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suits to the study of the history and antiquities of these kingdoms.
In the Analysis of Books, which will be found in this volume, it will immediately be discerned, that he has embraced a two-fold object, viz. the first to give a detailed account of the Contents of each Book, so that the reader may be enabled to know what are the Subjects actually treated of by the author: and the second, to give an accurate List of the Plates in each volume; so that in the case of a book of great price, as for instance, Chauncy's History of Hertfordshire, the purchaser may be able to know with certainty when it is perfect; and he confidently trusts, that this department of his work will be found to be of great service.
It is his intention to give occasionally a Catalogue of the Works of celebrated Authors, in a similar manner with that of the Works of Lord Hailes, which he inserted in the second number of this volume, and also Catalogues of Books, both printed and manuscript, arranged under the heads of their respective authors, and of the Place or Matter of which they treat; so that “ The Librarian" will be continually approximating towards a complete Body of English Bibliography.
BRITANNIA ROMANA, or the Roman Antiquities of Britain in three Books. The first contains the History of all the Roman Transactions in Britain, with an account of their legionary and auxiliary forces employed here, and a determination of the stations per Lineam Valli; also a large description of the Roman walls, with maps of the same laid down from a geometrical survey. The second Book contains a compleat collection of the Roman Inscriptions and Sculptures which have hitherto been discovered in Britain, with the letters engraved in their proper shape and proportionate size, and the reading placed under each; as also an historical account of them with explanatory and critical observations. The third contains the Roman Geography of Britain in which are given the originals of Ptolemy, Antonini Itinerarium, the Notitia, the anonymous Ravennas, and Peutinger's Table, so far as they relate to this Island, with particular Essays on each of these ancient Authors, and the several places in Britain mentioned by them. To which are added, a Chronological Table and Indexes to the Inscriptions and Sculptures, after the manner of Gruter and Reinesius. Also Geographical Indexes both of the Latin and English Names of the Roman Places in Britain, and a general Index to the Work. The whole illustrated with above a hundred Copper Plates. By JOHN HORSLEY, M. A. and F.R.S.
London: Printed for John Osborn and Thomas Longman, at the Ship in Paternoster Row, 1732.
The Author of this book was a native of Northumberland, and received his early education at the Grammar School of Newcastle upon
This Volume is in Folio, and its contents are as follow.
Roman Affairs in Britain, 10 pages.
of Gruter and Reinesius, 14 pages. Av Index of the Roman Names of People and Places
in Britain, 5 pages. An Index of the Modern Names of Roman Places in
Britain, 3 pages.
This Work, as is expressed in the Tiile, is divided into three Books, and each Book is subdivided into Chapters.
The first Book' is divided into ten Chapters, and contains an Historical account of the Roman affairs in Britain from the first descent of Julius Cæsar, till the Romans abandoned the Island. The Author says in the Preface, that this is the first History we have of Britain which can be
Tyne. Ile studied for some time in one of the Scottish Universities, where he took a degree, and then settled at Morpeth, as Pastor of a Congregation of Dissenters. He died in December, 1731, aged 46. He distinguished himself by his profound knowledge of the Antiquities of his Country, of which he gave some specimens in Letters addresssed to Roger Gale, Esq. dated in 1729. His great Work, of which an Analysis is here given, did not appear till after his death. It has obtained great applause from the learned, and remains an honourable memorial of its Author. Mr. Horsley was likewise well versed in Mathematical Studies, and gave Lectures in the several branches of Natural Philo pophy, with great approbation, both at Newcastle and Morpetb.
relied on, and that he may venture to call it the original and foundation of the true history of our Island.
The first Chapter treats of the Historical period from Julius Cæsar's first descent into Britain to the reign of Claudius, and contains an account of the two Expeditions of Cæsar against Britain: with an account of bis Battles and Conquests here. An inquiry into the time of these two descents, the place from whence he sailed, where he landed, and his marches up the Counuy. Some account of the Ancient Geography of Britain. The Roman affairs in Britain from Cæsar's last Expedition to the Reign of Claudius.
The second Chapter treats of the Historical period, from the beginning of the Reign of Claudius to that of Vespasian, in which is contained an account of the Invasion of Britain under Claudius, with the Conquests of the Romans here during that reign. The Roman affairs here from the time of Veranius's Government under Nero to the end of this period. The Marches of the Romans and the limits of their Conquests. The Geography or Situalion of the several People mentioned and the Chronology of this period.
The third Chapter treats of the Historical period, from the beginning of the reign of Vespasian to the reign of Hadrian, in which is contained an account of the Roman affairs in Britain, during this period.---The Conquests of the Romans in this Island. The Campaigns of Agricola. His March in the sixth year of his Government, through Perthshire and. Fifeshire, and in his seventh to the Grampian Mountains.“The Geography, particularly of Scotland, and the Chronology of this period.
The fourth Chapter treats of the Historical period, from the beginning of the Reign of Hadrian to the death of Severus, in which is contained an account of the Roman affairs in Britain, during this period, with the Chrono
logy and Geography. Hadrian arrives in Britain, and constructs a wall across the Northern part of the Island. Wall of Antoninus in Scotland.-Severus's Wall. The fifth Chapter treats of the Historical period, from the beginning of the reign of Caracalla, to the reign of Valentinian the third, in which is contained an account of the Roman affairs in Britain from the death of Severus, till they abandoned the Island about the middle of the fifth Century.
The sixth Chapter contains an account of the Roman Legions and Auxiliaries in Britain.-The 7th and 10th Legions were brought over by Cæsar in his first Expedition, but returned back with him to Gaul, after stopping about three weeks here.-Five Legions were in his second Expedition which returned the same year.-Four Legions were sent into Britain by Claudius, viz. the second, called Augusta ; the ninth; the fourteenth; and the twentieth, usually called Valens Victrix. The Legio Secunda Augusta seems to have continued here to the last, and to have been the only one that was kept here during the whole time. The ninth Legion appears to have dwindled away entirely, or else the small remains of it were incorporated with the sixth Legion, afterwards sent over by Hadrian. The fourteenth Legion was first sent for out of Britain by Nero, then ordered back by Vitellius, and lastly recalled in the time of Vespasian.-Account of the different Quarters of the Legio Secunda Augusta. The same of the Legio Sexta Victrix, which was sent into Britain from Germany by Hadrian. The same of the Legio Nona.-The foot Soldiers of this Legion entirely cut to pieces by the forces of Queen Boadicea.-Account of the Legio Decima Quarta. Of the Legio Vicesima, called Falens Victrix.
From these accounts it appears, that, from the time of the first Invasion under the Emperor Claudius, till the 14th Legion was first recalled under Nero, and then again finally