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Green; and from January 1768 to August 1770, by Anne Catharine Green and William her son. William died in 1770; and Anne Catharine published it until her death, in March, 1775. It was then continued by her sons, Frederic and Samuel Green.1


The Maryland Journal; and Baltimore Advertiser.

Containing the freshest Advices both Foreign and Domestick.

"Omne tulit punctum, qui mifcuit utile dulci,

Lectorem dele&ando, pariterque monendo." Hor.

This was the third newspaper published in Maryland, and first appeared in August, 1773. It was handsomely printed on a demy sheet, and had a cut of the arms of the colony, or those of lord Baltimore, in the title. At first it was published on Saturdays, afterward on Thursdays. Imprint, "Baltimore: Printed by William Goddard, at the Printing-Office in Market-street, opposite the CoffeeHouse, where Subscriptions, at Ten Shillings per Annum, Advertisements and Letters of Intelligence, are gratefully received for this paper; and where all Manner of Printing Work is performed with Care, Fidelity and Expedition. Blanks and Hand-Bills in particular are done on the shortest Notice in a neat and correct Manner."

Both Frederic and Samuel Green paid the debt of nature not long after the first edition of this work was published.

The St. Mary's Gazette announced in 1848, that it was printed on the press used in printing this Maryland Gazette, which had been in constant use for more than a hundred years, and upon which the first edition of the Laws of Maryland was printed. — M.

From 1775, to 1784, Mary Katharine Goddard, in the absence of her brother, published the Journal in her own name. In the year 1784, William Goddard resumed the publication.

During several years Goddard was in habits of intimacy and friendship with the celebrated but eccentric general, Charles Lee, who, in one stage of the American war, was the second in command of the American army; and, it is supposed, contemplated the removal of General Washington from the chief command, with an expectation of occupying his place. Lee having failed in the execution of his orders at the battle of Monmouth, in 1778, was disgraced, and spent the remainder of his days in retirement, chiefly on his large estate in Berkeley county, Va., said to have contained 2752 acres of valuable land. He died at Philadelphia, October 2, 1782; and in his last will and testament, as a token of his esteem, left Goddard, as has been mentioned, a valuable real estate in Virginia.

Lee's papers were deposited in the hands of Goddard with a view to the publication of them; and, in June 1785, a proposal for printing them by subscription, in three volumes octavo, at the price of one guinea, was issued in the Maryland Journal. The papers consisted, first, of letters to Lee from persons of distinction, both in Europe and America; secondly, letters from the general to his friends in Europe previous to the war, likewise to the principal characters in America, civil and military, during his command in the American army; and thirdly, essays on various subjects, political and military; to which it was proposed to prefix memoirs of his life. In the prospectus,

1 Major General Charles Lee was the son of Colonel John Lee, and a native of Wales. He was allied to several of the most noble, ancient and respectable families in England; and could trace his genealogy from the Norman conquest. As he possessed a military spirit, he entered the army early in life; but the profession of arms did not damp his ardor in the pur

the publishers observed, "That the greatest task they met with in collecting and arranging these posthumous papers, arose from their desire of not giving offence to such charac

suits of literature. He possessed a competent knowledge of Greek and Latin; and, in his travels, formed an acquaintance with the Italian, Spanish, German and French languages. He served against the French in America, anno 1756; and, when General Abercrombie was defeated at the French lines of Ticonderoga in July, 1758, Lee was severely wounded at the head of his grenadiers. He served with great reputation under General Burgoyne in Portugal; and was a volunteer against the Turks in the Russian army, commanded by General Romanzow, where he had some "hair breath 'scapes." He was made a major general in the army of the king of Poland; after which he returned to England, but meeting with disappointments, he retired with some disgust to America, where he became an enthusiast in the cause of liberty. In the contest which ensued between England and her colonies, he took up arms in favor of the latter; by which proceeding he risked his very considerable estate in England, which however escaped confiscation; yet he was deprived of its profits, and was thereby subjected to many difficulties and mortifying privations. He lost also his rank of a major general in the British army, with a very fair chance of becoming a lieutenant general, and, perhaps, of being made a peer of the realm. He was eminently useful in forming and disciplining the American armies, and rendered essential service on many other important occasions. He “adventured his life far," in "many a well fought field;" and did much toward infusing a martial spirit into the American troops. If General Washington was considered as the Fabius, he was called the Marcellus, of the American army; and as he exchanged a life of opulence, wealth and ease, for the toils, dangers and privations of war, we cannot doubt that the affections of his soul were honestly and nobly engaged in the cause of freedom, distinctly and independently of all the principles and motives of ambition.

