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enough forms to our collection to enable us to

ORNITHOLOGY. draw some important generalizations. Please note, at time of collection, simply the temperature, and

1. Describe the largest woodpecker. the date; and let every one try, even if he never

2. Describe the egg of the smallest fly-catcher. drew a line before ! Here are some of the drawings

3. Describe the nest of the phobe. that won the first prize last winter, and very beauti

4. Describe the habits of the shrike. ful they are, painted a blue-white on a dead black. 5. Describe the song of a cat-bird. They came from Chapter 742, Jefferson, Ohio.

REPORTS OF CHAPTERS. 424, Decorah, Iowa. We take this report from a very interesting article contributed to the Advance of September by M. R. Steele, an honorary member of the Chapter :

“Decorah, the beautiful capital of Winnesbiek County, Iowa, is named after a chicf of the Winnebago Indians. The city reposes like a nest of birds, in a deep valley, protected from fierce winds by the wood-crowned bluffs of the Upper Iowa River. This stream, the most rapid branch of the Mississippi in Iowa, should not be mistaken for the Iowa River, which is farther south. Our river's ox-bow sweep, inclosing, rich alluvial flats, washes bluffs and slopes more than 200 feet high. The Trenton limestone, full of gigantic straight horns" (orthoceras) and other silurian fossils, invites us to collect and study these “oldest inhabitants" of the primitive ocean.

After learning the general outlines of geology, we wish to study that of Iowa, in particular, its prairies, rivers, carboniferous and other deposits, and the fossils peculiar to each.

* We have twenty members, including boys and ladies, who meet once a week, and ask and answer questions in writing. Some mem

bers write articles for a local paper, and lead our boys to the quarIn response to many requests, we append a few ries in search of fossils. We hope that others may be encouraged by

the spirit and success of our Decorah members to do likewise. questions, and we shall give credit to all who send

The Secretary of this Decorah Chapter is Mrs. M. E. Bones. correct answers, unless there should be too many :

891, Schenectady, N. Y. (A). We have increased from six to

nine members. Every other week we have debates, and the alterBOTANY.

nate weeks, compositions. We have debated the questions, “Do

flying-fish fly?" (decided in the negative) ; “Do the fore or hind legs 1. Does the closed gentian ever open ?

of a frog appear first ?" (decided that the hind-legs do); "Were the 2. At what hour of the day does chicory open ?

American Indians the mound-builders ?” We have had composi

tions on dragon-flies and asbestos. We are working hard at collecting 3. Do the rings of a beet indicate anything re- specimens to be classified in the coming winter. We have meetings garding the age of the beet?

every Friday at 3:45 P. M., and on Monday and Wednesday nights 4. Is the heart of an old tree ever alive?

we have reading meetings, when we read up geology and zoology. 5. Describe the fruit of Jack-in-the-Pulpit.

-E. G. Conde, Sec.

EXCHANGES. 6. How can mushrooms be distinguished from toad-stools ?

Shells, leaves in great variety, Indian pottery, etc., for minerals 7. What is the average number of ray flowers in

and eggs.-Jay E. Bacon, Ormond, Florida. the head of an ox-eye daisy?

Mica crystals, beryl, rose quartz, plumose mica, and trap-rock, for

marine specimens, fern impressions, zinc ore, and agates.- Mrs. E. 8. Describe the fruit of trailing arbutus.

S. Lamprey, Acworth, N. H.

Ferns.- L. Van Ness, 1020 Green street, San Francisco, Cal. MINERALOGY.

Insects, correctly labeled. List on application.- Ward M. Sack

ett, Meadville, Pa. 1. What are the distinctions between minerals

Crania Americana," or a comparative view of the skulls of variand rocks?

ous aboriginal nations of N. A. and S. A., pp. 297, seventy-eight

plates, and one colored map; folio. The book is in very good 2. What is the most common mineral?

preservation except that its cloth binding is gone. Original cost, 3. What is the most widely distributed metal ? thirty dollars. Will sell for fifteen dollars, or exchange for “ Insect 4. How can gold be dissolved ?

Lives," “Child's Book of Nature," “ Selborne," Parables from 5. Of what mineral are ordinary dinner plates Nature," and ten dollars.-A. J. Mayo, Ch. 810, Peru, Hillsboro made?

Co., Florida

Insects and birds' eggs. Correspondence with other Chapters 6. What is the meaning of the word amethyst ?

desired. - N. M. Eberhart, Sec. Ch. 672, Chicago Lawn, Ill. 7. What is the “streak” of a mineral ?

A dozen variously colored cubes of rosin.- Miss Jennie Judge,

199 Waldburg Street, Savannah, Georgia. ENTOMOLOGY.

Books to be exchanged for conchological works: "Electric Lighting,” Morton, 82; Lesquerieux, “Cretaceous Flora," plates, 4to, '74;

Gentry, “Life Histories of Birds"; Young's "Correlation and Con1. What is an insect, and why so called ?

servation of Forces"; Cove's “Birds of the Northwest," and many 2. How do insects breathe?

others.— W. D. Averill, Chestnut Hill, Pa. 3. Are spiders insects, or what?

