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pal'imp-sest (păl'imp-sěst), a parch

ment written upon twice, the first

writing, having been erased. pall (pôl), a black cloth thrown over

a coffin at a funeral. pal-la' di-um (på-lā'di-ům), the statue

of Pallas, on the preservation of which depended the safety of Troy,

hence an effectual safeguard. Pal'las (păl'as), Pallas Athene, the

Grecian goddess of Wisdom, called
also Athene, and identified
later period with the Roman Min-

erva. pal'let (pål'ět), a small and mean

bed. pal'lid (păl'id), wan. pal' pa-ble (păl' på-b'l), capable of be

ing, touched and felt; plain, evident. pal' pi-tate (păl'pi-tāt), "beat rapidly

and strongly: pal'try (pol'tri), small, worthless,

trifling. pano-rama (păn’s-rä: mi),

plete view in every direction. pan'to-mime (păn'to-mim), a dramatic

representation by actors who

only dumb show. par'a-gon (păr'a-gón), a model pat

tern of perfection. parch'ment (pärch'měnt), skin of

sheep or goat, etc., prepared for

writing. pard (pärd), a leopard. par'ri-cide (păr'i-sid), one who mur.

ders his own father, or any ancestor. par-tic'i-pate (pär-tis' i-pāt), have

share in common with others; to take

part. par-tic'u-lar-ize., (pär-tik'ů-lår-iz), to

state in detail. Pas'ca-goul la (păs'kå-goo' lå), a river

in Mississippi® flowing into the Gulf

of Mexico. pa'tri-arch (på'tri-ärk), father and

ruler of a family; a venerable old

man. pa-trician (på-trish'ăn), one of high

birth; a nobleman. pat' ri-cide (păt'ri-sid), murder of one's

father; the crime of murdering one's

father. pat' ri-mo' ni-al (păt' ri-mõl ni-ăl)in.

herited from an ancestor. pa-vil'ion (på-vil' yün), a tent, a large

temporary building. peas' ant (pěz'ănt), tiller of the soil

in European countries. peas'ant.ry (pěz'ănt-ri), peasants, col.

lectively. ped' a-gogue (pēd'a-gog), teacher of

children; a schoolmaster. ped'ant-ry. (pēd'ănt-rỉ), vain display

of learning. ped'i-gree (pěd'i-grē), a line of an

cestors; descent. peer (pēr), one of the same rank; an

equal; member of the British bility.

pel'li-cle (pěl'i-k'l), a crystallized

film. pell'-mell' (pěl'-měl'), in utter con.

fusion. pend' ent (pěn'děnt), something which

hangs, depends, or is suspended. pen'e-trate (pěn' e-tråt), enter into;

understand. pen'i-tent (pěn'i-těnt), feeling sor.

account of offence. Peni. tent Peter, Luke 22, 54-62. pen' sive (pěn'sīv),, thoughtful; sad. pent (pěnt), penned or shut up. pent/ house (pěnt' hous'), a shed slop

ing from the main wall or building,

as over a door or window. Pe' quot (pē'kwot), a former tribe of

North American Indians, the most dreaded of all in southern New Eng.

land. per' ad-ven, ture (pěr'åd-věné tûr), by

chance; perhaps. per-ceive' (pēr-sēv'), obtain knowl.

edge of through the senses; see. per-cep'ti-ble (pēr-sěp'ti-b'l), capable

of being perceived. per-fid' i-ous" (pēr-fid'i-ŭs), false to a

trust reposed. per pe-tra'tor (pûr' pe-trā'tēr),

who does or performs. per-pet' u-al (pēr-pět'ů-ål), continuing

forever, endless. per-plex' i-ty (pēr-plĕk'si-ti), bewil.

derment; doubt. per' se-cution (pûr' se-kū! shủn), pur.

suing to injure; injury. per'se-ver! ance (púr'sê-vēr/åns), continuing in a given cause;

sistence. pe-rus' al (pe-rooz'al), a careful read.

ing through. per-vade' (pēr-vād'), spread through

out; pass through. per-va'sive (pēr-vā' sỉv), having the

power to spread throughout. per-verse' (pēr-vûrs'),. turned aside

away from the right, contrary. per-ver' si-ty (pēr-vûr'si-ti), the qual.

