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sire (sir), a father.

(si'rěn), one of the three fabled sea nymphs, whose singing

lured mariners to destruction. site (sit), situation. Skar'holm (skär'hom), p. 174. skep'ti-cism (skěp'ti-siz'm), doubt or

uncertainty. skirt (skürt), surround. skulk (skúlk), hide sneakingly. slack (slåk), loosen; not pressing. sledge (slěj), a sleigh. Sleepy Hollow, a locality in Tarry.

town, New York. Blip (slīp), an inclined plane on which

a vessel is built. sloth (sloth), slowness. smack (småk), small coasting vessel. smelt (smělt), melt ore so as to sep

arate and refine metal. sol'ace (sol'as), comfort in grief. 80-lic' i-tude (sô-lis' i-tūd), concern. Sol'i-dor (sol'i-dôr), fortress

the Rance river. so-lil' o-quy (sô-lil' ő-kwi), a talking

to one's self. sol'stice (sol' stis), point in the earth's orbit at which the

is farthest from the equator; winter solstice at about December 22, sum

mer solstice about June 21. Sol' way (söl' wā), an arm of the Irish

Sea between England and Scotland,

noted for the rapidity, of its tides. som'bre (som'bēr), sad. som-bre'ro (sõm-brā'ro), broad

brimmed hat worn in Spain and

Spanish America. 30-no'rous (ső-nö'rūs), loud-sound

ing. soph' o-more (sof'ö-mör), one belonging

the second of the four classes in an American college. sor' did (sor' did), base. sore-be-stead' (sor-be-stěd'), being

put in great peril. South'ey,

Robert (south'i), (17741843), an English poet of the Lake School. He was made poet-laureate

in 1813. sov'er-eign (sov'ēr-in), monarch. spa' cious (spā'shủs), vast in extent. Span'ish Main, the name formerly given to the southern part of the Carribean Sea and the adjoining coast, covering the route of the

Spanish treasure ships. spar (spär), round timber used on a

mast. Spar' tan (spär' tăn), an inhabitant of

Sparta; one of great endurance. spawn (spôn)bring forth. species (spé' shēz), a kind. spe'cious (spē'shủs), showy. spec'ta-cle (spěk'ta-k’l), something

exhibited to view. spec'tre (spěk'tēr), ghost. spher' ule (sfēr'ool), a little sphere. spi'ral

(spi'răl), winding like the thread of a screw.

spon-ta'ne-ous (spon-tå'ne-ŭs), pro

ceeding from a natural feeling, not

forced. spouse (spouz), husband or wife. sprite (sprit), fairy: spume-flakes (spūm), flakes of froth

or foam. spur (spûr), a . pricking, implement

fastened to a rider's heel. spurn (spûrn), scorn. squad'ron (skwód'rằn), a detachment of war vessels under command of a

flag-officer. squall (skwol), sudden and violent

gust of wind. stag'nate (stăg'nāt), cease to flow,

become dull. stal'wart (stôl' wērt), brave, strong. stal' worth (stôl' würth), brave, strong. stan'chion (stăn'shủn), bar for con

fining cattle in a stali. star' board (stär' bord), side of a ves

sel on the right hand of one on

board facing the bow. staunch (stånch),, stop the flow of. stem'son (stem'sẵn), piece of curved timber bolted to the stem in

a ship's frame. ster' ile (stěr'il), barren. steroling (sturoling), genuine. stern (stûrn), after end of a vessel. stern'son-knee (stûrn'sún-nē), the con.

tinuation of a vessel's keelson to which the stern-post is secured by

bolts. stir'rup (stir'ŭp), a ring for sup.

porting a horseman's foot. sto'ic (stö'ik), one who appears to

be indifferent to pleasure or pain. Stony Point, a fort on the west bank

of the Hudson, captured by the British in 1779 and retaken by the American forces under Anthony