Insects, for insects. Correspondence desired with a Southern or 4. How many wings has a house-fly? A bee? Western Chapter. Only satisfactory letters answered. – Henry G. 5. How do Alies walk on a ceiling ?

Field, Sec. Ch. 743, High School, Detroit, Mich. 6. Do flies have to turn over and fly backward

New CHAPTERS. in order to alight on a ceiling? — or how do they?

No. Name. No. of Members. Address. 7. What do dragon-flies eat?

887 Grinnell, Iowa. (A). 4. John Houghton. 8. Give the life-history of the little black “wrig

888 Baldwinsville, N. Y. (A) 6.. Rev. E. B. Parsons. glers" seen in heads of the ox-eye daisy.

889 Schenectady, N. Y. (A)... 9..Miss Mary Landon.




Name. No. of Members. Address. 890 Logan, Ohio. (A).

5..M. Harrington. 891 Schenectady, N. Y. (B).. 5. . E, G. Conde. 892 Deer Lodge, M. T. (A). 8.. Miss Fannie I. Hart. 893 Watertown, N. Y. (B). ...8.. Miss Constance Du Bois. 894 Warren, Mass. (A). ..30.. Clarence Benson. 895 Haddonfield, N. J. (A). .18..Miss Elvira C. M. Day, Box

126. 896 Lake Forest, III. (A). ..... 4.. Miss Mary W. Plummer.

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to a pleased expression. 5. Transpose a mythological charmer to ascended. 6. Transpose warning to a vendue. 7. Transpose ascertained the duration of to let fall

. 8. Transpose a wall to obstruct the flow of water to irate. 9. Transpose wise men to fluids in the form of air.

The central letters of the newly formed words will spell the title of a poem by Susan Coolidge, from which the following lines are taken: We ring the bells and we raise the strain,

We hang up garlands everywhere,
And bid the tapers twinkle fair,
And feast and frolic - and then we go

Back to the same old lives again.



Divide each of the seventeen letter-circles in such a way that the letters, in the order in which they now stand, will form a word. Each of these words may be divided into two words; when properly arranged one below another, the initials of the first perpendicular line form the title of the central picture; the initials of the second perpendicular line will spell a name given to the celebration of the event pictured







My first is in cream, but not in milk;
My second in sackcloth, but not in silk;
My third is in darkness, but not in shine ;
My fourth in the "vineyards” that border the Rhine;
My fifth in the "saddle” follows the chase;
My sixth comes in "after" with slower grace;
My seventh in "game" which helps to make cheer ;
My eighth in a "saint" both jolly and queer,
Who comes with my “last" in a season bright,
When my whole floods the world with a joyous light.

FROM 1 to 6, importance; from 2 to 6, to entwine; from 3 to 6,

buries; from 4 to 6, pains acutely; from 5 to 6, fishes reseinbling TRANSPOSITIONS.

trout; from 6 to 7, a division; from 3 to 7, the point on which two

lines cut each other. 1. TRANSPOSE was solicitous to contested. 2. Transpose in that Each semicircle contains five letters. First (from 1 to 5), a kind place to the supposed matter above the air. 3. Transpose to allure of thin muslin; second, one of ten equal parts; third, proportion; to move in a military manner. 4. Transpose measures of distance fourth, an incident; five, a thin, woolen stuff. L. LOS REGNI.

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2. A

UPPER PYRAMID. Across : 1. A letter. 2. Atmosphere. 3. To appease. Soaked in liquid. Downward: 1. A letter. preposition. 3. A drink. 4. To heap up. 5. A quick blow. 6. A pronoun.

7. A letter. RIGHT-HAND. Across: 1. A letter. 2. A printer's measure. 3. A horse. 4. Fastened.

5. A short poem. 6. A verb. 7. A letter. Downward: 1. Tooth-shaped. 2. Young unmarried women. 3. A word used in driving cattle.

4. A letter. LOWER. Across : 1. Matured. 2. Drawn by a rope. ure. A letter. Downward: 1. A letter. 2. A pronoun. 3. A capsule. 4. A water-vessel.

6. A masculine nickname.

7. A letter. LEFT-HAND. Across: 1. A letter. 2. A masculine nickname.

3. Epoch. 4. A linear measure. 5. To cut off. 6. A pronoun. 7. A letter, Downward: 1. A letter. 2. To be in poor health. 3. Very warm. 4. One who sleeps.


3. Moist

5. Fresh.

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9. AbeL.

4. Ar.

7. A.


Pı. The wild November comes at last
Cross-words: 1. RichmonD. 2. Erie

3. PotsdaM.
4. Urbino.

Beneath a veil of rain; 5. Balearic. 6. LancasteR. 7. IthacA. 8. Cattegat. 9. Altal.