ity of being perverse. pes' ti-lence (pěs' ti-lěns),, any conta.

gious disease that is devastating. pes'ti-lent

(pěs' ti-lěnt), destructive; troublesome. Pe-tru'chi-o's Kate (pe-troo'chi-o),

Petruchio-a character in Shakes peare's play, “Taming the Shrew." His wife, Kate, is called a shrew

on account of her ill-temper. pet' ty (pět'i), small, trifling. pew' ter (pū' tēr), a hard, tough, but

easily fusible alloy of tin with lead. pha'lanx (fā'lănks), a body of troops

in close array; combination of people firmly united. phan'tom (făn'tům), that which has

only apparent, existence, a ghost. phe-nom'e-non (fe-nõm'ê-non), pl. phe.

nomena, that which strikes one strange, unusual, or unaccountable; an appearance.






P. 84.



phi-lanothro-pist (fi-lănothrd-pist), one

who loves mankind, and seeks to

promote the good of others. phi-los'o-pher (fi-los' ő-fér), one who

lives according to the rules of practical wisdom; one devoted to the

search after wisdom. phiz (fiz), the face; a humorous abbre

viation for physiognomy. Phlege-thon (flég' e-thon), in Greek

mythology, a river of fire in the

lower world. phlegm (flěm), sluggishness of tem

perament; dullness. Phoe' bus (fē' būs), or Phoebus Apollo

in Greek and Roman mythology, one of the great Olympian gods and giver of light and life. Leader of

the Muses and God of music. phys' i-cal (fịz'i-kål), pertaining to na

ture; relating to the bodily structure as opposed to things mental. phys'i-og/ no-my (fiz'1-og' no-mi), the

face or countenance. pi' broch (pē'brok), a Highland air;

air played on bagpipes when Hig

landers go to battle. pic' tur-esquel (pik'tür-ěsk? ), form

ing a pleasing picture. pil'lage (pil'aj), something taken by

force; plunder. pin (pin), mood,. p. 31.

William (pink'ni), American lawyer and diplomatist of a fine old southern family. “Pin dus-born A-rac'thus". (pin'dŭs, å-råk'thủs),


in Greece. Pindus-born because it rises in the

Pindus mountains. pin' ion (pin'yŭn), a feather; quill; a

wing. pin'na-cle (pin'á-k'ı), a lofty peak; the

very topmost point. Pi' sa (pē zä), small town in Italy,

famous for its leaning tower. Pis-cat'a-qua (přs-kåt'a-kwä), a river

in New Hampshire. "pitch and moment,” impetus or speed. 'pitch of pride," p. 94, in the very place where Douglas's pride is cen

tered. pitcher plant, a plant with leaves shaped

like pitchers; "pith o' sense, the force, strength, or

essence of sense. 'plain (plān), complain. plains of A bra-ham, an elevated plain

just beyond Quebec to the southwest; the scene of the battle of

Quebec. plain-song. short, comprehensive

prayer, adapted to a particular day

or occasion, recited in one tone. Plaque' mine (plák' mēn), Bayou of

(bi'00) an inlet from the Mississippi river in Louisiana. plane' tree, an Oriental tree,

rising with a straight, smooth branching stem to a great height; the sycamore or buttonwood.

plash'y, (plăsh'i), , watery; splashy. Pla-tae'a's day (pla-tē'à). See note, plau'si-ble (plo'zi-b'l), praiseworthy;

reasonable. pleas'ance (plěz'āns), pleasure; merri

ment. ple-be'ian (ple-bē'yån), of or pertain

ing to the common people. pli' ant (pli'ănt), capable of plying or

bending; flexible. pol' i-cy (pol'i-sť), prudence or wisdom

in the management of public and

private affairs. pol-lute' (po-lūt'), make foul, impure,

or unclean. pomp (pomp), show of magnificence or

splendor. pon der (pon'dēr), think or deliberate. pon'der-ous (põn'dēr-ŭs), very heavy ;

weighty. Pope' dom (pop'dům), place, office, or

dignity of the pope. pop'u-lous

(pop'ů-lès), containing many inhabitants. por'poise (pôr' půs), a sea fish closely

allied to the dolphin. port (port), the left side of a ship,

looking forward. por' tal (por'tăl), a door or gate. port-cul'lis (port-kūl'is), a, grating of

iron or of timbers pointed with iron,

hung over the gateway, of a fortress. por' tent (pôr' těnt), a sign of coming

calamity. por'ti-co (por'ti-ko), a colonnade; cov.