Wayne. sto'ried (sto'rid), having an inter,

esting history, strained (strand), forced. stren'u-ous (strěn'ů-ŭs), earnest; ac

tive, vigorous. stur' geon (stûr'jún),

a large fish common on the coasts and in large

rivers and lakes. Suar'ven (swär' věn), p. 174. sub-al' tern (sub-ol'tērn), an

officer of inferior position,, usually below

the rank of a captain. sub'ju-ga' tion (súb' joo-gå! shŭn), the

act of, conquering or subduing. sub-lime' (sub-lim”), majestic. sub-mis'sion (súb-mish'ŭn), a yield.

ing to power or authority. sub-ser'vi-ence (sub-sûr'vi-ěns), the

state of being subordinate; yielding. sub-side (súb-sid'), cease from ac

tion, be calm. sub-sid' i-a-ry (súb-sid' i-a-ri), assisting: sub-sist'ence (sub-sis'těns), means of

support. sub-stan'tial (sub-stăn'shål), real;











sub'tile (súb'til; sūt''i), difficult of

understanding: sub'urb (súb'urb), an outlying part

of a city. sub-vert' (sub-vûrt'), overthrow. suc'tion (sūk'shủn), a sucking in. sue (su), seek after; plead. suf' fer-ance (súf' ēr-åns), endurance. suf-fuse' (sú-fūs'), overspread. Su'li-ote (soo'li-ot). Note, p. 84. sul'try (sůl'tri), very hot and moist. sum'mons (süm'ünz), call by au

thority to appear at a place named. Sum'ter (sům'tēr),

illustrious family of South Carolina. Thomas

Sumter was a Revolutionary general. sun'der (sün'dēr), sever. Su'ni-um (sū'ni-úm), an ancient city

a promontory in southeastern Greece. It contains the white marble ruins of a temple to Athene,

a famous landmark from the sea. su-perb' (şů-pûrb'),, magnificent. su'per-flu' i-ty (su' pēr.fooli-ti),

greater quantity than is wanted. su'per-in-hu, man (sū' pēr-in-hul măn),

attended with cruelty to a very great

degree. su-per'nal (sû-pûr'nål), being in

higher place; heavenly. su'per-nati u-ral (sü' pēr-năt) û-rål),

being beyond the powers or law of

nature. Bu'per-sti, tion (sü' pēr-střsh ŭn),

reverence for or fear of what is un

known or mysterious. su-pine' (sů-pin'), indolent; inatten.

tive. sup'pli-ance (súp'li-äns), entreaty. sur-cease' (sūr'sēs'), end. sur/ coat' (sûr, köt'), a coat

over, the other garments, especially the long, flowing coat of the knights

worn over the armor. surf (surf), swell of the sea breaking

upon the shore. surge (sûrj), a large wave or billow;

rise nigh and roll. sur'ge-ry (sûr'jēr-i), art of healing by

manual operation. sur'ly. (sûr'li), ill-natured, sullen. sur-mise' (sur-miz'), suspicion;

imagine without certain knowledge. sur-mount' (sůr-mount'), rise above;

conquer. Sur'rey (sür'i), p. 93, an English

nobleman, Earl of Surrey, lieutenant of the northern counties; p. 274, a

county in England. sur-vive? (sur-viv'), outlive; con

tinue to live. sus-pect! (sús.pěkt'), an object of

suspicion; mistrust. su-sur'rus (sü-sür'ŭs), a whisper or

murmur. swan' like (swon'lik), p. 81, referring

to the tradition that the swan sings
a most beautiful song just before ,

swarth'y (swor'thi), being of a dark

hue or dusky complexion. swath (swoth; swoth), whole sweep

of a scythe or machine. sweep (swēp), a pole swinging on

tall post, to raise and lower a bucket

for drawing, water. swoon (swoon), faint. sylovạn (silovắn), forestlike; rustic. symbol (sim'ból), emblem. sym'mc-try (sim'è-tri), due propor

tion of several parts of a body to each other; beauty and balance of

form. symp'tom (simp'tům). sign; token. syn'a-gogue (sin'å-gog), Jewish con.

