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by generals appointed by them. Therefore do not let us vainly imagine, that an army raised and maintained by authority of Parliament, will always be submisfive to them : if an army be so numerous as to have it in their power to over-awe the Parliament, they will be submiffive as long as the Parliament does nothing to disoblige their favourite general; but when that cafe happens, I am afraid, that in place of the Parliament’s dismissing the army, the army will dismiss the Parliament, as they have done heretofore. Nor does the legality or illegality of that Parliament, or of that army, alter the case; for with respect to that army, and according to their way of thinking, the Parliament dismissed by them was a legal Parliament; they were an army raised and maintained according to law, and at first they were
officers were all their own creatures. But how did it fare
with their successors Was not every one of them named by the army without any regard to hereditary right, or to any right? A cobler, a gardener, or any man who happened to.
was made emperor of the world: was not every succeeding
emperor raised to the throne, or tumbled headlong into the
dust, according to the mere whim or mad frenzy of the soldiers * We are told this army is desired to be continued but for one year longer, or for a limited term of years. How absurd is this distinétion Is there any army in the world continued for any term of years Does the most absolute monarch tell his army, that he is to continue them for any number of years, or any number of months How long have we already continued our army from year to year And if it thus continues, wherein will it differ from the standing armies of those countries which have already submitted their necks to the yoke * We are now come to the Rubicon ; our army is now to be reduced, or it never will ; from his Majesty’s own mouth we are assured of a profound tranquility abroad, we know there is one at home ; if this is not a proper time, if these circumstances do not afford us a safe opportunity for reducing at least a part of our regular forces, we never can expect to see any redućtion; and this nation, already overburdened with debts and taxes, must be loaded with the heavy charge of perpetually supporting a numerous standing army; and remain forever exposed to the danger of having its liberties and privileges trampled upon by any future King or Mimistry, who shall take it in their heads to do so, and shall take a proper care to model the army for that purpose.
st R JOHN St. AUBIN’s SPEECH for repeal ring T H E SEPTENNIAL ACT.