ered space before a building. pos' tern (pos'tērn), back door or gate,

especially of a castle. po' tent (po' těnt), powerful, having

great authority. po' ten-tate (po' těn-tāt), monarch. prae' tor (prē'tor), a civil officer among

the ancient Romans. pre-ca' ri-ous (pre-kā'ri-ūs), not to be

depended on; dangerous. pre-cedent (pré-sēd'ěnt), going before. prec'e-dent (prěs' e-děnt), a decision

serving as a rule for future deter

mination in similar cases. pre-cip'i-tate (pre-sipoi-tắt), over

hasty, rash; to fall with steep

descent. pre-coc'i-ty (pre-kös'i-ti), development more than

is natural at given age. pre'con-ceive! (prē' kõn-sēv!), form

an idea or opinion in the mind be.

forehand. pre'de-ter'mi-nation (prē'de-tûr'mi.

nāl shŭn), a decision reached before.

hand. pre-em'i-nent (pre-ěm'i-něnt), above

other things of exalted station. preg'nant (prēg' nănt), heavy with im.

portant contents or significance. prej' u-dice (prěj' oo-dis), judgment

formed without due examination; to bias the mind of.






prel'ude (prěl'ud), introductory Der.

formance. prę' ma-turel (prēmå-tur!), ripe be

fore the proper. time. pres'age (prē' saj), n. sign, presenti.

ment. pre-sage' (pré-såj'), foretell. pre' sup-posel (prē'sů-poz! ), take for

granted. pre-ten' sion (pre-těn' shủn), laying

claim to more than is due. prev'a-lent (prěv'à-lènt). generally

existing; widespread. pri' mal (pri' mål), first; original. prith'ee (prith'ë), a corruption of

"pray thee,” generally used without

the “1. pri-va' tion (pri-vā'shủn), depriving or

taking away; getting along without. pro-claim (pro-klām'), make known

by, public announcement, prod' i-gal (prod'1-găl), given to

travagant spending. Prodigal Son,

Luke 15, 11-32. pro-dig'ious (pro-dij'ús), very great;

immense. prod'i-gy (prod'i-ji), a marvel or won.

der. pro-fess' (pro-fěs'), admit freely. prof' fer (prof'ēr), offer for acceptance. pro-found' (pro-found'), reaching to

the bottom of a matter; deep. pro-fuse'. . (pro-fūs'), pouring forth

bountifully; lavish. pro-gen'i-tor (pro-jěn'i-tēr), ancestor;

forefather. pro-ject'ing (pro-jekt'ing), planning;

throwing forward. prom'on-to-ry (promoũn-td-ri), high

point of land projecting into the sea. pro-mul' gate (prô-mŭl' gāt), make

known, proclaim. prone (pron), prostrate, flat; inclined,

disposed. pro-por' tion-ate (pro-põr'shủn-át), p.

186, at the same rate. pro-scribe' (pro-skrib'), doom to de.

struction; denounce. pros' trate (pros'trāt), lying, at length

with the body extended the

ground. pro-voke' (pro-vök'), call forth, irri.

tate. pru'dence (proo'děns), wisdom in the

way of caution and provision. puke (pūk), vomit. Punic (pu'nik), pertaining to the

Carthaginians, whom the Romans considered unworthy of trust, hence.

faithless. purl'ing (pûr'ling), eddy; also, to

make a murmuring sound as water

does in running over an obstruction. pur'port (pûr' port), meaning. pur-sue' (pŭr-sù'), follow with a view

to overtake; chase. Pyr'rhic (pir'ik), Pyrrhic dance, a Greek martial dance. Pyrrhic phalanx, a phalanx such

was used by Pyrrhus, king of Epirus.

