Early Physics and Astronomy: A Historical Introduction
The book is an introductory exposition of the development of the physical and astronomical notions of the universe. It covers the period from Greek antiquity to the Copernican revolution and the Renaissance, half of the text being devoted to medieval science within both the Aristotelian and the Archimedean traditions. The book is intended for a general audience interested in intellectual and scientific developments, but should also be useful as a guide to further studies. Thus it has an extensive bibliography classifying much of the secondary literature on the subject, and also a sixty page 'dictionary' of all the scientists and philosophers mentioned in the text. This contains references to printed editions of the sources and to a selection of books and periodicals.
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alchemy Alexandria Almagest Anaximander ancient angle Antiquity Arabic Archimedes Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle's astrolabe astronomical axioms Babylonian became Berlin Biogr body Cambridge celestial Centaurus centre of gravity century B.C. circle circular motion Clagett conception Copernican Copernicus Cusanus Dict distance doctrine Duhem Earth eclipses ecliptic elements Empedocles English transl epicycle equator equinox Eudoxos explained extant fixed stars force fourteenth century geometrical Gerard of Cremona Greek Hipparchos Hist ideas important instrument Isis Jordanus Journ kinematics known later Latin Leipzig London longitude mathematical mathematician means mechanics Mediaeval method Middle Ages Moon moving natural Neugebauer Nicole Oresme observations optics Oresme Oxford Paris phenomena philosophers physics planetary theory planets Plato principle problem Ptolemy Ptolemy's Pythagorean ratio refraction Renaissance result rotation Sarton scientific scientists sphere spherical T. L. Heath theoretical thirteenth century Timaios translation treatise universe velocity vols weight
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