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from one side of the road to the other, and ordered them to crawl slowly along. The chaise happened to convey Miss C.'s servant, who was thus detained some time from joining her mistress, by the military skill of his Lordship’s friend.

Mr. Pasley once visited Bristol, to give evidence upon a trial, and on his return spent a week in London, where he had lodgings in Friday-street, Cheapside. His observations in the great city, though novel, do not seem to have been extensive. When asked by the compiler of this narrative what he thought most remarkable in the metropolis ? he answered, “that there were no tomb-stones in the church-yards !”

The figure of Mr. Pasley is striking and respectable ; on the other hand, his manners and conversation are such as might be supposed to belong to so great a lover of brandy!

He has been married fifty-five years, and has five sons and one daughter. It is a family seemingly formed for strength. He himself is six feet high, and uncommonly bony and athletic. He says that none of his children are inferior to him in height, and that his wife, who is some years older than himself, can even now walk four miles within the hour,




THE fate of countries, like that of individuals, is often whimsical. America, discovered by a Genoese mariner,* who had not even the honour of conferring his name on it, received its present appellation from a Florentine merchant,f who had few or no pretensions on the score of original merit. England also, which in the time of Henry VII. refused to furnish Columbus with a trifling sum of money to enable him to proceed on a voyage, in the course of which he proposed the daring measure of sailing to the East Indies by a westerly course, derived the chief advantage from an adventure to which she did not contribute ; while Spain, one of whose qucens pawned her very jewels on the occasion, has nearly depopulated the seat of her empire in the old world, without reaping any adequate advantage from her transmarine colonies in the new.

It has been a disputed question among philosophers, whether the discovery of the new continent may be considered as beneficial to mankind. On one side we behold thousands of the native Americans extirpated, and Africa plundered of her children on purpose to supply a hardier race, for the gratification of European rapacity in the West Indies; on the other, we contemplate millions of freemen in the

+ Vesputius Americus,

* Columbus.


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United States, doubling their population at the end of every third lustre, and furnishing an asylum for the persecuted from every quarter of the globe. Although unhappily separated from us, we cannot forget our common origin, our common language, and the community of our laws and customs. We ought to rejoice in the increasing prosperity of the Americans, as it contributes essentially to our own; nor are they unworthy of our attachment. Commerce, under their auspices, spreads her sails to every quarter of the globe, while their rich harvests render the most distant nations tributary, and fill the ports of the Transatlantic frontiers with the manufactures of Europe, and the silks, the spices, and the perfumes of Asia. The fine arts constantly follow in the train of opulence; the natives already begin to wield the pencil and the graver with a masterly hand; the man of letters celebrates the achievements of his countrymen ; future musicians will compose melodies sacred to patriotism and public virtue ; `and as the Romans formerly visited Greece with a view of imbibing a taste for the productions of its better days, so our posterity may seek the shores of America, on purpose to tread on classic ground. Even now she can boast of celebrated names; in arms of a Washington, in phi- . losophy of a Franklin and a Rumford, in painting of a Copley, a Trumbull, a Steward, and especially of a West, who lately so worthily presided at the head of our own academy. It will be seen also, that in prose and poetry the subject of this memoir is entitled to rank high among the writers of the present day in Eng


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