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the sixth day? What do we infer from the expression, “Let us make man''? Who, then, were concerned in the work of creation?
God the Father, the Son, (see question above,) and the Holy Ghost. (See v. 2.)-(V. 28.) Over what did man's dominion extend ? (Comp. Ps. cxv. 16.) - Since the fall, who has usurped dominion over the world ? (See John xii. 31. and xiv. 30. comp. Luke iv. 6.)-Did Christ come to destroy the power of the devil? (1 John iii. 8.) - GLOSSARY.—(V. 2.) Void. Desolate, having no trees, plants, or living creatures on it, as now.-(V. 6.) Firmament. The air which surrounds the world, which, though fluid, remains firm and stable in its place. In the midst of the waters. That is, 'between the clouds above, which were soon to occupy their place, and the waters beneath. (V. 14.) For signs. That is, of the times of the year, and hence the seasons for ploughing, sowing, &c.-(V. 21.) Whales. All kinds of prodigious sea beasts.-Title of Book : Genesis. The book or account of the creation.
GENERAL REMARK.-We cannot but be forcibly struck, and therefore it is good to be remembered, with the infinite wisdom of the Almighty in the Creation ; in the perfection, the order, the wonderful suitableness of every thing to its use; the Providence and forethought which are displayed in every step. "Praise, then, is our duty. “O Lord, how manifold are thy works,"? &c. (Bs. civ. 24.)
AFTERNOON LESSON. LUKE I. 15—21.-Christ's Circumcision. Questions.-(Verse 15.) What angels were these? (See v. 13.) What event had one of them come to proclaim? (See vv. 10, 11.). What was to be the proof that it had come to pass ?-(V. 12.) Where was the child to be seen? (See Matt. ii. 5.) What did the shepherds determine to do on hearing these tidings ?-(V. 16.) Why did they go "with haste"?-Because they sincerely believed the angel's words, and were anxious to see the proof of their truth.Shall we not likewise, if we sincerely believe the Gospel,'hasten to obey and serve God ? (See Ps. cxix. 60.)-(V. 17.) Why did they make known abroad the saying ?-Because it seemed to them so? wonderfully related and so accui ately accomplished.-Did this serve. any purpose of God ?-It published the birth of the Messiah, whom the Jewish people then generally expected.-(Vv. 18, 19.) What is the contrast here noticed between Mary's way of receiving these things, and those whom the shepherds spoke to? Is this a contrast Khich is always observable in spiritual things ? (See Matt. xii.
19, 23.)--(V. 21.) On what day was Christ circumcised? Was this ordained in the law ? (See Lev. xii. 3.) Why did our Saviour submit to this rite?-That he might shew that he conformed to the Jewish law, in all points, until the Gospel dispensation changed it. (See Matt. ii. 15. and v. 17.)
GLOSSARY.—(V. 15.) Bethlehem. The house of bread, generally called Bethlehem of Judah.—(V. 16.) In a (the) manger. Rather, the stall, or stable, where the cattle were fed, there being no room or chamber in the inn itself unoccupied. (See v. 7.)-(V. 19.) Pon. dered. Weighed, compared together the various circumstances of the recent events.-(V. 21.) Jesus. The Saviour, which had the same import, and is, in fact, the same name, differently pronounced, as Joshua. (See Heb. iv. 8.)
GENERAL REMARK.—There cannot be a greater proof of the sincerity of our belief than anxiety and earnestness in following it up. Obeying His commands on whom our faith rests, and enquiring after the truth in his own way, as the shepherds here did : “Let us now go even to Bethlehem, and see this thing : and they came with haste.” Let this, then, be the test by which we try our. selves individually.
FIRST SUNDAY IN EPIPHANY. GENESIS Ü.-Man's Dwelling-place, and Woman's Creation.