Queen of Lebanon (lěb'a-non), Lady quaff (kwaf),, drink.

Hester Stanhope, niece of William
Pitt. She established herself in the
Lebanon hills near Jerusalem. await.

ing the second coming of Christ. quell (kwěl),, subdue;, sepress. quer'u-lous (kwěr'oo-lès), apt to find

fault. quick (kwik), vital part. qui-e'tus (kwi-e'tůs),

that which silences claim; death. rack (råk), danger. rad' i-cal (răd'i-kål), proceeding di

rectly from the root. rail'er(rāl'ěr), one who scoffs. rai' ment (rā'měnt), clothing. ram part (răm part), defense. ram' pire (răm'pir), same as rampart. Rance (räns), a river in France, random (răn'dům), want of direc

tion: chance. rap'ine (råp'in), a plundering. rap'ture (răp'tûr), pleasure, delight. Rat'is-bon (răt'is-bon), town in Ba

varia, Germany, called Regensburg by the Germans. rav’age (răv'âj), desolation by vi. rav'en-ous (răv''n-ės), devouring with

great eagerness. raze (rāz), lay level with the ground. re-buff' (re-búf'), sudden check. re-buke' (re-bük'), check or silence

with reproof; chide. re-call' (re-kôl'), call back; remember. re-cede' (re-sēd'), retreat; move back. re-cess' (re-sěs'), part of a room

formed by the receding of a wall. re-ces' sion-al (re-sěsh'ủn-ăl), a hymn

sung while the choir and clergy are leaving the church at the close of a

service. re-cip'ro-cate (rė-sip'ro-kāt), a mutual

giving and returning. reck (rék), heed. re-coil' (ré-koil'), drawing back. rec'ol-lection (rěk'o-lěk' shŭn)some

thing called to mind. rec'on-cile (rěk' on-sil), pacify, settle. rec'on-noilter (rěk'o-noi, tēr)

ine with the eye, survey. rec're-ation (rěk're-al shŭn), amuse.

ment. re-cruit' (re-kroot'), repair by fresh

supplies; reënforcement. rec'ti-tude (rěk'ti-tüd), honesty. re-cur'rence (re-kŭr'ěns), the act of

returning from time to time. re-dress' (re-drěs'), set right a wrong. reek (rēk), send forth vapor or smoke. "reeking tube," guns and cannons. reel (rel), stagger: ref'lu-ent (réf'100-ěnt), flowing back. re'flux (rē'flūks), ebb. ref'u-geel (réf'ů-jě) ), one who flees

to a place of safety. ref'use (ref'us). waste matter. re'gal (ré'găl), royal.





or first stepona



re'gent (ré jent), ruler. Reg'u-lus (rėg'u-lès), Note, p. 326. re-it'er-ate (re-it'ēr-át), repeat again

and again. re-lax' (re-lăks'), slacken. rel'e-vant (rěl'é-vănt), bearing upon

the case in hand. re-lief' (ré-léf'), in art, projection of

a figure above the ground on which

it is formed. re-luc'tant (re-lůk'tănt), unwilling. rem'nant (rěm'nănt), that which re

mains after a part is removed. re-mon'strate (re-mon'strāt), , present

and urge reasons in opposition to

an act. re-moves' (re-moovz'), a transfer of

one's business or belongings from

one place to another. re-mun'er-a' tion (re-mū'nőr-å! shŭn),

payment. re-nown' (re-noun'), fame. rent (rėnt), broken. re-pair' (ré-pâr'), go. rep'u-ta/ tion (rěp'll-tål shŭn),

esti. mation in which one is held. re-pute'. (rè.pūt'), estimate. req'ui-site (rěk'wi-zit), something

required. re-search' (re-sůrch'), continued.

