Page images

in general so fine a beach, that a landing may be made at any time of tide; but an E. N. E. wind would make a considerable sea from Pevensey to Langley Point, as the coast trends there much to the eastward; but from Langley Point nearly to the pitch-of Beachy Head, the water would be perfectly smooth. Although some spots between Hastings and Beachy are rocky, yet they are not to be considered as barriers to a general debarkation in this bay, which is spacious, and possesses the advantage of having been used with success on a former occasion.*

From Beachy Head to Selsey Bill, some partial spots are rocky; but an E. N. E. wind makes such smooth water along the coast, that the rocks can scarcely be said to prevent any part of it being used for the purpose of debarkation.

Sir Home Popham, who has been some years married to a very handsome and very amiable woman, by whom he has a numerous family, lately sailed from Cork, in the Diadem, on a secret expedition the precise object of which we do not profess ourselves to be acquainted with, although it has been already detailed with great confidence in the pubbias to party principles, or personal attachment in respect to an individual. We have been content with a simple narrative, without presuming to inflict censure on the enemies of Sir Home on the one hand, or become his panegyrist on the other. That he appears to possess zeal, activity, -and talents, we most willingly acknowledge in common with his warmest admirers; while we at the same time readily agree with his bitterest enemies, that in case of a perversion of any of these qualities, he ought to be subjected to the severest animadversion and punishment.

lic papers.

Before we conclude the article relative to him, we deem it necessary to observe, although we trust it is already apparent to every reader of discernment, that this life has not been written either

* In 180+, the foundation of a range of Martello tuivers was laid, and they are now completed. 1805-1806, G



IT is equally the pride and the consolation of all the natives of the British empire, that they enjoy many distinguished and pre-eminent advantages, and these too, in a manner peculiar to themselves. One of these, and surely not the most contemptible, is the eligibility to the greatest offices in the state. While in most other nations a favoured few only, whose chief pretext to distinction is too often founded on the adventitious circumstance of birth alone, monopolize all the honours and all the emoluments of office, the cottage as well as the castle here furnishes candidates for the first employments which the sovereign of a free people can bestow.

The most wretched peasant among us, while dandling her infant son, is enabled to survey the


boy with an honest pride; fully conscious, that in case he possesses talents, he is capable of aspiring to that station, which will enable him to rank next to the princes of the blood-royal. This idea consoles the fond parent for the hardships incident to her humble situation; it adds to the natural interest which she takes in a babe that has reposed in, and fed upon the product of her bosom, and inclines her to make every sacrifice in order to obtain a suitable education for a child who may one day become either a metropolitan or lord-chancellor, and be fated like Wolsey,

“ To sit beneath the canopy of kings."

Our schools and colleges too, notwithstanding the many evils arising out of modern example, added to modern innovation, must be allowed in some points of view to claim a high share of praise. In one of them, all titular distinctions are suspended; and although in others a gold tuft is worn by way of characteristic, yet on the whole, the manners of our public seminaries must be confessed to be at least manly, and the characters of the pupils, in general independent.

But what is chiefly meant to be pointed out on this occasion is, the facility with which early friendships are there formed, and the exemplary fidelity with which they are frequently kept up. To these the sons not only of the more opulent are usually sent, but there are a multitude of munificent institutions which also present an opening to the children of those in less affluent circumstances. Gg2


Thus out of a daily communication, and similarity of habits, arise many of those connections which at once prove gratifying and advantageous. From the companions of his early studies, the ingenuous youth selects his future friends. Among these the the young nobleman discovers the favoured clients of a future day in the associates of the present. Theclergymantoo, not unfrequently finds a patron in a school fellow; while it is wellascertained that out of the familiarities of a college life, an habitual intércourse has originated, and those powerful interests been formed, which lead to the first honours of the bar, the pulpit, and the state.

Mr. Canning, who is supposed to have profited by some ofthe circumstances just alíuded to, is descended from a respectable family in Ireland. His father, the late George Canning, Esq. having left his native country, settled in this, and is said to have displeased one of his parents by an early marriage with a lady destitute indeed of the gifts of fortune, but neither devoid of beauty nor accomplishments. The old gentleman, however, proved inexorable; and is said to have confined his bounty, both present and future, within the narrow limits of an allowance of one hundred and fifty pounds perannum. In this situation the son became a member of the honourable Society of the Middle Temple, was called to the bar, and published several excellent tracts in favour of public liberty. But he is better known as a poet than either a lawyer or a politician ; having ranked with the Whiteheads, the Keates, and the Cawthornes of his


day. It was he who composed the verses supposed to have been written by Lord William Russel, addressed to Lord William Cavendish, on the night preceding his execution.* He was also the author

* This epistle, which is dated from Newgate, on the night of Friday, July 20, 1683, begins thus :

“ Lost to the world, to.morrow doom'd to die,
Still for my country's weal my heart beat high.
Though rattling chains sing peals of horror round,
While night's black shades augment the savage sound,
Midst bolts and bars the active soul is free,
And flies, unfetter'd, Cavendish, to thee!

“Thou dear companion of my better days,
When band in hand we trod the paths of praise ;
When leagu'd with patriots we maintain’d the cause
Of true religion, liberty, and laws,
Disdaining down the golden stream to glide,
But bravely stemm'd corruptions rapid tide;
Think not I come to bid thy tears to flow,
Or melt thy gen’rous soul with tales of woe.
No; view me firm, unshaken, undismay'd,
As when the welcome mandate I obey'd.-
Heavens! with what pride that moment I recall!
Who would not wish so honour'd thus to fall ?
When England's genius hor’ring o’er, inspir’d
Her chosen sons, with love of freedom fir'd,
Spite of an abject, servile, pension'd train,
Minions of power, and worshippers of gain,
To save from bigotry its destin'd prey,

And shield three nations from tyrannic sway.”
The following parting lines are addressed to his lady :

“ 0! my lov'd Rachel ! all-accomplish'd fair!
Source of my joy, and soother of my care !
Whose heavenly virtues, and unfading charms,
Have bless'd through happy years, my peaceful arms!


« PreviousContinue »