri-ous (im-pē'ri-ŭs), haughty,

kingly. im-pet'u-ous (îm-pět'ů-ŭs), rushing

violently; hasty. im-placa-ble (im-plā' kå-b'l), not to be

pacified; unforgiving, im'port-tune! (im' por-tūn), urge




[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »