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3. Eadmerus Monachus Cantuariensis. Historiæ Novorum sive

sui Sæculi Libri VI (ab anno 1066 ad annum 1122); in lucem ex Bibl. Cottonia emisit Joannes Seldenus, et notas porro adjecit et spicilegium. Fol. 1623. 8vo. (Rolls Series.)

1884 Eadmer was contemporary with William I., Rufus and Henry I. A

leading authority."-Bigelow, Placita, l. 4. Gale (T.) Historiæ Brittanicæ Saxonicæ, Anglo-Danicæ Scriptores XV. Fol. Oxford.

1691 The reports of Anglo-Saxon trials in the histories of Ramsey and Ely are not reliable."-Bigelow, Placita, li.

For later editions of the Chronicles of Ramsey and Ely, see Macray, W. D.-Ante.

5. Galfridus Dunelmensis; Graystanies, Robert de, Bishop of

Durham, and Chambre, William de. Historiæ Dunelmensis scriptores tres. [Edited by James Raine, with appendix of charters and other documents.] xlviii + 156 + ccccxciii pp. 8vo. (Surtees Society, vol. 9.)

1839

6. Hearne (T.) Adami de Domerham Historia de rebus gestis Glastoniensibus. 2 vols. 8vo. Oxford.

1727 Made up largely of papal bulls, charters, pleas in eyre, etc, 1126-1290. 7. Hoveden (Roger de) Annals; the History of England

and of other countries of Europe from 732-1201. From the Latin, with notes and illustrations, by H. S. Riley. 2 vols. xii + 564 + (2) + 556 pp. 12mo. (Bohn's Antiquarian Library.)

1853 See also Stubbs.

8. Liber Eliensis ad fidem Codicum Variorum. (Anglia

. Christiana Society.) London.

1818 “Quite different from Gale's edition in the XV. Scriptores. The

Anglo-Saxon charters are not reliable."-Bigelow, Placita, 1. 9. Rogeri de Wendover Chronica, sive Flores Historiarum.

Edidit H. O. Coxe. 4 vols. 8vo. (English Historical
Society.) 1841-2. Appendix.

1844 · Valuable."-Bigelow, Placita, lv. 10. Stubbs (W.) Gesta Regis Henrici Secundi Benedicti Abbatis. 2 vols. 8vo. (Rolls Series.)

1867 The chronicle covers the period from 1169 to 1192, and is to be com. pared with Roger de Hoveden. Like Roger, his continuator, Benedict held judicial office under Henry II., and had the amplest means of correct information. As an authority he is of the best."- Bigelow, Placita. xlviii.

12.

con

ex

annum

11. Stubbs (W.) Chronica Magistri Rogeri de Houedene. 4 vols. 8vo. (Rolls Series.)

1868-71 The author was one of the Court clerks, and a justiciar under Henry II. A high authority."-Bigelow, Placita, lii.

In it are printed the Leges Wilelmi, Leges Edwardi, Glanvil de Legibus, and certain assizes of Henry II.

Historical Introductions to the Rolls Series ;

collected by A. Hassall. vi + (1) + 534 pp. 8vo. 1902 13. Thorpe (Benjamin) Florentii Wigornensis Vonachi ChroniChronicis . . . usque ad

1117. 8vo. (English Historical Society.)

1818 “ With continuations to 1295. Good authority."— Bigelow, Placita, 1. 14. Twysden (Roger) Historiæ Anglicanæ Scriptores X. Ex Vetustis Manuscriptis. Fol.

1652 “Useful."-Bigelow. Placita, lv. 15. Wharton (Henry) Anglia Sacra sive Collectio Historiarum

de Archiepiscopis et Episcopis Anglie a prima fidei Christianæ susceptione ad annum 1540. 2 vols. Fol.

1691 A storehouse of early English histories." —Bigelow, Placita, xlvii.

CHAPTER III.

CIVIL AND CROWN PLEAS.

12th TO 14th CENTURIES.

(Selden

Plea Rolls. “ Records drawn up for the purpose of preserving an exact account of the proceedings in the various cases which came before the Court. They tell the names of the parties, the nature of the action, the plaintiff's statement of his case, the defendant's defence, and the pleas upon which both parties finally rested their case, the issue left to a jury, the verdict of the jury, and the judgment of the Court upon that verdict."-BOLLAND,

The Year Books. 2. Baildon (W. P.) Select Civil Pleas. Vol. 1 (1200-03).

XX + (1) pp. + 103 fol. + pp. 105-128. 4to.
Society Publications, vol. 3.)

1890 Taken from the Coram Rege Rolls. 3. Bigelow (M. M.) Placita Anglo-Normannica; Law Cases

from William I. to Richard I. [1066-1195). Ixiv + 328 pp. 8vo. Boston. 1879. Reprinted.

1881 “ Embraces all the recorded temporal, and a few ecclesiastical, litiga

tions of the period that are of value.”—Preface. 4. Clay (C. T.) Three Yorkshire Assize Rolls for the reigns

of King John and King Henry III. 8vo. (Yorkshire Archeological Society, vol. 44.)

1911 These rolls are of value in showing in what degree certain legal principles, and more particularly the principle of trial by jury, had

become part of English law. 5. Curia Regis Rolls of the Reigns of Richard I. and John, preserved in the Public Record Office. Vols. 1 and 2.

1922-25 With the rolls printed in vols. 14 and 24 of the Pipe Roll Society vol. 1 of this series completes the gaps in Rotuli Curiæ Regis, 2 vols., and transcribes the remaining material up to the end of 1 John. The remaining volumes will complete the transcript to the end of John's reign.