gregation or place for worship. tac'i-turn (tăs'i-tûrn), habitually

silent. tang. (tăng), a strong taste. tank'ard (tănk'árd), large drinking

vessel. Tan-tal'lon (tăn-tål'on), a castle in Scotland,

the stronghold of the Douglas family. ta'per (tä' pēr), gradually growing

smaller. tap'es-try (tăp'ěs-tri), hangings of

wool silk with gold or silver threads producing a pattern

picture. tarn (tärn), a small mountain lake. Tar'tar (tär'tår). an inhabitant of

Tartary, central Asia; an irritable

or violent person. Tay'ge-tus (ta'ge-tůs), (p. 283, pro

nounced ta-ge' tus account of rhythm), highest mountain range in

southern Greece. Teche (těsh), small stream in

Louisiana, teem'ing. (tēm'ing), bringing forth,

abounding. "teeth of the wind," grasp of the wind. Te'ian (tė'yằn), pertaining, to Te'os,

an ancient Greek city in Asia Minor, the birthplace of the Greek poet A-năc'rē-on, who is called "the

Teian Muse." te-mer' i-ty, (tê-měr'i-ti), contempt of

danger; boldness. tem'per (těm'pēr), soften. tem po-ral (těm'po-rål), pertaining to

time or this world ; not lasting. tem' po-ra-ry (těm'po-ra-ri), lasting

for a time only. ten'ant (těn'ănt), occupant. ten'ant-less (těn'ånt-lès), unoccupied. ten'dril (těn'dril), a slender leafless

portion of a plant which attaches it.

self to a supporting body; ten'e-brous (těn'e-brůs), dark, gloomy. ten'or (těn'ēr), general course; con:

duct. ten'ure (těn'ûr), a holding. ter'ma-gant (tûr'må-gănt), scolding;

violent; a scold. ter'mi-naí (tûr'mi-nål), boundary,









tes'ta-ment (těs'tå-ment), a will or

bequest. thatch (thăch), straw, rushes, etc. theme (thēm), a topic on which one

writes or speaks. In music, a short melody from which a set of varia

tions is developed. the'o-ry (thē' o-ri), an idea; a plan. there-at (thậr-åt'), on that account. Ther-mop'y-lae (thēr-mop'i-le),

narrow pass in Greece, the scene of a famous conflict in the Persian wars. A small army of Greeks defended the pass against a vast army

of Persians under Xerxes. thill (thĩl), shaft of a carriage. thole (thól), pin set in the gunwale

of a boat to serve as a fulcrum for

the oar in rowing: thor/ ough-brace' (thùy 6-bris'),

leather strap supporting the body of

a carriage. thorp. (thorp), a small village. Thracian (thra'shăn), pertaining to

Thrace, in early times the entire re.

gion north of Greece. thrall (thrôl), slave, bondman. thylke (thilk), the same. tin'sel (tin'sěl), something shiny and

gaudy, more showy than valuable. tin’tin-nabu-la tion (tin' ti-năb'û-lā!.

shủn), a word coined by Poe to rep

resent the sound of bells. Ti'tan (ti' tăn), enormous, like the an

cient giants in Greek mythology. tit'u-lar (tit'û-lår), existing in title or

name only. toc'sin (tók'sĩn), an alarm bell. tol' er-a-ble (tol'ēr-å-b'l), capable of

being endured. tol'er-ant (töl' ēr-ånt), indulgent, al.

lowing. toll' men (tol'měn), men who gather

toll or tax. tome (tom), a large book. Ton'gres (ton' gr'), a town in Bel.

gium. tor por (tor' por), dullness. tor'rent (tor'ěnt), a violent stream as

of water or lava. To'ry (to'ri), a supporter of the king. Tour' ville (tóor'vēl). See note p. 43. “Tous les Bourgeois' de Chartres"

(too lá boor-zhwä' dě shärtr), the

title of an old French song. tra-di'tion (trå-dish'ün), custom

practice long observed; oral delivery

of information from father to son. Tra-fal'gar (trå-făl' går). Note, p. 74. traf' fic (trăf'ik),..commerce. train' band (trān'bånd), band or

company of organized military force instituted by James I dissolved

by Charles II but reorganized later. trait (trāt), distinguishing mark

feature. trai'tor (trā'tēr), one who betrays a

trust. tranquil (trănokwil), calm.

