Page images
[blocks in formation]


Notes and Questions These stanzas are part of a longer How does the repetition of “chatpoem called “The Brook.

ter' influence the melody of the In this poem Tennyson personifies first line in the sixth stanza 9 the brook. Why?

How does it affect the thought? In what lines do the words and the Find another place in the poem

rhythm suggest the sound of the where an expression is repeated. brook

Was this done for the sake of the Which lines do this most success rhythm, or the thought, or for fully!

both? Point out words that seem to you Alliteration is the repetition of the

especially appropriate in giving same letter or sound at the be. the thought.

ginning of two or more words in Where in the poem do we find a close succession.

meaning for the following lines: Find lines in which alliteration is "Oh! of all the songs sung

used e. g. “sudden sally,'"field No songs are so sweet

and fallow,'' etc. What does As the songs with refrains

this add to the poem ? Which repeat and repeat.'

Indicate the rhythm of the first four lines by placing them in these

[blocks in formation]

All down the hills of Habersham,

All through the valleys of Hall,
The rushes cried, "Abide, abide,"
The wilful water-weeds held me thrall,

The laving laurel turned my tide, * From “Poems of Sidney Lanier"; copyright 1884, 1891, by Mary D. Lanier; published by Charles Scribner's Sons.


The ferns and the fondling grass said, “Stay,"
The dewberry dipped for to work delay,
And the little reeds sighed, “Abide, abide,”

Here in the hills of Habersham,
Here in the valleys of Hall.



High o’er the hills of Habersham,

Veiling the valleys of Hall,
The hickory told me manifold
Fair tales of shade; the poplar tall
Wrought me her shadowy self to hold;
The chestnut, the oak, the walnut, the pine,
Overleaning, with flickering meaning and sign,

Said: “Pass not so cold, these manifold
Deep shades of the hills of Habersham,
These glades in the valleys of Hall.”



And oft in the hills of Habersham,

And oft in the valleys of Hall,
The white quartz shone, and the smooth brook stone
Did bar me of passage with friendly brawl;
And many a luminous jewel lone
(Crystals clear or a-cloud with mist,
Ruby, garnet, or amethyst)
Made lures with the lights of streaming stone

In the clefts of the hills of Habersham,
In the beds of the valleys of Hall.



But oh! not the hills of Habersham,

And oh! not the valleys of Hall
Avail; I am fain for to water the plain.
Downward the voices of Duty call;
Downward to toil and be mixed with the main.
The dry fields burn and the mills are to turn,
And a myriad flowers mortally yearn,
And the lordly main from beyond the plain

Calls o'er the hills of Habersham,
Calls through the valleys of Hall.



Biographical and Historical: The South has given us two most melodious singers, Poe and Lanier. When only nineteen Sidney Lanier en. listed in the Confederate army, and the close of the war found him broken in health, with little else in the world than a brave wife and a brave heart. When his health permitted he played the fute in an orchestra in Baltimore. The rhythm, the rhyme and the melodious words of his poetry all show him the passionate lover of music that he was. Among his prose writings, “The Boy's Froissart” and “The Boy's King Arthur” are of especial interest to young readers.

Notes and Questions

Find the Chattahoochee river on

your map with its source in the
"hills of Habersham” and its
course through the “valleys of

Compare this poem with Tenny-

son's “The Brook."
What is peculiar in the phrases:

run the rapid," "flee from folly,' "wilful waterweeds,”

"laving laurel,” etc. Find alliteration in other lines. What is added to the poem by

alliteration Notice the rhythm in the third line

of the first stanza.

What is the peculiarity of the

eighth line of the first stanza! Find lines in the other stanzas

which contain rhymes. Notice the last word in each of these lines. What two things have

you found out? Lanier believed that poetry is a

kind of music. Does the rhythm in this poem sustain this defini.

tion Point out lines that are especially

musical and pleasing. Habersham Counties in north Hall

ern Georgia.


Words and Phrases for Discussion

"laving laurel"

“lordly main” "veiling the valleys' “fondling grass” “run the rapid” “flickering meaning' friendly brawl” “leap the fall” "the mills are to turn"made lures”

“hurry amain” I am fain for to water the plain"





“How does the water

Come down at Lodore ?"
My little boy asked me

Thus, once on a time;
And, moreover, he tasked me

To tell him in rhyme.
Anon at the word,
There first came one daughter,

And then came another,
To second and third

The request of their brother,
And to hear how the water
Comes down at Lodore,
With its rush and its roar,

As many a time
They had seen it before.

So I told them in rhyme
For of rhymes I had store;
And 'twas my vocation
For their recreation

That so I should sing;
Because I was Laureate

To them and the king.




From its sources, which well
In the tarn on the fell ;

From its fountains

In the mountains,
Its rills and its gills;
Through moss and through brake,

It runs and it creeps

For a while, till it sleeps
In its own little lake.
And thence, at departing,


« PreviousContinue »