Questions.-(Verse 2.) On what day did God rest from his work? By what day was it therefore called? Was the Sabbath commanded afterwards to be kept holy for the reasons here stated? (Ex.xx. 11.) Why was it changed to the first day of the week ?-Because the Lord Jesus, having completed his work, rose on that day from the dead, therefore called the Lord's Day. (Rev. i. 10.)-(V. 7.) Of what was man's body formed ? From whence did his spiritual part come? (See also Eccles. xii. 7.) Is not this origin of man, both as to body and soul, calculated to make us humble ? (See Ps. cxlvi. 3, 4. and Is. ii. 22.)-(V. 8.) Where was the man placed ? East. ward from what place ?- The place where Moses wrote this book, probably not far from Canaan.-(V. 9.) What were the two trees in the midst of the garden to be especially noted? What spiritual signification was attached to each ?-(V. 10.) What determines more exactly the situation of the garden here?--(V. 15.) Had Adam any occupation in the garden? What is St. Paul's rule as to the right way of performing our duties ? (Rom. xii. 11.)-(Vv. 21, 22.) Ree late the formation of the woman. What use does St. Paul make of the fact that the woman was formed after man? (1 Tim. ü. 12, 13.)
-(V. 24.) Was the union between man and wife to be more binding than between parents and children henceforth?
GLOSSARY.—(V. 8.) Eden. Place of delights or pleasures.(V. 10.) It is impossible to fix exactly the position of Eden. The following conjecture seems the most probable: The Tigris and Eu. phrates, rising from separate sources, unite in a plain, and, after running on some distance as one, are again parted into Pison and Gibon, which fall into the Persian Gulph. Where the river was single, Eden was situated; and in the east of it, the garden. (V. 12.) Bdelluim. Pearl, probably, as the colour of manna, which was white, is compared to it, and was also round.- Onyx. A kind of agate, of a whitish black colour.-(V. 13.) Ethiopia. Not in Egypt, but the country whence Moses's wife came. (Num. xii. 1.) -(V. 19.) Adam. Beautiful or elegant, but some say it means red earth.
GENERAL REMARK.-God's goodness and munificent liberality to man, in withholding no enjoyment from him but the taste of one tree, is a proof of the extent of his love, and the easy requirements of his service. We shall find in his service now, though fallen, the same liberality dispensing spiritual blessings, and the same perfect freedom. (See Ps. xxxiv. 8.)
AFTERNOON LESSON. LUKE ii. 41–52.-The Early Life of Jesus Christ. Questions.—(Verse 41.) Was it commanded that the Jews should come up to Jerusalem at the feasts? (See Ex. xxiii. 17.) Why was this feast called the passover? (Ex. xii. 11, 12.)-(V. 42.) How old was Jesus ?-(V. 43.) How many were these days ? (Ex. xii. 18.) (V. 46.) After three days, where did they find him? By whom was he surrounded? Is it good to get wisdom from others ? (See Prov. xvi. 16.) Did Jesus display extraordinary wisdom? How do you account for this in one so young ? (See v. 40. and John iii. 34.) Do those who serve God receive of the same Spirit ? (John i. 16.)–(V. 49.) What did he mean by being about his Father's business ?—That he must be commencing that great work which God his Father had given him to do, the salvation of men.-(V. 51.) How did he behave himself towards his parents, after they went down to Nazareth ? Should not children endeavour to copy the example of his dutifulness? (See Col. iii. 20.)-(V. 52.) What is the short account given here of his early years? Are we exhorted any where to “grow in grace" ? (2 Pet. iii. 18.)
GLOSSARY.—(V. 46.) In the temple. That is, the porch, or court, or chamber of the temple, where these learned men used to
.sit.--Doctors. Teachers of the law, who devoted their time to study and expound it.-(V. 49.) My Father's business. The common rendering has been made use of above; it seems more probable, however, that it should be,“ in my Father's house," the temple, as the introduction to his public ministry.—(V. 52.) Stature. In height, strength, and size, as other children, or age.
GENERAL REMARK.—The early history of our Saviour's life is replete with instruction to the young. His growth in grace, stature, and years, corresponding so beautifully with each other. His anxiety to commence the great business of his life, tempered with the most submissive obedience to his parents, are drawn simply, touchingly, faithfully, and say to each child, “Strive that thy early life may resemble, even though in a faint degree, this blessed pattern of all excellence.”
SECOND SUNDAY AFTER EPIPHANY.