search after truth. re-serve? (re-sûry'), withhold from

present use for another purpose or

time. res'ig-na' tion (rez'ig-nál shủn),

giving up a claim, possession or

office, etc. re-sist' less (rė-zist'lės), powerless to

withstand; helpless. res'o-lute (rěz' o-lūt), determined. re-spec'tive-ly (re-spěk' tiv-li), relat

ing, to each. res' pite (rěs' pît), a, putting off. res'to-ra/ tion (rěs' to-rā' shữn),

bringing back to a former condition. re-tain (re-tān'),, keep. re-treat' (re-trēt'), departure; shel

ter. reveal' (re-vēl'), disclose. rev' el-ry (rěv'ěl-ri), noisy festivity. re-ver' ber-ate (re-vûr' bēr-āt), echo. rev'er-ence (rěv'ēr-ěns), a mingled

feeling of awe and admiration. rev'er-end (rěv'ēr-ěnd), worthy of re

spect. rev'er-y (revēr-i), day dream. re-viv'ing (re-viv'ing), returning to

life. Rey-han'. (rā-hăn'), p. 20.

'; ribbon. rife (rif), prevailing. rift (rift), opening made

by splitting: ri'öt (ri'ŭt), tumult. rise (riz; ris), cause; occasion. rite (rit), solemn observance. riv'et (riv'ět), fasten firmly. riv'ing (riv'ing), splitting. toan (rồn), brown

black color, with gray or white interspersed.

roist'er (rois'tēr), a blustering, noisy

fellow. ro-mance'

(rô-măng?) tale or novel. *Romance languages,' the languages

which were originally dialects of

Latin, as French, Spanish, Italian. Roos (roos), p. 35. Rou'shan Beg (roo'shän-bāg), p. 19. rout'ed (rout'ěd), overpowered. rou-tine' (roo-tén'), a round of busi

or pleasure frequently returning: Royal Society, a society of London for

improving natural knowledge. rub (růb), hindrance. ru' bi-cund (roo'bi-kúnd), ruddy, red. ru' di-ment (roo' di-měnt), a beginning ru'mor (roo'mēr), hearsay, common

talk. ru'nic (roo'nik), pertaining to the

written language of the ancient

Norsemen. ru'ral (rõo'rål), pertaining to the

country. rus' tic (růs'tik), unpolished. ruth'less-ly (rooth'lěs-li), in a cruel Rut'ledge (rūt'lēj), the name of an

illustrious family in South Carolina-one of them was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and

governor of the state. sa'bre (sā' bēr), a sword with a broad,

heavy blade, usually, curved. sack, cloth' (såk, kloth'), a garment

worn in mourning or penitence. sad'dle-girth (såd''l-gürth), that which

fastens on the saddle. saddletree, frame of a saddle. sage (sāj), wise. Saint (sānt), Catherine's tresses

(kăth'ēr-in) in the Roman church, St. Catherine is noted for her vows never to



braid St. Catherine's tresses applies to one who does not marry. Eu-la'lie (d-lā'li), St. Eulalie's day

is the 12th of February. If the sun shines on that day, there will be, a plentiful apple harvest

. Fran'cois! (frän'swäl), a small

river in Quebec. He-le'na (hě-lē'na), island off the

coast of Africa; the place of

Napoleon's exile. Lou'is (100's), Louis IX, king of France.

Napoleon received his education at his country's expense. Ma lo (mä'lo), city in France noted

for its high tides. Maur (mor), town on the Teche

river in Louisiana. Sal'a-mis (săl'à-mis), an island in the

Gulf of Aegina, Greece, famous for

a great naval battle, 480 B. C. Salis bu-ry (sôlz' bēr-i), town in

northeastern Massachusetts near Whittier's home.








Sal'lust (sål'úst), a Roman historian

who accompanied Caesar his

African campaign. sal'ly (sål'i), an excursion from the

usual course. sal' u-ta-ry. (săl'ů-ta-ri), wholesome. sal' u-ta, tion (săl'ů-tål shủn), greet

ing: Sa'mi-an (så' mi-ăn), pertaining to the

island of Samos. sanc'tu-a-ry (sănk'tü-a-ri), a sacred

place; a place of refuge. Sand-fle'sen" (sănd-fā'sěn), p. 174. san' guine (sån' gwîn), hopeful. Sappho (såf'o), a Greek woman who

lived about 600 B. C., famous for

her lyric poetry. sark (särk), a skirt. sas' sa-fras (săs'á-frăs), an American

tree of the Laurel family. sa-ti'e-ty (så-ti'è-ti), fullness beyond

desire. sa-tir'i-cal (så-tir'i-kål), cutting

sarcastic. sa-van'na (si-văna), tract of level

land covered with grass or reeds,

but without trees. Sax'on (såk'sủn), English, p. 77. scar. (skär), a bare place on a moun.