6. Frampton (T. S.) A Glance at the hundred of Wrotham, Kent. 8vo. Maidstone.

1881 The principal contents are extracts from the Assize Rolls, 1293-1313. 7. [Hale (Sir M.)] Historia Placitorum Corone; the History

of the Pleas of the Crown, with notes by Sollom Emlyn; 2 vols. in 1; (4) + xix + (8) + 710, (6) + 414 pp., port, fol., 1736. New ed., by George Wilson; 2 vols., (10) + xix + (10) + 716, (8) + 414 + (173) pp., 8vo., 1778. New ed. by Thomas Dogherty; 2 vols., (8) + xiii + (7) + 745, (8) + 413 + (166) pp., 8vo.

. 1800 8. Healey (C. E. H. C.) and Landon (L.) Somersetshire

Pleas, Civil and Criminal, from the Rolls of the Itinerant. Justices, close of 12th century to end of Henry III. lxxxiii + 520 pp., viii + 218 pp. 2 vols. 4to. (Somerset Record Society, vols. 11, 36.)

1897-1923 These rolls throw great light on the development of the English legal system. They include two great rolls of lesser assize taken before

Bracton himself. 9. Maitland (F. W.) Pleas of the Crown for the County of

Gloucester before the Abbot of Reading and his Fellow

Justices Itinerant, in 1221. lii + 155 pp. 8vo. 1884 10.

Select Pleas of the Crown. Vol. 1, 1220-1225. (2) + xxx pp. + fol. 1–140 + pp. 141-164, pl. (Selden Society Publications, vol. 1.) 4to.

1888 Pleas before the Justices of the Bench, the King, and the Justices in

Eyre. With a valuable introduction on the Plea Rolls. 11.

Three Rolls of the King's Court in the reign of Richard the First, 1194-95, with introduction and notes.

4to. (Pipe Roll Society Publications, vol. 14.)

1891 The Plea Rolls of Richard I.'s reign are the oldest trustworthy accounts

which we have of what was done by English Courts of Justice. 12. Page (W[illiam])Three Early Assize Rolls for the County

of Northumberland, saec. XIII. xxvi + (1) + 476 pp. 8vo. (Surtees Society Publications, vol. 88.) Durham.

1891 Pleas taken before the Justices Itinerant in 1256, 1269, and 1279. The second roll contains common pleas only. It contains also abstracts

of text of fines, Henry III. and Edward I. 13. Parker (J.) Calendar of the Lancashire Assize Rolls in the

Public Record Office, London. 2 parts. (Record Society
Publications, vols. 47. 49.) 8vo.

1904-05 A record of the work done by the Justices of the King's Court Itinerant or in Eyre. The cases extend from 1241 to 1285. Appendixes contain extracts from the Patent Rolls and Pipe Rolls relating to the Assizes.

xl +

181 pp.

Examples will be found of almost every form of action and mode of procedure known to the thirteenth-century Justice.

14. Phillimore (W. P. W.) Placita Coram domino Rege apud

Westmonasterium de termino Sancte Trinitatis anno regni Regis Edwardi filii Regis Henrici vicesimo quinto. The Pleas of the Court of King's Bench, Trinity Term, Edward I., 1297; with index of names and places by E. A. Fry. xxvii + 315 pp. (Index Library, vol. 19.) 4to.

1898

15.

Placitorum in Domo Capitulari Westmonasteriensi asserva

torum Abbrevatio, temp. Ric. I., Johann., Hen. III., Edw. I., Edw. II. (1189-1327). Edited by W. Illingworth. Fol. (Record Commission.)

1811 For the purposes of this early period in our legal history the records of the most importance are the Plea Rolls."

The collection is assigned to Agarde and other Keepers of the Records in Elizabeth's reign. The rolls were taken mostly from the King's Court; there are a few assize rolls, and some rolls of Nisi Prius trials in London. Though the cases abbreviated are not always the most interesting, though important parts of the case are omitted, and though the work is not always accurate, the collection is useful in the absence of anything like an index to the rolls."—Holdsworth, H. E. L. ii. 143, 144.

“The rapid development of the common law is mirrored on the surface of the [plea] rolls.”—Maitland, Select Pleas, ix. x.

Useful this book has been ; still it gives us less than we could wish for. We cannot now tell what, if any, principle guided its compilers in their work; they have omitted a good deal of matter which seems quite as important as that which they have amassed, and they were not always very careful copyists."-F. W. Maitland in P. R. S., vol. 14, Introd.

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16. Rotuli Curiæ Regis. Rolls and Records of the Court held

before the King's Justiciars or Justices from 6 Richard I. to 1 John (1194-9). Edited by Sir F. Palgrave. 2 vols. 8vo.

1835 Vol. 1, temp. Richard I. Vol. 2, temp. John. See also No. 5, supra.

These rolls contain the official record of litigation in the King's Court. They contain a statement of the dispute, the proceedings, and the judgment, with a brief statement of the reasons for the judgment, are venerable and authentic memorials of the early forms of the law, and as such the exponents of its principles likewise; they possess an interest which is imparted by no other work.- Wallace, Rep. 60.

[Thompson (A. H.) Northumberland Pleas from the

] Curia Regis and Assize Rolls, 1198-1272. (Newcastleupon Tyne Records Committee Publications, vol. 2.) xxxvi + 379 pp. 8vo.

18.

1922

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