tran-scendent (trắnsăn'đènt), very

excellent, surpassing, others. trans-fig'ure (trắns-fig'ûr), change the

appearance of;, make more beautiful. tran’sient (trăn’shẽnt), not lasting;

staying for a short time. tran-si' tion (trăn-sizhoăn), passing from one condition

place another. tran’si-to-ry (trắnosi-tô-ri), feeting. trans'mu-tation (trăns' mů-tāl shủn),

the changing from one form or con

dition to another. trav'ail (trăv'ål), toil; produce with

severe exertion. treach'er-ous (trěch'ēr-ŭs), faithless. Treb, i-zond' (trěb'i-zond'), province

in northeastern Asia Minor. tre'ble (trěb''l), increase threefold. tree' nails (trē'nālz), long wooden pins

used in fastening planks of a vessel

to the timbers or to each other. tre'mor (trē' mor; trěm'or), a trem

bling. trem'u-lous (trěm'ů-lūs), quivering;

affected with fear or timidity. trep'i-da/ tion (trèp'i-dā! shủn), fear. trib'u-lashun (trib'û-lāshŭn), that

which causes distress. tri-bu'nal (tri-bü' nål), a court; seat

of a judge. trib'u-ta-ry

(trib'ů-ta-ri), inferior; contributing trice (tris), a very short time. tri'reme (tri'rēm), an ancient galley

or vessel with three tiers of oars. Tri'ton (tri'ton), a sea god, son of

Neptune and his trumpeter. tri-umph'al (tri-um'fäl), in honor of

a victory. tro'phy (tro'fi), anything preserved

as a memorial. “Truce of God," in 1040 the church

drew up, a compact which forbade any fighting between sunset on Wed. nesday and sunrise on the following

Monday. truc'u-lent (trůk'û-lěnt), fierce. try' sail' (tri' sal'), a fore-and-aft sail, bent to a gaff, and hoisted on a lower mast-used chiefly as a storm

sail. tu-mul' tuous (td-mèl'tů-ŭs), boister.

ous, riotous. Tu'nis (tú'nis), a country in N. Af.

rica, one of the Barbary states. tur'bu-lent (tûr'bû-lěnt), producing

commotion; restless. turf (tûrf), sod. tur' moil (tûr'moil), worrying confu.

sion. turnpike' (türn' pik'), tollgate; a

turnoike road. tur' ret (từr'ět), a small tower at the

angle of a large building. Tus-ca-ro'ra (tus-ka-ro'ra), a tribe of

Indians who, when first known, lived in North Carolina. After years of warfare with the colonists, the








remnant joined the Iroquois in New

York. twang. (twăng), sound with a quick,

harsh noise. typ’i-fy

(tip'i-fi), represent by type, model, or resemblance. tyr'an-ny. (tir'ă-ni), cruel government

or discipline; severity. Tyre (tir), a famous maritime city of

Phoenicia. u-biq'ui-ty (ů-bik'wi-ti), existence

everywhere at the same time. ul'ti-mate (ŭl'ti-māt), incapable of

further analysis; final, un'be-hold' en (ůn'be-hóll d'n), not

indebted. un-call cu-la'ting (ún-kål, ků-lāt'ing),

not estimating: un'con-di' tion-al (ūn'kõn-dish ŭn-ál),

made without conditions. un-con-fined' (un-kon-find'), not bound

or limited. un-couth' (un-kooth'), awkward. un, du-la'ting (un' dú-lāt'ing), ing bac

vard and forward, or up and down in waves. un-fledged' (ũn-Aějd'), not feathered,

hence not fully developed. un-furl' (ũn-fürl'), unfold. u'ni-son (ū'ni-sèn), harmony: u'ni-ver) sal (ü'ni-vûr/ săl), including

the whole number, quantity,

space; all-reaching. un-knelled' (ŭn-něld'), having no bell

tolled at funeral or death. un-meet' (ũn-mēt'), not suitable. un'ob-tru, sive (ŭn'ob-troo' sĩv), mod