GENESIS iii.-The Fall of Man, and its Conscquences. · Questions. --(Verse 1.) Who took the form of the serpent here spoken of? (See Rev. xii. 9.) How did he begin his temptation? What did he mean to imply ?--Under pretence of asking a question, a suspicion of God's goodness to them in denying them the fruit of one tree.-(V. 3.) What does the woman say would be the consequence if they touched this one tree?-(V. 4.) Does the devil contradict this ?-(V.5.) How does he explain it away? What was there only true in this explanation ?--That they would know evil. Does our Saviour intimate any where that the devil was lying here? (See John viiii. 44.) Ought Eve to have listened to the serpent at first? (See James iv. 7.)-(V.6.) What further inclined the woman to taste the tree ?--1st. That it was good for food, or lust of the flesh. 2nd. Pleasant to the eyes, or lust of the eyes. 3rd. To be desired to make wise, or pride of life; an arrogant presumption after further knowledge.--Did she entice Adam to eat with her?-(V. 7.) What part of the devil's prophecy instantly came true ?The knowledge of evil and sin.--(V.8.) What made them hide from God ?--Their consciousness of guilt and shame.-(V. 12.) Does Adam shift the blame from himself to Eve? But does he still con fess his guilt ?-(V. 13.) How does the woman endeavour to excuse her fault ?-(V. 14.) Repeat the curse pronounced upon the serpent? Why is his sentence pronounced first ?-Because he was the origin of all, and the most to blame.-(V. 15.) To whom does the prophecy in the latter part of this verse relate ?-To Christ, who, by his death and resurrection, having completed man's redemption, bruised the serpent's head; that is, broke his chief power over man. He
submitted to death, and so the serpent bruised his heel.-- (V. 16.) Repeat the curse on the woman.--(Vv. 17-19.) Repeat that on Adam.-(V. 19.) Explain from this verse what God meant when he said, "Thou shalt surely die.” That his body should become mortal, we may also add, that his soul should become dead, because of sin.-(V. 23.) Was Adam driven out of Paradise ?
GLOSSARY.-(V. 1.) Serpent. Probably a kind of fiery, flying serpent, like in appearance to one of the angels, which would naturally deceive Eve. (See also 2 Cor. xi. 14.)-Subtil. Wily, crafty.
(V. 8.) The voice of the Lord. Either the sound of the glory of the Lord coming nearer to them, or the voice of the Son of God, as the Word, addressing them.-(V. 20.) Eve. As the mother of all that should live hereafter, or the promised Messiah.-(V. 24.) A flaming sword. Probably an angel, whose body turned hither and thither, at the entrance, like a bright flame of fire. (See Ps. civ. 4.)
GENERAL REMARK.-The beguiling power of sin, when once the temptation has been listened to, is strikingly drawn out in this chapter. By listening, we become familiar with sin; its sinfulness is lost sight of, the soul thrown off its guard, the senses lulled or deceived, the voice of conscience stifled, and we fall. Let us pray.. (Matt. vi. 13.)
AFTERNOON LESSON. John ii. 1-11.-Christ's First Miracle in Cana of Galilee. ! Questions --(V. 1.) How old was our blessed Lord at this time? (See Luke iii. 23.) How long a time, then, is passed over since our last account of him ? (See Luke ii. 42.) In what village was this first miracle performed? Where was Cana? Probably about six miles north-east of Nazareth.-(V. 3.) Why does Mary tell her son they have no wine ?-She seems to have known his power, and that he could remove the want if he pleased.(V. 4.) Does Jesus answer her as though he thought that she meant this ?-(V. 6.) What purifying was this? (Mark vii. 3, 4.) What part of us ought we to be ever careful to keep clean ?-The heart. (See Mark vii. 20, 21.)-(V. 7.) What did Christ command them to fill the waterpots with ?-(V. 9.) When they drew it forth, what was it turned into ? How was it proved to be real wine?-(V. 11.) Was this, then, a miracle? What is a miracle?-A wonderful event, which is contrary to and sets aside the laws by which the world is governed.
-What, then, did this miracle prove ?-That he was the Son of God. (See John iii. 2.) Did this shew forth his glory? What effect had this on the disciples ? Ought not we who read these miracles likewise believe on him ? (See John xx. 29.)