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The other works of Dr. Hopkins are, “ M dialogue concerning the slavery of Africans, &c. 1776, reprinted by the Abolition Society in New-York, 1785, with an appendix by the author.—“An enquiry concerning the future state of those who die in their sins,” 8vo. pp. 400. 1783–System of Doctrines, to'c. 2 vols. 8vo. pp. 1244. 1793. For this the author unexpectedly received nine hundred dollars. “Life of Susannah Anthony; do. of ./Mrs. Osborn.” This, we believe is a complete list of the works of Dr. H, published in his lifetime. In the present volume however are contained two tracts, which were probably esteemed worthy of preservation.
The first, entitled “A Dialogue between a Calvinist and a Semicalvinist,” proves, to the perfect conviction of the Semicalvinist, that he ought to be willing to be damned. After the doctrine is proved, the advantages of it are summed up by the Calvinist in the following words :
We have lately read of a curious fact respecting the alligators of the Missisippi, that, in the fall, they swallow pitch pine knots, which remain in their stomachs during their wintry torpor, and probably are chosen on account of their difficult digestion to keep the coats of the stomach from collapsing. If any plain honest christian wishes to exercise his intellectual digestion, and prevent the evil effects of religious security and torpor, we recommend this tract, as containing as knotty a point, as he will probably find among the stores of theological nutriment, which the ingenuity of polemicks has provided. The second tract is an address to christians upon the signs of the times. Many great and good men have imagined, that they had certainly explained the prophecies of scripture; but we are inclined still to believe, notwithstanding the labours of Dr. Hopkins, that no prophecy of scripture is of any private interpretation.
A discourse by Dr. Hart of Preston, upon the death of the excellent subject of these memoirs, concludes the volume.
We are sorry to say, that the style of Dr. H., in these posthu. mous works, is too often incorrect, vulgar, and colloquial. . Instances of false grammar are not rare, and the coinage of such words as itinerate, and reluctate, adds nothing to the copiousness or purity of
the English language.
An inaugural dissertation on res/i
ration. Submitted to the sublick
examination of the Faculty of
Physick, under the authority of
the trustees of Columbia college,
in the state of Mewyork, the Rt.
Rev. Benjamin Moore, D.D. fres
- 'ident ; for the degree of Doctor
- of Physick, on the 12th day of
Movember, 1805. By Thomas
In an inaugural dissertation we look not for novelty, but we have a right to expect accuracy ; and our opinion of the candidate for collegiate honours is drawn from the principles and sentiments he has adopted. The author of the dissertation before us has evidently given some time to the investigation of the subject which he discusses, and the work contains useful information. We regret, that it is not marked by that accuracy which we are authorized to expect, and which in scientifick works is peculiarly necessary. - The only opinions which are new to us, or to the medical world in general, are those quoted from. Mr. Davy. We regret, that we have not had the good fortune to see, and cannot procure the works of Mr. Davy. The opinion, that azote as well as oxygen is absorbed by the pulmonick blood, we surely cannot controvert, and so far as speculation will authorize us we are disposed to subscribe to it. The other opinion, adopted from Davy, cannot be so easily admitted. This is, that air, or the mixture of oxygenous and azotick gasses, not oxygen and azote which form the base of air, is received into the blood.” Dr. Cock has quoted no experiments which confirm this opinion, and it is not so plausible, as to command assent unsupported by facts.
* Is this Fol. Mr. Davy's opinion We t
understand it so from Dr. Cock's dissertation; but a reference to Thompson and Bostock has led us to suspect, that Mr. D. believes only, that exygen and azote are absorbed.
ART 16. The history of Worth and South -America, from its discovery to the death of General Washington. By Richard Snowden. 2 vols. 12mo, Philadelphia. Jacob Johnson. 1805.
Tur author of the above mentioned work observes in his preface that, “ In what relates to South America, Dr. Robertson's History has been implicitly followed. His arrangement of the subject, his chronological order, and his very style have been adopted, as the best that can be chosen. To condense his details, to introduce only the most prominent and characteristick events,has been the principal effort, and invariable purpose of the epitomizer : endeavouring, as he progressed, to preserve unbroken the connexion and continuity of events ; and in the whole, to present the reader with a brief, but interesting view, of one of the most important aeras in the annals of the world.”
The author appears to have been considerably successful in the execution of his proposed plan. The History commences with the discovery of America by Columbus, and relates the formidable difficulties he was obliged to encounter ; the talents and perseverance which he exhibited in combating those difficulties ; and the ungrateful and ungenerous returns which the Spanish nation made to his emiment services. It relates the succeeding discoveries of the new world ; the conquest of the Mexican and Peruvian empires ; and concludes with their entire subjection to the kingdom of Spain.