est. un-per-turbed (ũn-pēr-türbd'), not

troubled or confused. un-pre-med' i-tat'ed (ůn-pre-měd/

tāt'ěd), not thought out beforehand. un-pro-faned' (ũn-pro-fänd'), not vio

lated, as anything sacred. un-pro-por'tioned (ún-pro-por'şhủnd),

not having the right relation of

one portion to another. un-re-strained' (ũn-re-strand'), not

kept in check or curbed. un-ri' valled (un-ri' våld), having no

competitor. un-scathed' (ũn-skäthd'), not injured. un-wont'ed (ũn-wũnotod),

tomed. up-braid' (ŭp-brad'), reproach

blame. U-phar'sin (ů-fär'sĩn). See Daniel

5, 25. up-hol' ster-er (ŭp-hol'stēr-ēr), one who

provides curtains, coverings, hang

ings, etc. ur'chin (ûr'chỉn), a roguish child. Ur-si'ni (ûr-se'nė), a prominent noble

family in Rome. u-surp

(u-zûrp'), seize and hold a possession by force. ut' ter-ance (ŭt'ēr-ins), the act of


vague (våg), uncertain. val'iant (vál' yằnt), courageous. val'or (vål’ēr), personal bravery. van (văn), the front of an army. van_dal (vănodil), one who wilfully

destroys any work of art or liter.

ature. vane (van), weathercock. van' quish (văn'kwish), conquer or get

the better of. van' tage-ground (vån'taj-ground), con.

dition which gives one advantage

over another. va'ri-ant (vå'ri-ănt), different. va! ri-e-gat'ed (vā ri-e-gāt'ěd), have

ing marks of different colors. vas'sal (vås'ăl), a subject or servant. vaunt (vänt), boast. ve'he-ment (vē'hê-měnt), acting with

great force; violent. ve-loc'i-ty (vė-los 'i-ti), speed. ven-due ,(věn-dū'), an auction. ven'er-a-ble (věn'ér-å-b'l), deserving

honor and respect. ven'er-ate (věn'ēr-āt), regard with

respect and awe venge'ance (věn'jäns), punishment in

flicted in return for injury; revenge. vent (věnt), outlet. ven'ture (věn'tûr), risk. ve-rac'i-ty (ve-răs' i-ti), truthfulness. ver'dant (vûr' dănt), green. ver' dure (vûr'dûr), greenness. verge, (vûrj), edge, brink. ver'i-ly (věr'i-li), beyond doubt or

question, truly. ver'nal (vûr'năl), pertaining to the

spring. version (vûr'shủn), a translation, ac

count. ves'tal (věs'tăl),

virgin consecrated to Vesta; nun. vet'er-an (vět'ēr-ån), one grown old

in service. vi'brant (vi'brănt),, tremulous. vi-bra'tion (vi-bra'shủn), quick mo

tion to and fro. vi-cinoi-ty (vi-sinoi-ti), neighborhood. vi-cis'si-tude (vi-sisoi-tud), regular

change or succession from one thing

to another. vig'il (vij'il), watch. vindi-cate (vindi-kät), justify. vi-ra'go (vi-rā'go), a woman of ex.

traordinary size, strength, and cour.

age. vir' tu-al-ly (vûr'tů-al-li), being in ese

sence or effect, not in fact. vis' age (viz'aj), the face. vi' sion (vizh'ún), that which is seen. vis'ta (vis'tå), view between inter.

vening objects. viv'id (viv'id), true to life; bright. viv'i-fy (viv'i-fi), make alive. vix'en (vik's'n), a cross, ill-tempered vo-ca'tion (vo-kā'shủn), occupation. vo-cifer-ous (vô-sifo@r-us), noisy. void (void), empty; being without.








vol'ley (vòl'i), a burst of many

things at once. Vol-tur'nus (vol-toor'nŭs), a river in

Italy. vo-luoi-nous (vô-luomi-nus), of great

volume or bulk. vo-lup'tu-ous (vo-lŭp'tů-ŭs)full of

pleasure; luxurious. vor'ti-ces '(vör' tỉ-sēz), whirlpools. vouch-safe' (vouch-saf'), condescend

to, grant; assure. voy'a' geuri (vwa'ya' zhûr'), a trav

eler ; Canadian term used for employed in transporting goods to

the Northwest. vul' ture (vůl' tûr), a bird which feeds

on dead flesh of animals or birds. Vurrgh (vûrg), p. 174. Wa'chi-ta (wä'shi-tä), p

