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vinces. Maxima Cæsariensis and Valentia, and three presidial, Britannia Prima, Britannia Secunda, and Flavia Cæsariensis. The Emperor Theodosius gave the name Valentia to a part of this Island, in honour of the Emperor Valentinian; he assigned it that name after he had re
; paired the prætentura, and the forts near that boundary, and gave it to a province which had fallen into the hands of the enemy, but was now recovered by him ; but the boundaries and extent of all those provinces are now wholly unknown, and whatever is given in Modern Books as having relation to their limits, is entirely founded on Conjecture. 4. A particular Inquiry into the several Roman Stations in Britain that are mentioned in this work.
The fourth Chapter is an Essay on the Chorography of Britain, by the anonymous Geographer of Ravenya.
This Chapter contains, 1. Some Account of the Author and his Work, from which it appears that both the Author and the time in which it was composed are very doubtful. 2. The Latin Text of this writer, taken from Dr. Gale's Edition. S. Remarks upon many of the places mentioned by him, and more particularly of such as seein to be the same with the Stations per Lineam Valli in the No. titia.
The fifth Chapter is an Essay written by Professor Ward, on Peutinger's Table, so far as it relates to Britain. It contains, 1. A brief account of the Antiquity of Itineraries, from which it appears that the custom of writing Itineraries is very ancient. Moses has recorded the Journies and Mansions of the Israelites in their passage from Egypt into Canaan, and Herodotus in describing the high road froin Sardis in Lydia, to Susa, the royal City of the Persians, has given the number of mansions upon it, and their distances. The road contained 13,500 furlongs, and the mansions were in all 111, which whole space divided by the number of mansions gives nearly fifteen miles and a quarter for
the mean distance between mansion and mansion. 2. An inquiry into the Age of Peutinger's Table. This Table received its name from Conrad Peutinger, in whose library it was found after his death, and it was afterwards printed in the year 1598. It is supposed to have been made about the time of the Emperor Theodosius the Great, and therefore has been called by soine Tabula Theodosiana. 3. The nature and use of that Table. 4. A more particular Account of that part ofit, which relates to Britain.
This Chapter finishes the account of the Roman Antiquities in Britain. A Chronological Table of Occurrences relating to the Roman Affairs in this Island then follows, beginning with the first Expedition of Cæsar to Britain, and ending with the Romans abandoning it to the Inhabitants. An Index of the Inscriptions and Sculptures, after the manner of Gruter and Reinesius, divided into 20 Chapters, is then given, the heads of which are as follow. Chapter 1. Names and Attributes of Deities.
2. Temples, Altars, Statues, and other con
secrated things. 3. Priests and their Attendants. 4. Magistrates and other Civil Officers. 5. Military Affairs. 6. Trades and Corporations. 7. Names of Countries, People, Towns. 8. Buildings, Civil and Military. 9. Roman Tribes. 10. Epithets and Titles of Emperors, Em
presses, and Cæsars. 11. Names appellative of Affection and Kindred, 19. Vows and Titles of Dedication. 13. Rites of Sepulture. 14. Memorable Thing3. 15. Things remarkable as to Grammar.
Chapter 16. Single Letters and Abbreviations, with
sars, according to their Succession.
20. Sculptures. An Index of the Roman Names of People and Places in Britain ; another of the modern Names of Roman Places in
l Britain, and a General Index conclude the Work.
List of the Maps and Plates in Horsley's Britannia Romana.
Head Piece to the Dedication, engraved by Gerard
Antonine's Itinerary, the Notitia, and Inscrip-
On one side is engraved a Table of the Names of Places in the Map; and on the opposite Side the Names of the British People mentioned by
nerpeffery and Ardoch, in Scotland. Facing page
44. Ichnography of the five Secondary Stations per
Lineam Valli, viz. Glannibanta near Lanchester; Alione, now Whitley Castle ; Bremetenracum, now Old Penrith; Olenacum, now Old Carlisle ; and Virosidum, near Elenborough. Facing
Ten Plates of Maps of the Roman Walls of Ha
drian and Severus, with the Stations, and one of
the Profiles of the Walls. Facing p. 158. No. 1. A general Map of the Roman Walls in the North
of England, and so much of the adjacent Coun
try, as includes the secondary Stations per Li
neam Valli. No. 2. A Map of the Roman Walls in the North of Eng.
land, from Segedunum (Cousins's House) to Condercum (Benwell-hill). This Map has upon it
the Ground Plan of the Station Condercum. No. 3. Mar continued from Condercum' to Vindobala
(Rutchester). Ground Plan of Vindobala. No. 4. Map continued from Vindobala to Hunnum (Hal
top Chesters). Ground Plan of Hunnum. No. 5. Map continued from Hunnum to Cilurnum (Wal
wick Chesters). Ground Plan of Cilurnum. No. 6. Map continued from Cilurnum to Procolitia (Car
rawbrugh), and from thence to Borcovicus, (House-steeds). Ground Plans of Procolitia
and Borcovicus. No. 7. Map continued from Borcovicus to Æsica (Great
Chesters), and from thence to Magna (Carrvoran), with a Branch from Borcovicus to Vindolana (Little Chesters). Ground Plans of Vin
dolana, sica, and Magna. No. 8. Map continued from Magnato Amboglanna (Burd
oswald), and from thence to Petriana (Castle steeds, or Cambeck-fort). Ground Plans of Am
boglanna and Petriana. No. 9. Map continued from Petriana to Aballaba (Watch
Cross), and from thence to Congavata (Stan
wicks). No. 10. Map concluded From Congavata to Axelodunum
(Brough); thence to Gabrosentum, (Drum
brugh), and Tunnocelum (Bvulness). No. 11. Draught of a Part of the Walls from one Castel
lum to another, between Towertay and Carrawbrugh. Profile of the Roman Walls in Northumberland, about half a Mile west from Car
rawbrugh. The Profile of the Walls about a Mile West from Carrawbrugh, where Severus’s Military Wall is separated from Hadrian's North Agger.
Five Maps of Antoninus Pius's Wall in Scotland.
Facing p. 176.
the West end to Bemulie. Ground Plans
New Kirkpatrick Fort.
Ground Plans of Auchindavy Fort; Peel
; hill Fort. No. 4. Map continued from Crowyhill to Falkirk.
Ground Plans of Rough Castle Fort; Wes
terwood Fort; and Castle Cary Fort. No. 5. Map concluded—From Falkirk to the East
Two Plates in Explanation of the Inscriptions.
Facing p. 189. No. 1. A Table of the different Shapes of the Letters and
Points in the Inscriptions. No. 2. A Table of the principal Ligatures and Complica
tions of Letters, which occur in the Inscriptions.
Sacrificing Instruments and Vessels cut upon Roman
Altars. Facing p. 191.
Seventy-eight Plates of Roman Inscriptions and
Sculptures found in Britain and Scotland. Facing