The principal part of the estate which he possessed at the time of his death, he bequeathed to his sister Miss Sidney Lee, who was a lady of exquisite accomplishments, and treated the Americans who were captured, and imprisoned by the British in England, with great humanity. She remitted four thousand five hundred pounds sterling to America, in order to discharge her brother's debts, lest his legatees in this country should be deprived of what his friendship and gratitude induced him to bequeath to them. (For other particulars see Memoirs of General Lee; Allen's American Biography; Historical Collections, &c.)

Goddard did not publish the work he had projected; as a person whom he had engaged as an associate in the publication, and who was entrusted with the manuscripts, betrayed his trust; for instead of preparing them for the press, he sent them to England, where they were printed and sold for his sole benefit, and formed the imperfect work, which is entitled Memoirs of the Life of the late Charles Lee.

ters as had been the objects of the general's aversion and resentment. Unhappily, his disappointments had soured his temper; the affair of Monmouth, several pieces of scurrility from the press, and numerous instances of private slander and defamation, so far got the better of his philosophy as to provoke him in the highest degree, and he became as it were, angry with all mankind.

"To this exasperated disposition we may impute the origin of his Political Queries, and a number of satirical hints, thrown out both in his conversation and writing, against the commander in chief. Humanity will draw a veil over the involuntary errors of sensibility, and pardon the sallies of a suffering mind, as its presages did not meet with an accomplishment. General Washington, by his retirement, demonstrated to the world that power was not his object; that America had nothing to fear from his ambition; but that she was honored with a specimen of such exalted patriotism as could not fail to attract the attention and admiration of the most distant nations.

"The reader then will not wonder that General Lee, disappointed in his career of glory, should be continually inculcating an idea of the extreme danger of trusting too much to the wisdom of one, for the safety of the whole; that he should consider it as repugnant to the principles of freedom and republicanism to continue for years one man as commander in chief; that there should be a rotation of office, military as well as civil; and though the commander of an army possessed all the virtues of Cato, and the talents of Julius Cesar, it could not alter the nature of the thing, since by habituating the people to look up to one man, all true republican spirit became enervated, and a visible propensity to monarchical government was created and fostered; that there was a charm in the long possession of high office, and in the pomp and influence that attended it, which might corrupt the best dispositions.

"Indeed it was the opinion of Marcus Aurelius, whose virtues not only honored the throne but human nature, that to have the power of doing much, and to confine that power to doing good, was a prodigy in nature. Such sentiments of this divine prince, who was not only trained up in the schools of austere philosophy, but whose elevated situation rendered him the most able judge of the difficulty there is in not abusing extensive power, when we have it in our hands, furnish substantial arguments for not entrusting it to any mortal whatsoever. But while we are convinced of the justness of these sentiments, we are led the more to respect and reverence our most disinterested commander in chief, who stands conspicuous with unrivalled glory, superior to the fascinations which have overthrown many a great and noble mind."

Before any further steps were taken toward the publication of this work, Goddard addressed General Washington, in the most respectful manner, giving him the outline of the plan, with assurances that every possible precaution would be taken to avoid injuring either his reputation or his feelings. To this letter the general returned the following answer, which, I believe, has not before been published.


Mount Vernon, 11th June, 1785.

"On the 8th inst. I received the favour of your letter of the 30th of May. In answer to it I can only say, that your own good judgment must direct you in the publication of the manuscript papers of General Lee. I can have no request to make concerning the work. I never had a difference with that gentleman, but on public ground; and my conduct towards him upon this occasion, was only such as I conceived myself indispensably bound to adopt in discharge of the public trust reposed in me. If this produced

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