tain side. scarf (skärf), in carpentry a certain kind

of joint forming a continuous piece. scaur (skär). See note, p. 93. scep'tic (skěp'tik), a doubter of fact. schoon'er (skoon'ěr), a vessel with

three, four, and even with six masts

similarly rigged. Sci'an (si'ån), pertaining to Scio,

claimed by some to be the birth place of Homer, who is called the

Scian muse, Sci'o (si'o), an island in the Aegean

Sea noted for its wine. scoff (skof), sneer. score (skor), furrow. Scor' pi-on (skôr'pi-èn), a constella.

tion; the eighth sign of the zodiac. scru pu-lous (skroo pů-lús), , exact. scru' ti-ny (skroo'ti-ni), close

amination. scud (skūd), move swiftly. sculp' ture. (skúlp'tûr), carve: "seal and hand, a letter with the seal

and signature of the king, p. 93. sea'son (sē' z'n), temper. sed'u-lous (sěd'û-lès), diligent,

earnest. seethe (sēth), boil. segment (ség'měnt), a part cut off. Sel'borne (sěl' börn), parish in

England, noted on account of Gilbert White's Natural History of Sel

borne. sem' blance (sěm'blăns), likeness. sen'es-chal (sěn'ě-shăl), officer in a prince's house. Sen-nach'er-ib (sě-năk'ēr-ib). Note, sen-sa' tion (sěn-sā'shủn), feeling ob

tained through the senses; state of

excited feeling or that which causes

it. sen'ti-ment (sěn'ti-měnt), opinion. sen'ti-nel (sěn'tï-něl), soldier set to

guard an army or camp. sen' try. (sěn'tri), guard. sep’ul-chre (sěp'úl-kēr), grave; bury. se-ragl'io (sé-răl'yo), a harem. ser'aph (sěr'ăf), an angel. se-ren'i-ty (sê-rěn'i-ti), calmness. serf (sûrt), a slave bound to work on

a certain estate and sold with it. ser'vile (sûr'vil), like a slave; cring

ing: session (sẽshoăn), meeting. ses'terce (sěs' tērs),

ancient Roman coin. set'tle (sět''!), a high-backed bench. Sew'el (sū'ål), William Sewel wrote

a ponderous history of the Quakers. Sex'a-ges' i-ma (sěk' så-jěs! i-må), the

second Sunday before Lent. sev' er (sěv'ēr), disjoin. shade (shād), ghost. shard (shärd), a fragment of any hard

substance. "sharps and trebles," musical notes. Shaw-nee (shô-nē'), a tribe of In. dians. Their name

means “Southerners.' sheathe (shēth), cover with something

which protects. sheen (shēn), brightness. Sheik (shēk), chief magistrate of an

Arabian village. shelves (shělvz), slopes. shif'ty (shif'ti), changeable. shin' gly (shỉn'gli),

covered with gravel or pebbles. shoal (shol), a bar which makes the

water shallow. shrew (shroo), a scold. shrewdness (shrood' něs), sharp

wittedness. shrive (shriv), to hear confession and

pardon. shroud (shroud), set of ropes staying a

ship's masts. shuffle (shúf''l), to rid one's self of. sick'lied (sik'lid), made sickly. Sid'ney (sid'ni), Sir Philip, an Eng.

lish author and general of excep

tionally fine feeling. Siena's saint (syě'nä), St. Catherine,

the patron saint of Siena. sil' hou-ettel (sil' oo-ět! ), profile por.

trait in black. si-mil'i-tude (si-miloi-tud),

blance. Si' nai (si'ni), the mountain

which the Israelites encamped, and

where the law was given to Moses. Sin'bad (sin' båd), or Sindbad, a char. acter in the “Arabian Nights,

who made seven wonderful voyages. sin'ew (sĩn'ù), that which supplies

strength power; tendon

tissue. sin'u-ous (sin'ů-ŭs), winding, curv

ing in and out.

P: 79.








p. 75.

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