The night wind blows its folds aside, 10. NeraC. II. Primals, Autumn leaves; finals, red and yellow.

Her face is full of pain. Cross-words: AveR. 2. Urge.

3. TenD.

4. Ulna. Main. 6. NeeD. 7. Lazy. 8. Eas E.

10. VeiL. 11.

The latest of her race, she takes ErgO. 12. Sto W.

The Autumn's vacant throne: ILLUSTRATED Puzzle.

She has but one short moon to live, Sing a song of sixpence, When the pie was o "penned"

And she must live alone. A pocket full of rye,

The birds began to sing. DOUBLE CROSS-WORD ENIGMA. Indian Summer - Thanksgiving. Four and twenty blackbirds Was n't that a dainty dish ANAGRAMMATICAL WORD-SQUARE. 1. Snare. 2. Naval.

3. Baked in a pie. To set before a king?

Avoid. 4. Raise. 5. Elder. GEOGRAPHICAL DIAMOND. 1. A. 2. Arc. 3. Ammer.

Magic SQUARES. I to 9, sols ; 2 to 9, ides: 3 to 9, boas; 4 to 9, menia. 5. Cento. 6. Rio.

imps; 5 to 9, leys; 6 to 9, ate's; 7 to 9, teas; 8 to 9, errs. Outer WORD SYNCOPATIONS. Reunion of hearts. 1. Wh-eRr-y. 2. square, sibilate: middle square, odometer : inner square, leap-year. Por-ten-ts. 3. At-tUn-e. 4. Br-and-ed.

5. W-all-ing. 6. A REBUS. A fat kitchen makes a lean will. S-t0w-ing. 7. C-aNn-on. 8. S-cOw-led. 9. W-a Ft-ed. 10. NUMERICAL ENIGMA. Latin quotation : “ The plant which is Ma-sHe-d. 11. S-Ea-ling. 12. Re-bAt-ed. 13. Asp-iRe-s. 14. often transplanted does not prosper.' Quotation from Disraeli: Pen-aTe-s. 15. B-ask-ed.

“The secret of success is constancy to purpose. The names of those who send solutions are printed in the second number after that in which the puzzles appear. Answers should be addressed to ST. NICHOLAS “Riddle-box," care of The Century Co., 33 East Seventeenth St., New-York City.

ANSWERS TO ALL THE PuzzleS IN THE October NUMBER were received, before October 20, from “B. L. Z. Bub "– Lulu May Maud E. Palmer - Paul Reese - Hill-top" - May White

Ovington - Mamma and Joe – Maggie and May Turrill — " San Anselmo Valley"- "B. L. Z. B.” Woodbury --" The Carters"-Sandyside – Judith – Reggie and Nellie Francis W. Islip –“Nearthebay"-"Nippy Doo and Fidrie Aye"- B. Y. of Omaha — Fanny R. Jackson.

" Betsey Trotwood"-“The Aztecs ANSWERS TO PUZZLES IN THE OCTOBER NUMBER were received, before October 20, from “Goosie and Adolphus," 2– Lulu, 7.Anna M. Tuttle, 2 – Horace F. Lunt, 1 — Jack, Morris, and Mamma, 1 – Hattie B. Weil, 1 - Chiddingstone, 5 – T. L. S., 4 - Nellie Brice, 1 - James Gillin, 2-J. Haney, 3–.“ Old Man P.," 1- Charles Howard Williams, 3 – Louise Joynes, 4 – Ellery Sedgwick, 3 — “The Marsh-man," 1 – Sam Bissell, 3 – Nina and Ethel

, 4 – Effie K. Talboys, 7 – Carrie Cargin, 1 – Marion and Albert Williams, 2Janey M. Hutchinson, 2- - Hessey D. Boylston, 2—" Pocahontas," 1 –"Oulagiskit." 6–Carey E. Melville, 9 - Ethel Camp, 1—“Sealskin." 14"Pepper and Maria," 6 – Emma St. C. Whitney, 8 — S. S., 8— M. B. B., 1–" Jack Sprat," 6 – Clarice M. Petremant, 3.7 A Six-year-old, 1 - Carrie C. Howard, 6 - Eleanor and Maude Peart, 6 – "Old Carthusian,” 4 - E. Muriel, M. Margaret, and E. W. Grundy, 7– Edith L. Young. 5 – Olive and Ida Gibson, 4 – Jennie, Papa, and Mamma, 9 – George T. Bourne, 1 - Lena ś. Crawford, 1- Mary B., 6– Ralph, 3 – Helen E. Howell, 7 – Fred A. Hamilton, 5 – Mary P. Stockett, 7 – Tom W. Wright. 4 – Kate Lovett, 7 –

Hallie Couch, 7 – Lizzie A. Atwater, 6 --L. L. R., 4 - Agnes W. Thomas, 8 –“Katy Did," 6.




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