The second volume begins with relating the conjectures which have been made respecting the peopling of America; it gives the character o , iss of the Indian hatives; the state of the British colonies at the termination of the French war ; of their altercation with the parent country ; it proceeds to give a general sketch of the American war, and the acceptance of the federal constitution ; it inserts the farewell address of General Washington, in 1796 ; and concludes with a olescription of his person.
Though this work is a compilation o entirely in the words of other authors, it contains much suseful information for those readers, who have not time to peruse, and cannot easily procure larger aCCounts.
Notrer or cullen's FIRsr LINEs.
which Cullen prided himself as the greatest effort of his genius, is fallen with many more theories, and -will be followed by others innumerable, till physicians return to Hippocrates, and learn to observe 'nature, before they reason on her operations. The loss of this theory does not affect the practice of Cullen, which remains a model of excellence. The edition before us is executed with a good type, on tolerable paper, and is about as free from typographical errours, as American editions of medical works generally are. This work was formerly printed in four volumes, then compressed to two, and now the printer has contrived to compel the whole into a single volume. Hence the type appears very crowded, and the notes are in a character so small, as barely to be legible. It is copied from Rotheram's edition. That by Reid is later, and the notes are more appropriate, though fewer in number. Bosquillon, the French translator of Cullen, has given very copious and valuable notes on this work. These would be a considerable acquisition to English medical literature. They would enhance the value of Dr. Cullen's book, and at the same time possess the advantage of affording a comparative view of French and English med. icine. . We have been informed, that it is contemplated to publish this work at Worcester. It is desirable, that it should appear in a style suited to the merits of the work, and to the extensive circulation insured it. The alteration of names of medical simples and compounds, to those of the last Edinburgh pharmacopeia or dispensatory, would increase the value of the book, and save students the labour of referring to old pharmacopeias.
Fleetwood ; or, The Wew Man of A'ecling. By William Godwin. In two volumes. New York : Printed for I. Riley & Co. No. 1, City-Hotel. 1805.
Though the first talents are necessary to the production of a good novel, writings of this species are continually attempted. Why that which is arduous should be ventured on in common, or this track of literature be travelled by crowds, it is difficult perhaps satisfactorily to settle. Were authors restricted by the penury of their calling to a fewness of themes, some cause would appear for their abounding in fable : but topicks in letters being numerous and free, it is hard to account for their fancy for one. Every description of literati, and of no description too, counsellors and clergy, statesmen and ladies, book-sellers and beaux, some without brains and some with, as if smit by enchantment, couch the quill for romance. Bleeding nuns and bloodless corses, vacant castles and peopled Čaverns, blue flames and white, red flames and green, damsels and knights, duennas and squires, friars and devils, with death's-heads and cross-bones to boot, dance the hay through their works, as though description were crazed. . . . . . . . . The times have been, That when the brains were out, the man
And there an end; but now, they rise again, with twenty mortal murders on their crowns, And push us from our stools. SHAKES,
Among the multitude that af. sect this department of writing,
though less ghostly than his companions, Mr. Godwin is conspicuous. From the refined reveries of Political Justice he turned his attention to the manufacture of stories. How well he succeeded in this fashionable employment Caleb Williams and St. Leon honourably show. The first is a treasure amongst rubbish of its order, and the second, notwithstanding the declaration of Horace,
Quodcunque ostendis mihi sic, incredalus odi,
continues to be a favourite among the majority of readers. But uniform excellence is attainable by none; and, in the performance before us, Mr. Godwin has failed.
Whether the plan of this novel is unfavourable to the genius of its writer, or his former productions have exhausted his vein, or what has contributed to his present miscarriage, it is not expressly our business to say. But, were we called to account for the failures we have detected, we should conceive that Mr. G. had mistaken his province.; that the gallantries of Paris, and the exploits of collegians, were unsuitable materials for the author of Falkland, and the tremendous Bethlem Gabor. There are dispositions that seem destined for the heroick alone, that attain to objects elevated with dignity and ease, but discover no gracefulness in stooping to levities. On the mountains of Switzerland, in the community of robbers, with everything chivalrous, Mr. Godwin appears consummately at home: But, in descending to petty charaeters and passions, in the management of a tete-a-tete, or the manoeuvre of a love-matter, he aptly reminds one of Hercules at the distaff. It might be observed of him, as of some former genius, that he could sculpture heroes in