228. waft' ed (wift'ěd),

Hoated along lightly on air or water. wail (wal), weep. wain (wān), wagon. wake (wāk), trace. wal'let (wol' ět), knapsack; pocket

book. Wal'le-way (wäl'ē-wā), p. 238, prob

ably Longfellow had reference to the Wallowa river in northeastern

Oregon. wan (won), pale. wanoton (wỏn'tăn), reckless. wan' toned (won'tủnd), played. ward'er (wòr' dễr), guard. Ware (wâr), a town in England about

20 miles north of London. warld - (wärld), world. warp (worp), the threads extending

length wise in a loom, and crossed

by the woof. wa'ry (wā'ri; wâr'i), cautious, watch

ful. wash (wosh), bog or marsh. watch (wóch), period during which

one serves as a sentinel or guard. wa ter-butt (wo'tēr-būt), a large, open

headed cask, set up on end to con

tain water. Wa'ter-loo (wó'tēr-loo'), a village

Brussels where Napoleon met defeat. So complete and so decisive was the disaster that Waterloo has

come to mean defeat. wa'ver (wā'vēr), totter; unsettled. weath-er-cock, figure often in the form

of a cock, turning with the wind

and showing its direction. weird (wērd), pertaining to witch

craft; wild. wel'kin (wěl' kin), vault of heaven;

sky. wel'ter (wěl'tēr), roll or tumble about. wert (wûrt),

(pronounce to rhyme with "art"). West min-ster Ab-bey (wẽstomin-stèr),

former church in London, the burial place of many kings, statesmen, and authors.

whig (h’wig), one of a political party

in England, also in America; opposed to Tories. whipple-tree' (hwip.'l-trē'), bar to

which the traces of a harness are

fastened for drawing a carriage. whisk'ing (hwisk'ing), moving nimbly

and with velocity. whit (hwit), the smallest part imag

inable. White, Gilbert (hwit), eminent

English naturalist, who was born in Selborne and

the author of Natural History of Selborne.” Wi-ca'co (wē-kä'ko), p. 247. wim'pling (wịm'pling), rippling. wis (wis). think. wist'ful (wist' fool), longing: witch/ -ha'zel (wich/ -ha-z'i), Amer

ican tree or shrub which blossoms

late in Autumn. with-hold' (with-hold'), keep back, wiz' ard (wiz'ård), a magician. woel -be-gone! (wỏ bê-gôn”),

distressed with grief. wold (wöld), a plain or low hill, Wolfe, Charles (woolf), Irish

clergyman and poet, born 1791. Wol' sey, Thomas (wool'si), a cele

brated English statesman and cardinal. He gained the ill-will of Henry VIII by his conduct in the

matter of the King's divorce. wont (wŭnt), custom or habit. woof (woof), the threads crossing the

warp in a woven fabric. Worces'ter, Joseph Emerson (woos'.

tēr), p. 140. wrack (råk), ruin. writhe (rith), twist. wrought (rôt), made.


Xan-thip'pus (zăn-thịp'ús), a Spartan

commander who won a victory over Regulus in 255 B. C.




yacht (yot), light vessel for pleasure

trins. yard (yärd), a long, slender timber

to support and extend a ship's sail. yeo’man (yo măn), a common

of a reputable class. Yp'si-lan/ ti (ip'sê-län, tė), cele. brated Greek patriot who in 1820 became a leader in the movement for

Greek independence. Yulel-log' (yool/ -log'), a large log of

wood, formerly_ put on the hearth on Christmas Eve, as the foundation of the fire. It was brought in with much ceremony.


zeal (zēl), enthusiasm. zone (zon), girdle. Zut' phen (zůt' fèn), a town in the

Netherlands. Sir Philip Sidney was wounded before it in 1586.


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